Ethics, Animals and Science


Author: Kevin Dolan
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9780632052776
Category: Medical
Page: 304
View: 7938

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Ethics, Animals and Science provides an introduction to ethics, aimed especially at those who work with animals in a scientific setting. Following an introduction to ethics in general, the book goes on to concentrate on the ethical issues which are closely associated with the most commonly occurring topics in debates on the use of animals in research. An attempt is made to find common premises for discussions which in the past have often proved to be mere dialogues of the deaf.

Animal Testing

Issues and Ethics
Author: Stephanie Watson
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group
ISBN: 143585022X
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 64
View: 7119

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Discusses the pros and cons of testing products intended for human use on animals, as well as the legal and ethical issues involved.

For Our Children

The Ethics of Animal Experimentation in the Age of Genetic Engineering
Author: Anders Nordgren
Publisher: Rodopi
ISBN: 9042028041
Category: Medical
Page: 198
View: 1569

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Values in Bioethics (ViB), co-sponsored by the International Association of Bioethics, makes available original philosophical books in all areas of bioethics, including medical and nursing ethics, health care ethics, research ethics, environmental ethics, and global bioethics. This book provides an overview of different ethical views on animal experimentation. It proposes a middle course between those that are very critical and those very positive. It supports this position by an argument from species care according to which we have special obligations to our children and other humans due to special relations. Special attention is given to genetically modified animals. The Value Inquiry Book Series (VIBS) is an international scholarly program, founded in 1992 by Robert Ginsberg, that publishes philosophical books in all areas of value inquiry, including social and political thought, ethics, applied philosophy, aesthetics, feminism, pragmatism, personalism, religious values, medical and health values, values in education, values in science and technology, humanistic psychology, cognitive science, formal axiology, history of philosophy, post-communist thought, peace theory, law and society, and theory of culture.

Applied Ethics in Animal Research

Philosophy, Regulation, and Laboratory Applications
Author: John P. Gluck,Tony DiPasquale,F. Barbara Orlans
Publisher: Purdue University Press
ISBN: 9781557531377
Category: Nature
Page: 188
View: 5496

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This volume is a collection of chapters all contributed by individuals who have presented their ideas at conferences and who take moderate stands with the use of animals in research. Specifically the chapters bear of the issues of: notions of the moral standings of animals, history of the methods of argumentation, knowledge of the animal mind, nature and value of regulatory structures, how respect for animals can be converted from theory to action in the laboratory. The chapters have been tempered by open discussion with individuals with different opinions and not audiences of true believers. It is the hope of all, that careful consideration of the positions in these chapters will leave reader with a deepened understanding--not necessarily a hardened position.

Companion Animal Ethics


Author: Peter Sandøe,Sandra Corr,Clare Palmer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118376692
Category: Medical
Page: 288
View: 7951

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Companion Animal Ethics explores the important ethical questions and problems that arise as a result of humans keeping animals as companions. The first comprehensive book dedicated to ethical and welfare concerns surrounding companion animals Scholarly but still written in an accessible and engaging style Considers the idea of animal companionship and why it should matter ethically Explores problems associated with animals sharing human lifestyles and homes, such as obesity, behavior issues, selective breeding, over-treatment, abandonment, euthanasia and environmental impacts Offers insights into practical ways of improving ethical standards relating to animal companions

Science and Ethics


Author: Bernard E. Rollin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139455044
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 1298

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In Science and Ethics, Bernard Rollin examines the ideology that denies the relevance of ethics to science. Providing an introduction to basic ethical concepts, he discusses a variety of ethical issues that are relevant to science and how they are ignored, to the detriment of both science and society. These include research on human subjects, animal research, genetic engineering, biotechnology, cloning, xenotransplantation, and stem cell research. Rollin also explores the ideological agnosticism that scientists have displayed regarding subjective experience in humans and animals, and its pernicious effect on pain management. Finally, he articulates the implications of the ideological denial of ethics for the practice of science itself in terms of fraud, plagiarism, and data falsification. In engaging prose and with philosophical sophistication, Rollin cogently argues in favor of making education in ethics part and parcel of scientific training.

Animals, Ethics and Trade

The Challenge of Animal Sentience
Author: Joyce D'Silva,Jacky Turner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136571698
Category: Nature
Page: 312
View: 1701

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Modern urban life cuts us off from direct connection with the animal world, yet daily the lives of millions of animals are affected by what we consume and wear and what we trade in. The use of animals for food, labour and pleasure pursuits has long been justified with the assumption that unlike humans, animals aren't fully sentient beings. In recent years, however, science has revealed an astonishing array of complex animal behaviour, and scientists and policy makers now accept that the animals we make use of are indeed conscious, with preferences and intentions. The implications for our culture of factory farming, fast food and rainforest liquidation are staggering. In this powerful book, internationally renowned experts on animal behaviour and agriculture such as Jane Goodall, Tim Lang and Vandana Shiva are brought together with ethicists, religious scholars, international industry and regulators for the first time to debate these critical issues and tackle the profound implications of animal sentience. The first sections discuss scientific and ethical perspectives on the consciousness, emotions and mental abilities of animals. Later sections address how human activities such as science, law, religion, farming, food production, trade, development and education respect or ignore animals' sentience and welfare, and review the options for changes in our policies, our practices and our thinking. The result is nothing less than a stark and necessary look into the heart of humanity and the ethics that govern our animal powered society.

Animal Welfare

Competing Conceptions And Their Ethical Implications
Author: Richard P. Haynes
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402086199
Category: Social Science
Page: 162
View: 809

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Members of the “animal welfare science community”, which includes both scientists and philosophers, have illegitimately appropriated the concept of animal welfare by claiming to have given a scientific account of it that is more objectively valid than the more “sentimental” account given by animal liberationists. This strategy has been used to argue for merely limited reform in the use of animals. This strategy was initially employed as a way of “sympathetically” responding to the abolitionist claims of anti-vivisectionists, who objected to the use of animals in research. It was subsequently used by farm animal scientists. The primarily reformist (as opposed to abolitionist) goals of this community make the false assumption that there are conditions under which animals may be raised and slaughtered for food or used as models in scientific research that are ethically acceptable. The tendency of the animal welfare science community is to accept this assumption as their framework of inquiry, and thus to discount certain practices as harmful to the interests of the animals that they affect. For example, animal welfare is conceptualized is such a way that death does not count as harmful to the interests of animal, nor prolonged life a benefit.

Ethics and Animals

An Introduction
Author: Lori Gruen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139496972
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 7536

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In this comprehensive introduction to animal ethics, Lori Gruen weaves together poignant and provocative case studies with discussions of ethical theory, urging readers to engage critically and empathetically reflect on our treatment of other animals. In clear and accessible language, Gruen provides a survey of the issues central to human-animal relations and a reasoned new perspective on current key debates in the field. She analyses and explains a range of theoretical positions and poses challenging questions that directly encourage readers to hone their ethical reasoning skills and to develop a defensible position about their own practices. Her book will be an invaluable resource for students in a wide range of disciplines including ethics, environmental studies, veterinary science, women's studies, and the emerging field of animal studies and is an engaging account of the subject for general readers with no prior background in philosophy.

The Experimental Animal in Biomedical Research

A Survey of Scientific and Ethical Issues for Investigators
Author: Bernard E. Rollin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849349812
Category: Medical
Page: 464
View: 6307

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The Experimental Animal in Biomedical Research provides a concise, useful survey of knowledge regarding laboratory animal care. Volume I addresses researchers who use animals and focuses on how to maximize the welfare of animals used in research.

Ethics of Animal Use


Author: Peter Sandøe,Stine B. Christiansen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118691199
Category: Medical
Page: 192
View: 3367

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An interesting and accessible introduction to ethical issues raisedby various forms of human use of animals. This textbook avoidsmoral lecturing and presents a range of ethical viewpoints withoutdefending or applying any specific stance. Readers are encouragedand provoked to reflect for themselves, and to sharpen their ownpoints of view regarding the ethical limits on our use of animals.They will also gain further understanding of the views held byother people. Early chapters of this interdisciplinary book cover changes overtime in our view of animals, the principles of animal ethics, anddifferent views of what counts as a good animal life. Laterchapters apply the conceptual tools to specific issues including:food animal production, advanced veterinary treatment of pets,control of infectious diseases, wildlife management, as well as theuse of animals in research. Specifically designed for students of veterinary medicine,animal science, welfare and behaviour, and veterinary nursing. Alsoof interest to those wanting to combine an up-to-date,science-based account of animal issues with clear-headed moralreflection. "The book covers an impressive range of topics with accuracy andfairness. Despite its ambitious scope, the authors have achievedremarkable unity in the book, and have produced a book that is easyand pleasant to read. Their work will surely provide a major toolfor rationalizing the debate about the ethics of animal use, and Icommend them for their invaluable contribution." From the Forewordby Professor Bernard Rollin, Colorado State University.

Animal Ethics in Animal Research


Author: Helena Röcklinsberg,Mickey Gjerris,Anna Olsson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108420613
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 8391

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An interdisciplinary in-depth analysis of the ethical issues raised by using animals in research and the related regulatory issues.

Zoo Ethics

The Challenges of Compassionate Conservation
Author: Jenny Gray
Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING
ISBN: 1486306993
Category: Nature
Page: 256
View: 9660

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Well-run modern zoos and aquariums do important research and conservation work and teach visitors about the challenges of animals in the wild and the people striving to save them. They help visitors to consider their impact and think about how they can make a difference. Yet for many there is a sense of disquiet and a lingering question remains – can modern zoos be ethically justified? Zoo Ethics examines the workings of modern zoos and considers the core ethical challenges that face those who choose to hold and display animals in zoos, aquariums or sanctuaries. Using recognised ethical frameworks and case studies of ‘wicked problems’, this book explores the value of animal life and the impacts of modern zoos, including the costs to animals in terms of welfare and the loss of liberty. It also considers the positive welfare and health outcomes of many animals held in zoos, the increased attention and protection for their species in the wild, and the enjoyment and education of the people who visit zoos. A thoughtfully researched work written in a highly readable style, Zoo Ethics will empower students of animal ethics and veterinary sciences, zoo and aquarium professionals and interested zoo visitors to have an informed view of the challenges of compassionate conservation and to develop their own defendable, ethical position.

Animal Models of Human Psychology

Critique of Science, Ethics, and Policy
Author: Kenneth Joel Shapiro
Publisher: Seattle, [Wash.] ; Toronto : Hogrefe & Huber
ISBN: 9780889371897
Category: Psychology
Page: 328
View: 9022

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After surveying current research practices and model development strategies, the author examines animal models of eating disorders from both scientific and ethical points of view. He exposes logical inconsistencies in the study of animals as models for human behavior, and concludes that such research has little to contribute. The foreword is by noted chimpanzee-researcher Jane Goodall. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Animals and Science Education

Ethics, Curriculum and Pedagogy
Author: Michael P Mueller,Deborah J Tippins,Arthur J Stewart
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319859002
Category:
Page: 284
View: 2424

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This book discusses how we can inspire today's youth to engage in challenging and productive discussions around the past, present and future role of animals in science education. Animals play a large role in the sciences and science education and yet they remain one of the least visible topics in the educational literature. This book is intended to cultivate research topics, conversations, and dispositions for the ethical use of animals in science and education. This book explores the vital role of animals with/in science education, specimens, protected species, and other associated issues with regards to the role of animals in science. Topics explored include ethical, curriculum and pedagogical dimensions, involving invertebrates, engineering solutions that contribute to ecosystems, the experiences of animals under our care, aesthetic and contemplative practices alongside science, school-based ethical dialogue, nature study for promoting inquiry and sustainability, the challenge of whether animals need to be used for science whatsoever, reconceptualizing museum specimens, cultivating socioscientific issues and epistemic practice, cultural integrity and citizen science, the care and nurturance of gender-balanced curriculum choices for science education, and theoretical conversations around cultivating critical thinking skills and ethical dispositions. The diverse authors in this book take on the logic of domination and symbolic violence embodied within the scientific enterprise that has systematically subjugated animals and nature, and emboldened the anthropocentric and exploitative expressions for the future role of animals. At a time when animals are getting excluded from classrooms (too dangerous! too many allergies! too dirty!), this book is an important counterpoint. Interacting with animals helps students develop empathy, learn to care for living things, engage with content. We need more animals in the science curriculum, not less. David Sobel, Senior Faculty, Education Department, Antioch University New England

Animal Testing

The Animal Rights Debate
Author: Chris Hayhurst
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780823932139
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 64
View: 3311

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Discusses the pros and cons of testing products intended for human use on animals, as well as the legal and ethical issues involved.

A Communion of Subjects

Animals in Religion, Science, and Ethics
Author: Paul Waldau,Kimberley Patton
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231136439
Category: Religion
Page: 720
View: 6744

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A Communion of Subjects is the first comparative and interdisciplinary study of the conceptualization of animals in world religions. Scholars from a wide range of disciplines, including Thomas Berry (cultural history), Wendy Doniger (study of myth), Elizabeth Lawrence (veterinary medicine, ritual studies), Marc Bekoff (cognitive ethology), Marc Hauser (behavioral science), Steven Wise (animals and law), Peter Singer (animals and ethics), and Jane Goodall (primatology) consider how major religious traditions have incorporated animals into their belief systems, myths, rituals, and art. Their findings offer profound insights into the relationship between human beings and animals, and a deeper understanding of the social and ecological web in which we all live.

Animal Alterity

Science Fiction and the Question of the Animal
Author: Sherryl Vint
Publisher: Liverpool University Press
ISBN: 1846318157
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 269
View: 6402

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Uses readings of science fiction texts to explore the centrality of animals for our ways of thinking about human. This title argues that we are better able to perceive options for a transformed politics if we perceive our various material relations with non-human animals within a deeper understanding of the functions of the category 'animal'.