Ethics, Animals and Science


Author: Kevin Dolan
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9780632052776
Category: Medical
Page: 304
View: 994

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Ethics, Animals and Science provides an introduction to ethics, aimed especially at those who work with animals in a scientific setting. Following an introduction to ethics in general, the book goes on to concentrate on the ethical issues which are closely associated with the most commonly occurring topics in debates on the use of animals in research. An attempt is made to find common premises for discussions which in the past have often proved to be mere dialogues of the deaf.

Ethics and Animals

An Introduction
Author: Lori Gruen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139496972
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 3817

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In this comprehensive introduction to animal ethics, Lori Gruen weaves together poignant and provocative case studies with discussions of ethical theory, urging readers to engage critically and empathetically reflect on our treatment of other animals. In clear and accessible language, Gruen provides a survey of the issues central to human-animal relations and a reasoned new perspective on current key debates in the field. She analyses and explains a range of theoretical positions and poses challenging questions that directly encourage readers to hone their ethical reasoning skills and to develop a defensible position about their own practices. Her book will be an invaluable resource for students in a wide range of disciplines including ethics, environmental studies, veterinary science, women's studies, and the emerging field of animal studies and is an engaging account of the subject for general readers with no prior background in philosophy.

Animals and Science Education

Ethics, Curriculum and Pedagogy
Author: Michael P. Mueller,Deborah J. Tippins,Arthur J. Stewart
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319563750
Category: Science
Page: 265
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This book discusses how we can inspire today’s youth to engage in challenging and productive discussions around the past, present and future role of animals in science education. Animals play a large role in the sciences and science education and yet they remain one of the least visible topics in the educational literature. This book is intended to cultivate research topics, conversations, and dispositions for the ethical use of animals in science and education. This book explores the vital role of animals with/in science education, specimens, protected species, and other associated issues with regards to the role of animals in science. Topics explored include ethical, curriculum and pedagogical dimensions, involving invertebrates, engineering solutions that contribute to ecosystems, the experiences of animals under our care, aesthetic and contemplative practices alongside science, school-based ethical dialogue, nature study for promoting inquiry and sustainability, the challenge of whether animals need to be used for science whatsoever, reconceptualizing museum specimens, cultivating socioscientific issues and epistemic practice, cultural integrity and citizen science, the care and nurturance of gender-balanced curriculum choices for science education, and theoretical conversations around cultivating critical thinking skills and ethical dispositions. The diverse authors in this book take on the logic of domination and symbolic violence embodied within the scientific enterprise that has systematically subjugated animals and nature, and emboldened the anthropocentric and exploitative expressions for the future role of animals. At a time when animals are getting excluded from classrooms (too dangerous! too many allergies! too dirty!), this book is an important counterpoint. Interacting with animals helps students develop empathy, learn to care for living things, engage with content. We need more animals in the science curriculum, not less. David Sobel, Senior Faculty, Education Department, Antioch University New England

Animal Testing

Issues and Ethics
Author: Stephanie Watson
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group
ISBN: 143585022X
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 64
View: 8127

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Discusses the pros and cons of testing products intended for human use on animals, as well as the legal and ethical issues involved.

Applied Ethics in Animal Research

Philosophy, Regulation, and Laboratory Applications
Author: John P. Gluck,Tony DiPasquale,F. Barbara Orlans
Publisher: Purdue University Press
ISBN: 9781557531377
Category: Nature
Page: 188
View: 6322

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This volume is a collection of chapters all contributed by individuals who have presented their ideas at conferences and who take moderate stands with the use of animals in research. Specifically the chapters bear of the issues of: notions of the moral standings of animals, history of the methods of argumentation, knowledge of the animal mind, nature and value of regulatory structures, how respect for animals can be converted from theory to action in the laboratory. The chapters have been tempered by open discussion with individuals with different opinions and not audiences of true believers. It is the hope of all, that careful consideration of the positions in these chapters will leave reader with a deepened understanding--not necessarily a hardened position.

Science and Ethics


Author: Bernard E. Rollin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139455044
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 2774

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In Science and Ethics, Bernard Rollin examines the ideology that denies the relevance of ethics to science. Providing an introduction to basic ethical concepts, he discusses a variety of ethical issues that are relevant to science and how they are ignored, to the detriment of both science and society. These include research on human subjects, animal research, genetic engineering, biotechnology, cloning, xenotransplantation, and stem cell research. Rollin also explores the ideological agnosticism that scientists have displayed regarding subjective experience in humans and animals, and its pernicious effect on pain management. Finally, he articulates the implications of the ideological denial of ethics for the practice of science itself in terms of fraud, plagiarism, and data falsification. In engaging prose and with philosophical sophistication, Rollin cogently argues in favor of making education in ethics part and parcel of scientific training.

Animal Ethics in Animal Research


Author: Helena Röcklinsberg,Mickey Gjerris,Anna Olsson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108420613
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 7467

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An interdisciplinary in-depth analysis of the ethical issues raised by using animals in research and the related regulatory issues.

Animals As Biotechnology

Ethics, Sustainability and Critical Animal Studies
Author: Richard Twine
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 1849776350
Category: Nature
Page: 232
View: 2732

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In Animals as Biotechnology sociologist Richard Twine places the question of human/animal relations at the heart of sustainability and climate change debates. The book is shaped by the emergence of two contradictory trends within our approach to nonhuman animals: the biotechnological turn in animal sciences, which aims to increase the efficiency and profitability of meat and dairy production; and the emerging field of critical animal studies - mostly in the humanities and social sciences - which works to question the nature of our relations with other animals. The first part of the book focuses on ethics, examining critically the dominant paradigms of bioethics and power relations between human and non-human. The second part considers animal biotechnology and political economy, examining commercialisation and regulation. The final part of the book centres on discussions of sustainability, limits and an examination of the prospects for animal ethics if biotechnology becomes part of the dominant agricultural paradigm. Twine concludes by considering whether growing calls to reduce our consumption of meat/dairy products in the face of climate change threats are in fact complicit with an anthropocentric understanding of sustainability and that what is needed is a more fundamental ethical and political questioning of relations and distinctions between humans, animals and nature.

Ethics of Animal Use


Author: Peter Sandøe,Stine B. Christiansen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118691199
Category: Medical
Page: 192
View: 925

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An interesting and accessible introduction to ethical issues raised by various forms of human use of animals. This textbook avoids moral lecturing and presents a range of ethical viewpoints without defending or applying any specific stance. Readers are encouraged and provoked to reflect for themselves, and to sharpen their own points of view regarding the ethical limits on our use of animals. They will also gain further understanding of the views held by other people. Early chapters of this interdisciplinary book cover changes over time in our view of animals, the principles of animal ethics, and different views of what counts as a good animal life. Later chapters apply the conceptual tools to specific issues including: food animal production, advanced veterinary treatment of pets, control of infectious diseases, wildlife management, as well as the use of animals in research. Specifically designed for students of veterinary medicine, animal science, welfare and behaviour, and veterinary nursing. Also of interest to those wanting to combine an up-to-date, science-based account of animal issues with clear-headed moral reflection. "The book covers an impressive range of topics with accuracy and fairness. Despite its ambitious scope, the authors have achieved remarkable unity in the book, and have produced a book that is easy and pleasant to read. Their work will surely provide a major tool for rationalizing the debate about the ethics of animal use, and I commend them for their invaluable contribution." From the Foreword by Professor Bernard Rollin, Colorado State University.

Voracious Science and Vulnerable Animals

A Primate Scientist's Ethical Journey
Author: John P. Gluck
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022637565X
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 313
View: 3569

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Presents an account of how the author, trained as a behavioral scientist in the 1960s, came to grapple with the uncomfortable justifications offered for the use of primates in research labs, and became one of the scientists at the forefront of the movement to end research experiments on primates

The Ethics of Animal Research

Exploring the Controversy
Author: Jeremy R. Garrett
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262300850
Category: Medical
Page: 356
View: 6564

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An estimated 100 million nonhuman vertebrates worldwide--including primates, dogs, cats, rabbits, hamsters, birds, rats, and mice--are bred, captured, or otherwise acquired every year for research purposes. Much of this research is seriously detrimental to the welfare of these animals, causing pain, distress, injury, or death. This book explores the ethical controversies that have arisen over animal research, examining closely the complex scientific, philosophical, moral, and legal issues involved. Defenders of animal research face a twofold challenge: they must make a compelling case for the unique benefits offered by animal research; and they must provide a rationale for why these benefits justify treating animal subjects in ways that would be unacceptable for human subjects. This challenge is at the heart of the book. Some contributors argue that it can be met fairly easily; others argue that it can never be met; still others argue that it can sometimes be met, although not necessarily easily. Their essays consider how moral theory can be brought to bear on the practical ethical questions raised by animal research, examine the new challenges raised by the emerging possibilities of biotechnology, and consider how to achieve a more productive dialogue on this polarizing subject. The book's careful blending of theoretical and practical considerations and its balanced arguments make it valuable for instructors as well as for scholars and practitioners.

Animals, Ethics and Trade

The Challenge of Animal Sentience
Author: Joyce D'Silva,Jacky Turner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136571698
Category: Nature
Page: 312
View: 1500

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Modern urban life cuts us off from direct connection with the animal world, yet daily the lives of millions of animals are affected by what we consume and wear and what we trade in. The use of animals for food, labour and pleasure pursuits has long been justified with the assumption that unlike humans, animals aren't fully sentient beings. In recent years, however, science has revealed an astonishing array of complex animal behaviour, and scientists and policy makers now accept that the animals we make use of are indeed conscious, with preferences and intentions. The implications for our culture of factory farming, fast food and rainforest liquidation are staggering. In this powerful book, internationally renowned experts on animal behaviour and agriculture such as Jane Goodall, Tim Lang and Vandana Shiva are brought together with ethicists, religious scholars, international industry and regulators for the first time to debate these critical issues and tackle the profound implications of animal sentience. The first sections discuss scientific and ethical perspectives on the consciousness, emotions and mental abilities of animals. Later sections address how human activities such as science, law, religion, farming, food production, trade, development and education respect or ignore animals' sentience and welfare, and review the options for changes in our policies, our practices and our thinking. The result is nothing less than a stark and necessary look into the heart of humanity and the ethics that govern our animal powered society.

Science and the Self

Animals, Evolution, and Ethics: Essays in Honour of Mary Midgley
Author: Ian James Kidd,Liz McKinnell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131748293X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 252
View: 867

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Mary Midgley is one of the most important moral philosophers working today. Over the last thirty years, her writings have informed debates concerning animals, the environment and evolutionary theory. The invited essays in this volume offer critical reflections upon Midgley’s work and further developments of her ideas. The contributors include many of the leading commentators on her work, including distinguished figures from the disciplines of philosophy, biology, and ethology. The range of topics includes the moral status of animals, the concept of wickedness, science and mythology, Midgley’s relationship to modern moral philosophy, and her relationship with Iris Murdoch. It also includes the first full bibliography of Midgley’s writings. The volume is the first major study of its kind and brings together contributions from the many disciplines which Midgley’s work has influenced. It provides a clear account of the themes and significance of her work and its implications for ongoing debates about our understanding of our place within the world.

Ethics and Science

An Introduction
Author: Adam Briggle,Carl Mitcham
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521878411
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 388
View: 5910

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This book explores ethical issues at the interfaces of science, policy, religion and technology, cultivating the skills for critical analysis.

Animal Alternatives, Welfare, and Ethics

Proceedings of the 2nd World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences, Held in Utrecht, the Netherlands, 20-24 October 1996
Author: L. F. M. van Zutphen,Michael Balls
Publisher: Elsevier Science Limited
ISBN: N.A
Category: Nature
Page: 1260
View: 578

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Hardbound. The objective of this conference was to: - provide a global overview of the present status of replacement alternatives, reduction alternatives and refinement alternatives; - review the progress that has been made with respect to their implementation within the fields of biomedical research, testing and education; - promote the exchange of information on recent developments in animal alternatives; and - contribute to an ongoing dialogue between the animal protection movement, the scientific community, the regulatory authorities and industry. These objectives were fully achieved, and the results have been published in this volume.The contents of this book provide an up-to-date overview of the various aspects dealing with the development, validation and use of animal alternatives. In addition, current topics on animal welfare and ethical aspects of animal experiments are covered

For Our Children

The Ethics of Animal Experimentation in the Age of Genetic Engineering
Author: Anders Nordgren
Publisher: Rodopi
ISBN: 9042028041
Category: Medical
Page: 198
View: 550

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Values in Bioethics (ViB), co-sponsored by the International Association of Bioethics, makes available original philosophical books in all areas of bioethics, including medical and nursing ethics, health care ethics, research ethics, environmental ethics, and global bioethics. This book provides an overview of different ethical views on animal experimentation. It proposes a middle course between those that are very critical and those very positive. It supports this position by an argument from species care according to which we have special obligations to our children and other humans due to special relations. Special attention is given to genetically modified animals. The Value Inquiry Book Series (VIBS) is an international scholarly program, founded in 1992 by Robert Ginsberg, that publishes philosophical books in all areas of value inquiry, including social and political thought, ethics, applied philosophy, aesthetics, feminism, pragmatism, personalism, religious values, medical and health values, values in education, values in science and technology, humanistic psychology, cognitive science, formal axiology, history of philosophy, post-communist thought, peace theory, law and society, and theory of culture.

A New Basis for Animal Ethics

Telos and Common Sense
Author: Bernard E. Rollin
Publisher: University of Missouri Press
ISBN: 0826273661
Category: Philosophy
Page: 212
View: 5384

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This book, the culmination of forty years of theorizing about the moral status of animals, explicates and justifies society’s moral obligation to animals in terms of the commonsense metaphysics and ethics ofAristotle’s concept of telos. Rollin uses this concept to assert that humans have a responsibility to treat animals ethically. Aristotle used the concept, from the Greek word for "end" or "purpose," as the core explanatory concept for the world we live in. We understand what an animal is by what it does. This is the nature of an animal, and helps us understand our obligations to animals.

The Experimental Animal in Biomedical Research

A Survey of Scientific and Ethical Issues for Investigators
Author: Bernard E. Rollin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849349812
Category: Medical
Page: 464
View: 6814

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The Experimental Animal in Biomedical Research provides a concise, useful survey of knowledge regarding laboratory animal care. Volume I addresses researchers who use animals and focuses on how to maximize the welfare of animals used in research.