Geological maps: An Introduction


Author: Alex Maltman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468466623
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 184
View: 9693

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A recent national survey of geology students indicated that, In a subject so fundamental and yet so varied, every although they saw the need for a basic training in map geologist will have his own views on geological maps - the work, the three-dimensional aspects involved formed the matters needing emphasis, the best methods of interpreta single most difficult part of an introductory geology tion, good examples of maps, and so on. Instructors may course, and that it was generally taught in a way both ab therefore urge in their taught courses different priorities stract and dull. At the same time, there was no book which from those given here, and, although a wide range of maps puzzled students could turn to for explanations; no book and map exercises is included, will prefer to continue to which told them more about real geological maps. This use their own 'pet' examples. But this is meant primarily to book is an attempt to fill that need. It is based on the view be a book for the student - to turn to for clarification, for that in these days of increasing specialisation the geological further information, and simply to learn a little more about map remains the vital coordinating document, and that the geological maps.

An Introduction to Geological Structures and Maps, Eighth Edition


Author: George M Bennison,Paul A Olver,Keith A Moseley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134656955
Category: Science
Page: 184
View: 6393

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An Introduction to Geological Structures and Maps is a concise and accessible textbook providing simple structural terminology and map problems which introduce geological structures. It is a perfect introduction to mapping for students of geology, engineering geology and civil engineering. Each topic is explained and illustrated by figures, and exercises follow on successive maps. If students are unable to complete an exercise, they can read on to obtain more specific instructions on how theory may be used to solve the problem. An appendix at the end of the book provides the solutions. This new, eighth edition contains simplified introductory matter to make the subject as easy to grasp as possible. Colour photographs illustrating geological structures bring the subject to life and a new map from the British Geological Survey illustrates a real area. There is more on outcrop patterns, which will help students to think in 3D, and on structures and the relationship of topography to geological structure. Cliff sections have been added to reinforce the concept of apparent dip. The section on planetary geology has been more closely tied to igneous geology to aid understanding of the connection between the two. Finally, a new map on economic geology has been added for the benefit of engineering students. A geological glossary helps students to understand and memorise key terms and a new, colourful, text design enlivens the appearance of this popular book.

An introduction to geological maps


Author: Gary Bruce Lewis,Julie Marie Gunther,Australian Geological Survey Organisation
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 31
View: 842

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Geological Maps

Their Solution and Interpretation
Author: T. Bolton
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521361583
Category: Science
Page: 144
View: 7864

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This textbook is designed to aid the student in geological map interpretation. The book starts with basic concepts such as dip and strike, and progresses through a variety of exercises based on folds, faults and unconformities, up to and including the interpretation of Geological Survey Maps. In order to give a sense of reality to the text, frequent reference is made to actual examples on which many of the problem maps are based. Also included in the text are exercises concerned with bore-hole interpretation and correlation. The book, which is in two sections, is unique in that the second section contains worked solutions to the questions set in the first half.

3-D Structural Geology

A Practical Guide to Quantitative Surface and Subsurface Map Interpretation
Author: Richard H. Groshong
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540310556
Category: Science
Page: 400
View: 2256

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The book includes new material, in particular examples of 3-D models and techniques for using kinematic models to predict fault and ramp-anticline geometry. The book is geared toward the professional user concerned about the accuracy of an interpretation and the speed with which it can be obtained from incomplete data. Numerous analytical solutions are given that can be easily implemented with a pocket calculator or a spreadsheet.

Introduction to Geological Maps and Structures

Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies
Author: John L. Roberts
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483140997
Category: Science
Page: 340
View: 5622

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Introduction to Geological Maps and Structures describes the basic methods to interpret and attain a better understanding of geological maps. The book describes the nature and preparation of geological maps, and then covers topics such as solid and drift maps, geological boundaries, sections, and the use of symbols. The book explains sedimentary rocks, outcrop patterns, and the topographic representation of geological structures. The text also addresses the geometry of folds and folding when pre-existing surfaces are distorted into zigzag patterns. The author explains in detail the morphology of folded layers and the mechanism involved in folding. He goes on to interpret the formation of outcrop patterns, as well as the structure of a cylindrical and cylindroidal fold patterns. The author also describes the different structures that result from the brittle fractures present in rocks that undergo massive stress. Of interest is the presentation of how fissures and mineral veins are formed and deposited. The author then discusses earth movements resulting in angular unconformities known as stratigraphic break. These breaks in the stratigraphic record, such as diastems, non-sequences, paraconformities, or disconformities, can be interpreted as the intervals of geological time. The book then explains the nature of tectonic maps, which involves features arising from the continental crust, and how these maps are different from geological maps that show the outcrop of lithostratigraphic units. Geologists, cartographers, meteorologists, seismologists, land use developers, and students of the earth sciences will find this book valuable.

An introduction to topographic map reading


Author: Kenneth C. Thomson,Southwest Missouri State University. Dept. of Geography, Geology & Planning
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: N.A
View: 2565

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Earth, Time, and Life

An Introduction to Physical and Historical Geology
Author: Charles W. Barnes
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 537
View: 7500

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This revision of the successful physical/historical geology text offers complete coverage of the basic principles underlying each specialty. While devoting separate sections to the physical and historical aspects of geology, historical perspectives are skillfully integrated throughout the text to enhance and deepen student understanding of historical geological developments while demonstrating the link between the two branches of the field. This edition has been updated and revised to include a new chapter on structural geology, an expanded discussion of energy, and separate treatments of metamorphic and sedimentary rocks. Discussions of physical geology emphasize internal processes and products in order to expose students to the dynamics of earthquakes and plate tectonics. In addition, this edition features more illustrations designed to emphasize what students would actually see in the field. Each chapter includes a listing of key terms, a summary of major ideas discussed, numerous exercises, and suggested readings. Also provides a glossary and appendixes, including rock identification charts, topographic and geologic maps, and a measurement conversion table.

Geologie für Dummies


Author: Alecia M. Spooner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527687483
Category: Education
Page: 376
View: 4168

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Fragen Sie sich auch manchmal, warum die Erde so aussieht wie sie aussieht? Eiszeiten, Vulkanismus, Erosion, Meteoriteneinschläge - unser Planet hat in seiner Geschichte schon einiges mitgemacht. Und so vielgestaltig die Erde aussieht, so umfangreich und komplex ist auch das Thema Geologie. Aber keine Sorge, Alecia Spooner erklärt Ihnen leicht verständlich alles Wichtige, was es zum Thema Geologie zu wissen gibt: von den chemischen Grundlagen und der Bedeutung von Wind und Wasser für die Geowissenschaften bis zur Bildung und Bestimmung von Gesteinen. Sie erfahren alles Wissenswerte zu Konvektion, Plattentektonik, Mineralien, Fossilien, Erdbeben, Oberflächenprozessen, den geologischen Zeitaltern und vieles, vieles mehr. Nehmen Sie das Buch zur Hand und bringen Sie die Steine ins Rollen!

Structural Geology

An Introduction to Geometrical Techniques
Author: Donal M. Ragan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 393
View: 1681

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A revised and expanded edition presenting a modern introduction to geometrical techniques used in structural geology--designed for a one-semester basic course. Incorporating the latest techniques developed since publication of the second edition, it includes a new chapter on thrust faults, an integrated discussion of the accuracy of field measurements, many worked-out problems, and a new appendix on spherical trigonometry.

Geological Maps


Author: B. Simpson
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483285081
Category: Science
Page: 106
View: 3029

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Designed for use by students studying geological maps for the first time and principally concerned with the sheet-like bodies of sedimentary and igneous rocks. Although it is an introductory volume, the student can use it with the minimum of supervision and teaching because, contrary to other books, the approach adopted is the actual presentation of the process of solution of geological maps rather than the presentation of geological map exercises. The book is intended for Geology students in schools and technical colleges, and for first-year geology and civil engineering courses.

Geology

an introduction to physical geology
Author: Stanley Chernicoff
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (HMH)
ISBN: 9780395923511
Category: Science
Page: 640
View: 341

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To effectively introduce core concepts, this first-year survey text shifts the focus from learning terminology to understanding--and observing--the range of earth's geologic processes. The Third Edition retains all the features which have made the text popular among students, while integrating new or enhanced elements and material including a significantly revised art program and a suite of technology supplements. The pedagogical aids which appear throughout help students to assimilate the material and continually reassess their progress. At the end of every chapter, new On-the-Web activities encourage the use of web resources, Learning Actively exercises challenge students to apply their knowledge to their surroundings, and Chapter Summaries are now shorter to allow for faster review. New! The revised art program presents a level of detail appropriate for introductory students, and demonstrates naturalism as well as technical accuracy--ensuring that the basics are skillfully communicated. New! Geology at a Glance sections act as quick, visual reference tools summarizing difficult ideas using figures, photos, and flow charts. New! Highlight boxes are now divided into three categories to actively illustrate the relevance of abstract geologic principles to students' daily lives: Environmental, Earth System Science, and Application/Everyday Interest boxes. New! A strong technology package facilitates learning through interactive tutorials and a web site with ACE self-tests, lab simulations, and a link to www.geologylink.com, Houghton Mifflin's award-winning site for the geology community. Instructors may access PowerPoint slides on the web site, as well as additional classroom resources.

Maps of Time

An Introduction to Big History
Author: David Christian
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520235007
Category: Science
Page: 642
View: 997

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A history of the world from the big bang to the present. "Big history" is a new approach to world history that joins the history of the world as a physical entity to human history. David Christian is the leading proponent of this approach to world history.

Fractured Rock Hydrogeology


Author: John M. Sharp
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315778823
Category: Science
Page: 408
View: 1746

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Fractured rocks extend over much of the world, cropping out in shields, massifs, and the cores of major mountain ranges. They also form the basement below younger sedimentary rocks; at depth; they represent a continuous environment of extended and deep regional groundwater flow. Understanding of groundwater flow and solute transport in fractured rocks is vital for analysis of water resources, water quality and environmental protection, geotechnical and engineering projects, and geothermal energy production. Book chapters include theoretical and practical analyses using numerical modelling, geochemistry, isotopes, aquifer tests, laboratory tests, field mapping, geophysics, geological analyses, and some unique combinations of these types of investigation. Current water resource and geotechnical problems in many countries—and the techniques now used to address them—are also discussed. The importance of geological interpretation is re-emphasised in analysing the hydrogeology of fractured, mostly crystalline rocks and in how critical this is for understanding their hydrology and the wise utilisation of resources. This is indeed hydrogeology in its broadest sense. The importance of, but great difficulty in, extending or upscaling fractured rock hydraulic properties is also made clear. This book is aimed at practicing hydrogeologists, engineers, ecologists, resource managers, and perhaps most importantly, students and earth scientists not yet familiar with the ubiquity and importance of fractured rock systems.