Financing Public Universities

The Case of Performance Funding
Author: Marcel Herbst
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402095031
Category: Education
Page: 230
View: 8244

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This crucial book addresses newer practices of resource allocation which tie university funding to indicators of performance. It covers the evolvement of mass higher education and the associated curtailment of funding, the public management reform debate within which performance-based budgeting or funding evolved, and sketches alternative governance and management modes which can be used instead. Four appendices cover more technical matters.

Non-University Higher Education in Europe


Author: James S. Taylor,José Brites Ferreira,Maria de Lourdes Machado,Rui Santiago
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402083351
Category: Education
Page: 262
View: 2171

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Today, a substantial portion of higher education is provided outside of the traditional universities in non-university institutions with a multitude of varied characteristics. In recent decades, higher education systems have been subjected to many changes and reforms throughout the world. One of the most important was undoubtedly the expansion of higher education in the second half of the last century from an elite system to one for the masses. While institutions of higher learning have been in existence for approximately 1,000 years, this exponential growth has been much more recent. This movement toward mass higher education has created substantial national impacts on the development of the systems of higher education. While common denominators of change and adaptation can be identified globally, there remain important differences from country to country. There are many factors challenging higher education today and in the foreseeable future. In one form or another, these issues and trends can be seen in higher education systems throughout the world. They include chronic underfunding, marketisation and competition, alternative providers, massification, internationalisation, governance, leadership, strategic management, accountability, accreditation, and social relevance. Another key factor for many countries, especially in Europe, and the focus of this book, is the current and future status of the higher education systems that differentiate the university and non-university sectors.

Borderless Knowledge

Understanding the "New" Internationalisation of Research and Higher Education in Norway
Author: Ase Gornitzka,Liv Langfeldt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402082835
Category: Education
Page: 193
View: 9592

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Processes of knowledge production and dissemination are increasingly set in an international context. In research and higher education the links between local actors and the international environments are both proliferating and intensifying. Individual level self-organised international collaboration is increasingly supplemented by national and supranational organised activities, and by market oriented activity with a global scope. Starting from these observations, this book analyses patterns of internationalisation comprising the national and supranational level, the level of higher education institutions and private companies, as well as the level of individual researchers and graduates. As a laboratory for studying internationalisation the book uses the case of Norway, a small knowledge system set in an open society, political system and economy. The case offers exceptionally good data on the developments in its research and higher education system that record changes over time and across the different parts and levels of a national knowledge system

Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Trends in Regulation, Translation and Transformation
Author: Don F. Westerheijden,Bjorn Stensaker,Maria Joao Rosa
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402060122
Category: Education
Page: 264
View: 8105

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By bringing together leading experts on quality assurance in higher education from seven countries (from Europe, the USA and South Africa), this volume intends to go several steps further than most publications on the same subject. Containing comprehensive discussion of the most relevant trends in quality assurance regulation, translation and transformation, researchers and policy makers will find an engaged, academic reflection on how quality assurance is embedded in higher education and in a dynamic way to assess its impacts and potential improvements.

Markets in Higher Education

Rhetoric Or Reality?
Author: Pedro Teixeira
Publisher: Boom Koninklijke Uitgevers
ISBN: 9781402028151
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 354
View: 7514

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This volume presents the most comprehensive international discussion of the role of markets in higher education ever published. It reflects on both the political and economic implications of the rising trend towards introducing market elements in higher education. The book draws together many leading international scholars in the economic and policy analysis of higher education to explore different theoretical perspectives and present new empirical evidence on market mechanisms in higher education in several Western countries. The authors present a dispassionate and ideologically neutral view of the advantages and disadvantages of the introduction of market-mechanisms in higher education and of its effects in terms of access, equity, quality of provision, student learning, research and scholarship, and so on. And they balance the performance of markets in higher education against the alternative of more, or a different kind of, governmental intervention. The book will be of interest to researchers, university staff, students and government professionals working in the areas of higher education, comparative education, economics and public policy.

Governance and Performance in the German Public Research Sector

Disciplinary Differences
Author: Dorothea Jansen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048191390
Category: Education
Page: 194
View: 9173

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2007b: 115 ff.; Jansen 2007c: 236 ff.). “Governance patterns” here means a chain of interconnected mechanisms which can be observed empirically. “Governance p- terns” can be roughly de?ned as “complex regulatory structures coordinating the actions of interdependent actors”. Governance patterns can relate to hierarchical as well as to lateral coordination mechanisms. Enforcement can be based on law, p- fessional norms or informal and implicit norms or customs. Moreover, the regulatory structures or individual mechanisms inside them can be established and sanctioned by public as well as by private actors. There is in fact not necessarily an actor in charge of controlling outcomes as for instance in market competition. In the next section, I will introduce the reader to the changing role of the state in science policy. The third section presents the governance model for the p- lic research sector which was developed by the research group and underlies the 1 contributions in this anthology. The ?nal section gives an overview of the papers.

Reform and Change in Higher Education

Analysing Policy Implementation
Author: Consortium of Higher Education Researchers. Conference
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402034022
Category: Education
Page: 361
View: 5987

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This volume contains a comprehensive international discussion of the state of the art of implementation analysis in higher education and an extensive review of relevant recent literature. Starting from the now classical 1986 book of Ladislav Cerych and Paul Sabatier (1986), "Great Expectations and Mixed Performance: the implementation of higher education reforms in Europe", Paul Sabatier, Åse Gornitzka with Svein Kyvik and Bjørn Stensaker, and Maurice Kogan present a critical appreciation of that initial work and a review and critical appraisal of current empirical policy research in higher education. In the second part, a set of chapters analyses the effective and specific complexities of the implementation of higher education policies in several countries, offering a wide variety of situations both in terms of duration of implementation, legal objectives, adequacy of causal theories underlying the reforms, adequacy of financial resources and degree of commitment of the main actors of the process. Some of these chapters use alternative theoretical frameworks developed since the 1986 Cerych and Sabatier theorization, to interpret the empirical results and some national cases do not fall into the scope of Cerych and Sabatier’s analysis. The national case studies are the following: Australia (2), Austria, Finland, Italy, Mexico, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, South Africa, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States. This variety of national cases, drawn from the world of higher education, represents an updated collection of empirical material analysed from the perspective of new theoretical approaches to policy implementation.

Die Blockchain-Revolution

Wie die Technologie hinter Bitcoin nicht nur das Finanzsystem, sondern die ganze Welt verändert
Author: Don Tapscott,Alex Tapscott
Publisher: Plassen Verlag
ISBN: 3864704065
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 450
View: 8470

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Blockchain ermöglicht Peer-to-Peer-Transaktionen ohne jede Zwischenstelle wie eine Bank. Die Teilnehmer bleiben anonym und dennoch sind alle Transaktionen transparent und nachvollziehbar. Somit ist jeder Vorgang fälschungssicher. Dank Blockchain muss man sein Gegenüber nicht mehr kennen und ihm vertrauen – das Vertrauen wird durch das System als Ganzes hergestellt. Und digitale Währungen wie Bitcoins sind nur ein Anwendungsgebiet der Blockchain-Revolution. In der Blockchain kann jedes wichtige Dokument gespeichert werden: Urkunden von Universitäten, Geburts- und Heiratsurkunden und vieles mehr. Die Blockchain ist ein weltweites Register für alles. In diesem Buch zeigen die Autoren, wie sie eine fantastische neue Ära in den Bereichen Finanzen, Business, Gesundheitswesen, Erziehung und darüber hinaus möglich machen wird.

Innovation and the Entrepreneurial University


Author: Dirk Meissner,Erkan Erdil,Joanna Chataway
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319626493
Category: Science
Page: 327
View: 2686

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The book explores different approaches towards the ‘entrepreneurial university’ paradigm, explores channels and mechanism used by universities to implement the paradigm and contributes to the public discussion on the impact of commercialization on university research and knowledge. It argues that different types of university-industry interaction may have repercussions even on funding of basic research if an appropriate balance is ensured between the two. University activities – both research and education in all forms – should provide economic and social relevance directed towards open science and open innovation. This book adds value to current knowledge by presenting both a conceptual framework and case studies which describe different contexts.

Road Maps of the Transition

The Baltics, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Russia
Author: Mr. Michael Marrese,Mr. Mark Scott Lutz,Mr. Tapio Saavalainen,Mr. Vincent Koen,Mr. Biswajit Banerjee,Mr. Thomas Krueger
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 9781452707631
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 78
View: 4904

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Four papers analyze the process of transition to a market economy in the Baltics, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Russia through early 1995.

The Nonprofit Sector

A Research Handbook
Author: Walter W. Powell,Richard Steinberg
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300109032
Category: History
Page: 659
View: 2976

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The second edition of The Nonprofit Sector provides a novel, comprehensive, cross-disciplinary perspective on nonprofit organizations and their role and function in society. This new, updated edition keeps pace with industry trends and advances as well as with the changing interests and needs of students, practitioners, and researchers. As before, every chapter has been written to stand on its own, providing sufficient background for the reader to follow the argument without referring to other chapters--allowing readers to selectively choose those chapters that are most relevant to a particular course, interest, or issue. The Nonprofit Sector: A Research Handbook includes twenty-seven new or updated chapters. Relevant chapters from the previous edition have been refined, and new chapters have been added to fill in gaps, making this the authoritative reference for all who want an accessible, perceptive, and all-inclusive rendering of the nonprofit sector. The contributors--prominent scholars in their respective fields--carefully reflect upon the variety of changes in the rapidly growing world of nonprofits, examining a wide array of organizations, international issues, social science theories, and philanthropic traditions and covering a broad range of topics including the history and scope of nonprofit activities in the United States and abroad, the relation of nonprofits to the marketplace, government-nonprofit issues, key activities of nonprofits, aspects of giving to and joining nonprofits, and nonprofit mission and governance. For anyone who wishes to have a deeper understanding of the nonprofit sector, this remains the essential guide. From reviews of the first edition: "[This book] is the closest thing to a 'bible' of nonprofit sector research and state-of-the-art social science knowledge as currently exists."--Dennis R. Young, Public Administration Review "Invaluable to anyone currently engaged in research or policy decisions involving nonprofit organizations or, for that matter, considering becoming involved.”--Jerald Schiff, Journal of Policy Analysis and Management "An exceptionally useful resource.”--Mark D. Hughes, The Philanthropist

Global Competitiveness of U.S. Advanced-technology Manufacturing Industries

Communications Technology and Equipment : Report to the Committee on Finance, United States Senate, on Investigation No. 332-301 Under Section 332(g) of the Tariff Act of 1930
Author: Norman McLennan,Sylvia McDonough,Arona Butcher,Scott Baker,United States International Trade Commission,Thomas A Sherman
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Competition, International
Page: N.A
View: 6662

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The Nordic Banking Crisis: Pitfalls in Financial Liberalization


Author: Burkhard Drees,Augusto López-Claros,Ceyla Pazarbasioglu,Ceyla Pazarbaşioğlu,Pazarba Sio Glu Ceyla,International Monetary Fund Staff
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 9781557757005
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 41
View: 6711

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Dated April 1998