Geological maps: An Introduction


Author: Alex Maltman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468466623
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 184
View: 7072

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A recent national survey of geology students indicated that, In a subject so fundamental and yet so varied, every although they saw the need for a basic training in map geologist will have his own views on geological maps - the work, the three-dimensional aspects involved formed the matters needing emphasis, the best methods of interpreta single most difficult part of an introductory geology tion, good examples of maps, and so on. Instructors may course, and that it was generally taught in a way both ab therefore urge in their taught courses different priorities stract and dull. At the same time, there was no book which from those given here, and, although a wide range of maps puzzled students could turn to for explanations; no book and map exercises is included, will prefer to continue to which told them more about real geological maps. This use their own 'pet' examples. But this is meant primarily to book is an attempt to fill that need. It is based on the view be a book for the student - to turn to for clarification, for that in these days of increasing specialisation the geological further information, and simply to learn a little more about map remains the vital coordinating document, and that the geological maps.

An introduction to geological maps


Author: Gary Bruce Lewis,Julie Marie Gunther,Australian Geological Survey Organisation
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 31
View: 2099

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An Introduction to Geological Structures and Maps


Author: George Mills Bennison,Keith Anthony Moseley
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780340809563
Category: Science
Page: 160
View: 4925

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'An Introduction to Geological Structures & Maps' is a concise text that leads the students in easy stages from the simplest ideas on geological structures right through to the more advanced geological mapping techniques. The approach this book adopts is designed to help students with little or no supervision: each new topic is simply explained and illustrated by figures, and exercises are set on successive maps. If students are unable to complete a problem, they can read on to obtain more specific instructions on how theory may be used to solve the problem in question. This considerably enlarged seventh edition aims to make the book even more user friendly and bring it into line with present trends in map syllabuses. This edition includes photographs that will significantly add to the understanding of geological structures already illustrated by text-figures and block diagrams in the appendix. The appendix has been fully updated and now includes completed sections of all maps and solutions to the map problems, which enables the reader to check that his or her attempts have been successfully carried out.

3-D Structural Geology

A Practical Guide to Surface and Subsurface Map Interpretation
Author: Richard H. Groshong
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540654223
Category: Science
Page: 324
View: 7581

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This is a handbook of practical techniques for making the best possible interpretation of geological structures at the map scale and for extracting the maximum amount of information from surface and subsurface maps. Quantitative methods are emphasized throughout and analytical solutions are given. Interpretation strategies are defined for GIS or CAD users, yet are simple enough to be done by hand. This book will help users produce better geological maps, judge the quality of existing maps, and locate and fix mapping errors.

Geological Maps

Their Solution and Interpretation
Author: T. Bolton
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521361583
Category: Science
Page: 144
View: 5577

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This textbook is designed to aid the student in geological map interpretation. The book starts with basic concepts such as dip and strike, and progresses through a variety of exercises based on folds, faults and unconformities, up to and including the interpretation of Geological Survey Maps. In order to give a sense of reality to the text, frequent reference is made to actual examples on which many of the problem maps are based. Also included in the text are exercises concerned with bore-hole interpretation and correlation. The book, which is in two sections, is unique in that the second section contains worked solutions to the questions set in the first half.

Earth Features and Their Meaning: An Introduction to Geology for the Student and the General Reader


Author: William Herbert Hobbs
Publisher: Library of Alexandria
ISBN: 1465606327
Category:
Page: N.A
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The series of readings contained in the present volume give in somewhat expanded form the substance of a course of illustrated lectures which has now for several years been delivered each semester at the University of Michigan. The keynote of the course may be found in the dominant characteristics of the different earth features and the geological processes which have been betrayed in the shaping of them. Such a geological examination of landscape is replete with fascinating revelations, and it lends to the study of Nature a deep meaning which cannot but enhance the enjoyment of her varied aspects. That there is a real place for such a cultural study of geology within the University is believed to be shown by the increasing number of students who have elected the work. Even more than in former years the American travels afar by car or steamship, and the earth’s surface features in all their manifold diversity are thus one after the other unrolled before him. The thousands who each year cross the Atlantic to roam over European countries may by historical, literary, or artistic studies prepare themselves to derive an exquisite pleasure as they visit places identified with past achievement of one form or another. Yet the Channel coast, the gorge of the Rhine, the glaciers of Switzerland, and the wild scenery of Norway or Scotland have each their fascinating story to tell of a history far more remote and varied. To read this history, the runic characters in which it is written must first of all be mastered; for in every landscape there are strong individual lines of character such as the pen artist would skillfully extract for an outline sketch. Such character profiles are often many times repeated in each landscape, and in them we have a key to the historical record. An object of the present readings has thus been to enable the student to himself pick out in each landscape these more significant lines and so read directly from Nature. In the landscapes which have been represented, the aim has been to draw as far as possible upon localities well known to travelers and likely to be visited, either because of their historical interest or their purely scenic attractions. It should thus be possible for a tourist in America or Europe to pursue his landscape studies whenever he sets out upon his travels. The better to aid him in this endeavor, some suggestions concerning the itinerary of journeys have been supplied in an appendix. Regarded as a textbook of geology, the present work offers some departures from existing examples. Though it has been customary to combine in a single text historical with dynamical and structural geology, a tendency has already become apparent to treat the historical division apart from the others. Again, a desire to treat the science of geology comprehensively has led some authors into including so many subjects as to render their texts unnecessarily encyclopedic and correspondingly uninteresting to the general reader. It is the author’s belief that there is a real need for a book which may be read intelligently by the general public, and it must be recognized that the beginner in the subject cannot cover the entire field by a single course of readings. The present work has, therefore, been prepared with a view to selecting for study those dominant geological processes which are best illustrated by features in northern North America and Europe. It is this desire to illustrate the readings by travels afield, which accounts for the prominence given to the subject of glaciation; for the larger number of colleges and universities in both America and Europe are surrounded by the heavy accumulations that have resulted from former glaciations.

Introduction to Geological Maps and Structures

Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies
Author: John L. Roberts
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483140997
Category: Science
Page: 340
View: 1025

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Introduction to Geological Maps and Structures describes the basic methods to interpret and attain a better understanding of geological maps. The book describes the nature and preparation of geological maps, and then covers topics such as solid and drift maps, geological boundaries, sections, and the use of symbols. The book explains sedimentary rocks, outcrop patterns, and the topographic representation of geological structures. The text also addresses the geometry of folds and folding when pre-existing surfaces are distorted into zigzag patterns. The author explains in detail the morphology of folded layers and the mechanism involved in folding. He goes on to interpret the formation of outcrop patterns, as well as the structure of a cylindrical and cylindroidal fold patterns. The author also describes the different structures that result from the brittle fractures present in rocks that undergo massive stress. Of interest is the presentation of how fissures and mineral veins are formed and deposited. The author then discusses earth movements resulting in angular unconformities known as stratigraphic break. These breaks in the stratigraphic record, such as diastems, non-sequences, paraconformities, or disconformities, can be interpreted as the intervals of geological time. The book then explains the nature of tectonic maps, which involves features arising from the continental crust, and how these maps are different from geological maps that show the outcrop of lithostratigraphic units. Geologists, cartographers, meteorologists, seismologists, land use developers, and students of the earth sciences will find this book valuable.

Geological Maps


Author: B. Simpson
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483285081
Category: Science
Page: 106
View: 8112

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Designed for use by students studying geological maps for the first time and principally concerned with the sheet-like bodies of sedimentary and igneous rocks. Although it is an introductory volume, the student can use it with the minimum of supervision and teaching because, contrary to other books, the approach adopted is the actual presentation of the process of solution of geological maps rather than the presentation of geological map exercises. The book is intended for Geology students in schools and technical colleges, and for first-year geology and civil engineering courses.

An introduction to topographic map reading


Author: Kenneth C. Thomson,Southwest Missouri State University. Dept. of Geography, Geology & Planning
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: N.A
View: 4535

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An Introduction to Geology

Intended to Convey a Practical Knowledge of the Science, and Comprising the Most Important Recent Discoveries; with Explanations of the Facts and Phenomena which Serve to Confirm Or Invalidate Various Geological Theories
Author: Robert Bakewell
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Geology
Page: 657
View: 8230

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Structural geology

an introduction to geometrical techniques
Author: Donal M. Ragan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 208
View: 9714

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A revised and expanded edition presenting a modern introduction to geometrical techniques used in structural geology--designed for a one-semester basic course. Incorporating the latest techniques developed since publication of the second edition, it includes a new chapter on thrust faults, an integrated discussion of the accuracy of field measurements, many worked-out problems, and a new appendix on spherical trigonometry.

Introduction to Geological Maps and Structures

Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies
Author: Robert Maxwell
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483223078
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 340
View: 301

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Introduction to Geological Maps and Structures deals with the preparation of geological maps using topographic contours such as hills, valleys, rock outcrop patterns, faults, veins, rivers, lakes, cliffs, and coasts. A geological formation is a three-dimensional body with a particular shape. Two factors determine the accuracy of boundaries on a geological map: 1) boundaries can only be drawn where there is a sharp contact between adjacent formations; and 2) the ability to follow geological boundaries in the field depends on the degree of exposure, from which the solid rocks tend to be hidden under a cover of soil and superficial deposits. If economic interests are involved, geological maps are very detailed: subsurface information obtained from bore holes and mine workings can be added to surface mapping. The book also describes the construction of a tectonic map, usually drawn on a larger scale, which shows the outcrop of lithostratigraphic units also in very large scales. The book notes that no systematic methodology has yet been developed for the construction of tectonic maps. The book is suitable for geologists, students, or scientists involved in hydrology, meteorology and with general earth sciences.

Fractured Rock Hydrogeology


Author: John M. Sharp
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315778823
Category: Science
Page: 408
View: 3355

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Fractured rocks extend over much of the world, cropping out in shields, massifs, and the cores of major mountain ranges. They also form the basement below younger sedimentary rocks; at depth; they represent a continuous environment of extended and deep regional groundwater flow. Understanding of groundwater flow and solute transport in fractured rocks is vital for analysis of water resources, water quality and environmental protection, geotechnical and engineering projects, and geothermal energy production. Book chapters include theoretical and practical analyses using numerical modelling, geochemistry, isotopes, aquifer tests, laboratory tests, field mapping, geophysics, geological analyses, and some unique combinations of these types of investigation. Current water resource and geotechnical problems in many countries—and the techniques now used to address them—are also discussed. The importance of geological interpretation is re-emphasised in analysing the hydrogeology of fractured, mostly crystalline rocks and in how critical this is for understanding their hydrology and the wise utilisation of resources. This is indeed hydrogeology in its broadest sense. The importance of, but great difficulty in, extending or upscaling fractured rock hydraulic properties is also made clear. This book is aimed at practicing hydrogeologists, engineers, ecologists, resource managers, and perhaps most importantly, students and earth scientists not yet familiar with the ubiquity and importance of fractured rock systems.

Geologic Maps

What are You Standing On?
Author: Robert F. Biek
Publisher: Utah Geological Survey
ISBN: 1557916403
Category: Geological mapping
Page: 7
View: 8684

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Geologic maps: a few lucky geologists make them; many geoscientists, engineers, and planners use them; untold scores of people wonder what they are all about. Perhaps the most common question we are asked, those few of us who do make geologic maps, is, simply,“What is a geologic map?” This query is often followed by “What are geologic maps used for?,” “Hasn’t it been mapped before?,” and, if the person is really inquisitive, “What do all those lines, colors, and symbols represent?” It must be a puzzling sight - a lone geologist, often miles from the nearest road, looking at rocks, putting lines on a map or aerial photograph. One rightfully wonders what that person is doing. This pamphlet answers these questions and points out the value and many uses of geologic maps.