Fundamentals of Geophysical Fluid Dynamics


Author: James C. McWilliams
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 052185637X
Category: Science
Page: 249
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Intermediate/advanced textbook which provides concise and accessible introduction to GFD for broad range of students.

Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics

Fundamentals and Large-scale Circulation
Author: Geoffrey K. Vallis
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139459961
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 9346

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Fluid dynamics is fundamental to our understanding of the atmosphere and oceans. Although many of the same principles of fluid dynamics apply to both the atmosphere and oceans, textbooks tend to concentrate on the atmosphere, the ocean, or the theory of geophysical fluid dynamics (GFD). This textbook provides a comprehensive unified treatment of atmospheric and oceanic fluid dynamics. The book introduces the fundamentals of geophysical fluid dynamics, including rotation and stratification, vorticity and potential vorticity, and scaling and approximations. It discusses baroclinic and barotropic instabilities, wave-mean flow interactions and turbulence, and the general circulation of the atmosphere and ocean. Student problems and exercises are included at the end of each chapter. Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics: Fundamentals and Large-Scale Circulation will be an invaluable graduate textbook on advanced courses in GFD, meteorology, atmospheric science and oceanography, and an excellent review volume for researchers. Additional resources are available at www.cambridge.org/9780521849692.

Theoretical Geophysical Fluid Dynamics


Author: Monin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792304265
Category: Science
Page: 402
View: 852

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This book grew out of lectures on geophysical fluid dynamics delivered over many years at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology by the author (and, with regard to some parts of the book, by his colleagues). During these lectures the students were advised to read many books, and sometimes individual articles, in order to acquaint themselves with the necessary material, since there was no single book available which provided a sufficiently complete and systematic account (except, perhaps, the volumes on Hydrophysics of the Ocean, Hydrodynamics of the Ocean, and Geodynamics in the ten-volume Oceanology series published by Nauka Press in 1978-1979; these refer, however, specifically to the ocean, and anyway they are much too massive to be convenient for study by students). As far as we know, no text corresponding to our understanding of geophysical fluid dynamics has as yet been published outside the Soviet Union. The present book is designed to fill this gap. Since it is customary to write the preface after the entire book has been completed, the author has an opportunity there to raise some points of possible criticism by the reviewers and readers. First of all, note that this work presents the theoretical fundamentals of geophysical fluid dynamics, and that observational and experimental data (which in the natural sciences are always very copious) are referred to only rarely and briefly.

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics

Understanding (almost) everything with rotating shallow water models
Author: Vladimir Zeitlin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192526464
Category: Science
Page: 496
View: 4726

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Geophysical fluid dynamics examines the dynamics of stratified and turbulent motion of fluids in the ocean and outer core, and of gases in the atmosphere. This book explains key notions and fundamental processes of the dynamics of large- and medium-scale atmospheric and oceanic motions from the unifying viewpoint of the rotating shallow water model. The model plays a distinguished role in geophysical fluid dynamics. It has been used for about a century for conceptual understanding of various phenomena, for elaboration of approaches and methods to be used later in more complete models, for development and testing of numerical codes, and for many other purposes. In spite of its simplicity, the model grasps essential features of the complete "primitive equations" models, being their vertically averaged version, and gives an intuitive representation and clear vision of principal dynamical processes. This book is a combination of a course on geophysical fluid dynamics (Part 1), with explanations and illustrations of fundamentals, and problems, as well as a more advanced treatise of a range of principal dynamical phenomena (Part 2), including recently arisen approaches and applications (Part 3). Mathematics and physics underlying dynamical phenomena are explained, with necessary demonstrations. Yet, an important goal of the book is to develop the reader's physical intuition and qualitative insights.

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics


Author: J. Pedlosky
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468400711
Category: Science
Page: 626
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The content of this book is based, largely, on the core curriculum in geophys ical fluid dynamics which I and my colleagues in the Department of Geophysical Sciences at The University of Chicago have taught for the past decade. Our purpose in developing a core curriculum was to provide to advanced undergraduates and entering graduate students a coherent and systematic introduction to the theory of geophysical fluid dynamics. The curriculum and the outline of this book were devised to form a sequence of courses of roughly one and a half academic years (five academic quarters) in length. The goal of the sequence is to help the student rapidly advance to the point where independent study and research are practical expectations. It quickly became apparent that several topics (e. g. , some aspects of potential theory) usually thought of as forming the foundations of a fluid-dynamics curriculum were merely classical rather than essential and could be, however sadly, dispensed with for our purposes. At the same time, the diversity of interests of our students is so great that no curriculum can truly be exhaust ive in such a curriculum period. It seems to me that the best that can be achieved as a compromise is a systematic introduction to some important segment of the total scope of geophysical fluid dynamics which is illustrative of its most fruitful methods.

Variational Formulation of Fluid and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics

Mechanics, Symmetries and Conservation Laws
Author: Gualtiero Badin,Fulvio Crisciani
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319596950
Category: Science
Page: 218
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This book describes the derivation of the equations of motion of fluids as well as the dynamics of ocean and atmospheric currents on both large and small scales through the use of variational methods. In this way the equations of Fluid and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics are re-derived making use of a unifying principle, that is Hamilton’s Principle of Least Action. The equations are analyzed within the framework of Lagrangian and Hamiltonian mechanics for continuous systems. The analysis of the equations’ symmetries and the resulting conservation laws, from Noether’s Theorem, represent the core of the description. Central to this work is the analysis of particle relabeling symmetry, which is unique for fluid dynamics and results in the conservation of potential vorticity. Different special approximations and relations, ranging from the semi-geostrophic approximation to the conservation of wave activity, are derived and analyzed. Thanks to a complete derivation of all relationships, this book is accessible for students at both undergraduate and graduate levels, as well for researchers. Students of theoretical physics and applied mathematics will recognize the existence of theoretical challenges behind the applied field of Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, while students of applied physics, meteorology and oceanography will be able to find and appreciate the fundamental relationships behind equations in this field.

Introduction to Geophysical Fluid Dynamics

Physical and Numerical Aspects
Author: Benoit Cushman-Roisin,Jean-Marie Beckers
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0120887592
Category: Mathematics
Page: 828
View: 6981

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Inhaltsverzeichnis: I Fundamentals - 1: Introduction - 2: The Coriolis Force - 3: Equations of Fluid Motion - 4: Equations Governing Geophysical Flows - 5: Diffusive Processes - 6: Transport and FateII Rotation Effects - 7: Geostrophic Flows and Vorticity Dynamics - 8: Ekman layer - 9: Barotropic Waves - 10: Barotropic Instability - III Stratification Effects - 11: Stratification - 12: Layered Models - 13: Internal Waves - 14: Turbulence in Stratified Fluids - IV Combined Rotation and Stratification Effects - 15: Dynamics of Stratified Rotating Flows - 16: Quasi-Geostrophic Dynamics - 17: Instabilities of Rotating Stratified Flows - 18: Fronts, Jets and VorticesV Special Topics - 19: Atmospheric General Circulation - 20: Oceanic General Circulation - 21: Equatorial Dynamics - 22: Data Assimilation - VI Web-site information Appendix A: Elements of Fluid Mechanics - Appendix B: Wave KinematicsAppendix C: Recapitulation of Numerical SchemesReferencesCD-ROM

Fundamentals of Geophysical Hydrodynamics


Author: Felix V. Dolzhansky
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642310338
Category: Mathematics
Page: 274
View: 7668

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This newly-translated book takes the reader from the basic principles and conservation laws of hydrodynamics to the description of general atmospheric circulation. Among the topics covered are the Kelvin, Ertel and Rossby-Obukhov invariants, quasi-geostrophic equation, thermal wind, singular Helmholtz vortices, derivation of the Navier-Stokes equation, Kolmogorov's flow, hydrodynamic stability, and geophysical boundary layers. Generalizing V. Arnold's approach to hydrodynamics, the author ingeniously brings in an analogy of Coriolis forces acting on fluid with motion of the Euler heavy top and shows how this is used in the analysis of general atmospheric circulation. This book is based on popular graduate and undergraduate courses given by F.V.Dolzhansky at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and is the result of the author's highly acclaimed work in Moscow's Laboratory of Geophysical Hydrodynamics. Each chapter is full of examples and figures, exercises and hints, motivating and illustrating both theoretical and experimental results. The exposition is comprehensive yet user-friendly in engaging and exploring the broad range of topics for students and researchers in mathematics, physics, meteorology and engineering.

Waves in the Ocean and Atmosphere

Introduction to Wave Dynamics
Author: Joseph Pedlosky
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540003403
Category: Science
Page: 260
View: 4845

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For over twenty years, the Joint Program in Physical Oceanography of MIT and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution has based its education program on a series of core courses in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics and Physical Oceanography. One of the central courses in the Core is one on wave theory, tailored to meet the needs of both physical oceanography and meteorology students. I have had the pleasure of teaching of years, and I have particularly enjoyed the response of the the course for a number students to their exposure to the fascination of wave phenomena and theory. This book is a reworking of course notes that I have prepared for the students, and I was encouraged by their enthusiastic response to the notes to reach a larger audience with this material. The emphasis, both in the course and in this text, is twofold: the de velopment of the basic ideas of wave theory and the description of specific types of waves of special interest to oceanographers and meteorologists. Throughout the course, each wave type is introduced both for its own intrinsic interest and importance and as a ve hicle for illustrating some general concept in the theory of waves. Topics covered range from small-scale surface gravity waves to large-scale planetary vorticity waves.

Topics in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics: Atmospheric Dynamics, Dynamo Theory, and Climate Dynamics


Author: M. Ghil,S. Childress
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461210526
Category: Science
Page: 512
View: 7907

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The vigorous stirring of a cup of tea gives rise, as we all know, to interesting fluid dynamical phenomena, some of which are very hard to explain. In this book our "cup of tea" contains the currents of the Earth's atmosphere, oceans, mantle, and fluid core. Our goal is to under stand the basic physical processes which are most important in describing what we observe, directly or indirectly, in these complex systems. While in many respects our understanding is measured by the ability to predict, the focus here will be on relatively simple models which can aid our physical intuition by suggesting useful mathematical methods of investiga tion. These elementary models can be viewed as part of a hierarchy of models of increasing complexity, moving toward those which might be use fully predictive. The discussion in this book will deal primarily with the Earth. Interplanetary probes of Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn have revealed many exciting phenomena which bear on geophysical fluid dynamics. They have also enabled us to see the effect of changing the values of certain parameters, such as gravity and rotation rate, on geophysical flows. On the other hand, satellite observations of our own planet on a daily and hourly basis have turned it into a unique laboratory for the study of fluid motions on a scale never dreamt of before: the motion of cyclones can be observed via satellite just as wing tip vortices are studied in a wind tunnel.

Fluid Dynamics via Examples and Solutions


Author: Sergey Nazarenko
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439888825
Category: Science
Page: 248
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Fluid Dynamics via Examples and Solutions provides a substantial set of example problems and detailed model solutions covering various phenomena and effects in fluids. The book is ideal as a supplement or exam review for undergraduate and graduate courses in fluid dynamics, continuum mechanics, turbulence, ocean and atmospheric sciences, and related areas. It is also suitable as a main text for fluid dynamics courses with an emphasis on learning by example and as a self-study resource for practicing scientists who need to learn the basics of fluid dynamics. The author covers several sub-areas of fluid dynamics, types of flows, and applications. He also includes supplementary theoretical material when necessary. Each chapter presents the background, an extended list of references for further reading, numerous problems, and a complete set of model solutions.

Magneto-Fluid Dynamics

Fundamentals and Case Studies of Natural Phenomena
Author: Paul Lorrain,Francois Lorrain,Stephane Houle
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387472908
Category: Science
Page: 319
View: 8741

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This book provides an understanding of the physics at work in sunspots and solar coronal loops, and offers a new approach to Magneto-Fluid-Dynamics (or Magneto-Hydro-Dynamics).The book stresses the use of electric currents in Magneto-Fluid-Dynamics. As a rule, authors discuss magnetic field lines without referring to the required electric currents. It also stresses the importance of electric space charges inside conductors that move in magnetic fields.

Modeling Atmospheric and Oceanic Flows

Insights from Laboratory Experiments and Numerical Simulations
Author: Thomas von Larcher,Paul D. Williams
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118855922
Category: Science
Page: 368
View: 2747

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Modeling Atmospheric and Oceanic Flows: Insights from LaboratoryExperiments and Numerical Simulations provides a broad overview ofrecent progress in using laboratory experiments and numericalsimulations to model atmospheric and oceanic fluid motions. Thisvolume not only surveys novel research topics in laboratoryexperimentation, but also highlights recent developments in thecorresponding computational simulations. As computing power growsexponentially and better numerical codes are developed, theinterplay between numerical simulations and laboratory experimentsis gaining paramount importance within the scientific community.The lessons learnt from the laboratory–model comparisons inthis volume will act as a source of inspiration for the nextgeneration of experiments and simulations. Volume highlightsinclude: Topics pertaining to atmospheric science, climatephysics, physical oceanography, marine geology and geophysics Overview of the most advanced experimental andcomputational research in geophysics Recent developments in numerical simulations ofatmospheric and oceanic fluid motion Unique comparative analysis of the experimentaland numerical approaches to modeling fluid flow Modeling Atmospheric and Oceanic Flows will be a valuableresource for graduate students, researchers, and professionals inthe fields of geophysics, atmospheric sciences, oceanography,climate science, hydrology, and experimental geosciences.

Meteorologie und Klimatologie

Eine Einführung
Author: Horst Malberg
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662087006
Category: Science
Page: 364
View: 8484

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Auf der Basis der physikalischen Grundlagen (Strahlung, Luftbewegung, Wolken- und Niederschlagsbildung) sowie der verschiedenen Methoden der Wetterbeobachtung (Boden, Radiosonde, Satelliten, Radar) werden Wettersysteme und Wettervorhersage verständlich erläutert. Die allgemeine atmosphärische Zirkulation verknüpft das kurzlebige Wettergeschehen mit dem großräumigen Klima auf der Erde. Ausführungen über Klimaänderungen, orographische Windsysteme, Stadtklima, Luftverunreinigungen und Wetterbeeinflussung runden die Einführung in den aktuellen Stand der Meteorologie und Klimatologie ab. Die 4. Aufl. beinhaltet zahlreiche Aktualisierungen und Ergänzungen, so z.B. zu den lufthygienischen Bedingungen in Tälern, und wurde um ein Kapitel über El Nino bzw. ENSO erweitert.

Wave Packets and Their Bifurcations in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics


Author: Huijun Yang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: N.A
Category: Mathematics
Page: 247
View: 9079

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Wave Packets and Their Bifurcations in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics provides insight into the understanding of the nature of the geophysical fluids, especially their structures and structural changes. Moreover, the comprehensive treatment of the material provides a systematic and complete development on the subject. Graduate students and researchers in fields such as applied mathematics, geophysical fluid dynamics, atmospheric sciences and physical oceanography will find this text especially useful. The book can also be used as a reference or supplement in courses such as wave theory, bifurcation theory, advanced dynamical meteorology, advanced dynamical oceanography and geophysical fluid dynamics.

Fluid Mechanics of the Atmosphere


Author: Robert A. Brown
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080917115
Category: Science
Page: 512
View: 8840

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Fluid Mechanics of the Atmosphere presents the fundamental equations which govern most of the flow problems studied by atmospheric scientists. The equations are derived in a systematic way that is intended to facilitate critical evaluation. The goal of this text is twofold. First the book supplies the student a background familiarity in the underlying physics behind the mathematics. Second it explores some systematic methods of relating these physics to atmospheric problems, including rotating frames of reference effects, vorticity dynamics, and turbulence effects on closure. Stresses vorticity, principles of scaling, and turbulence Extensively illustrated Includes end-of-chapter summaries and problem sets Classroom tested for five years

Grenzschicht-Theorie


Author: H. Schlichting,Klaus Gersten
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662075547
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 852
View: 4202

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Die Überarbeitung für die 10. deutschsprachige Auflage von Hermann Schlichtings Standardwerk wurde wiederum von Klaus Gersten geleitet, der schon die umfassende Neuformulierung der 9. Auflage vorgenommen hatte. Es wurden durchgängig Aktualisierungen vorgenommen, aber auch das Kapitel 15 von Herbert Oertel jr. neu bearbeitet. Das Buch gibt einen umfassenden Überblick über den Einsatz der Grenzschicht-Theorie in allen Bereichen der Strömungsmechanik. Dabei liegt der Schwerpunkt bei den Umströmungen von Körpern (z.B. Flugzeugaerodynamik). Das Buch wird wieder den Studenten der Strömungsmechanik wie auch Industrie-Ingenieuren ein unverzichtbarer Partner unerschöpflicher Informationen sein.