Geometry, Its Elements and Structure

Second Edition
Author: Alfred S. Posamentier,Robert L. Bannister
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486782166
Category: Mathematics
Page: 624
View: 8313

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Geared toward high school students as well as for independent study, this text covers plane, solid, coordinate, vector, and non-Euclidean geometry. More than 2,000 illustrations. Electronic solutions manual available. 1977 edition.

The Secrets of Triangles

A Mathematical Journey
Author: Alfred S. Posamentier,Ingmar Lehmann
Publisher: Prometheus Books
ISBN: 1616145889
Category: Mathematics
Page: 387
View: 5333

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Requiring no more than a knowledge of high school mathematics and written in clear and accessible language, this book will give all readers a new insight into some of the most enjoyable and fascinating aspects of geometry. Everyone knows what a triangle is, yet very few people appreciate that the common three-sided figure holds many intriguing "secrets." For example, if a circle is inscribed in any random triangle and then three lines are drawn from the three points of tangency to the opposite vertices of the triangle, these lines will always meet at a common point-no matter what the shape of the triangle. This and many more interesting geometrical properties are revealed in this entertaining and illuminating book about geometry. Flying in the face of the common impression that mathematics is usually dry and intimidating, this book proves that this sometimes-daunting, abstract discipline can be both fun and intellectually stimulating. The authors, two veteran math educators, explore the multitude of surprising relationships connected with triangles and show some clever approaches to constructing triangles using a straightedge and a compass. Readers will learn how they can improve their problem-solving skills by performing these triangle constructions. The lines, points, and circles related to triangles harbor countless surprising relationships that are presented here in a very engaging fashion.

Finite-Elemente-Methoden


Author: Klaus-Jürgen Bathe
Publisher: DrMaster Publications
ISBN: 9783540668060
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 1253
View: 3744

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Dieses Lehr- und Handbuch behandelt sowohl die elementaren Konzepte als auch die fortgeschrittenen und zukunftsweisenden linearen und nichtlinearen FE-Methoden in Statik, Dynamik, Festkörper- und Fluidmechanik. Es wird sowohl der physikalische als auch der mathematische Hintergrund der Prozeduren ausführlich und verständlich beschrieben. Das Werk enthält eine Vielzahl von ausgearbeiteten Beispielen, Rechnerübungen und Programmlisten. Als Übersetzung eines erfolgreichen amerikanischen Lehrbuchs hat es sich in zwei Auflagen auch bei den deutschsprachigen Ingenieuren etabliert. Die umfangreichen Änderungen gegenüber der Vorauflage innerhalb aller Kapitel - vor allem aber der fortgeschrittenen - spiegeln die rasche Entwicklung innerhalb des letzten Jahrzehnts auf diesem Gebiet wieder. TOC:Eine Einführung in den Gebrauch von Finite-Elemente-Verfahren.-Vektoren, Matrizen und Tensoren.-Einige Grundbegriffe ingenieurwissenschaftlicher Berechnungen.-Formulierung der Methode der finiten Elemente.-Formulierung und Berechnung von isoparametrischen Finite-Elemente-Matrizen.-Nichtlineare Finite-Elemente-Berechnungen in der Festkörper- und Strukturmechanik.-Finite-Elemente-Berechnungen von Wärmeübertragungs- und Feldproblemen.-Lösung von Gleichgewichtsbeziehungen in statischen Berechnungen.-Lösung von Bewegungsgleichungen in kinetischen Berechnungen.-Vorbemerkungen zur Lösung von Eigenproblemen.-Lösungsverfahren für Eigenprobleme.-Implementierung der Finite-Elemente-Methode.

An Illustrative Introduction to Modern Analysis


Author: Nikolaos Katzourakis,Eugen Varvaruca
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351765329
Category: Mathematics
Page: 558
View: 1902

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Aimed primarily at undergraduate level university students, An Illustrative Introduction to Modern Analysis provides an accessible and lucid contemporary account of the fundamental principles of Mathematical Analysis. The themes treated include Metric Spaces, General Topology, Continuity, Completeness, Compactness, Measure Theory, Integration, Lebesgue Spaces, Hilbert Spaces, Banach Spaces, Linear Operators, Weak and Weak* Topologies. Suitable both for classroom use and independent reading, this book is ideal preparation for further study in research areas where a broad mathematical toolbox is required.

Relativity and Geometry


Author: Roberto Torretti
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486690466
Category: Science
Page: 395
View: 1381

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Early in this century, it was shown that the new non-Newtonian physics -- known as Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity -- rested on a new, non-Euclidean geometry, which incorporated time and space into a unified "chronogeometric" structure. This high-level study elucidates the motivation and significance of the changes in physical geometry brought about by Einstein, in both the first and the second phase of Relativity. After a discussion of Newtonian principles and 19th-century views on electrodynamics and the aether, the author offers illuminating expositions of Einstein's electrodynamics of moving bodies, Minkowski spacetime, Einstein's quest for a theory of gravity, gravitational geometry, the concept of simultaneity, time and causality and other topics. An important Appendix -- designed to define spacetime curvature -- considers differentiable manifolds, fiber bundles, linear connections and useful formulae. Relativity continues to be a major focus of interest for physicists, mathematicians and philosophers of science. This highly regarded work offers them a rich, "historico-critical" exposition -- emphasizing geometrical ideas -- of the elements of the Special and General Theory of Relativity.

Inversive Geometry


Author: Frank Morley
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486493393
Category: Mathematics
Page: 288
View: 5692

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This introduction to algebraic geometry makes particular reference to the operation of inversion. Topics include Euclidean group; inversion; quadratics; finite inversive groups; parabolic, hyperbolic, and elliptic geometries; differential geometry; and more. 1933 edition.

Geometry of Design

Studies in Proportion and Composition
Author: Kimberly Elam
Publisher: Princeton Architectural Press
ISBN: 9781568982496
Category: Design
Page: 107
View: 7623

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This work takes a close look at a broad range of 20th-century examples of design, architecture and illustration, revealing underlying geometric structures in their compositions.

A Short History of Greek Mathematics


Author: James Gow
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486495897
Category: Mathematics
Page: 323
View: 7524

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Mathematicians will find accounts of every extant Greek mathematical book and many proofs translated directly from ancient texts. Students and Greek scholars will encounter a chronicle of the development of mathematical science, including the decimal scale; Egyptian and Greek arithmetic; the Greek theory of numbers; Greek geometry; Egyptian geometry; and the works of Euclid, Archimedes, and their successors.

Erwachende Wissenschaft

Ägyptische, babylonische und griechische Mathematik
Author: Bartel Leendert Waerden
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Astronomy, Assyro-Babylonian
Page: 488
View: 3424

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Introduction to Topology


Author: Bert Mendelson
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486663524
Category: Mathematics
Page: 206
View: 4621

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Highly regarded for its exceptional clarity, imaginative and instructive exercises, and fine writing style, this concise book offers an ideal introduction to the fundamentals of topology. It provides a simple, thorough survey of elementary topics, starting with set theory and advancing to metric and topological spaces, connectedness, and compactness. 1975 edition.

Great Currents of Mathematical Thought

Marthematics in the Arts and Sciences
Author: François Le Lionnais
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486495798
Category: Mathematics
Page: 266
View: 8128

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50 essays by eminent scholars include meditations on "Structures," Disciplines," "Space," "Function," "Group," "Probability," and "The Mathematical Epic" (Volume I) and on "Mathematics and the Human Intellect," "Mathematics and Technology," and "Mathematics and Civilization" (Volume II). 1962 edition.

An Introductory Course on Differentiable Manifolds


Author: Siavash Shahshahani
Publisher: Courier Dover Publications
ISBN: 0486820823
Category: Mathematics
Page: 368
View: 6348

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Based on author Siavash Shahshahani's extensive teaching experience, this volume presents a thorough, rigorous course on the theory of differentiable manifolds. Geared toward advanced undergraduates and graduate students in mathematics, the treatment's prerequisites include a strong background in undergraduate mathematics, including multivariable calculus, linear algebra, elementary abstract algebra, and point set topology. More than 200 exercises offer students ample opportunity to gauge their skills and gain additional insights. The four-part treatment begins with a single chapter devoted to the tensor algebra of linear spaces and their mappings. Part II brings in neighboring points to explore integrating vector fields, Lie bracket, exterior derivative, and Lie derivative. Part III, involving manifolds and vector bundles, develops the main body of the course. The final chapter provides a glimpse into geometric structures by introducing connections on the tangent bundle as a tool to implant the second derivative and the derivative of vector fields on the base manifold. Relevant historical and philosophical asides enhance the mathematical text, and helpful Appendixes offer supplementary material.

Principia Mathematica.


Author: Alfred North Whitehead,Bertrand Russell
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
Page: 167
View: 4640

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Vektoranalysis


Author: Klaus Jänich
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662107503
Category: Mathematics
Page: 277
View: 7599

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Die Vektoranalysis handelt, in klassischer Darstellung, von Vektorfeldern, den Operatoren Gradient, Divergenz und Rotation, von Linien-, Flächen- und Volumenintegralen und von den Integralsätzen von Gauß, Stokes und Green. In moderner Fassung ist es der Cartansche Kalkül mit dem Satz von Stokes. Das vorliegende Buch vertritt grundsätzlich die moderne Herangehensweise, geht aber auch sorgfältig auf die klassische Notation und Auffassung ein. Das Buch richtet sich an Mathematik- und Physikstudenten ab dem zweiten Studienjahr, die mit den Grundbegriffen der Differential- und Integralrechnung in einer und mehreren Variablen sowie der Topologie vertraut sind. Der sehr persönliche Stil des Autors und die aus anderen Büchern bereits bekannten Lernhilfen, wie: viele Figuren, mehr als 50 kommentierte Übungsaufgaben, über 100 Tests mit Antworten, machen auch diesen Text zum Selbststudium hervorragend geeignet.

Moderne Physik


Author: Paul Allen Tipler,Ralph A. Llewellyn
Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag
ISBN: 9783486582758
Category: Physics
Page: 963
View: 9059

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Immer mehr deutsche Hochschulen folgen dem amerikanischen Vorbild und bieten Einführungskurse zur Modernen Physik an. Diese Kurse vermitteln die spannenden Erkenntnisse der Physik der letzten 100 Jahre, die zu bahnbrechenden Veränderungen geführt haben. Das Standardwerk zu diesen Kursen ist "Modern Physics" von Paul A. Tipler, Autor des berühmten Werkes "Physik", und Ralph A. Llewellyn. Die Autoren zeigen, dass man ein tief gehendes Verständnis der Modernen Physik vermitteln kann, ohne einen schwerfälligen mathematischen Apparat bemühen zu müssen. Mit über 500 Abbildungen, Zitaten berühmter Physiker sowie mit ca. 700 sorgfältig ausgewählten Übungsaufgaben und über das Internet zugänglichen Ergänzungen wurde "Modern Physics" in den USA zu einem der beliebtesten Lehrbücher zu diesem Thema.

Moderne Algebra


Author: Bartel Eckmann L. Van der van der Waerden,Emil Artin,Emmy Noether
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662364344
Category: Mathematics
Page: 274
View: 8397

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Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.