Full Spectrum Diplomacy and Grand Strategy

Reforming the Structure and Culture of U.S. Foreign Policy
Author: John Lenczowski
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739150650
Category: Political Science
Page: 213
View: 1906

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This study is designed to contribute to the current efforts to reform the United States' foreign policy and national security capabilities. It addresses contemporary problems with specific policy and structural recommendations, but also aims to teach lessons in diplomacy and strategy that apply to all times and places. The author asserts that the U.S. needs a successful long-term national strategy integrating all the instruments of statecraft to influence the world positively to restore its ability to win friends, allies, politically motivated intelligence sources, and the resultant ability to achieve peace and security.

Fighting the Ideological War

Winning Strategies from Communism to Islamism
Author: Katharine C. Gorka,Patrick Sookhdeo
Publisher: BookBaby
ISBN: 0988593084
Category: Political Science
Page: 240
View: 1161

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Islamism is a growing and powerful ideology that tolerates no dissent or rivalry. Yet in recent decades the United States has responded only to the violence that Islamism has generated, not to the beliefs and ideas that drive it. As a result of this failure, Islamist numbers and confidence have grown, and Islamist regimes have taken power in the Middle East and North Africa. So the United States is less safe than it was before 9/11, as is everyone else outside the Islamist fold. Until the United States understands and confronts Islamist ideology, it will not be able to slow the Islamist revolution and its destructive effects. This collection of essays proposes an effective strategy for countering and defeating the beliefs that motivate Islamists. It examines those beliefs in detail, considers their strengths and weaknesses, and draws on the lessons of past ideological conflicts, such as those with communism and fascism. Thus it provides invaluable equipment for the war of ideas in which we must now engage.

The Global Republic

America's Inadvertent Rise to World Power
Author: Frank Ninkovich
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022616473X
Category: History
Page: 342
View: 6109

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Frank Ninkovich s revisionist history of America s relation to the world debunks American exceptionalism once and for all by showing how America s role in the world has been driven less by its ideals than by its fears. What makes the United States special in the global arena is not its economic dominance, its aggressive foreign policy, or its influence over international institutions. Rather, the United States has become distinctive through its deep-seated and long-standing engagement with the forces of globalizationas well as the threats that they represent or embody. The United States has been exceptionally aware of globalizing forces because it has come to have the most to lose on their account. This magisterial overview of the real history of America s role in the world will demystify, clarify, and -- depending on your politics -- enrage."

Communicating India’s Soft Power

Buddha to Bollywood
Author: D. Thussu
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137027894
Category: Political Science
Page: 227
View: 6485

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In recent years, India has emerged as a major economic and political power. Yet, the country's cultural influence outside India has not been adequately analyzed in academic discourses. This book, a pioneering attempt, from an international communication/media perspective, is aimed to fill the existing gap in scholarship in this area.

China Hands

Nine Decades of Adventure, Espionage, and Diplomacy in Asia
Author: James R. Lilley,Jeffrey Lilley,R Lilley
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780786738489
Category: History
Page: 448
View: 5447

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James Lilley's life and family have been entwined with China's fate since his father moved to the country to work for Standard Oil in 1916. Lilley spent much of his childhood in China and after a Yale professor took him aside and suggested a career in intelligence, it became clear that he would spend his adult life returning to China again and again. Lilley served for twenty-five years in the CIA in Laos, Tokyo, Hong Kong, and Taiwan before moving to the State Department in the early 1980s to begin a distinguished career as the U.S.'s top-ranking diplomat in Taiwan, ambassador to South Korea, and finally, ambassador to China. From helping Laotian insurgent forces assist the American efforts in Vietnam to his posting in Beijing during the Tiananmen Square crackdown, he was in a remarkable number of crucial places during challenging times as he spent his life tending to America's interests in Asia. In China Hands, he includes three generations of stories from an American family in the Far East, all of them absorbing, some of them exciting, and one, the loss of Lilley's much loved and admired brother, Frank, unremittingly tragic. China Hands is a fascinating memoir of America in Asia, Asia itself, and one especially capable American's personal history.

Intermarium

The Land between the Black and Baltic Seas
Author: Marek Jan Chodakiewicz
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412847869
Category: History
Page: 568
View: 1034

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History and collective memories influence a nation, its culture, and institutions; hence, its domestic politics and foreign policy. That is the case in the Intermarium, the land between the Baltic and Black Seas in Eastern Europe. The area is the last unabashed rampart of Western Civilization in the East, and a point of convergence of disparate cultures. Marek Jan Chodakiewicz focuses on the Intermarium for several reasons. Most importantly because, as the inheritor of the freedom and rights stemming from the legacy of the Polish-Lithuanian/Ruthenian Commonwealth, it is culturally and ideologically compatible with American national interests. It is also a gateway to both East and West. Since the Intermarium is the most stable part of the post-Soviet area, Chodakiewicz argues that the United States should focus on solidifying its influence there. The ongoing political and economic success of the Intermarium states under American sponsorship undermines the totalitarian enemies of freedom all over the world. As such, the area can act as a springboard to addressing the rest of the successor states, including those in the Caucasus, Central Asia, and the Russian Federation. Intermarium has operated successfully for several centuries. It is the most inclusive political concept within the framework of the Commonwealth. By reintroducing the concept of the Intermarium into intellectual discourse the author highlights the autonomous and independent nature of the area. This is a brilliant and innovative addition to European Studies and World Culture.

Natural Law

The Foundation of an Orderly Economic System
Author: Alberto M. Piedra
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739158074
Category: Religion
Page: 224
View: 8300

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Author Alberto M. Piedra lucidly illustrates the notion of 'natural law' through the examination of economic, social, political, and cultural issues. In this work Piedra draws on classical and Christian sources as well as his personal experience as an economist, diplomat, and lecturer on world politics to address philosophical views in a constructive and morally guided exegesis of natural law and economics. This innovative book shows the value of appeals to a governing, natural law and attendant principles such as the common good, subsidiarity, hierarchy, spiritual welfare, the reciprocity of freedom and authority, and the cultivation of personal moral and intellectual virtue. Natural Law will appeal to scholars, professionals, and others interested in the cultivation of personal moral and intellectual virtue.

Strategy in Asia

The Past, Present, and Future of Regional Security
Author: Thomas G. Mahnken,Dan Blumenthal
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804792828
Category: Political Science
Page: 320
View: 2516

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Some of the United States' greatest challenges over the coming decades are likely to emanate from the Asia-Pacific region. China and India are rising and Militant Islam continues to take root in Pakistan, while nuclear proliferation threatens to continue in fits and starts. If America is to meet these challenges comprehensively, strategists will have to learn more about Asia, and Asian scholars, policymakers, and analysts will need to understand better the enduring and timeless principles of strategy. Based on the premise therefore that the increasing strategic weight of the Asia-Pacific region warrants greater attention from both scholars and practitioners alike, Strategy in Asia: The Past, Present, and Future of Regional Security aims to marry the fields of strategic studies and Asian studies in order to help academics and practitioners to begin addressing these challenges. The book uses the lenses of geography, culture, and economics to examine in depth the strategic context that Asia presents to the major nations of the region—including the U.S. as a Pacific nation—and the strategic scenarios that may well play out in the region in the near future. Specific attention is paid to Asia as a warfighting environment, and to the warfighting traditions and current postures of the major nations.

Is America's Overseas Broadcasting Undermining Our National Interest and the Fight Against Tyrannical Regimes?

Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, First Session, April 6, 2011
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: China
Page: 84
View: 872

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A World on Fire

Britain's Crucial Role in the American Civil War
Author: Amanda Foreman
Publisher: Random House Trade Paperbacks
ISBN: 0375756965
Category: History
Page: 1008
View: 7203

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Presents a history of the role of British citizens in the American Civil War that offers insight into the interdependencies of both nations and how the Union worked to block diplomatic relations between England and the Confederacy.

Restraint

A New Foundation for U.S. Grand Strategy
Author: Barry R. Posen
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801470862
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 3998

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The United States, Barry R. Posen argues in Restraint, has grown incapable of moderating its ambitions in international politics. Since the collapse of Soviet power, it has pursued a grand strategy that he calls “liberal hegemony,” one that Posen sees as unnecessary, counterproductive, costly, and wasteful. Written for policymakers and observers alike, Restraint explains precisely why this grand strategy works poorly and then provides a carefully designed alternative grand strategy and an associated military strategy and force structure. In contrast to the failures and unexpected problems that have stemmed from America’s consistent overreaching, Posen makes an urgent argument for restraint in the future use of U.S. military strength. After setting out the political implications of restraint as a guiding principle, Posen sketches the appropriate military forces and posture that would support such a strategy. He works with a deliberately constrained notion of grand strategy and, even more important, of national security (which he defines as including sovereignty, territorial integrity, power position, and safety). His alternative for military strategy, which Posen calls “command of the commons,” focuses on protecting U.S. global access through naval, air, and space power, while freeing the United States from most of the relationships that require the permanent stationing of U.S. forces overseas.

American Power and Liberal Order

A Conservative Internationalist Grand Strategy
Author: Paul D. Miller
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 1626163421
Category: Political Science
Page: 336
View: 7198

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Paul D. Miller argues against recent calls for American restraint in international relations. Blending academic rigor with his experiences as former Director for Afghanistan on the National Security Council, Miller instead calls for active investment in the centuries-old grand strategy of liberal order. His analysis shows that sustaining such a course will counter external threats ranging from nuclear-arm authoritarians to jihadists and strengthen the liberal order that forms the outer perimeter of American security.

Christianity’s Role in United States Global Health and Development Policy

To Transfer the Empire of the World
Author: John Blevins
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351127489
Category: Social Science
Page: 190
View: 5825

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In recent years, the role of religion in influencing international health policy and health services provision has been seen as increasingly important. This book provides a social history of the relationship between religion and America's international health policy and practice from the latter 19th century to the present. The book demonstrates that the fields of religion and public health have distinct moral frameworks, each with their own rationales, assumptions, and motivations. While these two frameworks share significant synergies, substantial tensions also exist, which are negotiated in political contexts. The book traces the origins of religion’s influence on public health to the Progressive Era in the latter half of the 19th century, examines tensions that arose in the first half of the 20th century, describes the divorce between religion and international health from the 1940s through the 1980s, identifies the sources of the renewed interest in the relationship between religion and international health, and anticipates the future contours of religion and international health in light of contemporary political and economic forces.While the influence of religion on international health practice and policy in the United States serves as the focus of the book, the effects of US policies on international health policies in general are also explored in depth, especially in the book’s later chapters. This ambitious study of religion’s social history in the United States over the last 150 years will be of interest to researchers in global health, politics, religion and development studies.

Nonalignment 2. 0


Author: Rajiv Kumar,Sunil Khilnani
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780670086986
Category: India
Page: 216
View: 1141

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Pacific Currents

The Responses of U.S. Allies and Security Partners in East Asia to China's Rise
Author: Evan S. Medeiros
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 0833044648
Category: Political Science
Page: 279
View: 2936

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China1s importance in the Asia-Pacific has been on the rise, raising concerns about competition the United States. The authors examined the reactions of six U.S. allies and partners to China1s rise. All six see China as an economic opportunity. They want it to be engaged productively in regional affairs, but without becoming dominant. They want the United States to remain deeply engaged in the region.

The Oxford Handbook of Modern Diplomacy


Author: Andrew F. Cooper,Jorge Heine,Ramesh Thakur
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199588864
Category: Political Science
Page: 953
View: 9906

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Including chapters from some of the leading experts in the field this Handbook provides a full overview of the nature and challenges of modern diplomacy and includes a tour d'horizon of the key ways in which the theory and practice of modern diplomacy are evolving in the 21st Century.

The Grand Strategy of Philip II


Author: Geoffrey Parker
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780300082739
Category: History
Page: 446
View: 7773

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This fascinating book is highly original, in that it specifically analyses how Philip II of Spain ruled the first global empire in history, from 1556 to his death in 1598. Geoffrey Parker investigates the strengths and weaknesses of Philip's strategic vision, the priorities that underlay his policies, the practices and prejudices that influenced his decision-making, and the external factors that affected the achievement of his goals. Geoffrey Parker is Andreas Dorpalen Professor of History at The Ohio State University, and winner of the 2012 Heineken History Prize. Among his other books is 'Global Crisis: War, Climate Change and Catastrophe in the Seventeenth Century'. 'A splendid study ... Parker offers an enthralling analysis', Henry Kamen, Times Literary Supplement 'A deeply-researched, sublime and immensely satisfying analysis of the policies of one of the most important figures in western and world history during the past one thousand years.' Paul Kennedy 'This is a history that moves backward from the strategic concerns of today; that gives it an edge and an immediacy few other books on Philip have achieved ... A highly detailed but also immensely readable book.' Anthony Pagden, New York Times Book Review 'Basing his work on the mass of unpublished letters, declarations and notes that the 'prudent king' wrote and received ... Parker leads us with consummate skill through the thorny problems of Philip's reign.' Hugh Thomas, Wall Street Journal '... history on a grand scale. In it, Parker has distilled the fruit of thirty years' research and writing, which have made him the leading authority on Spain's relations with Northern Europe in the early modern era ... A highly sophisticated and stimulating work.' Bruce Taylor, History: Review of New Books.

The Third Revolution

Xi Jinping and the New Chinese State
Author: Elizabeth C. Economy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019086608X
Category: Political Science
Page: 304
View: 3964

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In The Third Revolution, eminent China scholar Elizabeth C. Economy provides an incisive look at the transformative changes underway in China today. Chinese leader Xi Jinping has unleashed a powerful set of political and economic reforms: the centralization of power under Xi, himself, the expansion of the Communist Party's role in Chinese political, social, and economic life, and the construction of a virtual wall of regulations to control more closely the exchange of ideas and capital between China and the outside world. Beyond its borders, Beijing has recast itself as a great power, seeking to reclaim its past glory and to create a system of international norms that better serves its more ambitious geostrategic objectives. In so doing, the Chinese leadership is reversing the trends toward greater political and economic opening, as well as the low-profile foreign policy, that had been put in motion by Deng Xiaoping's "Second Revolution" thirty years earlier. Through a wide-ranging exploration of Xi Jinping's top political, economic and foreign policy priorities-fighting corruption, managing the Internet, reforming the state-owned enterprise sector, improving the country's innovation capacity, enhancing air quality, and elevating China's presence on the global stage-Economy identifies the tensions, shortcomings, and successes of Xi's reform efforts over the course of his first five years in office. She also assesses their implications for the rest of the world, and provides recommendations for how the United States and others should navigate their relationship with this vast nation in the coming years.

On Grand Strategy


Author: John Lewis Gaddis
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 0525557296
Category: History
Page: 384
View: 7571

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A master class in strategic thinking, distilled from the legendary program the author has co-taught at Yale for decades For almost two decades, Yale students have competed for admission each year to the "Studies in Grand Strategy" seminar taught by John Lewis Gaddis, Paul Kennedy, and Charles Hill. Its purpose has been to prepare future leaders for responsibilities they will face, through lessons drawn from history and the classics. Now Gaddis has distilled that teaching into a succinct, sharp and potentially transformational book, surveying statecraft from the ancient Greeks to Franklin D. Roosevelt and beyond. An unforgettable guide to the art of leadership, On Grand Strategy is, in every way, its own master class.