From the Ground Up

Environmental Racism and the Rise of the Environmental Justice Movement
Author: Luke W. Cole,Sheila R. Foster
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814715376
Category: Law
Page: 244
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Presents case studies of grassroots activism for environmental justice, highlighting struggles against environmental hazards, toxic waste dumps, and polluting factories which often impact low-income and minority communities.

Echoes from the Poisoned Well

Global Memories of Environmental Injustice
Author: Sylvia Hood Washington,Heather Goodall,Paul Rosier
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739154478
Category: History
Page: 458
View: 5351

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This book is an historical examination of environmental justice struggles across the globe from the perspective of environmentally marginalized communities. It is unique in environmental justice histography because it recounts these struggles by integrating the actual voices and memories of communities who grappled with environmental inequalities.

Baptized in PCBs

Race, Pollution, and Justice in an All-American Town
Author: Ellen Griffith Spears
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469611716
Category: History
Page: 440
View: 7637

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Baptized in PCBs: Race, Pollution, and Justice in an All-American Town

Justice in a Global Economy

Strategies for Home, Community, and World
Author: Pamela Brubaker,Rebecca Todd Peters,Laura A. Stivers
Publisher: Presbyterian Publishing Corp
ISBN: 0664229557
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 165
View: 5843

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Today's complex social and economic problems leave many people in the affluent world feeling either overwhelmed or ambivalent. Even the small percentage of us who have examined the ethics behind our financial decisions and overcome the often-deterring factors of self-interest rarely know what to do to make any difference. By providing tools for examination and concrete actions for individuals, communities, and society at large, Justice in a Global Economy guides its readers through many of today's complex societal issues, including land use, immigration, corporate accountability, and environmental and economic justice. Beginning with a basic introduction to the impact of economic globalization, the book provides both critical assessments of the current political-economic structures and examples of people and communities who are actively working to transform society. Each chapter concludes with questions for discussion and reflection.

Lawyers' Ethics and the Pursuit of Social Justice

A Critical Reader
Author: Susan D. Carle
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814716397
Category: Law
Page: 425
View: 378

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Susan D. Carle centers this collection of texts on the premise that legal ethics should be far more than a set of rules on professional responsibility.

Saving Our Children from the First Amendment

Author: Kevin W. Saunders
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814786936
Category: Law
Page: 307
View: 2149

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The First Amendment is vital to our political system, our cultural institutions, and our routine social interactions with others. In this provocative book, Kevin Saunders asserts that freedom of expression can be very harmful to our children, making it more likely that they will be the perpetrators or victims of violence, will grow up as racists, or will use alcohol or tobacco. Saving Our Children from the First Amendment examines both the value and cost of free expression in America, demonstrating how an unregulated flow of information can be detrimental to youth. While the great value of the First Amendment is found in its protection of our most important political freedoms, this is far more significant for adults, who can fully grasp and benefit from the freedom of expression, than for children. Constitutional prohibitions on distributing sexual materials to children, Saunders proposes, should be expanded to include violent, vulgar, or profane materials, as well as music that contains hate speech. Saunders offers an insightful meditation on the problem of protecting our children from the negative effects of freedom of expression without curtailing First Amendment rights for adults.

Discrimination by Default

How Racism Becomes Routine
Author: Lu-in Wang
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814795064
Category: Law
Page: 187
View: 4513

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Much as we “select” computer settings by default—reflexively, without thinking, and sometimes without realizing there are other options—we often discriminate by default as well. And just as default computer settings tend to become locked in or entrenched as the standard, discrimination by default creates a situation in which disparate outcomes are expected, accepted, and taken for granted. The killing of Amadou Diallo, racial disparities in medical care, the dominance of Whites and men in certain professions, and even the uneven media attention paid to crimes depending on their victims’ race and class, all might be cases of discrimination by, or as, default. Wang contends that, today, most discrimination occurs by default and not design, making legal prohibitions that focus on those who discriminate out of ill will inadequate to redress the largest share of modern discrimination. She draws on social psychology to detail three ways in which unconscious assumptions can lead to discrimination, showing how they play out in a range of everyday settings. Wang then demonstrates how these dynamics interact in medical care to produce an invisible, self-fulfilling, and self-perpetuating prophecy of racial disparity. She goes on to suggest ways in which institutions and individuals might recognize, interrupt, and override the discriminatory default.

America's Colony

The Political and Cultural Conflict Between the United States and Puerto Rico
Author: Pedro A Malavet
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814756808
Category: History
Page: 242
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Everyone eats, but rarely do we ask why or investigate why we eat what we eat. Why do we love spices, sweets, coffee? How did rice become such a staple food throughout so much of eastern Asia? Everyone Eats examines the social and cultural reasons for our food choices and provides an explanation of the nutritional reasons for why humans eat, resulting in a unique cultural and biological approach to the topic. E. N. Anderson explains the economics of food in the globalization era, food's relationship to religion, medicine, and ethnicity as well as offers suggestions on how to end hunger, starvation, and malnutrition. Everyone Eats feeds our need to understand human ecology by explaining the ways that cultures and political systems structure the edible environment.

Environmental Movements and Waste Infrastructure

Author: Christopher Rootes,Liam Leonard
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317991222
Category: Political Science
Page: 176
View: 5553

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As rates of consumption grow, the problem of waste management has increased significantly. National and local waste authorities seek to manage such problems through the implementation of state regulation and construction of waste infrastructure, including landfills and incinerators. These, however, are undertaken in a context of increasing supra-state regulatory frameworks and directives on waste management, and of increasing activity by multi-national corporations, and are increasingly contested by activists in the affected communities. Environmental Movements and Waste Infrastructure sheds new light on the structures of political opportunity that confront environmental movements that challenge the state or corporate sector. A series of case studies on collective action campaigns from the EU, US and Asia is elaborated in order to illuminate the similarities and differences between anti-incinerator protests within different states. Several contributions share a concern about cross-border or transnational waste flows. Each case study looks beyond its initial local frame of reference and goes on to interrogate assumptions about NIMBYism or localism, demonstrating the wider linkages and networks established by both grassroots campaigns and state and multinational agencies This book was previously published as a special issue of Environmental Politics

Standing Our Ground

Women, Environmental Justice, and the Fight to End Mountaintop Removal
Author: Joyce M. Barry
Publisher: Ohio University Press
ISBN: 0821444107
Category: Social Science
Page: 208
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Standing Our Ground: Women, Environmental Justice, and the Fight to End Mountaintop Removal examines women’s efforts to end mountaintop removal coal mining in West Virginia. Mountaintop removal coal mining, which involves demolishing the tops of hills and mountains to provide access to coal seams, is one of the most significant environmental threats in Appalachia, where it is most commonly practiced. The Appalachian women featured in Barry’s book have firsthand experience with the negative impacts of Big Coal in West Virginia. Through their work in organizations such as the Coal River Mountain Watch and the Ohio Valley Environmental Coalition, they fight to save their mountain communities by promoting the development of alternative energy resources. Barry’s engaging and original work reveals how women’s tireless organizing efforts have made mountaintop removal a global political and environmental issue and laid the groundwork for a robust environmental justice movement in central Appalachia.

Victims in the War on Crime

The Use and Abuse of Victims' Rights
Author: Markus Dirk Dubber
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814771416
Category: Law
Page: 399
View: 7374

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Two phenomena have shaped American criminal law for the past thirty years: the war on crime and the victims' rights movement. As incapacitation has replaced rehabilitation as the dominant ideology of punishment, reflecting a shift from an identification with defendants to an identification with victims, the war on crime has victimized offenders and victims alike. What we need instead, Dubber argues, is a system which adequately recognizes both victims and defendants as persons. Victims in the War on Crime is the first book to provide a critical analysis of the role of victims in the criminal justice system as a whole. It also breaks new ground in focusing not only on the victims of crime, but also on those of the war on victimless crime. After first offering an original critique of the American penal system in the age of the crime war, Dubber undertakes an incisive comparative reading of American criminal law and the law of crime victim compensation, culminating in a wide-ranging revision that takes victims seriously, and offenders as well. Dubber here salvages the project of vindicating victims' rights for its own sake, rather than as a weapon in the war against criminals. Uncovering the legitimate core of the victims' rights movement from underneath existing layers of bellicose rhetoric, he demonstrates how victims' rights can help us build a system of American criminal justice after the frenzy of the war on crime has died down.

Why Lawsuits are Good for America

Disciplined Democracy, Big Business, and the Common Law
Author: Carl T. Bogus
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814737943
Category: Law
Page: 265
View: 1144

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Judging by the frequency with which it makes an appearance in television news shows and late night stand up routines, the frivolous lawsuit has become part and parcel of our national culture. A woman sues McDonald’s because she was scalded when she spilled her coffee. Thousands file lawsuits claiming they were injured by Agent Orange, silicone breast implants, or Bendectin although scientists report these substances do not cause the diseases in question. The United States, conventional wisdom has it, is a hyperlitigious society, propelled by avaricious lawyers, harebrained judges, and runaway juries. Lawsuits waste money and time and, moreover, many are simply groundless. Carl T. Bogus is not so sure. In Why Lawsuits Are Good for America, Bogus argues that common law works far better than commonly understood. Indeed, Bogus contends that while the system can and occasionally does produce “wrong” results, it is very difficult for it to make flatly irrational decisions. Blending history, theory, empirical data, and colorful case studies, Bogus explains why the common law, rather than being outdated, may be more necessary than ever. As Bogus sees it, the common law is an essential adjunct to governmental regulation—essential, in part, because it is not as easily manipulated by big business. Meanwhile, big business has launched an all out war on the common law. “Tort reform”—measures designed to make more difficult for individuals to sue corporations—one of the ten proposals in the Republican Contract With America, and George W. Bush’s first major initiative as Governor of Texas. And much of what we have come to believe about the system comes from a coordinated propaganda effort by big business and its allies. Bogus makes a compelling case for the necessity of safeguarding the system from current assaults. Why Lawsuits Are Good for America provides broad historical overviews of the development of American common law, torts, products liability, as well as fresh and provocative arguments about the role of the system of “disciplined democracy” in the twenty-first century.

How the Left Can Win Arguments and Influence People

A Tactical Manual for Pragmatic Progressives
Author: John K. Wilson
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814795145
Category: Political Science
Page: 288
View: 8022

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If we were to rely on what the pundits and politicians tell us, we would have to conclude that America is a deeply conservative nation. Americans, we hear constantly, detest government, demand lower taxes and the end of welfare, and favor the death penalty, prayer in school, and an absolute faith in the free market. And yet Americans believe deeply in progressive ideas. In fact, progressivism has long been a powerful force in the American psyche. Consider that a mere generation ago the struggle for environmentally sound policies, for women's rights, and for racial equality were fringe movements. Today, open opposition to these core ideals would be political suicide. Drawing on this wellspring of American progressivist tradition, John K. Wilson has penned an informal handbook for the pragmatic progressive. Wilson insists that the left must become more savvy in its rhetoric and stop preaching only to the converted. Progressives need to attack the tangible realities of the corporate welfare state, while explicitly acknowledging that "socialism is," as Wilson writes, "deader than Lenin." Rather than attacking a "right-wing conspiracy," Wilson argues that the left needs one, too. Tracing how well-funded conservative pressure groups have wielded their influence and transformed the national agenda, Wilson outlines a similar approach for the left. Along the way, he exposes the faultlines of our poll- and money-driven form of politics, explodes the myth of "the liberal media," and demands that the left explicitly change its image. Irreverent, practical, and urgently argued, How The Left Can Win Arguments and Influence People charts a way to translate progressive ideals into reality and reassert the core principles of the American left on the national stage.

Getting Over Equality

A Critical Diagnosis of Religious Freedom in America
Author: Steven D. Smith
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814739946
Category: Law
Page: 225
View: 9087

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Questions of religious freedom continue to excite passionate public debate. Proposals involving school prayer and the posting of the Ten Commandments in schools and courtrooms perennially spur controversy. But there is also a sense that the prevailing discourse is exhausted, that no one seems to know how to think about religious freedom in a way that moves beyond our stale, counterproductive thinking on this issue. In Getting over Equality, Steven D. Smith, one of the most important voices now writing about religious liberty, provocatively contends that we must get over our presumptionmistakenly believed to be rooted in the Constitutionthat all religions are equally true and virtuous and "authentically American." Smith puts forth an alternative view, that the courts should promote an ideal of tolerance rather than equality and neutrality. Examining such controversial examples as the animal sacrifice case, the peyote case, and the problem of aid to parochial schools, Smith delineates a way for us to tolerate and respect contrary creeds without sacrificing or diluting our own beliefsand without pretending to believe in a spurious "equality" among the variety of diverse faiths.

Critical Race Theory

An Introduction, Second Edition
Author: Richard Delgado,Jean Stefancic
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814785298
Category: Law
Page: 207
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In 2001, Richard Delgado and Jean Stefancic published their definitive Critical Race Theory, a compact introduction to the field that explained, in straightforward language, the origins, principal themes, leading voices, and new directions of this important movement in legal thought. Since then, critical race theory has gone on to influence numerous other fields of scholarship, and the Delgado and Stefancic primer has remained an indispensible guide for students and teachers. Delgado and Stefancic have revised the book to include material on key issues such as colorblind jurisprudence, Latino-Critical scholarship, immigration, and the rollback of affirmative action. This second edition introduces readers to important new voices in fields outside of law, including education and psychology, and offers greatly expanded issues for discussion, updated reading lists, and an extensive glossary of terms.

Naturethik und Neuengland-Regionalliteratur

Author: Sylvia Mayer
Publisher: Universitaetsverlag Winter
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 275
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Die Studie situiert Texte der Regionalliteratur Neuenglands, die im Zeitraum 1857 bis 1918 publiziert wurden, im zeitgenossischen amerikanischen Umwelt- und insbesondere Umweltschutzdiskurs und fragt nach den argumentativen wie narrativen Formen ihrer Partizipation an der in dieser Zeit gefuhrten naturethischen Debatte. Gegenstand der Untersuchung sind Romane und Kurzgeschichten Harriet Beecher Stowes, Rose Terry Cookes, Sarah Orne Jewetts und Mary E. Wilkins Freemans. Die Analyse des Spektrums naturethischer Argumentationsmuster zeigt, von welch hoher Bedeutung die Frage nach der Qualitat der Interaktion von Mensch und Natur in den Texten ist, und sie macht deutlich, dass eine naturethische Positionierung massgeblichen Einfluss auf die Konstituierung individueller, regionaler und auch nationaler amerikanischer Identitat hat. Bisherige Forschungsschwerpunkte der Autorin: amerikanische Literatur des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts; afrikanisch-amerikanische Literatur; okologisch orientierte Literatur- und Kulturwissenschaft.

Capitalizing on environmental injustice

the polluter-industrial complex in the age of globalization
Author: Daniel Faber
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc
ISBN: 9780742533912
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 303
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"Capitalizing on Environmental Injustice provides an overview of the achievements and challenges confronting the environmental justice movement. Pressured by increased international competition and the demand for higher profits, industrial and political leaders are working to weaken many of America's most essential environmental, occupational, and consumer protection laws. In addition, corporate-led globalization exports many ecological hazards abroad. The result is a deepening of the ecological crisis in both the United States and the Global South. However, not all people are impacted equally. In this process of capital restructuring, it is the most marginalized segments of society - poor people of color and the working class - that suffer the greatest force of corporate environmental abuses. Daniel Faber, an environmental sociologist, analyzes the global political and economic forces that create these environmental injustices. With a multi-disciplinary approach, Faber presents both broad overviews and powerful insider case studies, examining the connections between many different struggles for change."--BOOK JACKET.

Becoming Political

Women and Environmental Justice in California's Central Valley
Author: Tracy Enfield Perkins
Publisher: N.A
Page: 138
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Environmental Justice

Law, Policy, and Regulation
Author: Clifford Rechtschaffen,Eileen P. Gauna
Publisher: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 467
View: 5256

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The environmental justice movement is concerned with the disparate environmental harms and benefits experienced by low income communities and communities of color. The selections in the reader provide graduate and undergraduate students with an introduction to environmental justice, whether or not they have a gackground in environmental law.