Essays Sociology Knowledge


Author: Karl Mannheim
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136187472
Category: Social Science
Page: 336
View: 414

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First published in 1952. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

An Introduction to the Sociology of Ignorance

Essays on the Limits of Knowing
Author: Linsey McGoey
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317674391
Category: Social Science
Page: 131
View: 2925

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Ignorance is typically thought of as the absence or opposite of knowledge. In global societies that equate knowledge with power, ignorance is seen as a liability that can and should be overcome through increased education and access to information. In recent years, scholars from the social sciences, natural sciences and humanities have challenged this assumption, and have explored the ways in which ignorance can serve as a vital resource – perhaps the most vital resource – in social and political life. In this seminal volume, leading theorists of ignorance from anthropology, sociology and legal studies explore the productive role of ignorance in maintaining and destabilizing political regimes, entrenching corporate power, and shaping policy developments in climate science, global health, and global economic governance. From debates over death tolls during the war in Iraq, to the root causes of the global financial crisis, to poverty reduction strategies at the World Bank, contributors shed light on the unexpected ways that ignorance is actively harnessed by both the powerful and the marginalized in order to achieve different objectives. This eye-opening volume suggests that to understand power today, we must enrich our understanding of ignorance. This book was originally published as a special issue of Economy and Society.

The Sociology of Knowledge

An Essay in Aid of a Deeper Understanding of the History of Ideas
Author: Werner Stark
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415175197
Category: Social Science
Page: 356
View: 2846

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First Published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Marxism and Leninism

Different Ideologies : an Essay in the Sociology of Knowledge
Author: John H. Kautsky
Publisher: HOEPLI EDITORE
ISBN: 9780765809117
Category: Political Science
Page: 141
View: 1423

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One of the pre-eminent scholars in the history and theory of European socialism, John Kautsky in this volume develops the argument that Marxism and Leninism are two quite different ideologies. He counterposes this view with the commonly accepted one of Leninism as simply one form that Marxism took in the course of its evolution. The easy identification of Marxism and Leninism with each other has been responsible for great confusion in the realm of both scholarly and political discourse. Kautsky develops his position within the tradition of the sociology of knowledge, by the close examination of the different meanings of the Marxist vocabulary as it was used by Marxists and Leninists. His frame of reference turns on the position of labor in turn-of-the-century industrial Europe and the role of modernizing intellectuals in underdeveloped countries. While the vocabulary used was often common to Marx and Lenin, Marxism was explicitly concerned with appeals to workers in industrial nations such as Germany and Austria, whereas Leninism appeals to revolutionaries in underdeveloped nations such as Russia and China. Whatever be the current assessment of the future of socialism and communism, Kautsky holds that it is important to study the core structure of both Marxism and Leninism, since they were major phenomena that powerfully affected the world in the twentieth century. Beyond that, in dealing with how different ideologies can be ensconced within the same rhetoric, the book offers an outstanding entrance into the sociology of knowledge as a tool for political analysis. This is a unique work in the function of language no less than the nature of ideology. The work is divided into five parts: Two environments, two ideologies, one terminology. The evolution of Marxism, its appeals in the German Empire. The evolution of Leninism, its appeals to strata involved in making modernizing revolutions. The differential outcomes of Marxism in the East and Leninism in the West. And finally, an examination of why Marxism and Leninism have been seen as a single ideology. In a new essay prepared for this new edition, Kautsky provides important autobiographical as well as historical reflections on how this book fits into the overall pattern of the author's work.

Knowledge and Passion

Essays in Sociology and Social Theory in Honour of John Rex
Author: Herminio Martins
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781850433231
Category: Social Science
Page: 284
View: 7843

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This is a collection of essays in honour of John Rex who is Professor of Sociology at Warwick University. The essays aim to reflect and honour the moral and social commitment manifested in Rex's work, especially in the field of race relations. Among the contributors in the collection are Martin Albrow, Margaret Archer, Richard Brown, Robin Cohen, Peter Lassman, Robert Moore, Roland Robertson and Leslie Sklair.

Evolutionary Epistemology, Rationality, and the Sociology of Knowledge


Author: Gerard Radnitzky,Karl Raimund Popper
Publisher: Open Court Publishing
ISBN: 9780812690392
Category: Philosophy
Page: 475
View: 6888

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This collection of essays in support of the theory of evolutionary epistemology includes articles by Karl Popper, Peter Munz and Gerhard Vollmer. This volume attempts to show how an evolutionary and non-justificational approach affects the sociology of knowledge.

The Social Construction of Reality

A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge
Author: Peter L. Berger,Thomas Luckmann
Publisher: Open Road Media
ISBN: 1453215468
Category: Social Science
Page: 219
View: 8486

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The classic work that redefined the sociology of knowledge and has inspired a generation of philosophers and thinkers In this seminal book, Peter L. Berger and Thomas Luckmann examine how knowledge forms and how it is preserved and altered within a society. Unlike earlier theorists and philosophers, Berger and Luckmann go beyond intellectual history and focus on commonsense, everyday knowledge—the proverbs, morals, values, and beliefs shared among ordinary people. When first published in 1966, this systematic, theoretical treatise introduced the term social construction,effectively creating a new thought and transforming Western philosophy.

States of Knowledge

The Co-Production of Science and the Social Order
Author: Sheila Jasanoff
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134328338
Category: Social Science
Page: 336
View: 6910

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Notes on contributors Acknowledgements 1. The Idiom of Co-production Sheila Jasanoff 2. Ordering Knowledge, Ordering Society Sheila Jasanoff 3. Climate Science and the Making of a Global Political Order Clark A. Miller 4. Co-producing CITES and the African Elephant Charis Thompson 5. Knowledge and Political Order in the European Environment Agency Claire Waterton and Brian Wynne 6. Plants, Power and Development: Founding the Imperial Department of Agriculture for the West Indies, 1880-1914 William K. Storey 7. Mapping Systems and Moral Order: Constituting property in genome laboratories Stephen Hilgartner 8. Patients and Scientists in French Muscular Dystrophy Research Vololona Rabeharisoa and Michel Callon 9. Circumscribing Expertise: Membership categories in courtroom testimony Michael Lynch 10. The Science of Merit and the Merit of Science: Mental order and social order in early twentieth-century France and America John Carson 11. Mysteries of State, Mysteries of Nature: Authority, knowledge and expertise in the seventeenth century Peter Dear 12. Reconstructing Sociotechnical Order: Vannevar Bush and US science policy Michael Aaron Dennis 13. Science and the Political Imagination in Contemporary Democracies Yaron Ezrah 14. Afterword Sheila Jasanoff References Index

The New Sociology of Knowledge

The Life and Work of Peter L. Berger
Author: Michaela Pfadenhauer,Peter L. Berger
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412849896
Category: Social Science
Page: 152
View: 4775

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A classical sociologist can be defined as someone whose "works occupied a central position among the sociological ideas and notions of an era." Following this criterion, Michaela Pfadenhauer demonstrates the relevance of Peter L. Berger's work to the sociology of knowledge. Pfadenhauer shows that Berger is not only a sociologist of religion, but one whose works are characterized by a sociology-of-knowledge perspective. Berger stands out among his fellow social scientists both quantitatively and qualitatively. He has written numerous books, which have been translated into many languages, and a multitude of essays in scholarly journals and popular magazines. For decades, he has played a role in shaping both public debate and social scientific discourse in America and far beyond. As a sociologist of knowledge, Berger has played three roles: he has been a theoretician of modern life, an analyst of modern religiosity, and an empiricist of global economic culture. In all areas, the focus on processes rather than status quo is characteristic of Berger's thinking. This book provides an in-depth view on the critical thinking of one of the most important sociologists that present times has to offer. It includes four written essays by Berger.

The Sociology of Knowledge

An Essay in Aid of a Deeper Understanding of the History of Ideas
Author: Stark F. Werner,
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136226435
Category: Social Science
Page: 368
View: 4807

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First Published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Norbert Elias and Modern Sociology

Knowledge, Interdependence, Power, Process
Author: Eric Dunning,Jason Hughes
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 178093226X
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 239
View: 4714

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This book endeavours to bring the sociology of Elias to a new and wider audience through offering accessible explanations of some of his key ideas.

Being Alive

Essays on Movement, Knowledge and Description
Author: Tim Ingold
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136735429
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 5510

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Anthropology is a disciplined inquiry into the conditions and potentials of human life. Generations of theorists, however, have expunged life from their accounts, treating it as the mere output of patterns, codes, structures or systems variously defined as genetic or cultural, natural or social. Building on his classic work The Perception of the Environment, Tim Ingold sets out to restore life to where it should belong, at the heart of anthropological concern. Being Alive ranges over such themes as the vitality of materials, what it means to make things, the perception and formation of the ground, the mingling of earth and sky in the weather-world, the experiences of light, sound and feeling, the role of storytelling in the integration of knowledge, and the potential of drawing to unite observation and description. Our humanity, Ingold argues, does not come ready-made but is continually fashioned in our movements along ways of life. Starting from the idea of life as a process of wayfaring, Ingold presents a radically new understanding of movement, knowledge and description as dimensions not just of being in the world, but of being alive to what is going on there.

Exile and Creativity

Signposts, Travelers, Outsiders, Backward Glances
Author: Susan Rubin Suleiman
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822322153
Category: Psychology
Page: 449
View: 7679

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Essays from prominent critics on exile, displacement and homelessness.

Philosophy of Anthropology and Sociology

A Volume in the Handbook of the Philosophy of Science Series
Author: N.A
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080466648
Category: Philosophy
Page: 900
View: 9109

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This volume concerns philosophical issues that arise from the practice of anthropology and sociology. The essays cover a wide range of issues, including traditional questions in the philosophy of social science as well as those specific to these disciplines. Authors attend to the historical development of the current debates and set the stage for future work. · Comprehensive survey of philosophical issues in anthropology and sociology · Historical discussion of important debates · Applications to current research in anthropology and sociology

Embattled Reason

Essays on Social Knowledge
Author: Reinhard Bendix
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781412822442
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 480
View: 1754

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Embattled Reason constitutes an intellectual profile of one of America's preeminent sociologists. This collection of essays, published over the course of thirty years, embodies a series of intellectual choices in response to current concerns and to debates of the past, affording a coherent and unified view of Bendix's work as a whole. The articles are grouped under three headings. In "Conditions of Knowledge" the author is concerned with the value assumptions basic to the social sciences. Under "Theoretical Perspectives" the author presents the guiding considerations of his own work in a continuing dialogue with such thinkers as Tocqueville, Marx, Durkheim, and Weber. In the last section, "Studies of Modernization," Bendix takes up problems involved in an analysis of social change though a reexamination of evolutionist assumptions. Reinhard Bendix is professor of sociology and political science at the University of California, Berkeley.

Scientific Knowledge and Sociological Theory


Author: Barry Barnes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135029016
Category: Reference
Page: 208
View: 9798

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Originally published in 1974. Scientific Knowledge and Sociological Theory centres on the problem of explaining the manifest variety and contrast in the beliefs about nature held in different groups and societies. It maintains that the sociologist should treat all beliefs symmetrically and must investigate and account for allegedly "correct" or "scientific" beliefs just as he would "incorrect" or "unscientific" ones. From this basic position a study of scientific beliefs is constructed. The sociological interest of such beliefs is illustrated and a sociological perspective upon scientific change is developed.

Knowledge and the Norm of Assertion

An Essay in Philosophical Science
Author: John Turri
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
ISBN: 1783741864
Category: Philosophy
Page: 126
View: 3771

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Language is a human universal reflecting our deeply social nature. Among its essential functions, language enables us to quickly and efficiently share information. We tell each other that many things are true—that is, we routinely make assertions. Information shared this way plays a critical role in the decisions and plans we make. In Knowledge and the Norm of Assertion, a distinguished philosopher and cognitive scientist investigates the rules or norms that structure our social practice of assertion. Combining evidence from philosophy, psychology, and biology, John Turri shows that knowledge is the central norm of assertion and explains why knowledge plays this role. Concise, comprehensive, non-technical, and thoroughly accessible, this volume quickly brings readers to the cutting edge of a major research program at the intersection of philosophy and science. It presupposes no philosophical or scientific training. It will be of interest to philosophers and scientists, is suitable for use in graduate and undergraduate courses, and will appeal to general readers interested in human nature, social cognition, and communication.

Museums, Power, Knowledge

Selected Essays
Author: Tony Bennett
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317198093
Category: Social Science
Page: 340
View: 831

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Few perspectives have invigorated the development of critical museum studies over the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries as much as Foucault’s account of the relations between knowledge and power and their role in processes of governing. Within this literature, Tony Bennett’s work stands out as having marked a series of strategic engagements with Foucault’s work to offer a critical genealogy of the public museum, offering an account of its nineteenth-century and early twentieth-century development that has been constantly alert to the politics of museums in the present. Museums, Power, Knowledge brings together new research with a set of essays initially published in diverse contexts, making available for the first time the full range of Bennett’s critical museology. Ranging across natural history, anthropological art, geological and history museums and their precursors in earlier collecting institutions, and spanning the eighteenth to the twenty-first centuries in discussing museum practices in Britain, Australia, the USA, France and Japan, it offers a compelling account of the shifting political logics of museums over the modern period. As a collection that aims to bring together the ‘signature’ work of a museum theorist and historian whose work has long occupied a distinctive place in museum/society debates, Museums, Power, Knowledge will be of interest to researchers, teachers and students working in the fields of museum and heritage studies, cultural history, cultural studies and sociology, as well as museum professionals and museum visitors.