Frege on Absolute and Relative Truth

An Introduction to the Practice of Interpreting Philosophical Texts
Author: U. Pardey
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137012234
Category: Mathematics
Page: 242
View: 8854

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This book has two objectives: to be a contribution to the understanding of Frege's theory of truth – especially a defence of his notorious critique of the correspondence theory - and to be an introduction to the practice of interpreting philosophical texts.

Frege on Absolute and Relative Truth

An Introduction to the Practice of Interpreting Philosophical Texts
Author: Ulrich Pardey
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 1137012226
Category: Mathematics
Page: 242
View: 6019

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Frege's essay 'Der Gedanke' ('Thoughts') is one of the best-known and most-quoted texts in the area of analytic philosophy. However, his arguments against the correspondence theory of truth, which are located in the third paragraph of 'Der Gedanke', are generally rejected on the grounds that they allegedly contain some easily identifiable logical errors. This is the view of leading Frege scholars such as Dummett, Künne and Soames. Against this view the author proposes an entirely new interpretation of the text to show that Frege's argumentation is consistent. The central point of the author's interpretation is Frege's distinction between absolute and relative truth. Due to the detailed interpretation of Frege's text and the comprehensive refutation of misinterpretations of it by Dummett and other scholars, the book is also well suited to be a sophisticated introduction to the practice of interpreting philosophical texts for advances students of philosophy. For these reason it also contains two chapters reflecting on the route and manner of the proposed new interpretation.

Frege on Absolute and Relative Truth

An Introduction to the Practice of Interpreting Philosophical Texts
Author: U. Pardey
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137012234
Category: Mathematics
Page: 242
View: 5259

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This book has two objectives: to be a contribution to the understanding of Frege's theory of truth – especially a defence of his notorious critique of the correspondence theory - and to be an introduction to the practice of interpreting philosophical texts.

Conjectures and Refutations

The Growth of Scientific Knowledge
Author: Karl Popper
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135971374
Category: Philosophy
Page: 608
View: 6616

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Conjectures and Refutations is one of Karl Popper's most wide-ranging and popular works, notable not only for its acute insight into the way scientific knowledge grows, but also for applying those insights to politics and to history. It provides one of the clearest and most accessible statements of the fundamental idea that guided his work: not only our knowledge, but our aims and our standards, grow through an unending process of trial and error.

Frege

Philosophy of Language
Author: Michael Dummett
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674319318
Category: Mathematics
Page: 708
View: 9465

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No one has figured more prominently in the study of German philosopher Gottlob Frege than Michael Dummett. This highly acclaimed book is a major contribution to the philosophy of language as well as a systematic interpretation of Frege, indisputably the father of analytic philosophy. Frege: Philosophy of Language remains indispensable for an understanding of contemporary philosophy. Harvard University Press is pleased to reissue this classic book in paperback.

Principia Mathematica


Author: Alfred North Whitehead,Bertrand Russell
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
Page: N.A
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Essays on Frege's Conception of Truth


Author: Dirk Greimann
Publisher: Rodopi
ISBN: 904202156X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 236
View: 6028

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In his writings on the foundations of logic, Gottlob Frege, the father of modern logic, sketched a conception of truth that focuses on the following questions: What is the sense of the word “true”? Is truth a definable concept or a primitive one? What are the kinds of things of which truth is predicated? What is the role of the concept of truth in judgment, assertion and recognition? What is the logical category of truth? What is the significance of the concept of truth for science in general and for logic in particular? The present volume is dedicated to the interpretation, reconstruction and critical assessment of Frege's conception of truth. It is of interest to all those working on Frege, the history of logic and semantics, or theories of truth. The volume brings together nine original papers whose authors are all widely known to Frege scholars. The main topics are: the role of the concept of truth in Frege's system, the nature of the truth-values, the logical category of truth, the relationship between truth and judgment, and the conception of the truth-bearers.

Assessment Sensitivity

Relative Truth and Its Applications
Author: John MacFarlane
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199682755
Category: Philosophy
Page: 344
View: 729

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John MacFarlane explores how we might make sense of the idea that truth is relative. He provides new, satisfying accounts of parts of our thought and talk that have resisted traditional methods of analysis, including what we mean when we talk about what is tasty, what we know, what will happen, what might be the case, and what we ought to do.

The Frege Reader


Author: Michael Beaney
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9780631194453
Category: Philosophy
Page: 432
View: 5044

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This is the first single-volume edition and translation of Frege's philosophical writings to include all of his seminal papers and substantial selections from all three of his major works.

On Truth


Author: Harry G. Frankfurt
Publisher: Knopf
ISBN: 0307265951
Category: Philosophy
Page: 112
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Having outlined a theory of bullshit and falsehood, Harry G. Frankfurt turns to what lies beyond them: the truth, a concept not as obvious as some might expect. Our culture's devotion to bullshit may seem much stronger than our apparently halfhearted attachment to truth. Some people (professional thinkers) won't even acknowledge "true" and "false" as meaningful categories, and even those who claim to love truth cause the rest of us to wonder whether they, too, aren't simply full of it. Practically speaking, many of us deploy the truth only when absolutely necessary, often finding alternatives to be more saleable, and yet somehow civilization seems to be muddling along. But where are we headed? Is our fast and easy way with the facts actually crippling us? Or is it "all good"? Really, what's the use of truth, anyway? With the same leavening wit and commonsense wisdom that animates his pathbreaking work On Bullshit, Frankfurt encourages us to take another look at the truth: there may be something there that is perhaps too plain to notice but for which we have a mostly unacknowledged yet deep-seated passion. His book will have sentient beings across America asking, "The truth—why didn't I think of that?" From the Hardcover edition.

The Cambridge Companion to Frege


Author: Tom Ricketts,Michael Potter
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113982578X
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
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Gottlob Frege (1848–1925) was unquestionably one of the most important philosophers of all time. He trained as a mathematician, and his work in philosophy started as an attempt to provide an explanation of the truths of arithmetic, but in the course of this attempt he not only founded modern logic but also had to address fundamental questions in the philosophy of language and philosophical logic. Frege is generally seen (along with Russell and Wittgenstein) as one of the fathers of the analytic method, which dominated philosophy in English-speaking countries for most of the twentieth century. His work is studied today not just for its historical importance but also because many of his ideas are still seen as relevant to current debates in the philosophies of logic, language, mathematics and the mind. The Cambridge Companion to Frege provides a route into this lively area of research.

Inference and the Metaphysic of Reason

An Onto-epistemological Critique
Author: Phillip Stambovsky
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780874627657
Category: Philosophy
Page: 361
View: 6750

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"This book elucidates how the so-called "problem of inference," long a matter of debate among philosophers of logic, epistemology, language, and other domains of speculation, is inextricably tied to the issue of how, in the classical idiom, Knowing is of Being. Motivating this project is an underlying question that guides the discussion throughout: namely, How is it most rational to orient ourselves in thinking about the way that the inferential intelligence articulates the actual? The principal task of the essay as a whole is to think-through this metaphysical question by addressing the Reason (Vernunft) of the act of inference critically and from an onto-epistemological standpoint. Part I demonstrates how contemporary analytic epistemologies of inference, currently the leading speculative approaches to the topic, and earlier philosophies of inference fail in different ways to account, in sufficiently rational terms, for the Reason of inference--and by that token fail to explicate the onto-epistemology of discursive thought with due cogency. Part II of the inquiry probes, along onto-epistemological lines, the conceptual logic of inference as act. In the process, Stambovsky reintroduces the notion that the principle of sufficient reason is on a par with that of (non)contradiction--at least in the conceptual logic of inference. Moreover, in an original yet broadly substantiated move the author argues that sufficient reason, so far as it is the signal principle that grounds the Reason of the act of inference, is in the first instance properly a function of formal cause."--Publisher's website.

Phenomenology of Spirit


Author: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel,A.V. Miller (tr.)
Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publ.
ISBN: 9788120814738
Category: Consciousness
Page: 636
View: 4822

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wide criticism both from Western and Eastern scholars.

From Kant to Husserl


Author: Charles Parsons
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674065425
Category: Philosophy
Page: 242
View: 6299

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Main description: In From Kant to Husserl, Charles Parsons examines a wide range of historical opinion on philosophical questions, from mathematics to phenomenology. Amplifying his early ideas on Kant's philosophy of arithmetic, Parsons uses Kant's lectures on metaphysics to explore how his arithmetical concepts relate to the categories. He then turns to early reactions by two immediate successors of Kant, Johann Schultz and Bernard Bolzano, to shed light on disputed questions regarding interpretation of Kant's philosophy of mathematics. Interested, as well, in what Kant meant by 0pure natural science,0 Parsons considers the relationship between the first Critique and the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science. His commentary on Kant's Transcendental Aesthetic departs from mathematics to engage the vexed question of what it tells about the meaning of Kant's transcendental idealism.Proceeding on to phenomenology, Parsons examines Frege's evolving idea of extensions, his attitude toward set theory, and his correspondence, particularly exchanges with Russell and Husserl. An essay on Brentano brings out, in the case of judgment, an alternative to the now standard Fregean view of negation, and, on truth, alternatives to the traditional correspondence view that are still discussed today. Ending with the question of why Husserl did not take the 0linguistic turn,0 a final essay included here marks the only article-length discussion of Husserl Parsons has ever written, despite a long-standing engagement with this philosopher.

Notes and Fragments


Author: Immanuel Kant
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139443159
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
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This 2005 volume provides an extensive translation of the notes and fragments that survived Kant's death in 1804. These include marginalia, lecture notes, and sketches and drafts for his published works. They are important as an indispensable resource for understanding Kant's intellectual development and published works, casting fresh light on Kant's conception of his own philosophical methods and his relations to his predecessors, as well as on central doctrines of his work such as the theory of space, time and categories, the refutations of scepticism and metaphysical dogmatism, the theory of the value of freedom and the possibility of free will, the conception of God, the theory of beauty, and much more.

Structure and Being

A Theoretical Framework for a Systematic Philosophy
Author: Lorenz B. Puntel
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 9780271048260
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
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Psychologism

The Sociology of Philosophical Knowledge
Author: Martin Kusch,Reader in History and Philosophy of Science Martin Kusch
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134801122
Category: Philosophy
Page: 352
View: 5878

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First published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Proceedings of the First International Conference on Neutrosophy, Neutrosophic Logic, Neutrosophic Set, Neutrosophic Porbability and Statistics

Www. Gallup. Unm. Edu/~Smarandache/NeutrosophicProceedings. Pdf
Author: Florentin Smarandache editor
Publisher: Infinite Study
ISBN: 1931233675
Category:
Page: 148
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Collected papers on neutrosophics [such as: ?neutrosophy? - a new branch of philosophy, ?neutrosophic logic? ? a generalization of the fuzzy logic, ?neutrosophic set? ? a generalization of the fuzzy set, and ?neutrosophic probability? ? a generalization of classical probability and imprecise probability] by Florentin Smarandache, Jean Dezert, Andrzej Buller, Mohammad Khoshnevisan, Sarjinder Singh, Sukanto Bhattacharya, Feng Liu, Gh. C. Dinulescu-Campina, Chris Lucas, and Carlos Gershenson.Neutrosophic Logic involved the foundation of the Dezert-Smarandache Theory of Plausible and Paradoxical Reasoning, which has taken into consideration the combination of uncertain and contradictory information, used now in artificial intelligence.

German Philosophy 1760-1860

The Legacy of Idealism
Author: Terry Pinkard
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521663816
Category: History
Page: 382
View: 1260

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The first comprehensive modern history of the origins and emergence of German philosophy.

Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century, Volume 2

The Age of Meaning
Author: Scott Soames
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691123127
Category: Philosophy
Page: 504
View: 4055

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This is a major, wide-ranging history of analytic philosophy since 1900, told by one of the tradition's leading contemporary figures. The first volume takes the story from 1900 to mid-century. The second brings the history up to date. As Scott Soames tells it, the story of analytic philosophy is one of great but uneven progress, with leading thinkers making important advances toward solving the tradition's core problems. Though no broad philosophical position ever achieved lasting dominance, Soames argues that two methodological developments have, over time, remade the philosophical landscape. These are (1) analytic philosophers' hard-won success in understanding, and distinguishing the notions of logical truth, a priori truth, and necessary truth, and (2) gradual acceptance of the idea that philosophical speculation must be grounded in sound prephilosophical thought. Though Soames views this history in a positive light, he also illustrates the difficulties, false starts, and disappointments endured along the way. As he engages with the work of his predecessors and contemporaries--from Bertrand Russell and Ludwig Wittgenstein to Donald Davidson and Saul Kripke--he seeks to highlight their accomplishments while also pinpointing their shortcomings, especially where their perspectives were limited by an incomplete grasp of matters that have now become clear. Soames himself has been at the center of some of the tradition's most important debates, and throughout writes with exceptional ease about its often complex ideas. His gift for clear exposition makes the history as accessible to advanced undergraduates as it will be important to scholars. Despite its centrality to philosophy in the English-speaking world, the analytic tradition in philosophy has had very few synthetic histories. This will be the benchmark against which all future accounts will be measured.