Field Emission Electronics


Author: Nikolay Egorov,Evgeny Sheshin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319565613
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 568
View: 8981

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This book is dedicated to field emission electronics, a promising field at the interface between “classic” vacuum electronics and nanotechnology. In addition to theoretical models, it includes detailed descriptions of experimental and research techniques and production technologies for different types of field emitters based on various construction principles. It particularly focuses on research into and production of field cathodes and electron guns using recently developed nanomaterials and carbon nanotubes. Further, it discusses the applications of field emission cathodes in new technologies such as light sources, flat screens, microwave and X-ray devices.

Field Emission in Vacuum Microelectronics


Author: George N. Fursey
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387274195
Category: Science
Page: 205
View: 4422

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Field emission is a phenomenon described by quantum mechanics. Its emission capability is millions times higher than that of any other known types of electron emission. Nowadays this phenomenon is experiencing a new life due to wonderful applications in the atomic resolution microscopy, in electronic holography, and in the vacuum micro- and nanoelectronics in general. The main field emission properties, and some most remarkable experimental facts and applications, are described in this book.

Vacuum Nanoelectronic Devices

Novel Electron Sources and Applications
Author: Anatoliy Evtukh,Hans Hartnagel,Oktay Yilmazoglu,Hidenori Mimura,Dimitris Pavlidis
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119037964
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 472
View: 2233

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Introducing up-to-date coverage of research in electron field emission from nanostructures, Vacuum Nanoelectronic Devices outlines the physics of quantum nanostructures, basic principles of electron field emission, and vacuum nanoelectronic devices operation, and offers as insight state-of-the-art and future researches and developments. This book also evaluates the results of research and development of novel quantum electron sources that will determine the future development of vacuum nanoelectronics. Further to this, the influence of quantum mechanical effects on high frequency vacuum nanoelectronic devices is also assessed. Key features: • In-depth description and analysis of the fundamentals of Quantum Electron effects in novel electron sources. • Comprehensive and up-to-date summary of the physics and technologies for THz sources for students of physical and engineering specialties and electronics engineers. • Unique coverage of quantum physical results for electron-field emission and novel electron sources with quantum effects, relevant for many applications such as electron microscopy, electron lithography, imaging and communication systems and signal processing. • New approaches for realization of electron sources with required and optimal parameters in electronic devices such as vacuum micro and nanoelectronics. This is an essential reference for researchers working in terahertz technology wanting to expand their knowledge of electron beam generation in vacuum and electron source quantum concepts. It is also valuable to advanced students in electronics engineering and physics who want to deepen their understanding of this topic. Ultimately, the progress of the quantum nanostructure theory and technology will promote the progress and development of electron sources as main part of vacuum macro-, micro- and nanoelectronics.

Graphene

Synthesis and Applications
Author: Wonbong Choi,Jo-won Lee
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439861889
Category: Science
Page: 394
View: 6781

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Since the late 20th century, graphene—a one-atom-thick planar sheet of sp2-bonded carbon atoms densely packed in a honeycomb crystal lattice—has garnered appreciable attention as a potential next-generation electronic material due to its exceptional properties. These properties include high current density, ballistic transport, chemical inertness, high thermal conductivity, optical transmittance, and super hydrophobicity at nanometer scale. In contrast to research on its excellent electronic and optoelectronic properties, research on the syntheses of a single sheet of graphene for industrial applications is in its nascent stages. Graphene: Synthesis and Applications reviews the advancement and future directions of graphene research in the areas of synthesis and properties, and explores applications, such as electronics, heat dissipation, field emission, sensors, composites, and energy.

MEMS and Nanotechnology, Volume 6

Proceedings of the 2012 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics
Author: Gordon A. Shaw,Barton C. Prorok,LaVern A. Starman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461444365
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 156
View: 7966

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MEMS and Nanotechnology, Volume 6: Proceedings of the 2012 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics represents one of seven volumes of technical papers presented at the Society for Experimental Mechanics SEM 12th International Congress & Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, held at Costa Mesa, California, June 11-14, 2012. The full set of proceedings also includes volumes on Dynamic Behavior of Materials, Challenges in Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials and Processes in Conventional and Multifunctional Materials, Imaging Methods for Novel Materials and Challenging Applications, Experimental and Applied Mechanics, Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials and, Composite Materials and Joining Technologies for Composites.

Reference Data for Engineers

Radio, Electronics, Computer, and Communications
Author: Wendy Middleton,Mac E. Van Valkenburg
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 9780750672917
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 1672
View: 7141

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This standard handbook for engineers covers the fundamentals, theory and applications of radio, electronics, computers, and communications equipment. It provides information on essential, need-to-know topics without heavy emphasis on complicated mathematics. It is a "must-have" for every engineer who requires electrical, electronics, and communications data. Featured in this updated version is coverage on intellectual property and patents, probability and design, antennas, power electronics, rectifiers, power supplies, and properties of materials. Useful information on units, constants and conversion factors, active filter design, antennas, integrated circuits, surface acoustic wave design, and digital signal processing is also included. This work also offers new knowledge in the fields of satellite technology, space communication, microwave science, telecommunication, global positioning systems, frequency data, and radar.

Vacuum Electronics

Components and Devices
Author: Joseph A. Eichmeier,Manfred Thumm
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540719298
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 535
View: 1185

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Nineteen experts from the electronics industry, research institutes and universities have joined forces to prepare this book. It does nothing less than provide a complete overview of the electrophysical fundamentals, the present state of the art and applications, as well as the future prospects of microwave tubes and systems. The book does the same for optoelectronics vacuum devices, electron and ion beam devices, light and X-ray emitters, particle accelerators and vacuum interrupters.

Carbon Nanotube and Related Field Emitters

Fundamentals and Applications
Author: Yahachi Saito
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527632107
Category: Science
Page: 504
View: 1078

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Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have novel properties that make them potentially useful in many applications in nanotechnology, electronics, optics and other fields of materials science. These characteristics include extraordinary strength, unique electrical properties, and the fact that they are efficient heat conductors. Field emission is the emission of electrons from the surface of a condensed phase into another phase due to the presence of high electric fields. CNT field emitters are expected to make a breakthrough in the development of field emission display technology and enable miniature X-ray sources that will find a wide variety of applications in electronic devices, industry, and medical and security examinations. This first monograph on the topic covers all aspects in a concise yet comprehensive manner - from the fundamentals to applications. Divided into four sections, the first part discusses the preparation and characterization of carbon nanotubes, while part two is devoted to the field emission properties of carbon nanotubes, including the electron emission mechanism, characteristics of CNT electron sources, and dynamic behavior of CNTs during operation. Part three highlights field emission from other nanomaterials, such as carbon nanowalls, diamond, and silicon and zinc oxide nanowires, before concluding with frontier R&D applications of CNT emitters, from vacuum electronic devices such as field emission displays, to electron sources in electron microscopes, X-ray sources, and microwave amplifiers. Edited by a pioneer in the field, each chapter is written by recognized experts in the respective fields.

Nanoscale One-Dimensional Electronic and Photonic Devices 3 (NODEPD 3)


Author: L. J. Chou
Publisher: The Electrochemical Society
ISBN: 156677747X
Category: Science
Page: 118
View: 2035

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The papers included in this issue of ECS Transactions were originally presented in the symposium ¿One-Dimensional Nanoscale Electronic and Photonic Devices 3¿, held during the 216th meeting of The Electrochemical Society, in Vienna, Austria from October 4 to 9, 2009.

Nanostructured Carbon for Advanced Applications

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Nanostructured Carbon for Advanced Applications Erice, Sicily, Italy July 19–31, 2000
Author: Giorgio Benedek,P. Milani,V.G. Ralchenko
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792370413
Category: Science
Page: 368
View: 4202

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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, Erice, Sicily, Italy, July 19-31, 2000

Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering, and Technology


Author: William A. Goddard III,Donald Brenner,Sergey Edward Lyshevski,Gerald J Iafrate
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420007848
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 1080
View: 7054

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The ability to study and manipulate matter at the nanoscale is the defining feature of 21st-century science. The first edition of the standard-setting Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering, and Technology saw the field through its infancy. Reassembling the preeminent team of leading scientists and researchers from all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology along with several new pioneers, this second edition will guide the field through its burgeoning adolescence. The phenomenal growth and staggering variety of applications of nanotechnology prevent any reference from providing a complete picture of the field. Instead, this edition surveys the most important areas, the most promising technologies, and the fastest-growing developments of current interest. In particular, it discusses fundamental theory of molecular and nanoelectronics, advanced fabrication technologies, modeling and simulation results, and novel molecular and nanoelectronic devices. New chapters in the Second Edition explore... The story of how the National Nanotechnology Initiative was born, where it is now, and where it is going Molecular computing and processing platforms Spin field effect transistors Moletronics and spintronics Nanoarchitectonics Molecular machines Magnetic manipulation applications in biomedical science Biological- and chemical-mediated self-assembly Nanomanufacturing Nanotextile technologies Nanofluidics for cell biology Carbon nanostructures and nanocomposites Accelerated design tools for nanophotonic devices Nanoparticles for drug delivery Remaining the definitive reference for nano researchers around the world, the Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering, and Technology, Second Edition provides the signposts for blazers of the nano trail.

Fowler-Nordheim Field Emission

Effects in Semiconductor Nanostructures
Author: Sitangshu Bhattacharya,Kamakhya Prasad Ghatak
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642204937
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 338
View: 9694

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This monograph solely presents the Fowler-Nordheim field emission (FNFE) from semiconductors and their nanostructures. The materials considered are quantum confined non-linear optical, III-V, II-VI, Ge, Te, carbon nanotubes, PtSb2, stressed materials, Bismuth, GaP, Gallium Antimonide, II-V, Bi2Te3, III-V, II-VI, IV-VI and HgTe/CdTe superlattices with graded interfaces and effective mass superlattices under magnetic quantization and quantum wires of the aforementioned superlattices. The FNFE in opto-electronic materials and their quantum confined counterparts is studied in the presence of light waves and intense electric fields on the basis of newly formulated electron dispersion laws that control the studies of such quantum effect devices. The importance of band gap measurements in opto-electronic materials in the presence of external fields is discussed from this perspective. This monograph contains 200 open research problems which form the very core and are useful for Ph. D students and researchers. The book can also serve as a basis for a graduate course on field emission from solids.

Cold Cathodes

Proceedings of the First International Symposium
Author: M. Cahay
Publisher: The Electrochemical Society
ISBN: 9781566772952
Category: Cathodes
Page: 280
View: 412

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Carbon Nanotubes

Advanced Topics in the Synthesis, Structure, Properties and Applications
Author: Ado Jorio,Gene Dresselhaus,Mildred S. Dresselhaus
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540728658
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 720
View: 7557

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Building on the success of its predecessor, Carbon Nanotubes: Synthesis, Structure, Properties and Applications, this second volume focuses on those areas that have grown rapidly in the past few years. Contributing authors reflect the multidisciplinary nature of the book and are all leaders in their particular areas of research. Among the many topics they cover are graphene and other carbon-like and tube-like materials, which are likely to affect and influence developments in nanotubes within the next five years. Extensive use of illustrations enables you to better understand and visualize key concepts and processes.

Understanding Carbon Nanotubes

From Basics to Applications
Author: Annick Loiseau,Pascale Launois-Bernede,Pierre Petit,Stephan Roche,Jean-Paul Salvetat
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540269223
Category: Science
Page: 538
View: 3724

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This volume presents the foundations of carbon nanotube science, reviewing recent developments and prospects for practical application. Each chapter summarizes relevant concepts from physics, chemistry or materials science, followed by detailed reports on topics including polymorphism and mircostructure of carbon; synthesis and growth; structural analysis by electron microscopy; spectroscopic methods; electronic structure; transport; mechanical and surface properties of nanotubes and composites.

Physics of Carbon Nanotube Devices


Author: Francois Leonard
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0815519680
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 300
View: 9727

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Possibly the most impactful material in the nanotechnology arena, carbon nanotubes have spurred a tremendous amount of scientific research and development. Their superior mechanical and chemical robustness makes them easily manipulable and allows for the assembly of various types of devices, including electronic, electromechanical, opto-electronic and sensing devices. In the field of nanotube devices, however, concepts that describe the properties of conventional devices do not apply. Carbon nanotube devices behave much differently from those using traditional materials, and offer entirely new functionality. This book – designed for researchers, engineers and graduate students alike – bridges the experimental and theoretical aspects of carbon nanotube devices. It emphasizes and explains the underlying physics that govern their working principles, including applications in electronics, nanoelectromechanical systems, field emission, optoelectronics and sensing. Other topics include: electrical contacts, p-n junctions, transistors, ballistic transport, field emission, oscillators, rotational actuators, electron-phonon scattering, photoconductivity, and light emission. Many of the aspects discussed here differ significantly from those learned in books or traditional materials, and are essential for the future development of carbon nanotube technology. • Bridges experimental and theoretical aspects of carbon nanotube devices, focusing on the underlying physics that govern their working principles • Explains applications in electronics, nanoelectromechanical systems, field emission, optoelectronics and sensing. • Other topics include: electrical contacts, p-n junctions, transistors, ballistic transport, field emission, oscillators, rotational actuators, electron-phonon scattering, photoconductivity, and light emission. • Covers aspects that significantly differ from those learned in traditional materials, yet are essential for future advancement of carbon nanotube technology. * Bridges experimental and theoretical aspects of carbon nanotube devices, focusing on the underlying physics that govern their working principles * Explains applications in electronics, nanoelectromechanical systems, field emission, optoelectronics and sensing. * Other topics include: electrical contacts, p-n junctions, transistors, ballistic transport, field emission, oscillators, rotational actuators, electron-phonon scattering, photoconductivity, and light emission * Covers aspects that significantly differ from those learned in traditional materials, yet are essential for future advancement of carbon nanotube technology.