Galilee in the Late Second Temple and Mishnaic Periods, Volume 2

The Archaeological Record from Cities, Towns, and Villages
Author: David A Fiensy,James Riley Strange
Publisher: Fortress Press
ISBN: 1506401953
Category: Religion
Page: 486
View: 8564

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This second of two volumes on Galilee in the Late Second Temple and Mishnaic Periods focuses on the site excavations of towns and villages and what these excavations may tell us about the history of settlement in this important period. The important site at Sepphoris is treated with four short articles, while the rest of the articles focus on a single site and include site plans, diagrams, maps, photographs of artifacts and structures, and extensive bibliographic listings. The articles in the volume have been written by an international group of experts on Galilee in this period: Christians, Jews, and secular scholars, many of whom are also regular participants in the twenty site excavations featured in the volume. The volume also features detailed maps of Galilee, a gallery of color images, timelines related to the period, and helpful indices. Together with Volume 1: Life, Culture, and Society, this volume provides the latest word of these topics for the expert and nonexpert alike.

Being Human in God's World

An Old Testament Theology of Humanity
Author: J. Gordon McConville
Publisher: Baker Books
ISBN: 1493404423
Category: Religion
Page: 240
View: 7594

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A Biblical Perspective on What It Means to Be Human This major work by a widely respected Old Testament scholar and theologian unpacks a biblical perspective on fundamental questions of what it means to be human. J. Gordon McConville explores how a biblical view of humanity provides a foundation for Christian reflection on ethics, economics, politics, and church life and practice. The book shows that the Old Testament's view of humanity as "earthed" and "embodied" plays an essential part in a well-rounded Christian theology and spirituality, and applies the theological concept of the "image of God" to all areas of human existence.

The Mother of the Lord

Volume 1: The Lady in the Temple
Author: Margaret Barker
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 0567528154
Category: Religion
Page: 400
View: 2312

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Margaret Barker traces the veneration of the Mother of the Lord back to the Old Testament and a female deity in the first Jewish temple.

Singing at the Winepress

Ecclesiastes and the Ethics of Work
Author: Tyler Atkinson
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 0567659933
Category: Religion
Page: 264
View: 9587

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Atkinson uses Qoheleth's work ethic to provide an analysis of Ecclesiastes, utilising the writings of St Bonaventure and Martin Luther. Reading Ecclesiastes within a penitential framework, Bonaventure offers a version of the contemptus mundi tradition that is rooted in his metaphysics. His commentary is ethically significant for the way he detects the vice of curiousity precipitating a perceptual rupture wherein vanity comes to signify sin and guilt. Luther, on the other hand, interprets Solomon as a wise economic-political administrator who preaches the good news of God's involvement in quotidian existence. This understanding enables Luther to read Ecclesiastes eschatologically, with labour being seen as a locus of divine activity. One may thus read Solomon's refrain as an invitation to labour with the expectation of receiving God's gifts in the present. Finally, Atkinson suggests that Ecclesiastes enhances current conversations regarding the theology and ethics of work by working the doctrinal foci of protology and eschatology through Christology. The presence of the Word, then, can be found now only in the preaching and sacraments of the church, but also in the labour of the worker.

Insights from Archaeology

Author: David A. Fiensy
Publisher: Fortress Press
ISBN: 1506401082
Category: Religion
Page: 188
View: 5803

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Each volume in the Insights series presents discoveries and insights into biblical texts from a particular approach or perspective in current scholarship. Accessible and appealing to today’s students, each Insight volume discusses: • how this method, approach, or strategy was first developed and how its application has changed over time; • what current questions arise from its use; • what enduring insights it has produced; and • what questions remain for future scholarship. Archaeological exploration of Syria-Palestine and the ancient Near East has revolutionized our understanding of the Bible. In this volume, David A. Fiensy provides a brief survey of a discipline that was once called “biblical archaeology” and describes how the conception of the field has changed; recounts how key discoveries have opened up new understandings of Israel’s own history and religion as well as the ancient Near Eastern and later Greco-Roman environments, and the impact on biblical studies and theology; discusses how archaeological study has shaped the task of biblical interpretation, with illustrative examples; analyzes specific texts through archaeological perspectives; and provides conclusions, challenges, and considerations for the future of archaeology and biblical

Being Christian in the Twenty-First Century

Author: Sam Gould
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1532619693
Category: Religion
Page: 174
View: 3471

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Being Christian in the Twenty-first Century was written to help struggling and doubting Christians develop an understanding of Christianity that avoids literalism, creeds, and doctrines—all factors which seem to be driving people away from the church. The book is well suited for individual or group study, complete with a study guide and sample lesson plans. It responds to the call for theological reform advocated by many contemporary clergy and religious leaders. Being Christian does not restate orthodox positions or drift into fundamentalism or sentimentalism. Instead it draws from a broad base of historical, theological, archaeological, and sociological scholarship to place Scripture within its original context, yet present it within a perspective suitable for the twenty-first-century mind. Being Christian is scholarly, yet readable, interesting, and often provocative. One reviewer put it this way, “the book reminds me of a baseball pitcher with a long wind up and a hard fastball getting better in every inning.” By building upon progressive thought available today and throughout history, it offers an important resource for Christians and would-be Christians seeking a more fulfilling and thoughtful faith journey.

Early Judaism

A Comprehensive Overview
Author: John J. Collins,Daniel C. Harlow
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
ISBN: 1467437395
Category: Religion
Page: 533
View: 2873

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Culled from The Eerdmans Dictionary of Early Judaism, a monumental, groundbreaking reference work published in late 2010, Early Judaism: A Comprehensive Overview contains fifteen first-rate essays from a diverse group of internationally renowned scholars. This volume provides the most comprehensive and authoritative overview available of Judaism in the Hellenistic and early Roman periods. Contributors: John M. G. Barclay Miriam Pucci Ben Zeev Katell Berthelot John J. Collins Erich S. Gruen Daniel C. Harlow James L. Kugel Adam Kolman Marshak Steve Mason James S. McLaren Maren R. Niehoff David T. Runia Lawrence H. Schiffman Chris Seeman Gregory E. Sterling Loren T. Stuckenbruck Eibert Tigchelaar Eugene Ulrich Annewies van den Hoek James C. VanderKam Jürgen K. Zangenberg

The Jewish People in the First Century

Historical Geography, Political History, Social, Cultural and Religious Life and Institutions
Author: Shemuel Safrai,M. Stern,David Flusser
Publisher: Uitgeverij Van Gorcum
ISBN: 9789023214366
Category: Religion
Page: 722
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Contains: Index of Sources; Geographical Index; Indes of Proper Names; Subject Index; Hebrew and Aramaic Words; Greek Words; Latin words; Survey of Contents of Volumes One and Two; Editors and Contributors of Volume One and Two; Errata Volume one.

Prayer and Thought in Monastic Tradition

Essays in Honour of Benedicta Ward SLG
Author: Santha Bhattacharji,Dominic Mattos,Rowan Williams
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 0567120996
Category: Religion
Page: 368
View: 2730

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Prayer and Thought in Monastic Tradition presents a chronological picture of the development of monastic thought and prayer from the early English Church (Bede, Adomnan) through to the 17th Century and William Law's religious community at King's Cliffe. Essays interact with different facets of monastic life, assessing the development and contribution of figures such as Boniface, the Venerable Bede, Anselm of Canterbury and Bernard of Clairvaux. The varying modes and outputs of the monastic life of prayer are considered, with focus on the use of different literary techniques in the creation of monastic documents, the interaction between monks and the laity, the creation of prayers and the purpose and structure of prayer in different contexts. The volume also discusses the nature of translation of classic monastic works, and the difficulties the translator faces. The highly distinguished contributors include; G.R. Evans, Sarah Foot, Henry Mayr-Harting, Brian McGuire, Henry Wansbrough and Rowan Williams.

The Cambridge History of Judaism: Volume 4, The Late Roman-Rabbinic Period

Author: William David Davies,Louis Finkelstein,Steven T. Katz
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521772488
Category: History
Page: 1135
View: 5621

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This fourth volume of The Cambridge History of Judaism covers the period from 70 CE to 640 CE (the rise of Islam). It deals with the major historical, political and cultural developments in Jewish history and the history of Judaism in this crucial era during which Judaism took on its classical shape. It provides discussion and analysis of all the essential subjects pertinent to an understanding of this period, and is especially strong in its coverage of the growth and development of rabbinic Judaism and of the major classical rabbinic sources such as the Mishnah, Jerusalem Talmud, Babylonian Talmud and various Midrashic collections. In addition, it surveys the early encounter of Judaism and Christianity from both the Jewish and Christian sides and describes the rise of Jewish mystical literature, the liturgical literature of the developing synagogue, the nature of magical practices in classical Judaism and Jewish Folklore.

Creation and Covenant

The Significance of Sexual Difference in the Moral Theology of Marriage
Author: Christopher Roberts
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 0567269671
Category: Religion
Page: 282
View: 8259

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Does sexual difference matter for marriage? Are there good theological reasons why the two main characters in a marriage should be a male and a female, or is marriage a more flexible covenant, which any two people can keep? Creation and Covenant analyzes latent but under-examined beliefs about sexual difference in the theology about marriage which has been dominant for centuries in the Christian west. The book opens by studying patristic theologies of marriage, which rested on mostly implicit and often incompatible beliefs about sexual difference. However, Roberts argues that Augustine developed a coherent theology of sexual difference, according it a shifting significance from creation to eschaton. Roberts traces how Augustine's theology influenced and was developed by subsequent theologians, such as Bernard of Clairvaux, Luther, Barth, and John Paul II. Finally, Roberts engages today's debates about gay marriage. Before becoming an academic, Dr. Roberts was a journalist. On behalf of PBS television, he covered both the Lambeth Conference in England and the World Council of Churches in Zimbabwe. During those years, he was disappointed by both the liberal and conservative arguments on homosexuality. Left-wingers seemed more interested in privacy, autonomy, and experience than in theology, and right-wingers seemed to have lots of prohibitions but little good news. In the final chapters, this book tries to do better, inviting liberals to improve the standard of their arguments, and explaining what is beautiful and persuasive about the traditional case.

Surprised by Jesus

His Agenda for Changing Everything in A.D. 30 and Today
Author: Tim Stafford
Publisher: InterVarsity Press
ISBN: 9780830833405
Category: Religion
Page: 253
View: 1722

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Tim Stafford takes us behind two-dimensional images of Jesus by unearthing the specific historical and cultural situation of Jesus' day. He claims that what Jesus said and did was profoundly influenced by these factors. In fact, he says that Jesus meant to change things far more profoundly in his day and ours than we can ever imagine.

Settlement and History in Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine Galilee

An Archaeological Survey of the Eastern Galilee
Author: Uzi Leibner
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161498718
Category: Religion
Page: 471
View: 2312

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During the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine periods, the Galilee played an important role in the development of both Judaism and Christianity. In an attempt to draw a detailed picture of the nature and history of the rural settlement in this region, a test case area in the "heart" of ancient Galilee is presented. Uzi Leibner used two distinct disciplines: the study of historical sources and advanced archaeological field survey. Greek, Latin, Hebrew and Aramaic sources concerning settlements in the region are translated and discussed and some 50 sites surveyed archaeologically. The analysis and synthesis of the finds facilitated the presentation of a comprehensive and dynamic picture of settlement - including periods of construction, abandonment, prosperity and decline in each site and in the region as a whole. Uzi Leibner sheds new light on major historical issues such as the origins of the Galilean Jewry in the Second Temple Period, the First Jewish Revolt and its outcomes, demography, economy, and interaction between Jewish, pagan and Christian communities.

A Grammar of Mishnaic Hebrew

Author: M. H. Segal
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1579107869
Category: Religion
Page: 290
View: 6414

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This volume has two objectives: Òfirst, to provide students of early Rabbinic literature with a fairly complete grammar of the dialect of that literature; and secondly, to demonstrate the organic connexion of this Mishnaic dialect with Biblical Hebrew, and its relative independence of contemporary Aramaic, at least in the field of grammar. A good deal of material belonging to comparative grammar has, therefore, been introduced, and constant reference is made to the standard authority in the English language on the grammar of Biblical Hebrew, viz. Dr. Cowley's edition of Gesenius-Kautsch's Hebrew Grammar.Ó--from the Preface Contents: Introduction Part I: Phonology and Orthography Part II: Morphology Part III: Syntax

Jewish Literacy in Roman Palestine

Author: Catherine Hezser
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161475467
Category: Religion
Page: 557
View: 9929

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Since Judaism has always been seen as the quintessential 'religion of the book', a high literacy rate amongst ancient Jews has usually been taken for granted. Catherine Hezser presents the first critical analysis of the various aspects of ancient Jewish literacy on the basis of all of the literary, epigraphic, and papyrological material published so far. Thereby she takes into consideration the analogies in Graeco-Roman culture and models and theories developed in the social sciences. Rather than trying to determine the exact literacy rate amongst ancient Jews, she examines the various types, social contexts, and functions of writing and the relationship between writing and oral forms of discourse. Following recent social-anthropological approaches to literacy, the guiding question is: who used what type of writing for which purpose? First Catherine Hezser examines the conditions which would enable or prevent the spread of literacy, such as education and schools, the availability and costs of writing materials, religious interest in writing and books, the existence of archives and libraries, and the question of multilingualism. Afterwards she looks at the different types of writing, such as letters, documents, miscellaneous notes, inscriptions and graffiti, and literary and magical texts until she finally draws conclusions about the ways in which the various sectors of the populace were able to participate in a literate society.

Rabbis as Romans

The Rabbinic Movement in Palestine, 100-400 CE
Author: Hayim Lapin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195179307
Category: History
Page: 295
View: 2934

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Conventionally, the history of the rabbinic movement has been told as an intra-Jewish development. Lapin reconfigures that history, drawing attention to the extent to which rabbis participated in and were the product of a Roman and late-antique political economy.

Jesus, a Jewish Galilean

A New Reading of the Jesus Story
Author: Sean Freyne
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 056758853X
Category: Religion
Page: 228
View: 6104

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In his latest book, Sean Freyne draws on his detailed knowledge of Galilean society in the Roman period, based on both literary and archaeological sources, to give a fresh and provocative reading of the Jesus-story within its Galilean setting. Jesus, a Jewish Galilean focuses on the religious as well as the social and political environment and examines the ways in which the Jewish religious experience had expressed itself in Galilee. It examines the ways in which the Jewish tradition in both the Pentateuch and the Prophets had constructed notions of an ideal Galilee. These provided the raw material for Jesus' own response to the issues of the day, from which he fashioned his own distinctive views of Israel's restoration and his own role in that project. Although Freyne is in touch with all recent scholarship about the historical Jesus, he brings his own distinctive take on the issues both with regard to Galilean society and Jesus' grounding in his own religious tradition. His Jesus is both Jewish and yet distinctive in his concerns and the ways in which he responds to the ecological, social and religious issues of his own time and place. Freyne seeks to retrieve the theological importance of Jesus' own message, something that has been lost sight of in the trend to present him primarily as a social reformer, while acknowledging the dangers of modernising Jesus.

As a Driven Leaf

Author: Milton Steinberg
Publisher: Jason Aronson
ISBN: 9780876689943
Category: Fiction
Page: 480
View: 2188

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Relates the story of Elish ben Abuyah, a talmudic rabbi who turns to Greek philosophy in his search for a rational explanation for religious faith, is excommunicated by the Sanhedrin, and betrays his former associates in the rabbinate to the Romans

The Jesus Story

Everything That Happens in the New Testament in Plain English
Author: Dr. William H. Marty
Publisher: Baker Books
ISBN: 1441262830
Category: Religion
Page: 160
View: 6474

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Long-time Bible Professor Tells the Compelling Story of Jesus The story of Jesus is the greatest story of all time. But the repetition and varying order of events in the Gospels can be confusing to readers. As he does in his bestselling book The Whole Bible Story, Dr. William Marty presents the full narrative of Jesus in chronological order. He tells the fascinating account of everything that happened in Jesus' life--from his birth to his ascension--as well as what happened in the church after he left. The Jesus Story is perfect for new Christians longing to get to know Jesus or long-time believers wanting to recapture the awe and amazement of hearing this remarkable story for the first time.