The Roman Invasion of Britain

Archaeology Versus History
Author: Birgitta Hoffmann
Publisher: Pen and Sword
ISBN: 1473830893
Category: History
Page: 222
View: 3580

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The purpose of this book is to take what we think we know about the Roman Conquest of Britain from historical sources, and compare it with the archaeological evidence, which is often contradictory. Archaeologists and historians all too often work in complete isolation from each other and this book hopes to show the dangers of neglecting either form of evidence. In the process it challenges much received wisdom about the history of Roman Britain. ??Birgitta Hoffmann tackles the subject by taking a number of major events or episodes (such as Caesar's incursions, Claudius' invasion, Boudicca's revolt), presenting the accepted narrative as derived from historical sources, and then presenting the archaeological evidence for the same. The result of this innovative approach is a book full of surprising and controversial conclusions that will appeal to the general reader as well as those studying or teaching courses on ancient history or archaeology.

Protecting the Roman Empire

Fortlets, Frontiers, and the Quest for Post-Conquest Security
Author: Matthew Symonds
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108421555
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 1386

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The fortlet, a previously overlooked military installation type, reveals how Rome built, secured, and lost its Empire.

Digital Methods and Remote Sensing in Archaeology

Archaeology in the Age of Sensing
Author: Maurizio Forte,Stefano Campana
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319406582
Category: Social Science
Page: 496
View: 2589

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​​​This volume debuts the new scope of Remote Sensing, which was first defined as the analysis of data collected by sensors that were not in physical contact with the objects under investigation (using cameras, scanners, and radar systems operating from spaceborne or airborne platforms). A wider characterization is now possible: Remote Sensing can be any non-destructive approach to viewing the buried and nominally invisible evidence of past activity. Spaceborne and airborne sensors, now supplemented by laser scanning, are united using ground-based geophysical instruments and undersea remote sensing, as well as other non-invasive techniques such as surface collection or field-walking survey. Now, any method that enables observation of evidence on or beneath the surface of the earth, without impact on the surviving stratigraphy, is legitimately within the realm of Remote Sensing. ​The new interfaces and senses engaged in Remote Sensing appear throughout the book. On a philosophical level, this is about the landscapes and built environments that reveal history through place and time. It is about new perspectives—the views of history possible with Remote Sensing and fostered in part by immersive, interactive 3D and 4D environments discussed in this volume. These perspectives are both the result and the implementation of technological, cultural, and epistemological advances in record keeping, interpretation, and conceptualization. Methodology presented here builds on the current ease and speed in collecting data sets on the scale of the object, site, locality, and landscape. As this volume shows, many disciplines surrounding archaeology and related cultural studies are currently involved in Remote Sensing, and its relevance will only increase as the methodology expands.

Digital Archaeology

Bridging Method and Theory
Author: Thomas Laurence Evans
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415310482
Category: History
Page: 262
View: 3505

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The use of computers in archaeology is entering a new phase of unparalleled development, moving on from a specialist methodology on the margins to a powerful practical and analytical tool used across all areas of archaeological interest. With a thorough examination of the ways in which both everyday and cutting-edge technologies can be used to inform and enhance traditional methods, this book brings together ideology from the academic world and pragmatic, concrete examples to show how fieldwork, theory and technology fit together today as never before. Covering a history of the rise of computer use in archaeology as well as a thorough assessment of a number of high profile examples such as the Ferrybridge Chariot, this book shows how new technologies have been implemented into both theory and method as an integral part of the archaeological process. With contributions from renowned experts, experienced professionals and emerging names in the field, this unique, forward-thinking book brings together previously disparate aspects of archaeology in a new holistic approach to the study of the past. A companion website is also available to allow further study of the images included.

The Army and Frontiers of Rome

Papers Offered to David J. Breeze on the Occasion of His Sixty-fifth Birthday and His Retirement from Historic Scotland
Author: W. S. Hanson
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781887829748
Category: History
Page: 252
View: 457

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Archaeology from Historical Aerial and Satellite Archives

Author: William S. Hanson,Ioana A. Oltean
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461445051
Category: Social Science
Page: 344
View: 8853

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Historical archives of vertical photographs and satellite images acquired for other purposes (mainly declassified military reconnaissance) offer considerable potential for archaeological and historical landscape research. They provide a unique insight into the character of the landscape as it was over half a century ago, before the destructive impact of later 20th century development and intensive land use. They provide a high quality photographic record not merely of the landscape at that time, but offer the prospect of the better survival of remains reflecting its earlier history, whether manifest as earthworks, cropmarks or soilmarks. These various sources of imagery also provide an opportunity to examine from the air areas of Europe and beyond whose skies are still not open to traditional archaeological aerial reconnaissance. Tens of millions of such images are held in archives around the world, but their research potential goes very largely untapped. A primary aim of this volume is to draw to wider attention the existence, scope and potential access to historical archival aerial and satellite photographs, in order to encourage their use in a range of archaeological and landscape research. By drawing attention to this massive archival resource, providing examples of its successful application to archaeological/landscape questions, and offering advice how to access and utilise the resource, the volume seeks to bring this material to wider attention, demonstrate its huge potential for archaeology, encourage its further use and stimulate a new approach to archaeological survey and the study of landscape evolution internationally. ​

Ritual, Belief and the Dead in Early Modern Britain and Ireland

Author: Sarah Tarlow
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139492969
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 587

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Drawing on archaeological, historical, theological, scientific and folkloric sources, Sarah Tarlow's interdisciplinary study examines belief as it relates to the dead body in early modern Britain and Ireland. From the theological discussion of bodily resurrection to the folkloric use of body parts as remedies, and from the judicial punishment of the corpse to the ceremonial interment of the social elite, this book discusses how seemingly incompatible beliefs about the dead body existed in parallel through this tumultuous period. This study, which is the first to incorporate archaeological evidence of early modern death and burial from across Britain and Ireland, addresses new questions about the materiality of death: what the dead body means, and how its physical substance could be attributed with sentience and even agency. It provides a sophisticated original interpretive framework for the growing quantities of archaeological and historical evidence about mortuary beliefs and practices in early modernity.

Customs in Common

Studies in Traditional Popular Culture
Author: E. P. Thompson
Publisher: New Press, The
ISBN: 1620972166
Category: Literary Collections
Page: 560
View: 3138

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Customs in Common is the remarkable sequel to E.P. Thompson’s influential, landmark volume of social history, The Making of the English Working Class. The product of years of research and debate, Customs in Common describes the complex culture from which working class institutions emerged in England—a panoply of traditions and customs that the new working class fought to preserve well into Victorian times. In a text marked by both empathy and erudition, Thompson investigates the gradual disappearance of a range of cultural customs against the backdrop of the great upheavals of the eighteenth century. As villagers were subjected to a legal system increasingly hostile to custom, they tried both to resist and to preserve tradition, becoming, as Thompson explains, “rebellious, but rebellious in defence of custom.” Although some historians have written of riotous peasants of England and Wales as if they were mainly a problem for magistrates and governments, for Thompson it is the rulers, landowners, and governments who were a problem for the people, whose exuberant culture preceded the formation of working-class institutions and consciousness. Using a wide range of sources, Thompson shows how careful attention to fragmentary evidence helps to decode the fascinating symbolism of shaming rituals including “rough music,” and practices such as the ritual divorce known as “wife sale.” And in examining the vigorous presence of women in food riots from the sixteenth century onwards, he sheds further light on gender relations of the time. Essential reading for all those intrigued by English history, Customs in Common has a special relevance today, as traditional economies are being replaced by market economies throughout the world. The rich scholarship and depth of insight in Thompson’s work offer many clues to understanding contemporary changes around the globe.

Barley, malt and ale in the neolithic

Author: Merryn Dineley
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports
Category: Cooking
Page: 84
View: 8598

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Merryn Dineley's thesis is based on the premise that the 'biochemical laws that govern the processes of malting, mashing and fermentation remain unchanged throughout the millennia'. He therefore uses the results of scientific experimentation to search for evidence of ale and brewing amongst Neolithic residues. Following a discussing of the actual brewing process and later Viking and medieval embellishments, the study discusses the evidence for barley in Egypt and the Near East, the first evidence of grain in neolithic Europe and ceramic, environmental and structural clues for brewing in Neolithic Orkney and Grooved Ware sites in Britain.

The A to Z of the Vikings

Author: Katherine Holman
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
ISBN: 081086813X
Category: History
Page: 406
View: 7468

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The A to Z of the Vikings traces Viking activity in Europe, North America, and Asia for over three centuries. During this period people from Scandinavia used their longships to launch lightning raids upon their European neighbors, to colonize new lands in the east and west, and to exchange Scandinavian furs for eastern wine and spices and Arab silver. The Viking age also saw significant changes at home in Scandinavia kings extended their power, Norse paganism lost ground to Christianity, and new towns and ports thrived as a result of increased contact with the wider world. This book provides a comprehensive work of reference for people interested in the Vikings, including entries on the main historical figures involved in this dramatic period, important battles and treaties, significant archaeological finds, and key works and sources of information on the period. It also summarizes the impact the Vikings had on the areas where they traveled and settled. There is a chronological table, detailed and annotated bibliographies for different themes and geographical locations, and an introduction discussing the major events and developments of the Viking age."

The Origins of Agriculture in Europe

Author: I. J. Thorpe
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134620098
Category: Social Science
Page: 248
View: 5126

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The Origins of Agriculture in Europe takes a look at current ideas in the light of a considerable mass of literature and archaeological evidence; examining the transition to agriculture through the comparison of social and economic developments across Europe. In this volume, I.J.Thorpe manages to evaluate various alternative explanations in detailed examples, whilst also succeeding in addressing the broader theoretical questions which form the nucleus of contemporary debates. This clearly written and accessible text is an extremely valuable resource for students of European prehistory.

World Military Leaders

A Biographical Dictionary
Author: Mark Grossman
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
ISBN: 0816074771
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 414
View: 2579

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Articles profiling important military leaders are arranged in A to Z format.

The New Coastal History

Cultural and Environmental Perspectives from Scotland and Beyond
Author: David Worthington
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319640909
Category: History
Page: 307
View: 4989

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This book provides a pathway for the New Coastal History. Our littorals are all too often the setting for climate change and the political, refugee and migration crises that blight our age. Yet historians have continued, in large part, to ignore the space between the sea and the land. Through a range of conceptual and thematic chapters, this book remedies that. Scotland, a country where one is never more than fifty miles from saltwater, provides a platform as regards the majority of chapters, in accounting for and supporting the clusters of scholarship that have begun to gather around the coast. The book presents a new approach that is distinct from both terrestrial and maritime history, and which helps bring environmental history to the shore. Its cross-disciplinary perspectives will be of appeal to scholars and students in those fields, as well as in the environmental humanities, coastal archaeology, human geography and anthropology.

A Roman Frontier Post and Its People

Newstead 1911-2011
Author: Fraser Hunter,L. J. F. Keppie
Publisher: Nms
ISBN: 9781905267750
Category: Newstead (Scotland)
Page: 250
View: 9816

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The publication in 1911 of James Curle's excavation of the Roman frontier fort of Newstead, ancient Trimontium, near Melrose in the Scottish Borders was a landmark in Roman frontier studies. This volume was conceived as a celebration of this landmark on its centenary, looking back to Curle and his work, and looking forward to how the picture is changing.

Roman Camps in Wales and the Marches

Author: J. L. Davies,Rebecca H. Jones
Publisher: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 230
View: 6194

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The Roman army in Britain left a rich archaeological legacy in the form of permanently occupied installations such as legionary fortresses, auxiliary forts and frontier works. Less well-known are those field-works built by the army on campaign – marching-camps – or as part of its rigorous training regimes, namely practice-works. This volume presents a detailed study of these lesser-known field entrenchments in Wales and the Marches, a region which for a generation from the mid-first century AD became the focus of operations in southern Britain. Thereafter, complexes of practice-works in the vicinity of permanently occupied military bases illustrate the importance of the region to the training regimes of the provincial army. This volume presents a detailed description of those varied camps recorded in Wales and the Marches in the form of a gazetteer, together with plans of all accessible sites, thereby complementing those already published for most of England by the RCAHME. The camps are discussed against the background of Roman military castramentation and tactics on a wide chronological and geographical front, with specific reference to the story of early campaigning in this western region, as well as the subsequent garrisoning phase, as illustrated by a combination of literary and archaeological evidence.

Roman Scotland

Frontier Country
Author: David John Breeze
Publisher: B. T. Batsford Limited
Category: Fortification, Roman
Page: 128
View: 8612

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The Romans tried to conquer Scotland three times 2000 years ago. These forays have left their mark, which can still be seen in the form of earthworks - the remains of forts and frontiers constructed by the army. This study shows the effect of these periods of occupation on Scotland and its people.

Roman Camps in Britain

Author: Rebecca H. Jones
Publisher: Amberley Publishing Limited
ISBN: 1445612119
Category: History
Page: 176
View: 6136

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An overview of the archaeology of Roman camps from a respected authority.

From the Air

Understanding Aerial Archaeology
Author: Kenneth Brophy,David Cowley
Publisher: Tempus Pub Limited
ISBN: 9780752431307
Category: Social Science
Page: 190
View: 698

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British practitioners, photographers and interpreters from the aerial archaeological community present a counterpoint to the traditional textbook - a companion to David Wilsons Air Photo Interpretation.