Epistemology and Practice

Durkheim's The Elementary Forms of Religious Life
Author: Anne Warfield Rawls
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139441322
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 9542

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In this original and controversial book Professor Rawls argues that Durkheim's The Elementary Forms of Religious Life is the crowning achievement of his sociological endeavour and that since its publication in English in 1915 it has been consistently misunderstood. Rather than a work on primitive religion or the sociology of knowledge, Rawls asserts that it is an attempt by Durkheim to establish a unique epistemological basis for the study of sociology and moral relations. By privileging social practice over beliefs and ideas, it avoids the dilemmas inherent in philosophical approaches to knowledge and morality that are based on individualism and the tendency to privilege beliefs and ideas over practices, both tendencies that dominate western thought. Based on detailed textual analysis of the primary text, this book will be an important and original contribution to contemporary debates on social theory and philosophy.

The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life


Author: Émile Durkheim
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486120449
Category: Social Science
Page: 480
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A founder of modern sociology examines animism, naturism, totemism, myth, and ritual in this 1912 classic, which traces the source of religion and morality to a collective consciousness.

On Durkheim's Elementary Forms of Religious Life


Author: N.J. Allen,W.S.F. Pickering,W. Watts Miller
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134715021
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 3468

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This is the first collection of essays to be published on Durkheim's masterpiece The Elementary Forms of Religious Life. It represents the work of the most important international Durkheim scholars from the fields of anthropology, philosophy and sociology. The essays focus on key topics including: * the method Durkheim adopted in his study * the role of ritual and belief in society * the nature of contemporary religion The contributors also explore cutting-edge debates about the notion of the soul and collective rituals.

Sociological Objects

Reconfigurations of Social Theory
Author: Ruth Rettie,Dr Andrew King,Mr Geoff Cooper
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409491544
Category: Social Science
Page: 218
View: 3019

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What are the aims of sociology? What are its objects of study? How relevant is the classical tradition to the practice of sociology today? This volume brings together internationally renowned and new scholars to consider the changing relationship between contemporary and classical sociology. Arguing that recent historical and theoretical developments make reconsideration timely, it suggests that whilst the classical tradition has a continuing pertinence, it is inevitably subject to ongoing reconfiguration. Assessing the explanatory value of classical and contemporary forms of sociology, interrogating social theory as both a form of explanation and a mode of practice, and considering the possible consequences for the discipline of questions about its subject matter, Sociological Objects steers a course between assertions about radical epistemological breaks on the one hand, and reverence for the classical tradition on the other. Rather, it emphasizes the value of reworking, reconsidering and reconfiguring sociological thought.

Durkheim's Philosophy of Science and the Sociology of Knowledge

Creating an Intellectual Niche
Author: Warren Schmaus
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226742519
Category: Science
Page: 314
View: 9583

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In this demonstration of the link between philosophy of science and scientific practice, Warren Schmaus argues that Durkheim's philosophy is crucial to his sociology. Through a reinterpretation of the relation between Durkheim's major philosophical and sociological works, Schmaus argues that Durkheim's sociology is more than a collection of general observations about society—it reflects a richly constructed theory of the meanings and causes of social life. Schmaus shows how Durkheim sought to make sociology more rigorous by introducing scientific methods of analysis and explanation into the study of society. Durkheim tried to reveal how implicit, commonly held beliefs actually govern people's lives. Through an original interpretation of Durkheim's landmark writings, Schmaus argues that Durkheim, in his empirical studies, refined both the methods of sociology and a theory about society's shared knowledge and practices. This book opens a new window on the development of Durkheim's thought and demonstrates how a philosophy of science can inspire the rise of a new science.

Alternative Sociologies of Religion

Through Non-Western Eyes
Author: James V. Spickard
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479826634
Category: Religion
Page: 336
View: 7486

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Alternative Sociologies of Religion explores what the sociology of religion would look like had it emerged in a Confucian, Muslim, or Native American culture rather than in a Christian one. Sociology has long used Western Christianity as a model for all religious life. As a result, the field has tended to highlight aspects of religion that Christians find important, such as religious beliefs and formal organizations, while paying less attention to other elements. Rather than simply criticizing such limitations, James V. Spickard imagines what the sociology of religion would look like had it arisen in three non-Western societies. What aspects of religion would scholars see more clearly if they had been raised in Confucian China? What could they learn about religion from Ibn Khaldun, the famed 14th century Arab scholar? What would they better understand, had they been born Navajo, whose traditional religion certainly does not revolve around beliefs and organizations? Through these thought experiments, Spickard shows how non-Western ideas understand some aspects of religions--even of Western religions--better than does standard sociology. The volume shows how non-Western frameworks can shed new light on several different dimensions of religious life, including the question of who maintains religious communities, the relationships between religion and ethnicity as sources of social ties, and the role of embodied experience in religious rituals. These approaches reveal central aspects of contemporary religions that the dominant way of doing sociology fails to notice. Each approach also provides investigators with new theoretical resources to guide them deeper into their subjects. The volume makes a compelling case for adopting a global perspective in the social sciences.

Durkheim on Religion

A Selection of Readings with Bibliographies and Introductory Remarks
Author: W. S. F. Pickering,Emile Durkheim
Publisher: Casemate Publishers
ISBN: 0227173457
Category: Social Science
Page: 376
View: 1797

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Durkheim is universally recognised as one of the founding fathers of sociology with his work enabling sociology to be accepted as a discipline within the academic world. What is presented here is a selection of readings from Durkheim's work on religion, beginning with early reviews and proceeding with articles and extracts from books, presented in order of original publication. Also included are detailed bibliographies and abstracts together with contributions by such writers as Van Gennep, Goldenweiser and Stanner.

The Institutional Dynamics of Culture

The New Durkheimians
Author: Perri 6,Gerald Mars
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing Company
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 463
View: 2989

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These two volumes present the most important recent developments in the institutional theory of culture and demonstrate their practical applications. The influence of this theory has, in recent years, permeated all the main disciplines of social science with substantial implications for politics, history, business, work and organizations, the environment, technology and risk, and crime and consumption. Today, the institutional theory of culture now rivals the rational choice, Weberian and postmodern outlooks in influence across the social sciences.

Toward A Sociological Theory of Information


Author: Harold Garfinkel,Anne Rawls
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317250257
Category: Social Science
Page: 342
View: 9042

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In 1952 at Princeton University, Harold Garfinkel developed a sociological theory of information. Other prominent theories then being worked out at Princeton, including game theory, neglected the social elements of "information," modeling a rational individual whose success depends on completeness of both reason and information. In real life these conditions are not possible and these approaches therefore have always had limited and problematic practical application. Garfinkel's sociological theory treats information as a thoroughly organized social phenomenon in a way that addresses these shortcomings comprehensively. Although famous as a sociologist of everyday life, Garfinkel focuses in this new book-never before published-on the concerns of large-scale organization and decisionmaking. In the fifty years since Garfinkel wrote this treatise, there has been no systematic treatment of the problems and issues he raises. Nor has anyone proposed a theory of information like the one he proposed. Many of the same problems that troubled theorists of information and predictable order in 1952 are still problematic today.

Durkheim and Representations


Author: W. S. F. Pickering
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113465538X
Category: Social Science
Page: 200
View: 9731

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Durkheim's sociological thought is based on the premise that the world cannot be known as a thing in itself, but only through representations, rough approximations of the world created either individually or collectively. This set of papers by leading Durkheimians from Britain, America and continental Europe is the first concentrated attempt to understand what he meant by representations, how his understanding of the term was influenced by Kant and by neo-Kantians like Charles Renouvier and how his use of the concept in his work developed over time. By arguing that his use of representations at the the core of Durkheim's sociological thought, this book makes a unique contribution to Durkheimian studies which have recently been dominated by positivist and functionalist interpretations, and reveals a thinker very much in tune with contemporary developments in philosophy, linguistics and sociology.

Sociology

A Seventh-Day Adventist Approach for Students and Teachers
Author: Lionel Matthews
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781883925550
Category: Religion
Page: 133
View: 2601

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In this philosophical overview, Matthews examines key issues such as why Christians should study sociology, how sociology can facilitate faith integration, and how the church should relate to the challenge of post-modernism. His work is the third volume in the Faith and Learning series published by Andrews University Press.

Rethinking Durkheim and his Tradition


Author: Warren Schmaus
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139454629
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 7557

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This book offers a reassessment of the work of Emile Durkheim in the context of a French philosophical tradition that had seriously misinterpreted Kant by interpreting his theory of the categories as psychological faculties. Durkheim's sociological theory of the categories, as revealed by Warren Schmaus, is an attempt to provide an alternative way of understanding Kant. For Durkheim the categories are necessary conditions for human society. The concepts of causality, space and time underpin the moral rules and obligations that make society possible. A particularly interesting feature of this book is its transcendence of the distinction between intellectual and social history by placing Durkheim's work in the context of the French educational establishment of the Third Republic. It does this by subjecting student notes and philosophy textbooks to the same sort of critical analysis typically applied only to the classics of philosophy.

Norbert Elias and Social Theory


Author: François Dépelteau,T. Landini
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137312114
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 330
View: 6715

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This book will compare the approach and works of Norbert Elias, well known for his analysis of the civilizing process, his work on sport and violence and, more largely, his figurational approach, with other important social theories both classical and contemporary.

Pragmatism and Sociology


Author: Emile Durkheim,John B. Allcock
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521246866
Category: Political Science
Page: 143
View: 887

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Ritual and Religion in the Making of Humanity


Author: Roy A. Rappaport
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521296908
Category: Religion
Page: 535
View: 848

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Roy Rappaport argues that religion is central to the continuing evolution of life, although it has been been displaced from its original position of intellectual authority by the rise of modern science. His book, which could be construed as in some degree religious as well as about religion, insists that religion can and must be reconciled with science. Combining adaptive and cognitive approaches to the study of humankind, he mounts a comprehensive analysis of religion's evolutionary significance, seeing it as co-extensive with the invention of language and hence of culture as we know it. At the same time he assembles the fullest study yet of religion's main component, ritual, which constructs the conceptions which we take to be religious and has been central in the making of humanity's adaptation. The text amounts to a manual for effective ritual, illustrated by examples drawn from anthropology, history, philosophy, comparative religion, and elsewhere.

Ritual and the Sacred

A Neo-Durkheimian Analysis of Politics, Religion and the Self
Author: Prof Dr Massimo Rosati
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409491803
Category: Social Science
Page: 180
View: 2219

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Ritual and the Sacred discusses some of the most important issues of modern socio-political life through the lens of a neo-Durkheimian perspective. Building on the main lesson of Durkheim's Elementary Forms of Religious Life, this book articulates values and practices common to non-Western and religious traditions that have the capacity to shape our modern way of living. Central to this volume is the question of modernity and scepticism with regard to mainstream Western wisdom; Rosati focuses on the notion of societal self-reassessment and self-revision, illustrating a willingness to learn from ‘primitive’ societies. This reassessment necessitates us to rethink the central roles played by ritual and the sacred as building blocks of social and individual life, both of which remain salient features within the modern world. This title will be of key interest to sociologists of religion, philosophy politics and social theorists.

Durkheim's Sociology of Religion

Themes and Theories
Author: W. S. F. Pickering
Publisher: Casemate Publishers
ISBN: 0227172973
Category: Religion
Page: 577
View: 8282

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Religion is central to Durkheim's theory of society, and his work laid most of the foundations of the sociology of religion. Daring and brilliant though his analysis was, its bold claims and questionable premises has made it the subject of ongoing academic debate. Durkheim's work on the subject reached a peak with the publication in 1912 of what turned out to be a classic in its field, The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life. No other book has explained Durkheim's views on religion using the whole corpus of his writings. Dr Pickering shows how Durkheim's position developed and explains the themes and theories that run through Durkheim's work. This includes Durkheim's attitude towards secularisation and Christian churches, as well as his notion of the contemporary cult of the individual.

The Mana of Mass Society


Author: William Mazzarella
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022643639X
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 5184

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We often invoke the “magic” of mass media to describe seductive advertising or charismatic politicians. In The Mana of Mass Society, William Mazzarella asks what happens to social theory if we take that idea seriously. How would it change our understanding of publicity, propaganda, love, and power? Mazzarella reconsiders the concept of “mana,” which served in early anthropology as a troubled bridge between “primitive” ritual and the fascination of mass media. Thinking about mana, Mazzarella shows, means rethinking some of our most fundamental questions: What powers authority? What in us responds to it? Is the mana that animates an Aboriginal ritual the same as the mana that energizes a revolutionary crowd, a consumer public, or an art encounter? At the intersection of anthropology and critical theory, The Mana of Mass Society brings recent conversations around affect, sovereignty, and emergence into creative contact with classic debates on religion, charisma, ideology, and aesthetics.