Ethics, Animals and Science


Author: Kevin Dolan
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9780632052776
Category: Medical
Page: 304
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Ethics, Animals and Science provides an introduction to ethics, aimed especially at those who work with animals in a scientific setting. Following an introduction to ethics in general, the book goes on to concentrate on the ethical issues which are closely associated with the most commonly occurring topics in debates on the use of animals in research. An attempt is made to find common premises for discussions which in the past have often proved to be mere dialogues of the deaf.

Applied Ethics in Animal Research

Philosophy, Regulation, and Laboratory Applications
Author: John P. Gluck,Tony DiPasquale,F. Barbara Orlans
Publisher: Purdue University Press
ISBN: 9781557531377
Category: Nature
Page: 188
View: 1081

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This volume is a collection of chapters all contributed by individuals who have presented their ideas at conferences and who take moderate stands with the use of animals in research. Specifically the chapters bear of the issues of: notions of the moral standings of animals, history of the methods of argumentation, knowledge of the animal mind, nature and value of regulatory structures, how respect for animals can be converted from theory to action in the laboratory. The chapters have been tempered by open discussion with individuals with different opinions and not audiences of true believers. It is the hope of all, that careful consideration of the positions in these chapters will leave reader with a deepened understanding--not necessarily a hardened position.

Animals and Science Education

Ethics, Curriculum and Pedagogy
Author: Michael P. Mueller,Deborah J. Tippins,Arthur J. Stewart
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319563750
Category: Science
Page: 265
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This book discusses how we can inspire today’s youth to engage in challenging and productive discussions around the past, present and future role of animals in science education. Animals play a large role in the sciences and science education and yet they remain one of the least visible topics in the educational literature. This book is intended to cultivate research topics, conversations, and dispositions for the ethical use of animals in science and education. This book explores the vital role of animals with/in science education, specimens, protected species, and other associated issues with regards to the role of animals in science. Topics explored include ethical, curriculum and pedagogical dimensions, involving invertebrates, engineering solutions that contribute to ecosystems, the experiences of animals under our care, aesthetic and contemplative practices alongside science, school-based ethical dialogue, nature study for promoting inquiry and sustainability, the challenge of whether animals need to be used for science whatsoever, reconceptualizing museum specimens, cultivating socioscientific issues and epistemic practice, cultural integrity and citizen science, the care and nurturance of gender-balanced curriculum choices for science education, and theoretical conversations around cultivating critical thinking skills and ethical dispositions. The diverse authors in this book take on the logic of domination and symbolic violence embodied within the scientific enterprise that has systematically subjugated animals and nature, and emboldened the anthropocentric and exploitative expressions for the future role of animals. At a time when animals are getting excluded from classrooms (too dangerous! too many allergies! too dirty!), this book is an important counterpoint. Interacting with animals helps students develop empathy, learn to care for living things, engage with content. We need more animals in the science curriculum, not less. David Sobel, Senior Faculty, Education Department, Antioch University New England

Ethics of Animal Use


Author: Peter Sandøe,Stine B. Christiansen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118691199
Category: Medical
Page: 192
View: 4440

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An interesting and accessible introduction to ethical issues raisedby various forms of human use of animals. This textbook avoidsmoral lecturing and presents a range of ethical viewpoints withoutdefending or applying any specific stance. Readers are encouragedand provoked to reflect for themselves, and to sharpen their ownpoints of view regarding the ethical limits on our use of animals.They will also gain further understanding of the views held byother people. Early chapters of this interdisciplinary book cover changes overtime in our view of animals, the principles of animal ethics, anddifferent views of what counts as a good animal life. Laterchapters apply the conceptual tools to specific issues including:food animal production, advanced veterinary treatment of pets,control of infectious diseases, wildlife management, as well as theuse of animals in research. Specifically designed for students of veterinary medicine,animal science, welfare and behaviour, and veterinary nursing. Alsoof interest to those wanting to combine an up-to-date,science-based account of animal issues with clear-headed moralreflection. "The book covers an impressive range of topics with accuracy andfairness. Despite its ambitious scope, the authors have achievedremarkable unity in the book, and have produced a book that is easyand pleasant to read. Their work will surely provide a major toolfor rationalizing the debate about the ethics of animal use, and Icommend them for their invaluable contribution." From the Forewordby Professor Bernard Rollin, Colorado State University.

Animal Welfare

Competing Conceptions And Their Ethical Implications
Author: Richard P. Haynes
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402086199
Category: Social Science
Page: 162
View: 3985

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Members of the “animal welfare science community”, which includes both scientists and philosophers, have illegitimately appropriated the concept of animal welfare by claiming to have given a scientific account of it that is more objectively valid than the more “sentimental” account given by animal liberationists. This strategy has been used to argue for merely limited reform in the use of animals. This strategy was initially employed as a way of “sympathetically” responding to the abolitionist claims of anti-vivisectionists, who objected to the use of animals in research. It was subsequently used by farm animal scientists. The primarily reformist (as opposed to abolitionist) goals of this community make the false assumption that there are conditions under which animals may be raised and slaughtered for food or used as models in scientific research that are ethically acceptable. The tendency of the animal welfare science community is to accept this assumption as their framework of inquiry, and thus to discount certain practices as harmful to the interests of the animals that they affect. For example, animal welfare is conceptualized is such a way that death does not count as harmful to the interests of animal, nor prolonged life a benefit.

Animal Testing

Issues and Ethics
Author: Stephanie Watson
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group
ISBN: 143585022X
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 64
View: 7910

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Discusses the pros and cons of testing products intended for human use on animals, as well as the legal and ethical issues involved.

For Our Children

The Ethics of Animal Experimentation in the Age of Genetic Engineering
Author: Anders Nordgren
Publisher: Rodopi
ISBN: 9042028041
Category: Medical
Page: 198
View: 1198

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Values in Bioethics (ViB), co-sponsored by the International Association of Bioethics, makes available original philosophical books in all areas of bioethics, including medical and nursing ethics, health care ethics, research ethics, environmental ethics, and global bioethics. This book provides an overview of different ethical views on animal experimentation. It proposes a middle course between those that are very critical and those very positive. It supports this position by an argument from species care according to which we have special obligations to our children and other humans due to special relations. Special attention is given to genetically modified animals. The Value Inquiry Book Series (VIBS) is an international scholarly program, founded in 1992 by Robert Ginsberg, that publishes philosophical books in all areas of value inquiry, including social and political thought, ethics, applied philosophy, aesthetics, feminism, pragmatism, personalism, religious values, medical and health values, values in education, values in science and technology, humanistic psychology, cognitive science, formal axiology, history of philosophy, post-communist thought, peace theory, law and society, and theory of culture.

Animal Models of Human Psychology

Critique of Science, Ethics, and Policy
Author: Kenneth Joel Shapiro
Publisher: Seattle, [Wash.] ; Toronto : Hogrefe & Huber
ISBN: 9780889371897
Category: Psychology
Page: 328
View: 3386

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After surveying current research practices and model development strategies, the author examines animal models of eating disorders from both scientific and ethical points of view. He exposes logical inconsistencies in the study of animals as models for human behavior, and concludes that such research has little to contribute. The foreword is by noted chimpanzee-researcher Jane Goodall. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Science and Ethics


Author: Bernard E. Rollin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139455044
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 5482

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In Science and Ethics, Bernard Rollin examines the ideology that denies the relevance of ethics to science. Providing an introduction to basic ethical concepts, he discusses a variety of ethical issues that are relevant to science and how they are ignored, to the detriment of both science and society. These include research on human subjects, animal research, genetic engineering, biotechnology, cloning, xenotransplantation, and stem cell research. Rollin also explores the ideological agnosticism that scientists have displayed regarding subjective experience in humans and animals, and its pernicious effect on pain management. Finally, he articulates the implications of the ideological denial of ethics for the practice of science itself in terms of fraud, plagiarism, and data falsification. In engaging prose and with philosophical sophistication, Rollin cogently argues in favor of making education in ethics part and parcel of scientific training.

Animals, Ethics and Trade

The Challenge of Animal Sentience
Author: Joyce D'Silva,Jacky Turner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136571698
Category: Nature
Page: 312
View: 5402

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Modern urban life cuts us off from direct connection with the animal world, yet daily the lives of millions of animals are affected by what we consume and wear and what we trade in. The use of animals for food, labour and pleasure pursuits has long been justified with the assumption that unlike humans, animals aren't fully sentient beings. In recent years, however, science has revealed an astonishing array of complex animal behaviour, and scientists and policy makers now accept that the animals we make use of are indeed conscious, with preferences and intentions. The implications for our culture of factory farming, fast food and rainforest liquidation are staggering. In this powerful book, internationally renowned experts on animal behaviour and agriculture such as Jane Goodall, Tim Lang and Vandana Shiva are brought together with ethicists, religious scholars, international industry and regulators for the first time to debate these critical issues and tackle the profound implications of animal sentience. The first sections discuss scientific and ethical perspectives on the consciousness, emotions and mental abilities of animals. Later sections address how human activities such as science, law, religion, farming, food production, trade, development and education respect or ignore animals' sentience and welfare, and review the options for changes in our policies, our practices and our thinking. The result is nothing less than a stark and necessary look into the heart of humanity and the ethics that govern our animal powered society.

Ethics and Animals

An Introduction
Author: Lori Gruen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139496972
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
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In this comprehensive introduction to animal ethics, Lori Gruen weaves together poignant and provocative case studies with discussions of ethical theory, urging readers to engage critically and empathetically reflect on our treatment of other animals. In clear and accessible language, Gruen provides a survey of the issues central to human-animal relations and a reasoned new perspective on current key debates in the field. She analyses and explains a range of theoretical positions and poses challenging questions that directly encourage readers to hone their ethical reasoning skills and to develop a defensible position about their own practices. Her book will be an invaluable resource for students in a wide range of disciplines including ethics, environmental studies, veterinary science, women's studies, and the emerging field of animal studies and is an engaging account of the subject for general readers with no prior background in philosophy.

Science and the Self

Animals, Evolution, and Ethics: Essays in Honour of Mary Midgley
Author: Ian James Kidd,Liz McKinnell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131748293X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 252
View: 8212

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Mary Midgley is one of the most important moral philosophers working today. Over the last thirty years, her writings have informed debates concerning animals, the environment and evolutionary theory. The invited essays in this volume offer critical reflections upon Midgley’s work and further developments of her ideas. The contributors include many of the leading commentators on her work, including distinguished figures from the disciplines of philosophy, biology, and ethology. The range of topics includes the moral status of animals, the concept of wickedness, science and mythology, Midgley’s relationship to modern moral philosophy, and her relationship with Iris Murdoch. It also includes the first full bibliography of Midgley’s writings. The volume is the first major study of its kind and brings together contributions from the many disciplines which Midgley’s work has influenced. It provides a clear account of the themes and significance of her work and its implications for ongoing debates about our understanding of our place within the world.

Animal Ethics in Animal Research


Author: Helena Röcklinsberg,Mickey Gjerris,I Anna S. Olsson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108356222
Category: Medical
Page: N.A
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The use of animals in research has always been surrounded by ethical controversy. This book provides an overview of the central ethical issues focusing on the interconnectedness of science, law and ethics. It aims to make theoretical ethical reasoning understandable to non-ethicists and provide tools to improve ethical decision making on animal research. It focuses on good scientific practice, the 3Rs (replacement, reduction and refinement), ethical theories applied to specific cases and an overview of regulatory issues. The book is co-authored by experts in animal research, animal welfare, social sciences, law and ethics, and provides both animal researchers and members of animal ethics committees with knowledge that can facilitate their work and communication with stakeholders and the public. The book is written to provide knowledge, not to argue a certain position, and is intended to be used in training that aims to fulfil EU Directive 2010/63/EU.

Ethics on the Ark

Zoos, Animal Welfare, and Wildlife Conservation
Author: Bryan G. Norton,Michael Hutchins,Terry Maple,Elizabeth Stevens
Publisher: Smithsonian Institution
ISBN: 1588343634
Category: Science
Page: 360
View: 7556

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Ethics on the Ark presents a passionate, multivocal discussion—among zoo professionals, activists, conservation biologists, and philosophers—about the future of zoos and aquariums, the treatment of animals in captivity, and the question of whether the individual, the species, or the ecosystem is the most important focus in conservation efforts. Contributors represent all sides of the issues. Moving from the fundamental to the practical, from biodiversity to population regulation, from animal research to captive breeding, Ethics on the Ark represents an important gathering of the many fervent and contentious viewpoints shaping the wildlife conservation debate. From the Trade Paperback edition.

The Oxford Handbook of Animal Studies


Author: Linda Kalof
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199927146
Category: Nature
Page: 621
View: 8908

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Part I. Animals in the landscape of law, politics, and public policy. Animal rights / Gary Francione and Anna Charlton -- Animals in political theory / Sue Donaldson and Will Kymlicka --,Animals as living property / David Favre -- The human-animal bond / James Serpell -- Animal sheltering / Leslie Irvine -- Roaming dogs / Arnold Arluke and Kate Atema -- Misothery : contempt for animals and nature, its origins, purposes, and repercussions / James B. Mason -- Continental approaches to animals and animality / Ralph Acampora -- Animals as legal subjects / Paul Waldau -- The struggle for compassion and justice through critical animal studies / Carol Gigliotti -- Interspecies dialogue and animal ethics : the feminist care perspective / Josephine Donovan -- Part II. Animal intentionality, agency, and reflexive thinking. Cetacean cognition / Lori Marino -- History and animal agencies / Chris Pearson -- Animals as sentient commodities / Rhoda WilPart I.kie -- Animal work / Jocelyne Porcher -- Animals as reflexive thinkers : the Aponoian paradigm / Mark Rowlands and Susana Monsó -- Part III. Animals as objects in science, food, spectacle, and sport. The ethics of animal research / Bernard Rollin -- The ethics of food animal production / Paul Thompson -- Animals as scientific objects / Mike Michael -- The problem with zoos / Randy Malamud -- Wolf hunting and the ethics of predator control / John Vucetich and Michael P. --Nelson -- Part IV. Animals in cultural representations. Practice and ethics of the use of animals in contemporary art /Joe Zammit-Lucia -- Animals in folklore / Boria Sax -- Part V. Animals in ecosystems. Archaeozoology / Juliet Cluton-Brock -- Animals and ecological science / Anita Guerrini -- Staging privilege, proximity, and "extreme animal tourism" / Jane Desmond -- Commensal species / Terry O'Connor -- Lively cities : people, animals, and urban ecosystems / Marcus Owens and Jennifer Wolch -- Animals in religion / Stephen R.L. Clark

A Communion of Subjects

Animals in Religion, Science, and Ethics
Author: Paul Waldau,Kimberley Patton
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231136439
Category: Religion
Page: 720
View: 8409

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A Communion of Subjects is the first comparative and interdisciplinary study of the conceptualization of animals in world religions. Scholars from a wide range of disciplines, including Thomas Berry (cultural history), Wendy Doniger (study of myth), Elizabeth Lawrence (veterinary medicine, ritual studies), Marc Bekoff (cognitive ethology), Marc Hauser (behavioral science), Steven Wise (animals and law), Peter Singer (animals and ethics), and Jane Goodall (primatology) consider how major religious traditions have incorporated animals into their belief systems, myths, rituals, and art. Their findings offer profound insights into the relationship between human beings and animals, and a deeper understanding of the social and ecological web in which we all live.

Animal Alterity

Science Fiction and the Question of the Animal
Author: Sherryl Vint
Publisher: Liverpool University Press
ISBN: 1846312345
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 269
View: 6845

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Animal Alterity uses readings of science fiction texts to explore how animals are central to our perception of humanity. Arguing that the academic field of animal studies and the popular genre of science fiction share a number a critical concerns, Sherryl Vint expresses an urgent need to reconsider the human-animal boundary in a world of genetic engineering, factory farming, species extinctions, and increasing evidence of animal intelligence, emotions, and tool use. Mapping the complex terrain of human relations with non-human animals, this book offers an important intervention into the contentious ongoing discussions of the post-human.

Companion Animal Ethics


Author: Peter Sandøe,Sandra Corr,Clare Palmer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118376692
Category: Medical
Page: 288
View: 6289

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Companion Animal Ethics explores the important ethical questions and problems that arise as a result of humans keeping animals as companions. The first comprehensive book dedicated to ethical and welfare concerns surrounding companion animals Scholarly but still written in an accessible and engaging style Considers the idea of animal companionship and why it should matter ethically Explores problems associated with animals sharing human lifestyles and homes, such as obesity, behavior issues, selective breeding, over-treatment, abandonment, euthanasia and environmental impacts Offers insights into practical ways of improving ethical standards relating to animal companions