Getting It Wrong

Debunking the Greatest Myths in American Journalism
Author: W. Joseph Campbell
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520965116
Category: History
Page: 368
View: 8036

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Many of American journalism’s best-known and most cherished stories are exaggerated, dubious, or apocryphal. They are media-driven myths, and they attribute to the news media and their practitioners far more power and influence than they truly exert. In Getting It Wrong, writer and scholar W. Joseph Campbell confronts and dismantles prominent media-driven myths, describing how they can feed stereotypes, distort understanding about the news media, and deflect blame from policymakers. Campbell debunks the notions that the Washington Post’s Watergate reporting brought down Richard M. Nixon’s corrupt presidency, that Walter Cronkite’s characterization of the Vietnam War in 1968 shifted public opinion against the conflict, and that William Randolph Hearst vowed to “furnish the war” against Spain in 1898. This expanded second edition includes a new preface and new chapters about the first Kennedy-Nixon debate in 1960, the haunting Napalm Girl photograph of the Vietnam War, and bogus quotations driven by the Internet and social media.

Getting it Wrong

Ten of the Greatest Misreported Stories in American Journalism
Author: W. Joseph Campbell
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520255666
Category: History
Page: 269
View: 388

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"If daily journalism constitutes history's first rough draft, then Getting it Wrong certainly reveals how rough that draft can be. Joseph Campbell is a dogged and first-rate scholar."--Neil Henry, Dean, University of California, Berkeley Graduate School of Journalism "Dr. Campbell has done meticulous research that examines ten media myths in context. This book rightfully calls us to rethink some significant errors that have become a part of our history and our collective memories. It is just downright interesting reading."--Wallace B. Eberhard, recipient of the American Journalism Historians Association Kobre Award for Lifetime Achievement

The Year That Defined American Journalism

1897 and the Clash of Paradigms
Author: W. Joseph Campbell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135205051
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 340
View: 3103

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The Year that Defined American Journalism explores the succession of remarkable and decisive moments in American journalism during 1897 – a year of significant transition that helped redefine the profession and shape its modern contours. This defining year featured a momentous clash of paradigms pitting the activism of William Randolph Hearst's participatory 'journalism of action' against the detached, fact-based antithesis of activist journalism, as represented by Adolph Ochs of the New York Times, and an eccentric experiment in literary journalism pursued by Lincoln Steffens at the New York Commercial-Advertiser. Resolution of the three-sided clash of paradigms would take years and result ultimately in the ascendancy of the Times' counter-activist model, which remains the defining standard for mainstream American journalism. The Year That Defined American Journalism introduces the year-study methodology to mass communications research and enriches our understanding of a pivotal moment in media history.

Memoranda During the War


Author: Walt Whitman
Publisher: Applewood Books
ISBN: 1557091323
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 92
View: 1716

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The poet recounts his experiences as a volunteer working in Union Army hospitals during the Civil War

Big Is Beautiful

Debunking the Myth of Small Business
Author: Robert D. Atkinson,Michael Lind
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262345676
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 368
View: 624

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Why small business is not the basis of American prosperity, not the foundation of American democracy, and not the champion of job creation. In this provocative book, Robert Atkinson and Michael Lind argue that small business is not, as is widely claimed, the basis of American prosperity. Small business is not responsible for most of the country's job creation and innovation. American democracy does not depend on the existence of brave bands of self-employed citizens. Small businesses are not systematically discriminated against by government policy makers. Rather, Atkinson and Lind argue, small businesses are not the font of jobs, because most small businesses fail. The only kind of small firm that contributes to technological innovation is the technological start-up, and its success depends on scaling up. The idea that self-employed citizens are the foundation of democracy is a relic of Jeffersonian dreams of an agrarian society. And governments, motivated by a confused mix of populist and free market ideology, in fact go out of their way to promote small business. Every modern president has sung the praises of small business, and every modern president, according to Atkinson and Lind, has been wrong. Pointing to the advantages of scale for job creation, productivity, innovation, and virtually all other economic benefits, Atkinson and Lind argue for a “size neutral” policy approach in both the United States and around the world that would encourage growth rather than enshrine an anachronism. If we overthrow the “small is beautiful” ideology, we will be able to recognize large firms as the engines of progress and prosperity that they are.

Word Myths

Debunking Linguistic Urban Legends
Author: David Wilton
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195375572
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 240
View: 6780

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An examination of the most famous stories, tales, and histories of the world that are provably wrong provides a look at why certain myths are created and spread, the reasons they persist, and the actual truths that long have been obscured by misinformation.

Reporting the War

Freedom of the Press from the American Revolution to the War on Terrorism
Author: John Byrne Cooke
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9780230610798
Category: History
Page: 288
View: 9632

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Threats to freedom of the press and the need for democratic dialogue are always greatest in wartime. At a time when the debate over the role of the free press is as contentious as ever before, John Byrne Cooke, son of the veteran journalist Alistair Cooke, delivers a must-read exploration of freedom of the press in wartime throughout American history. Reporting the War brings to life how the press has affected the course of some, but not all, American wars, how the government has tried to suppress opposing opinion, how the press has struggled, and continues to struggle to preserve the principles of the Founding Fathers. Cooke charts a fascinating journey from the American Revolution to the ongoing War on Terrorism.

Saving the Republic

The Fate of Freedom in the Age of the Administrative State
Author: Roger Kimball
Publisher: Encounter Books
ISBN: 1594039666
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 9595

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America is embroiled in ideological conflict, with the opposing partisan bulwarks of the Left and the Right widening a chasm that threatens the unity of our Republic. The tumult in Washington has radiated into our universities, homes, and relationships — from constitutional threats; to the imposition on free speech; to a sprawling, unelected administrative state, America is at a tipping point. Fortunately, Encounter’s Broadside and Intelligence series offer indispensable ammunition for intelligent debate on these critical issues of our time. With a staunch allegiance to the truth, these timely essays resurrect 18th-century pamphleteering to take on everything from the failures of the redistribution of wealth, to the twisting of Title IX, to the dangers of the increasingly unchecked media bias. Saving the Republic, a collection of Encounter interventions, is a necessary resource of critical thought and commonsense on how to safeguard the promise of America. Saving the Republic is edited by Roger Kimball with contributions from Jay Cost, Philip Hamburger, Mollie Ziegler Hemingway, David B. Kopel, Greg Lukianoff, Andrew C. McCarthy, Jared Meyer, James Piereson, Claudia Rosett, Avik Roy, Robert L. Shibley, Michael Walsh, and Kevin D. Williamson. Together these authors make the definitive case for liberty and democratic capitalism at a time when they are under siege from the resurgence of collectivist sentiment.

Those Terrible Middle Ages

Debunking the Myths
Author: Régine Pernoud
Publisher: Ignatius Press
ISBN: 9780898707816
Category: Religion
Page: 179
View: 6547

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As she examines the many misconceptions about the "Middle Ages", the renown French historian, Regine Pernoud, gives the reader a refreshingly original perspective on many subjects, both historical (from the Inquisition and witchcraft trials to a comparison of Gothic and Renaissance creative inspiration) as well as eminently modern (from law and the place of women in society to the importance of history and tradition). Here are fascinating insights, based on Pernoud's sound knowledge and extensive experience as an archivist at the French National Archives. The book will be provocative for the general readers as well as a helpful resource for teachers. Scorned for centuries, although lauded by the Romantics, these thousand years of history have most often been concealed behind the dark clouds of ignorance: Why, didn't godiche (clumsy, oafish) come from gothique (Gothic)? Doesn't "fuedal" refer to the most hopeless obscurantism? Isn't "Medieval" applied to dust-covered, outmoded things? Here the old varnish is stripped away and a thousand years of history finally emerge -- the "Middle Ages" are dead, long live the Middle Ages!

A Narrative History of the American Press


Author: Gregory A. Borchard
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317331729
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 274
View: 6212

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Beginning with the American Revolution and spanning over two hundred years of American journalism, A Narrative History of the American Press provides an overview of the events, institutions, and people who have shaped the press, from the creation of the First Amendment to today. Gregory A. Borchard’s introductory text helps readers develop an understanding of the role of the press in both the U.S. and world history, and how American culture has shaped—and been shaped by—the role of journalism in everyday life. The text, along with a rich array of supplemental materials available online, provides students with the tools used by both reporters and historians to understand the present through the past, allowing readers to use the history of journalism as a lens for implementing their own storytelling, reporting, and critical analysis skills.

The Management Myth: Debunking Modern Business Philosophy


Author: Matthew Stewart
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393072746
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 352
View: 1464

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"A devastating bombardment of managerial thinking and the profession of management consulting…A serious and valuable polemic." —Wall Street Journal Fresh from Oxford with a degree in philosophy and no particular interest in business, Matthew Stewart might not have seemed a likely candidate to become a consultant. But soon he was telling veteran managers how to run their companies. In narrating his own ill-fated (and often hilarious) odyssey at a top-tier firm, Stewart turns the consultant’s merciless, penetrating eye on the management industry itself. The Management Myth offers an insightful romp through the entire history of thinking about management, a withering critique of pseudoscience in management theory, and a clear explanation of why the MBA usually amounts to so much BS—leading us through the wilderness of American business thought.

Constitutional Myths

What We Get Wrong and How to Get It Right
Author: Ray Raphael
Publisher: The New Press
ISBN: 1595588388
Category: History
Page: 320
View: 8909

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Americans on both sides of the aisle love to reference the Constitution as the ultimate source of truth. But which truth? What did the framers really have in mind? In a book that author R.B. Bernstein calls “essential reading,” acclaimed historian Ray Raphael places the Constitution in its historical context, dispensing little-known facts and debunking popular preconceived notions. For each myth, Raphael first notes the kernel of truth it represents, since most myths have some basis in fact. Then he presents a big “BUT”—the larger context that reveals what the myth distorts. What did the framers see as the true role of government? What did they think of taxes? At the Constitutional Convention, how did they mix principles with politics? Did James Madison really father the Constitution? Did the framers promote a Bill of Rights? Do the so-called Federalist Papers reveal the Constitution’s inner meaning? An authoritative and entertaining book, which “should appeal equally to armchair historians and professionals in the field” (Booklist), Constitutional Myths reveals what our founding document really says and how we should apply it today.

Debunking 9/11 Myths

Why Conspiracy Theories Can't Stand Up to the Facts
Author: David Dunbar,Brad Reagan
Publisher: Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.
ISBN: 9781588166357
Category: History
Page: 170
View: 7644

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Analyzes and refutes twenty of the most predominant theories involving the United States government's role in perpetrating the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.

That's Not What They Meant!

Reclaiming the Founding Fathers from America's Right Wing
Author: Michael Austin
Publisher: Prometheus Books
ISBN: 1616146710
Category: Political Science
Page: 253
View: 9216

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This book examines dozens of books, articles, speeches, and radio broadcasts by such figures as Glenn Beck, Mark Levin, Sean Hannity, Larry Schweikart, and David Barton to expose the deep historical flaws in their use of America's founding history. In contrast to their misleading method of citing proof texts to serve a narrow agenda, Austin allows the Founding Fathers to speak for themselves, situating all quotations in the proper historical context. What emerges is a true historical picture of men who often disagreed with one another on such crucial issues as federal power, judicial review, and the separation of church and state. As Austin shows, the real legacy of the Founding Fathers to us is a political process: a system of disagreement, debate, and compromise that has kept democracy vibrant in America for more than two hundred years. Austin’s carefully researched and rigorously argued book is essential reading for anyone seeking the accurate historical background to many of the today's hot-button political debates. From the Trade Paperback edition.

The Entrepreneurial State

Debunking Public Vs. Private Sector Myths
Author: Mariana Mazzucato
Publisher: Anthem Press
ISBN: 1783085215
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 5434

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Named one of the best books of 2013 by the 'Financial Times', 'Huffington Post' and 'Forbes', this debate-shifting book debunks the myth of the State as a static bureaucratic organization only needed to 'fix' market failures, leaving dynamic entrepreneurship and innovation to the private sector. Case studies ranging from the innovations that make the iPhone so 'smart' to the current developments in clean technology reveal the reality, whereby the private sector only invests after the entrepreneurial State has made the bold, high-risk investments.

The Betrayal of the American Dream


Author: Donald L. Barlett,James B. Steele
Publisher: PublicAffairs
ISBN: 1586489704
Category: Social Science
Page: 320
View: 2166

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A New York Times bestseller America’s unique prosperity is based on its creation of a middle class. In the twentieth century, that middle class provided the workforce, the educated skills, and the demand that gave life to the world’s greatest consumer economy. It was innovative and dynamic; it eclipsed old imperial systems and colonial archetypes. It gave rise to a dream: that if you worked hard and followed the rules you would prosper in America, and your children would enjoy a better life than yours. The American dream was the lure to gifted immigrants and the birthright opportunity for every American citizen. It is as important a part of the history of the country as the passing of the Bill of Rights, the outcome of the battle of Gettysburg, or the space program. Incredibly, however, for more than thirty years, government and big business in America have conspired to roll back the American dream. What was once accessible to a wide swath of the population is increasingly open only to a privileged few. The story of how the American middle class has been systematically impoverished and its prospects thwarted in favor of a new ruling elite is at the heart of this extraordinarily timely and revealing book, whose devastating findings from two of the finest investigative reporters in the country will leave you astonished and angry.

The Routledge Companion to Media & Gender


Author: Cynthia Carter,Linda Steiner,Lisa McLaughlin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135076944
Category: Social Science
Page: 688
View: 2102

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The Routledge Companion to Media and Gender offers a comprehensive examination of media and gender studies, charting its histories, investigating ongoing controversies, and assessing future trends. The 59 chapters in this volume, written by leading researchers from around the world, provide scholars and students with an engaging and authoritative survey of current thinking in media and gender research. The Companion includes the following features: With each chapter addressing a distinct, concrete set of issues, the volume includes research from around the world to engage readers in a broad array of global and transnational issues and intersectional perspectives. Authors address a series of important questions that have consequences for current and future thinking in the field, including postfeminism, sexual violence, masculinity, media industries, queer identities, video games, digital policy, media activism, sexualization, docusoaps, teen drama, cosmetic surgery, media Islamophobia, sport, telenovelas, news audiences, pornography, and social and mobile media. A range of academic disciplines inform exploration of key issues around production and policymaking, representation, audience engagement, and the place of gender in media studies. The Routledge Companion to Media and Gender is an essential guide to the central ideas, concepts and debates currently shaping media and gender research.

Yellow Journalism

Puncturing the Myths, Defining the Legacies
Author: W. Joseph Campbell
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275966867
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 209
View: 2860

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This offers a detailed and long-awaited reassessment of one of the most maligned periods in American journalism-the era of the yellow press. The study challenges and dismantles several prominent myths about the genre, finding that the yellow press did not foment-could not have fomented-the Spanish-American War in 1898, contrary to the arguments of many media historians. The study presents extensive evidence showing that the famous exchange of telegrams between the artist Frederic Remington and newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst-in which Hearst is said to have vowed to "furnish the war" with Spain-almost certainly never took place. The study also presents the results of a systematic content analysis of seven leading U. S. newspapers at 10 year intervals throughout the 20th century and finds that some distinguishing features of the yellow press live on in American journalism.

Everything You Were Taught about the Civil War Is Wrong, Ask a Southerner!


Author: Lochlainn Seabrook
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781943737307
Category:
Page: 930
View: 7103

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"Everything You Were Taught About the Civil War is Wrong, Ask a Southerner!" is the book that every Civil War house, museum, gift shop, and Website has been waiting for, and which every Civil War buff and student of history has been asking for! Unreconstructed Southern historian and award-winning Tennessee author Lochlainn Seabrook sets the record straight in this easy-to-read, well documented handbook that confronts the North's many falsehoods about the American Civil War. Divided into convenient chapters, such as "Cause of the War," "Secession," "Slavery," "The Abolition Movement," "Jefferson Davis," "Abraham Lincoln," "The Emancipation Proclamation," "The Union and Blacks," "Yankee War Crimes," "Prisons," and "The Confederate Flag" (among many others), this bestselling expose of Yankee anti-South propaganda has the power to heal hearts and change minds. For in reeducating the world about Lincoln's War it will give Northerners a better understanding of the conflict itself, while making Southerners, of all races and political persuasions, proud to be Southern. Read the sensational politically incorrect but historically factual book that everyone's talking about - the book that totally blows the lid off Yankee mythology - and learn the Truth for yourself! Contains over 1,000 endnotes and a 700-book bibliography, and is endorsed by Dixie Outfitters, the Southern National Congress, League of the South, and numerous other pro-South organizations and individuals. The Foreword is by noted African-American educator and Sons of Confederate Veterans member Nelson W. Winbush, M.Ed., the grandson of Private Louis Napoleon Nelson, just one of the hundreds of thousands of black Confederate soldiers who fought for the South. "Everything You Were Taught About the Civil War is Wrong, Ask a Southerner!" is an international blockbuster that has become required reading in homes and schools all over the world. It's available in paperback, hardcover, and large print. Blurbs are by Thomas Moore (Chairman, the Southern National Congress), Ronny Mangrum (President of The Green Cannon Tennessee Flag Conservation Foundation, and Adjutant for Roderick, Forrest's War Horse Camp 2072, Sons of Confederate Veterans), Timothy D. Manning (Executive Director, "The Southern Partisan Reader"), J. T. Thompson (Executive Director, Lotz House Museum, Franklin, Tennessee), Scott Bowden (nine-time award-winning historian and author of "Last Chance for Victory: Robert E. Lee and the Gettysburg Campaign"), and Barbara Marthal, B.A., M.Ed., (African-American educator, lecturer, Civil War reenactor, and member of the Tennessee Society Order of the Confederate Rose). Civil War scholar Lochlainn Seabrook, a descendant of the families of Alexander H. Stephens and John S. Mosby, is the most prolific and popular pro-South writer in the world today. Known as the "new Shelby Foote," he is a recipient of the prestigious Jefferson Davis Historical Gold Medal and the author of over 45 books that have introduced hundreds of thousands to the truth about the War for Southern Independence. A seventh-generation Kentuckian of Appalachian heritage and the sixth great-grandson of the Earl of Oxford, Mr. Seabrook has a forty-year background in American and Southern history, and is the author of the runaway bestseller "Everything You Were Taught About American Slavery is Wrong, Ask a Southerner!" Seabrook's other titles include: "Confederate Flag Facts: What Every American Should Know About Dixie's Southern Cross"; "The Great Yankee Coverup: What the North Doesn't Want You to Know About Lincoln's War"; "Give This Book to a Yankee: A Southern Guide to the Civil War for Northerners"; and "Confederacy 101: Amazing Facts You Never Knew About America's Oldest Political Tradition.""

Is Gwyneth Paltrow Wrong about Everything?

How the Famous Sell Us Elixirs of Health, Beauty & Happiness
Author: Timothy Caulfield
Publisher: Beacon Press
ISBN: 0807039705
Category: Medical
Page: 272
View: 8999

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"An exploration of the effect our celebrity-dominated culture has on our ideas of living the good life Our perceptions of beauty, health, success, and happiness are framed by a popular culture that is increasingly disconnected from reality. This isn't just a hyperbolic assertion. Research tells us that our health decisions and goals are influenced by both celebrity culture and celebrity endorsements, that our children's ambitions are now overwhelmingly governed by the fantasy of fame, and that our ideals of beauty and success are mediated through a celebrity-dominated worldview. The celebrity brand is at once the most desired state of being (modern-day royalty!) and one of the most socially problematic. Health law and policy researcher Timothy Caulfield provides a fun look into the celebrity world, including interesting facts and anecdotes, as well as a boatload of practical and evidence-based advice on everything from diet, skin care, and colon cleanses to detoxing from our celebrity ambitions. Caulfield tries out for American Idol, has a professional makeover, and endures the Gwyneth Paltrow-endorsed cleanse in this thoroughly unique, engaging, and provocative book"--