Fifty Years of Invasion Ecology

The Legacy of Charles Elton
Author: David M. Richardson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444330004
Category: Science
Page: 456
View: 1181

Continue Reading →

Invasion ecology is the study of the causes and consequences of the introduction of organisms to areas outside their native range. Interest in this field has exploded in the past few decades. Explaining why and how organisms are moved around the world, how and why some become established and invade, and how best to manage invasive species in the face of global change are all crucial issues that interest biogeographers, ecologists and environmental managers in all parts of the world. This book brings together the insights of more than 50 authors to examine the origins, foundations, current dimensions and potential trajectories of invasion ecology. It revisits key tenets of the foundations of invasion ecology, including contributions of pioneering naturalists of the 19th century, including Charles Darwin and British ecologist Charles Elton, whose 1958 monograph on invasive species is widely acknowledged as having focussed scientific attention on biological invasions.

NaturenKulturen

Denkräume und Werkzeuge für neue politische Ökologien
Author: Friederike Gesing,Michi Knecht,Michael Flitner,Katrin Amelang
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839440076
Category: Social Science
Page: 516
View: 1673

Continue Reading →

Was haben Moskitonetze in Ghana mit Küstenschutz in Neuseeland oder Rohmilchkäseproduktion in den USA gemeinsam? Was verbindet Plastikmüll in den Meeren mit der Frage, ob Fleisch von Tieren stammt? Dieser Band vermittelt Einblicke in ein neues Forschungsfeld an der Schnittstelle von Kultur- und Sozialanthropologie, Geografie und Science & Technology Studies und stellt mit den »NaturenKulturen« ein Konzept vor, mit dem sich das Verhältnis von Natur und Kultur neu bestimmen und politisch situieren lässt. Beiträge von Anna Tsing, Steve Hinchliffe, Uli Beisel, Banu Subramaniam, Sven Bergmann und anderen laden dazu ein, »NaturenKulturen« als Denkraum zu verstehen und neue Konstellationen von ökologischen Prozessen, technischen Artefakten und mehr-als-menschlichen Akteuren zu erforschen.

Invasion Dynamics


Author: Cang Hui,David M. Richardson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191062529
Category: Science
Page: 384
View: 3673

Continue Reading →

Humans have moved organisms around the world for centuries but it is only relatively recently that invasion ecology has grown into a mainstream research field. This book examines both the spread and impact dynamics of invasive species, placing the science of invasion biology on a new, more rigorous, theoretical footing, and proposing a concept of adaptive networks as the foundation for future research. Biological invasions are considered not as simple actions of invaders and reactions of invaded ecosystems, but as co-evolving complex adaptive systems with emergent features of network complexity and invasibility. Invasion Dynamics focuses on the ecology of invasive species and their impacts in recipient social-ecological systems. It discusses not only key advances and challenges within the traditional domain of invasion ecology, but introduces approaches, concepts, and insights from many other disciplines such as complexity science, systems science, and ecology more broadly. It will be of great value to invasion biologists analyzing spread and/or impact dynamics as well as other ecologists interested in spread processes or habitat management.

Invasion Ecology


Author: Julie L. Lockwood,Martha F. Hoopes,Michael P. Marchetti
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118570820
Category: Science
Page: 456
View: 5729

Continue Reading →

This new edition of Invasion Ecology provides a comprehensive and updated introduction to all aspects of biological invasion by non-native species. Highlighting important research findings associated with each stage of invasion, the book provides an overview of the invasion process from transportation patterns and causes of establishment success to ecological impacts, invader management, and post-invasion evolution. The authors have produced new chapters on predicting and preventing invasion, managing and eradicating invasive species, and invasion dynamics in a changing climate. Modern global trade and travel have led to unprecedented movement of non-native species by humans with unforeseen, interesting, and occasionally devastating consequences. Increasing recognition of the problems associated with invasion has led to a rapid growth in research into the dynamics of non-native species and their adverse effects on native biota and human economies. This book provides a synthesis of this fast growing field of research and is an essential text for undergraduate and graduate students in ecology and conservation management. Additional resources are available at www.wiley.com/go/invasionecology

Encyclopedia of Biological Invasions


Author: Dr. Daniel Simberloff,Dr. Marcel Rejmanek
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520948432
Category: Nature
Page: 792
View: 2944

Continue Reading →

This pioneering encyclopedia illuminates a topic at the forefront of global ecology—biological invasions, or organisms that come to live in the wrong place. Written by leading scientists from around the world, Encyclopedia of Biological Invasions addresses all aspects of this subject at a global level—including invasions by animals, plants, fungi, and bacteria—in succinct, alphabetically arranged articles. Scientifically uncompromising, yet clearly written and free of jargon, the volume encompasses fields of study including biology, demography, geography, ecology, evolution, sociology, and natural history. Featuring many cross-references, suggestions for further reading, illustrations, an appendix of the world’s worst 100 invasive species, a glossary, and more, this is an essential reference for anyone who needs up-to-date information on this important topic. Encyclopedia of Biological Invasions features articles on: • Well-known invasive species such the zebra mussel, chestnut blight, cheatgrass, gypsy moth, Nile perch, giant African snail, and Norway rat • Regions with especially large numbers of introduced species including the Great Lakes, Mediterranean Sea, Hawaiian Islands, Australia, and New Zealand. • Conservation, ecological, economic, and human and animal health impacts of invasions around the world • The processes and pathways involved in invasion • Management of introduced species

Invasive Species

What Everyone Needs to Know®
Author: Daniel Simberloff
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199344280
Category: Science
Page: 352
View: 3012

Continue Reading →

Of the 7,000 estimated non-native species present in North America, approximately 1,000 are invasive. Clearly, invasive species are in the minority, but their small numbers don't keep them from causing billions of dollars in economic and ecological harm each year. Policymakers and ecologists continue to try to figure out which species might be harmful, which invasive species are doing the most damage, and which of these might respond best to eradication efforts. Invasive species reports and case studies are prevalent in political, environmental, and scientific news cycles, and a significant portion of the public is concerned about the issue. In Invasive Species: What Everyone Needs to Know®, Simberloff will first cover basic topics such as how non-native species are introduced, which areas have incurred the most biological invasions, and how the rates of biological invasions have shifted in recent years. He then moves on to the direct and indirect impacts of the impacts of invasive species on various ecosystems, such as habitat and resource competition, how invasive species transmit pathogens, and how introduced plants and animals can modify a habitat to favor other non-native species. Simberloff's final chapters will discuss the evolution of invasive species, the policies we currently have in place to manage them, and future prospects for controlling their spread. The book will also contain a section dedicated to the more controversial topics surrounding invasive species: invasive natives, useful non-native species, animal rights versus species rights, and non-native species' impacts on the biodiversity of an ecosystem. What Everyone Needs to Know® is a registered trademark of Oxford University Press. is a registered trademark of Oxford University Press.

The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index


Author: Nathalie Pettorelli
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191512729
Category: Science
Page: 224
View: 6720

Continue Reading →

There has been a recent surge of interest in remote sensing and its use in ecology and conservation but this is the first book to focus explicitly on the NDVI (Normalised Difference Vegetation Index), a simple numerical indicator and powerful tool that can be used to assess spatio-temporal changes in green vegetation. The NDVI opens the possibility of addressing questions on scales inaccessible to ground-based methods alone; it is mostly freely available with global coverage over several decades. This novel text provides an authoritative overview of the principles and possible applications of the NDVI in ecology, environmental and wildlife management, and conservation. NDVI data can provide valuable information about temporal and spatial changes in vegetation distribution, productivity, and dynamics; allowing monitoring of habitat degradation and fragmentation, or assessment of the ecological effects of climatic disasters such as drought or fire. The NDVI has also provided ecologists with a promising way to couple vegetation with animal distribution, abundance, movement, survival and reproductive parameters. Over the last few decades, numerous studies have highlighted the potential key role of satellite data and the NDVI in macroecology, plant ecology, animal population dynamics, environmental monitoring, habitat selection and habitat use studies, and paleoecology. The chapters are organised around two sections: the first detailing vegetation indices and the NDVI, the principles behind the NDVI, its correlation with climate, the available NDVI datasets, and the possible complications and errors associated with the use of this satellite-based vegetation index. The second section discusses the possible applications of the NDVI in ecology, environmental and wildlife management, and conservation.

Invasion Biology


Author: Mark A. Davis
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199218757
Category: Nature
Page: 244
View: 1347

Continue Reading →

Invasion Biology provides a comprehensive and up-to-date review of the science of biological invasions while also offering new insights and perspectives relating to the processes of introduction, establishment, and spread. The book connects science with application by describing the health, economic, and ecological impacts of invasive species as well as the variety of management strategies developed to mitigate harmful impacts.The author critically evaluates the approaches, findings, and controversies that have characterized invasion biology in recent years, and suggests a variety of future research directions. Carefully balanced to avoid distincttaxonomic, ecosystem, and geographic (both investigator and species) biases, the book addresses a wide range of invasive species (including protists, invertebrates, vertebrates, fungi, and plants) which have been studied in marine, freshwater, and terrestrial environments throughout the world by investigators equally diverse in their origins.

Fragebogen

Ein Arbeitsbuch
Author: Rolf Porst
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658021187
Category: Social Science
Page: 203
View: 3372

Continue Reading →

Dieses Buch ist ein „Praxisbuch“ im wahrsten Sinne des Wortes. Es soll Forscherinnen und Forschern, die sich bei ihrer empirischen Forschungsarbeit sozialwissenschaftlicher Befragungen bedienen wollen, Hilfestellung geben bei der Entwicklung ihrer Fragebogen, ganz konkret und im Detail. In dem Buch wird Fragebogenberatung simuliert, wie sie der Autor viele Jahre lang durchgeführt hat, sehr praktisch und so, dass die Leserinnen und Leser das Buch unmittelbar nutzen können, wenn sie einen Fragebogen entwickeln. Nach einer kurzen Einführung in die kognitionspsychologischen und kommunikativen Grundlagen der Befragung wird eine Vielzahl methodischer Aspekte eines Fragebogens abgearbeitet, alles illustriert durch Beispiele aus der Umfragepraxis.

Ideen Zu Einer Geographie Der Pflanzen


Author: Alexander Homboldt
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3955075036
Category:
Page: 200
View: 8258

Continue Reading →

Diese Veroffentlichung von Alexander von Humboldt ist die Synopse der bis dahin (1805) durchgefuhrten Forschungsreisen. Er versuchte sich hier erstmals an einer Systematik der weltweiten Geographie der Pflanzen und schuf damit ein revolutioares und weithin beachtetes Werk.

Biologische Invasionen

Neophyten und Neozoen in Mitteleuropa
Author: Ingo Kowarik,Wolfgang Rabitsch
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783800158898
Category: Biological invasions
Page: 492
View: 2218

Continue Reading →

Was ist eine gute Frage?

Die systematische Evaluation der Fragenqualität
Author: Frank Faulbaum,Peter Prüfer,Margrit Rexroth
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531158242
Category: Social Science
Page: 264
View: 3619

Continue Reading →

Die Qualität von Fragen stellt eine wichtige Determinante der Qualität von Umfragedaten dar. Das Buch präsentiert erstmals in deutscher Sprache ein Fragebewertungssystem mit einem detaillierten Katalog möglicher Probleme in Entwürfen von Fragen, die an Hand von über 100 Beispielen - überwiegend aus bekannten Bevölkerungsumfragen - beschrieben und erläutert werden. Ziel des Fragebewertungssystems (FBS) ist, mögliche Qualitätsgefährdungen in Fra-gen schon frühzeitig vor dem Einsatz empirischer Testverfahren zu erkennen, um damit die Voraussetzung für ihre Minimierung zu schaffen. In das System sind langjährige Erfahrungen der Autoren in der Fragebogenberatung und in der Evaluation von Fragen eingeflossen. Dem Bewertungssystem ist ein theoretischer Teil mit einer umfassenden Einführung in die unter-schiedlichen Aspekte der Fragenqualität und ihrer Gefährdungsursachen vorangestellt, wobei der Qualitätsbegriff nicht nur auf den Aspekt des Fragetextes bezogen wird, sondern darüber hinaus auf alle übrigen Aspekte der Frage einschließlich ihrer Ausführungsmodalitäten (mo-des) sowie ihrer Bedeutung für die Umfragequalität. Das Buch wendet sich an alle, die in ir-gendeiner Weise selber Fragebögen entwickeln oder diese beurteilen müssen. Es eignet sich außerdem für den Einsatz in der Lehre.

Wenn das Schlachten vorbei ist

Roman
Author: T.C. Boyle
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 3446239529
Category: Fiction
Page: 464
View: 8494

Continue Reading →

Zwei Fraktionen von Umweltschützern liefern sich einen erbitterten Kampf. Schauplatz sind die Channel Islands vor der Südküste von Kalifornien, wo die Umwelt vom Menschen empfindlich gestört wurde. Soll man das Gleichgewicht des Ökosystems mit viel Steuergeldern wiederherstellen - was zwangsläufig die Ausrottung mancher Tierarten bedeutet -, oder soll man um jeden Preis das Töten verhindern? T. C. Boyles furioser, apokalyptischer Roman handelt von der Ausbeutung der Natur durch den Menschen und den katastrophalen Folgen. Boyle hat eines seiner ältesten Themen weiterentwickelt, nie war er so bitter und böse, nie war es ihm so ernst.

Wege zu einem nachhaltigen Umgang mit Süßwasser

Jahresgutachten 1997
Author: Wissenschaftlicher Beirat der Bundesregierung GlobaleUmweltveränderungen
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642720072
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 419
View: 7792

Continue Reading →

Die globale Süßwasserkrise wird sich zukünftig weiter verschärfen. Neueste Analysen des Wissenschaftlichen Beirats der Bundesregierung Globale Umweltveränderungen (WBGU) zeigen nicht nur die heutigen Brennpunkte, sondern auch die zukünftig für Wasserkrisen besonders anfälligen Weltregionen auf. Zusätzlich werden drei eng mit der globalen Süßwasserkrise in Verbindung stehende "Krankheitsbilder der Erde" untersucht. Aus dieser Zusammenschau leiten die Wissenschaftler in ihrem neuesten Jahresbericht Handlungsempfehlungen für die Politik ab.