Framing Europe

Attitudes to European Integration in Germany, Spain, and the United Kingdom
Author: Juan Díez Medrano
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691146500
Category: Political Science
Page: 344
View: 5612

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This book provides a major empirical analysis of differing attitudes to European integration in three of Europe's most important countries: Germany, Spain, and the United Kingdom. From its beginnings, the European Union has resounded with debate over whether to move toward a federal or intergovernmental system. However, Juan Díez Medrano argues that empirical analyses of support for integration--by specialists in international relations, comparative politics, and survey research--have failed to explain why some countries lean toward federalism whereas others lean toward intergovernmentalism. By applying frame analysis to a unique set of primary sources (in-depth interviews, newspaper articles, novels, history texts, political speeches, and survey data), Díez Medrano demonstrates the role of major historical events in transforming national cultures and thus creating new opportunities for political transformation. Clearly written and rigorously argued, Framing Europe explains differences in support for European integration between the three countries studied in light of the degree to which each realized its particular "supranational project" outside Western Europe. Only the United Kingdom succeeded in consolidating an empire and retaining it after World War II, while Germany and Spain each abandoned their corresponding aspirations. These differences meant that these countries' populations developed different degrees of identification as Europeans and, partly in consequence, different degrees of support for the building of a federal Europe.

Interkulturalität und Europäische Integration

Author: Volker Hinnenkamp
Publisher: ibidem-Verlag / ibidem Press
ISBN: 3838265734
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 7159

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"Der [...] Band ist von aktuellen forschungstheoretischen und -politischen Fragen geprägt. Der programmatische Anspruch, den Alltag europäischer Praxis und interkultureller Kommunikation zu betrachten, ist nur zu begrüßen. [...] Der Band ist allen LeserInnen zu empfehlen, die sich mit europawissenschaftlichen Fragen und dem Phänomen "Interkulturalität" befassen wollen und für die theoretischen Fragestellungen selbst anschauliche Praxis beisteuern können." Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Berg, (12.05.2014)

Becoming Right

How Campuses Shape Young Conservatives
Author: Amy J. Binder,Kate Wood
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400844878
Category: Social Science
Page: 424
View: 4468

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Conservative pundits allege that the pervasive liberalism of America's colleges and universities has detrimental effects on undergraduates, most particularly right-leaning ones. Yet not enough attention has actually been paid to young conservatives to test these claims—until now. In Becoming Right, Amy Binder and Kate Wood carefully explore who conservative students are, and how their beliefs and political activism relate to their university experiences. Rich in interviews and insight, Becoming Right illustrates that the diverse conservative movement evolving among today’s college students holds important implications for the direction of American politics.

International Encyclopedia of Political Science

Author: Bertrand Badie,Dirk Berg-Schlosser,Leonardo Morlino
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412959632
Category: Political Science
Page: 2767
View: 5328

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With entries from leading international scholars from around the world, the International Encyclopedia of Political Science provides a definitive, comprehensive picture of all aspects of political life, recognizing its theoretical foundations and including empirical findings from across the globe. The eight volumes examine all the main subdisciplines of political science and include coverage of comparative politics, epistemology, political economy, political sociology, and international relations. Entries are arranged in alphabetical order, and a list of entries by subject area appears in the front of each volume for ease of use. The Encyclopedia contains a detailed index as well as extensive bibliographical references. Approximately 80 entries on the use of both qualitative and quantitative research methods in political science are provided. The process of democratization will remain a vital topic during the 21st century, and the encyclopedia contains extensive coverage of the evolution of democracy as well as other political systems. Readers will find theoretical and empirical background on other important issues such as global security, the relationship between religion and the state, and political issues related to gender and race/ethnicity. The International Encyclopedia of Political Science provides an essential, authoritative guide to the state of political science at the start of the 21st century and for decades to come, making it an invaluable resource for a global readership, including researchers, students, citizens, and policy makers.

Weaving self-evidence

a sociology of logic
Author: Claude Rosental
Publisher: Princeton Univ Pr
Category: Mathematics
Page: 294
View: 839

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The development of theorems in logic is generally thought to be a solitary and purely cerebral activity, and therefore unobservable by sociologists. In Weaving Self-Evidence, French sociologist Claude Rosental challenges this notion by tracing the history of one well-known recent example in the field of artificial intelligence--a theorem on the foundations of fuzzy logic. Rosental's analyses disclose the inherently social nature of the process by which propositions in logic are produced, disseminated, and established as truths. Rosental describes the different phases of the emergence of the theorem on fuzzy logic, from its earliest drafts through its publication and diffusion, discussion and reformulation, and eventual acceptance by the scientific community. Through observations made at major universities and scholarly conferences, and in electronic forums, he looks at the ways students are trained in symbolic manipulations and formal languages and examines how researchers work, interact, and debate emerging new ideas. By carefully analyzing the concrete mechanisms that lead to the collective development and corroboration of proofs, Rosental shows how a logical discovery and its recognition within the scholarly community are by no means the product of any one individual working in isolation, but rather a social process that can be observed and studied.Weaving Self-Evidence will interest students and researchers in sociology and the history and philosophy of science and technology, and anyone curious about how scientists work.

The Year of the Euro

The Cultural, Social, and Political Import of Europe's Common Currency
Author: Robert M. Fishman,Anthony M. Messina
Publisher: N.A
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 314
View: 3171

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"The Year of the Euro" examines the wide-ranging importance of Europe's new single currency beyond its impact on financial markets and the economy itself. On January 1, 2002, when the new currency began to circulate in the twelve participating member states of the European Union, the long move toward a supranational European framework for trade and institutions finally entered the fabric of daily life for hundreds of millions of citizens. The contributing authors to this highly readable and interdisciplinary volume offer a variety of perspectives on this extraordinary episode in currency change and European convergence. The book's essays offer the assessments of leading scholars of European affairs--from the fields of history, political science, sociology, and law--as to whether the new common currency will reshape the continent's cultures, societies and political systems and, if so, in what ways. The discussions and debates found in these pages will inform those, within and outside academia, who are interested in the future of Europe and in the meaning of national currencies. The volume is also suitable for classroom use in courses on the European Union, cultural and economic sociology, comparative politics, and contemporary Europe. "The euro has quickly become a world currency, and this excellent work explains how this came about. It does the job, not only by looking at the economic factors involved, but also at political, legal, social, and cultural factors--all in a very creative and readable manner." --Richard Swedberg, Cornell University "If the nineteenth and twentieth centuries brought a dramatic nationalization of government-backed currencies across the world, does the euro's introduction in 2002 write "finis" to the era of nationalism? Here, superbly informed observers of European politics, economy, and social life debate that question from multiple perspectives, not only documenting the depth of the euro's challenge, but also mapping alternative futures for Europe. An illuminating intervention in a vital conversation." --Viviana A. Zelizer, Lloyd Cotsen '50 Professor of Sociology, Princeton University "This is one of the most interesting and original books in the burgeoning field of EU studies to have emerged in recent years. Its emphasis on the likely social and cultural--not just political and economic--impact of the euro at the national, subnational, and supranational levels is timely and refreshing. Tightly edited, this book should be essential reading for professional and amateur EU-watchers alike." --Desmond Dinan, Jean Monnet Professor of Public Policy, George Mason University


Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: Academic libraries
Page: N.A
View: 8837

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Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Category: History
Page: 528
View: 1902

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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Transnationale Vergesellschaftung

Die Entgrenzung sozialer Lebenswelten
Author: Steffen Mau
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593403862
Category: Political Science
Page: 327
View: 8091

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Nationale Gesellschaften sind heute keine abgeschlossenen Gebilde mehr. Die Prozesse der Globalisierung und Transnationalisierung erfassen dabei mehr und mehr die Lebenswelt jedes Einzelnen. Erfahrungen der Grenzüberschreitung in Form von Migration, Mobilität und neuen transnationalen Netzwerken veralltäglichen sich. Steffen Mau zeigt diese Entwicklungen auf, benennt ihre sozialen Brüche und fragt, ob die wachsende Entgrenzung Einstellungen, Vorurteile und Wertvorstellungen der Bürger verändert. Nicht zuletzt zeigt er, inwieweit die Bevölkerung die Globalisierung als Bedrohung oder Chance wahrnimmt.

Die Flughöhe der Adler

Historische Essays zur globalen Gegenwart
Author: Jürgen Osterhammel
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406704859
Category: History
Page: 300
View: 5019

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Die "Globalisierung" führt heute jeder im Munde, aber was genau darunter zu verstehen ist, darüber herrscht vielfach Unklarheit. Jürgen Osterhammel, der seit seinem Bestseller Die Verwandlung der Welt zu den angesehensten Historikern unserer Zeit gehört, geht in diesem Band einer ubiquitären „Denkfigur“ des 21. Jahrhunderts genauer auf den Grund und stellt die grundsätzliche Frage nach den Maßstäben und Methoden einer Vorgeschichte der globalen Gegenwart. Wer die Vergangenheit verstehen will, der bedarf – wie die Essays dieser Sammlung höchst eindrucksvoll zeigen – der "Flughöhe der Adler": In seiner großen Höhe hat er den weiten Überblick und behält dennoch die Details am Boden fest im Auge.

Globalisierung, Bildung und grenzüberschreitende Mobilität

Author: Jürgen Gerhards,Silke Hans,Sören Carlson
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658024399
Category: Social Science
Page: 310
View: 5164

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Transnationales Humankapital, beispielsweise in Form von Fremdsprachenkenntnissen und interkulturellen Kompetenzen, ist eine Ressource, die im Rahmen von Globalisierungsprozessen immer bedeutsamer wird und zu neuen sozialen Ungleichheiten führt. Der Band beschäftigt sich im ersten Teil mit den veränderten Makrokontexten und Ideologien, die transnationales Humankapital zu einer bedeutsamen Ressource werden lassen, sowie mit den Institutionen, die dessen Vermittlung – insbesondere im Jugend- und jungen Erwachsenenalter – dienen. Im zweiten Teil liegt der Schwerpunkt auf den sozial ungleich verteilten Zugangschancen zu transnationalem Humankapital. Im dritten Teil geht es um die möglichen Renditen transnationalen Humankapitals und die dadurch entstehenden Ungleichheiten. Die einzelnen Beiträge nutzen unterschiedlichste qualitative und quantitative Vorgehensweisen und bieten Einsichten aus einer Vielzahl europäischer und nichteuropäischer Länder.​