Fossil Arachnids

Author: Jason A. Dunlop,David Penney
Publisher: Siri Scientific Press
ISBN: 0956779549
Category: Arachnida, Fossil
Page: 192
View: 9029

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Fossil Spiders

The Evolutionary History of a Mega-diverse Order
Author: David Penney,Paul Selden
Publisher: Siri Scientific Press
ISBN: 0955863651
Category: Amber fossils
Page: 127
View: 9309

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Compared to insects, fossil spiders have received only scant attention in the literature. Previously, the only works available were numerous scientific papers, many published in foreign languages. Most of these are basic descriptive taxonomic works, with very few considering broader biological concepts. Despite a significant increase in the discovery and description of fossil spiders within the last quarter Century this void remained unfilled. Thus, this short monograph aims to achieve several objectives. Firstly, to provide general and up to date background information on the overall importance and diversity of fossils spiders, including an indication of those groups for which the taxonomy is spurious and in need of reassessment. Secondly, to discuss the techniques available for working with fossil spiders and some of the problems encountered by palaeoarachnologists, including bias and limitations of the spider fossil record. Thirdly, the overall evolutionary history of spiders is summarized in the form of an evolutionary tree, which is subsequently used to address key issues of broad interest, such as origins, diversifications and extinctions, including the effects of mass extinctions and predator-prey co-radiations. Finally, the contribution that fossil data can make to understanding the past and present biogeography of the order is considered. This book should be of interest to both amateur and professional arachnologists and palaeontologists and will also serve as a general palaeontological reference work for neonologists studying extant spiders.

Fossil Insects of the Purbeck Limestone Group of Southern England

Palaeoentomology from the Dawn of the Cretaceous
Author: Robert A. Coram,James E. Jepson,David Penney
Publisher: Siri Scientific Press
ISBN: 0956779530
Category: Insects, Fossil
Page: 143
View: 8756

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This monograph brings together research which spans over 150 years and provides an up-to-date account of our knowledge of the Purbeck insect fauna.The geological setting of the Purbeck Limestone Group is discussed, along with the palaeoenvironments in which the insects lived and the factors that affected their preservation. A complete annotated and fully referenced systematic list of both described and recorded fossil insects from the Purbeck has been compiled, illustrated with numerous photographs and drawings. A detailed examination of both the terrestrial and aquatic environments. Information on habitat preferences, feeding strategies and predator/prey relationships have been interpreted from the fossil insects and other organisms found within these rocks. Should be of interest to both amateur and professional entomologists and palaeontologists.

Fossil Insects

An introduction to palaeoentomology
Author: David Penney,James E Jepson
Publisher: Siri Scientific Press
ISBN: 095745306X
Category: Science
Page: 224
View: 9709

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Palaeoentomology represents the interface between two huge scientific disciplines: palaeontology – the study of fossils, and entomology – the study of insects. However, fossils rarely feature extensively in books on insects, and likewise, insects rarely feature in books about fossils. Similarly, college or university palaeontology courses rarely have an entomological component and entomology courses do not usually consider the fossil record of insects in any detail. This is not due to a lack of insect fossils. The fossil record of insects is incredibly diverse in terms of taxonomic scope, age range (Devonian to Recent), mode of preservation (amber and rock) and geographical distribution (fossil insects have been recorded from all continents, including Antarctica). In this book the authors aim to help bridge the palaeontology–entomology gap by providing a broadly accessible introduction to some of the best preserved fossil insects from a wide range of deposits from around the globe, many of which are beautifully illustrated by colour photographs. Also covered are insect behaviour and ecology in the fossil record, sub-fossil insects, trace fossils and insect species longevity. Just as insects are useful as ecological indicators today, the same can be expected to be true of the past. Such applications of the insect fossil record are briefly discussed. It is hoped that this book will encourage a few future researchers to enter the fascinating realm of palaeoentomology and to this end there is a section on how to become a palaeoentomologist. However, it is aimed at a much broader audience – those with an interest in fossils and/or insects in general, who will no doubt marvel at the diversity and excellent preservation of the fossils illustrated.

Handbook of Australasian Biogeography

Author: Malte C. Ebach
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315355779
Category: Nature
Page: 386
View: 9510

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The Handbook of Australasian Biogeography is the most comprehensive overview of the biogeography of Australasian plants, fungi and animal taxa in a single volume. This volume is unique in its coverage of marine, freshwater, terrestrial, and subterranean taxa. It is an essential publication for anyone studying or researching Australasian biogeography. The book contains biogeographic reviews of all major plant, animal and fungal groups in Australasia by experts in the field, including a strong emphasis on invertebrates, algae, fungi and subterranean taxa. It discusses how Australasia is different from the rest of the world and what other areas share its history and biota.

Zoogeography of Arachnida

Author: Petar Beron
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319744186
Category: Science
Page: 987
View: 841

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This volume merges all geographical and paleogeographical data on all groups of the arachnofauna. The book features topics such as the ecological factors, climate and other barriers that influence the distribution of arachnida. It also elaborates on the characteristics of the distribution such as arachnida at high altitude (e.g. Himalaya), in caves, in polar regions and highlights differences between the arachnofauna of e.g. Mediterranean regions vs Central Europe, West African vs Indomalayan and more. Furthermore, amongst other topics the volume also includes chapters on the systems of arachnida, fossil orders, dispersal and dispersion, endemics and relicts, regional arachnogeography, cave and high altitude arachnida.

The velvet spiders: an atlas of the Eresidae (Arachnida, Araneae)

Author: Jeremy A. Miller,Charles E. Griswold,Nikolaj Scharff,Milan ?ez??,Tam?s Sz?ts,Mohammad Marhabaie
Publisher: PenSoft Publishers LTD
ISBN: 9789546426383
Category: Velvet spiders
Page: 144
View: 4925

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The name velvet spider describes the dark and shiny appearance of members of the family Eresidae. Some species also have brightly-colored highlights, such as the red, white, and black ladybird spiders of Europe and North Asia. This family also includes some of the world?s most cooperative spider species. Social species can be very abundant in parts of tropical Africa and Asia with conspicuous colonies dotting the landscape. Social colonies may consist of hundreds of closely-related individuals that participate in dramatic mass attacks on prey and care for their young. The ecology of these social species is fascinating and has been the subject of several landmark scientific papers. By contrast, most kinds of velvet spider are rarely encountered. Most species keep well hidden or dig burrows and live underground. This monograph provides a generic-level review of Eresidae documented with collections of photographs, scanning electron micrographs, and illustrations. A key to the nine genera and other major lineages is provided. A new phylogeny of Eresidae based on molecular sequence data expands on a previously published analysis. Cybertaxonomic enhancements include an interactive map of the specimens used in the study explorable using Google Earth, specimen records uploaded to GBIF, and molecular sequence alignments and other data archived on Dryad. An EDIT Integrated Research grant provided principal funding for this project.

Bringing Fossils to Life

An Introduction to Paleobiology
Author: Donald R. Prothero
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231536909
Category: Science
Page: 672
View: 531

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One of the leading textbooks in its field, Bringing Fossils to Life applies paleobiological principles to the fossil record while detailing the evolutionary history of major plant and animal phyla. It incorporates current research from biology, ecology, and population genetics, bridging the gap between purely theoretical paleobiological textbooks and those that describe only invertebrate paleobiology and that emphasize cataloguing live organisms instead of dead objects. For this third edition Donald R. Prothero has revised the art and research throughout, expanding the coverage of invertebrates and adding a discussion of new methodologies and a chapter on the origin and early evolution of life.

Biology of Spiders

Author: Rainer Foelix
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0199734828
Category: Nature
Page: 419
View: 5693

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One of the only books to treat the whole spider, from its behavior and physiology to its neurobiology and reproductive characteristics, Biology of Spiders is considered a classic in spider literature. First published in German in 1979, the book is now in its third edition, and has established itself as the supreme authority on these fascinating creatures. Containing five hundred new references, this book incorporates the latest research while dispelling many oft-heard myths and misconceptions that surround spiders. Of special interest are chapters on the structure and function of spider webs and silk, as well as those on spider venom. A new subchapter on tarantulas will appeal especially to tarantula keepers and breeders. The highly accessible text is supplemented by exceptional, high-quality photographs, many of them originals, and detailed diagrams. It will be of interest to arachnologists, entomologists, and zoologists, as well as to academics, students of biology, and the general reader curious about spiders.

The Crato Fossil Beds of Brazil

Window into an Ancient World
Author: David M. Martill,Günter Bechly,Robert F. Loveridge
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113946776X
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 6361

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This beautifully illustrated 2007 volume describes the entire flora and fauna of the famous Lower Cretaceous Crato Formation of Brazil - one of the world's most important fossil deposits, exhibiting exceptional preservation. A wide range of invertebrates and vertebrates are covered, including extended sections on pterosaurs and insects. Two chapters are devoted to plants. Many of the chapters include descriptions of new species and re-descriptions and appraisals of taxa published in obscure places, rendering them available to a wider audience. Fossil descriptions are supported by detailed explanations of the geological history of the deposit and its tectonic setting. Drawing on expertise from around the world and specimens from the most important museum collections, this book forms an essential reference for researchers and enthusiasts with an interest in Mesozoic fossils.

Evolution of the Insects

Author: David Grimaldi,Michael S. Engel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521821490
Category: Science
Page: 755
View: 9523

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A comprehensive analysis of insect evolution examines the relationships and evolution of each order of hexapods, as well as major episodes in the evolutionary history of insects, their living diversity, evolutionary relationships, major fossil deposits, and key episodes in insect evolution, all enhanced by hundreds of illustrations, photographs, and diagrams.

Fossil Arthropods of Great Britain

Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: Arthropoda, Fossil
Page: 294
View: 1153

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The species of Arthropods is accorded a special status in the GCR series because of the rarity of the fossils. This volume addresses the evolution and diversity of this animal group. The rarer arthropods - and the sites from which the fossils were recovered are described here.

Fossil Parasites

Author: Tim Littlewood,Kenneth De Baets
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128040270
Category: Science
Page: 458
View: 4472

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Fossil Parasites, the latest edition in the Advances in Parasitology series established in 1963, contains comprehensive and up-to-date reviews on all areas of interest in contemporary parasitology, including medical studies of parasites of major influence, such as plasmodium falciparum and trypanosomes. The series also contains reviews of more traditional areas, such as zoology, taxonomy, and life history, which help to shape current thinking and applications. Parasitism is a dominant life history strategy and we know it has existed for millions of years. Detecting parasitism in the fossil record is problematic because we rarely see direct evidence and usually must rely on indirect evidence to infer its existence. This unique volume takes a broad and systematic view of direct and indirect evidence for parasitism in the fossil record. Expert contributors providing timely reviews of different aspects of palaeoparasitology Comprehensive treatments of taxonomic groups never before summarized Comprehensive coverage of important historical and recent advances in the field New avenues for research are explored and suggested

Treatise on Zoology - Anatomy, Taxonomy, Biology. The Myriapoda

Author: Alessandro Minelli
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004188274
Category: Science
Page: 508
View: 2492

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Volume II deals with the Diplopoda or millipedes. As in the previous volume, the treatment is articulated in chapters dealing with external and internal morphology, physiology, reproduction, development, distribution, ecology, phylogeny and taxonomy. All currently recognized suprageneric taxa and a very large selection of the genera are considered.

Australian Assassins, Part II: A review of the new assassin spider genus Zephyrarchaea (Araneae, Archaeidae) from southern Australia

Author: Michael G. Rix,Mark S. Harvey
Publisher: PenSoft Publishers LTD
ISBN: 9546426377
Category: Science
Page: 62
View: 427

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ÿThe Assassin Spiders of the family Archaeidae from southern Australia are revised, with a new genus (Zephyrarchaea gen. n.) and nine new species described from temperate, mesic habitats in southern Victoria, South Australia and south-western West-ern Australia: Z. austini sp. n., Z. barrettae sp. n., Z. grayi sp. n., Z. janineae sp. n., Z. marae sp. n., Z. marki sp. n., Z. melindae sp. n., Z. porchi sp. n. and Z. vichickmani sp. n. Specimens of the type species, Z. mainae (Platnick, 1991), comb. n., are re-described from the Albany region of Western Australia, along with the holotype female of Z. robinsi (Harvey, 2002) comb. scribed species Archaea hickmani Butler, 1929 from Victoria is here recognised as a nomen dubium. A key to species and multi-locus molecular phylogeny complement the species-level taxonomy, with maps, habitat photos, natural history information and conservation assessments provided for all species.

Catalogue of the Smaller Arachnid Orders of the World

Amblypygi, Uropygi, Schizomida, Palpigradi, Ricinulei and Solifugae
Author: Mark S. Harvey
ISBN: 9780643068056
Category: Science
Page: 385
View: 4151

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Contains a valuable summary of bibliographic information, enabling readers to access the worldwide literature for these smaller orders.

History of the Australian Vegetation

Cretaceous to Recent
Author: Robert S. Hill
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
ISBN: 1925261476
Category: Science
Page: 443
View: 956

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The Australian vegetation is the end result of a remarkable history of climate change, latitudinal change, continental isolation, soil evolution, interaction with an evolving fauna, fire and most recently human impact. This book presents a detailed synopsis of the critical events that led to the evolution of the unique Australian flora and the wide variety of vegetational types contained within it. The first part of the book details the past continental relationships of Australia, its palaeoclimate, fauna and the evolution of its landforms since the rise to dominance of the angiosperms at the beginning of the Cretaceous period. A detailed summary of the palaeobotanical record is then presented. The palynological record gives an overview of the vegetation and the distribution of important taxa within it, while the complementary macrofossil record is used to trace the evolution of critical taxa. This book will interest graduate students and researchers interested in the evolution of the flora of this fascinating continent.