Epidemiological Criminology

A Public Health Approach to Crime and Violence
Author: Timothy A. Akers,Roberto H. Potter,Carl V. Hill
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470638893
Category: Medical
Page: 400
View: 8577

Continue Reading →

"Written by the three leading experts in the field, this book combines an introduction to the sources and methods of epidemiological criminology and an application of these methods to some of the most vexing problems now confronting researchers and practitioners in public health and criminology. The book describes, explains, and applies the newly formulated practice of epidemiological criminology, an emerging discipline that links methods and statistical models of public health, particularly epidemiological theory, methods, and models, with the corresponding tools of their criminal justice counterparts. The book also applies epidemiological criminology as a practical tool to address population issues of violence and crime on a national and global basis"--Provided by publisher.

Epidemiological Criminology

Theory to Practice
Author: Eve Waltermaurer,Timothy A. Akers
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136184910
Category: Social Science
Page: 280
View: 8727

Continue Reading →

Epidemiological criminology is an emerging paradigm which explores the public health outcomes associated with engagement in crime and criminal justice. This book engages with this new theory and practice-based discipline drawing on knowledge from criminology, criminal justice, public health, epidemiology, public policy, and law to illustrate how the merging of epidemiology into the field of criminology allows for the work of both disciplines to be more interdisciplinary, evidence-based, enriched and expansive. This book brings together an innovative group of exemplary researchers and practitioners to discuss applications and provide examples of epidemiological criminology. It is divided into three sections; the first explores the integration of epidemiology and criminology through theory and methods, the second section focuses on special populations in epidemiological criminology research and the role of race, ethnicity, age, gender and space as it plays out in health outcomes among offenders and victims of crime, and the final section explores the role policy and practice plays in worsening and improving the health outcomes among those engaged in the criminal justice system. Epidemiological Criminology is the first text to bring together, in one source, the existing interdisciplinary work of academics and professionals that merge the fields of criminology and criminal justice to public health and epidemiology. It will be of interest to academics and students in the fields of criminology, epidemiology, and public health, as well as clinical psychologists, law and government policy analysts and those working within the criminal justice system.

Social Work Practice with African Americans in Urban Environments


Author: Dr. Halaevalu F.O. Vakalahi, PhD,Rhonda Wells-Wilbon, DSW, MSW, LICSW, LCSW-C,Anna R. McPhatter, PhD, LCSW
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826130755
Category: Social Science
Page: 352
View: 8745

Continue Reading →

The experiences of African Americans in urban communities are distinct from those of other ethnic groups, and to be truly understood require an in-depth appreciation of the interface between micro- and macro-level factors. This sweeping text, an outgrowth of a groundbreaking urban social work curriculum, focuses exclusively on the African-American experience through field education, community engagement, and practice. It presents a framework for urban social work practice that encompasses a deep understanding of the challenges faced by this community. From a perspective based on empowerment, strengths, and resilience; cultural competence; and multi-culturalism; the book delivers proven strategies for social work practice with the urban African-American population. It facilities the development of creative thinking skills and the ability to ìmeet people where they are,î skills that are often necessary for true transformation to take root. The book describes an overarching framework for understanding and practicing urban social work, including definitions and theories that have critical implications for working with people in such communities. It encompasses the contributions of African American pioneers regarding a response to such challenges as poverty, oppression, and racism. Focusing on the theory, practice, and policy aspects of urban social work, the book examines specific subsets of the urban African-American population including children, adults, families and older adults. It addresses the challenges of urban social work in relation to public health, health, and mental health; substance abuse; criminal justice; and violence prevention. Additionally, the book discusses how to navigate the urban built environment and the intersection between African Americans and other diverse groups. Chapters include outcome measures of effectiveness, case studies, review questions, suggested activities, and supplemental readings. Key Features: Fills a void in the literature on urban social work practice with African Americans Presents the outgrowth of a renowned urban curriculum, field education, research, community engagement, and practice Fulfills the requirements of the CSWE in the Educational Policy and Accreditation Standards regarding diversity Synthesizes micro, mezzo, and macro content in each chapter Provides contributions from African-American pioneers in urban social work practice

The World of Crime

Breaking the Silence on Problems of Security, Justice and Development Across the World
Author: Jan Van Dijk
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412956781
Category: Social Science
Page: 435
View: 7693

Continue Reading →

"The book is an important text for undergraduate courses with a comparative focus such as Comparative Criminal Justice, Introduction to Criminology, and Introduction to Criminal Justice in departments of criminology, criminal justice, and sociology."--BOOK JACKET.

Key Correctional Issues


Author: Roslyn Muraskin
Publisher: Pearson College Division
ISBN: 9780135154267
Category: Political Science
Page: 371
View: 9969

Continue Reading →

This concise book discusses a broad range of correctional issues and explores them using an engaging text/reader format. Ranging from super max facilities to inmate reentry, its precise coverage explains the interactions that exist in the area of correctional facilities from both a historical and a twenty-first century view. This new edition offers over ten new essays and features compelling contributions from leaders in the field. Selections cover various topics such as suicide, religion, technocorrections, the death penalty, women and minority prisoners, alternatives to incarceration and more, For individuals interested in or pursuing a career in corrections.

Disease and Crime

A History of Social Pathologies and the New Politics of Health
Author: Robert Peckham
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113504595X
Category: History
Page: 198
View: 4277

Continue Reading →

Disease and crime are increasingly conflated in the contemporary world. News reports proclaim "epidemics" of crime, while politicians denounce terrorism as a lethal pathological threat. Recent years have even witnessed the development of a new subfield, "epidemiological criminology," which merges public health with criminal justice to provide analytical tools for criminal justice practitioners and health care professionals. Little attention, however, has been paid to the historical contexts of these disease and crime equations, or to the historical continuities and discontinuities between contemporary invocations of crime as disease and the emergence of criminology, epidemiology, and public health in the second half of the nineteenth century. When, how and why did this pathologization of crime and criminalization of disease come about? This volume addresses these critical questions, exploring the discursive construction of crime and disease across a range of geographical and historical settings.

Critical Criminology: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide


Author: Michael J. Lynch
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199805482
Category:
Page: 46
View: 348

Continue Reading →

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of criminology find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In criminology, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Criminology, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of criminology. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.

The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice


Author: Barry C. Feld,Donna M. Bishop
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019020883X
Category: Social Science
Page: 960
View: 6601

Continue Reading →

Over the last two decades, researchers have made significant discoveries about the causes and origins of delinquency. Specifically, we have learned a great deal about adolescent development and its relationship to decision-making, about multiple factors that contribute to delinquency, and about the processes and contexts associated with the course of delinquent careers. Over the same period, public officials have made sweeping jurisprudential, jurisdictional, and procedural changes in our juvenile justice systems. The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice presents a timely compilation of state-of-the-art critical reviews of knowledge about causes of delinquency and their significance for justice policy, and about developments in the juvenile justice system to prevent and control youth crime. The first half of the handbook focuses on juvenile crime and examines trends and patterns in delinquency and victimization, explores causes of delinquency-at the individual, micro-social, and macro-social levels, and from natural and social science perspectives-and their implications for structuring a youth justice system. The second half of the handbook concentrates on juvenile justice and examines a range of issues-including the historical origins and re-invention of the juvenile court; juvenile offenders' mental health status and considerations of trial competence and culpability; intake, diversion, detention, and juvenile courts; and transfer/waiver strategies-and considers how the juvenile justice system itself influences delinquency. The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice provides a comprehensive overview of juvenile crime and juvenile justice administration by authors who are all leading scholars involved in cutting-edge research, and is an essential resource for scholars, students, and justice officials.

Criminological Theory: A Life-Course Approach


Author: Matt DeLisi,Kevin M. Beaver
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 1449681514
Category: Law
Page: 333
View: 4007

Continue Reading →

A Fully Updated Second Edition of a Groundbreaking Text The only textbook of its kind, Criminological Theory: A Life-Course Approach, Second Edition includes original chapters written by an interdisciplinary group of scholars and experts. The unique collection of contributors comes from the fields of psychology, social work, epidemiology, criminology, psychiatry, and sociology. Unlike other criminology textbooks, which focus exclusively on environmental and social correlates to criminal behavior, Criminological Theory uses a multi-disciplinary approach that synthesizes multiple factors and presents a more comprehensive picture of life-course antisocial behavior. Rather than concentrating exclusively on adolescence and adulthood, Criminological Theory examines the development of offending behaviors from birth through death. Each chapter incorporates a glossary of key terms to facilitate comprehension of topics and disciplines that might be unfamiliar to criminologists. The revised and updated second edition includes critical overviews of current research and presents avenues for future research, as well as empirical chapters featuring quantitative analyses and more traditional overview pieces. Innovative and groundbreaking, Criminological Theory: A Life-Course Approach, Second Edition is an essential text for students of criminology, criminal justice, and sociology.

Mapping the Sociology of Health and Medicine

America, Britain and Australia Compared
Author: F. Collyer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137009314
Category: Social Science
Page: 325
View: 3049

Continue Reading →

This book studies the sociology of health and medicine across three different countries, the USA, UK and Australia, examining the nature of disciplines and their specialties and posing sociological questions about the formation of intellectual fields and their social relations.

Crime, Law, and Justice


Author: Desire J. M. Anastasia,Mark M. Lanier,Douglas Klutz
Publisher: Cognella Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9781626617544
Category: Social Science
Page: 278
View: 7129

Continue Reading →

"Crime, Law, and Justice" provides students with a comprehensive introduction to the field of criminal justice and the criminal justice system. Based on both criminological research and theoretical analysis, the anthology addresses the types and extent of crimes, the role of criminal and constitutional law, law enforcement, corrections, probation, and parole. Students will read articles on why people commit crimes, the criminal man, and crime, criminals, and victims in a global context. They will learn about ethics in criminology and crime control policy. The material also addresses community policing, due process, victimology, and the scale of imprisonment in the United States. Throughout its six sections, "Crime, Law, and Justice" asks critical questions about the criminal justice system. Why does it function as it does, and are there ways in which it could be improved? "Crime, Law, and Justice" is suitable for introductory courses in criminology and criminal justice. It is also a valuable tool for classes in sociology, police administration, and criminal or constitutional law. Desire J. M. Anastasia holds a Ph.D. in sociology from Wayne State University. She has taught at Wayne State, Oakland University, and San Diego State University. Her areas of research specialization include domestic violence and sexual assault. Douglas B. Klutz, MPA, received his Master of Public Administration degree with a concentration in policy analysis from the University of North Carolina, Wilmington. Professor Klutz is a full-time instructor in the Department of Criminal Justice at the University of Alabama. In addition to teaching, he serves as the internship and advising director. Prior to his academic career, Professor Klutz worked with the Center for Commercialization of Advanced Technology, a consortium of public and private institutions whose mission is to facilitate the transfer of first responder technologies available at the federal level to state and local governments. Mark M. Lanier, Ph.D., received his interdisciplinary doctoral degree with a concentration in criminology, sociology, and psychology from Michigan State University. Dr. Lanier is a professor and Chair of the Department of Criminal Justice at the University of Alabama and is the university's McNair Fellow for 2013. He has over 60 scholarly publications, including "Research Methods in Criminology: A Mixed Methods Approach," co-authored with Lisa Briggs, and "Essential Criminology," co-authored with Stuart Henry. Currently, Dr. Lanier is developing epidemiological criminology as a bridge between public health, medical sociology, and criminal justice."

New Research Directions for the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency

Workshop Report
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Mapping Science Committee,Steering Committee on New Research Directions for the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309158656
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 70
View: 1131

Continue Reading →

The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) within the Department of Defense has the primary mission of providing timely, relevant, and accurate imagery, imagery intelligence, and geospatial information--collectively known as geospatial intelligence (GEOINT)--in support of national security. In support of its mission, NGA sponsors research that builds the scientific foundation for geospatial intelligence and that reinforces the academic base, thus training the next generation of NGA analysts while developing new approaches to analytical problems. Historically, NGA has supported research in five core areas: (1) photogrammetry and geomatics, (2) remote sensing and imagery science, (3) geodesy and geophysics, (4) cartographic science, and (5) geographic information systems (GIS) and geospatial analysis. Positioning NGA for the future is the responsibility of the InnoVision Directorate, which analyzes intelligence trends, technological advances, and emerging customer and partner concepts to provide cutting-edge technology and process solutions. At the request of InnoVision, the National Research Council (NRC) held a 3-day workshop to explore the evolution of the five core research areas and to identify emerging disciplines that may improve the quality of geospatial intelligence over the next 15 years. This workshop report offers a potential research agenda that would expand NGA's capabilities and improve its effectiveness in providing geospatial intelligence.

Modeling Techniques in Predictive Analytics

Business Problems and Solutions with R, Revised and Expanded Edition
Author: Thomas W. Miller
Publisher: FT Press
ISBN: 0133886190
Category: Computers
Page: 384
View: 8804

Continue Reading →

To succeed with predictive analytics, you must understand it on three levels: Strategy and management Methods and models Technology and code This up-to-the-minute reference thoroughly covers all three categories. Now fully updated, this uniquely accessible book will help you use predictive analytics to solve real business problems and drive real competitive advantage. If you’re new to the discipline, it will give you the strong foundation you need to get accurate, actionable results. If you’re already a modeler, programmer, or manager, it will teach you crucial skills you don’t yet have. Unlike competitive books, this guide illuminates the discipline through realistic vignettes and intuitive data visualizations–not complex math. Thomas W. Miller, leader of Northwestern University’s pioneering program in predictive analytics, guides you through defining problems, identifying data, crafting and optimizing models, writing effective R code, interpreting results, and more. Every chapter focuses on one of today’s key applications for predictive analytics, delivering skills and knowledge to put models to work–and maximize their value. Reflecting extensive student and instructor feedback, this edition adds five classroom-tested case studies, updates all code for new versions of R, explains code behavior more clearly and completely, and covers modern data science methods even more effectively. All data sets, extensive R code, and additional examples available for download at http://www.ftpress.com/miller If you want to make the most of predictive analytics, data science, and big data, this is the book for you. Thomas W. Miller’s unique balanced approach combines business context and quantitative tools, appealing to managers, analysts, programmers, and students alike. Miller addresses multiple business cases and challenges, including segmentation, brand positioning, product choice modeling, pricing research, finance, sports, text analytics, sentiment analysis, and social network analysis. He illuminates the use of cross-sectional data, time series, spatial, and spatio-temporal data. You’ll learn why each problem matters, what data are relevant, and how to explore the data you’ve identified. Miller guides you through conceptually modeling each data set with words and figures; and then modeling it again with realistic R programs that deliver actionable insights. You’ll walk through model construction, explanatory variable subset selection, and validation, mastering best practices for improving out-of-sample predictive performance. Throughout, Miller employs data visualization and statistical graphics to help you explore data, present models, and evaluate performance. This edition adds five new case studies, updates all code for the newest versions of R, adds more commenting to clarify how the code works, and offers a more detailed and up-to-date primer on data science methods. Gain powerful, actionable, profitable insights about: Advertising and promotion Consumer preference and choice Market baskets and related purchases Economic forecasting Operations management Unstructured text and language Customer sentiment Brand and price Sports team performance And much more

Sociology and the Real World


Author: Stephen Lyng,David D. Franks
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742501768
Category: Social Science
Page: 234
View: 5606

Continue Reading →

In this new book, Lyng and Franks argue that contemporary sociology has lost its connection to human realities. Addressing the conceptual underpinnings of sociological practice, they offer ways for sociology to reclaim lost concepts of objectivity, reality, and truth. The authors deconstruct these terms in modern and postmodern contexts, yet they look beyond the usual predicaments espoused by these traditions in an effort to rebuild concepts of reality and truth more coherently for contemporary social relations and social problems.

Guns in American Society: An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture, and the Law, 2nd Edition [3 volumes]

An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture, and the Law
Author: Gregg Lee Carter
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313386714
Category: History
Page: 1096
View: 8602

Continue Reading →

Thoroughly updated and greatly expanded from its original edition, this three-volume set is the go-to comprehensive resource on the legal, social, psychological, political, and public health aspects of guns in American life. • 450 alphabetically organized entries, including 100 new for this edition, covering key issues (suicide, video games and gun violence, firearm injury statistics) and events (workplace shootings, the Virginia Tech massacre) • 102 expert contributors from all academic fields involved in studying the causes and effects of gun violence • A chronology of pivotal moments and controversies in the history of firearm ownership and use in the United States • An exhaustive bibliography of print and online resources covering all aspects of the study of guns in the United States • Appendices on federal gun laws, state gun laws, and pro- and anti-gun-control organizations

Research Methods in the Study of Substance Abuse


Author: Jonathan B. VanGeest,Timothy P. Johnson,Sonia A. Alemagno
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331955980X
Category: Social Science
Page: 450
View: 9797

Continue Reading →

This authoritative handbook reviews the most widely-used methods for studying the use and abuse of alcohol and illegal drugs. Its thorough coverage spans the range of quantitative, qualitative, and mixed-method approaches to documenting and measuring the complex psychological, behavioral, and physical experience of substance misuse and dependence, to ensure valid, useful results. Experts discuss special issues and considerations for conducting ethical research with specialized populations, including youth, inmates, and the LGBT community. Throughout these chapters, contributors demonstrate the multidisciplinary nature of substance abuse research, with emphasis on professional ethics and the critical role of research in developing best practices and effective policy for prevention and treatment. Among the topics covered: · Transdisciplinary research perspective: a theoretical framework for substance abuse research · Longitudinal methods in substance use research · Considerations in blending qualitative and quantitative components in substance abuse research · The use of biological measures in social research on drug misuse · Using surveys to study substance use behavior · Applications of GIS to inform substance abuse research and interventions · Evaluating substance use prevention and treatment programs Research Methods in the Study of Substance Abuse is an essential resource for health services and public health professionals, policymakers, and researchers working and training in the field of addiction. It encourages the rigor and understanding necessary to address widespread social and public health concerns.

Advanced Research Methods for the Social Sciences


Author: Mark M. Lanier
Publisher: Cognella Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9781621315988
Category:
Page: 208
View: 3236

Continue Reading →

"Advanced Research Methods for the Social Sciences" is a unique anthology featuring readings and summaries selected and prepared by actual users of the material undergraduate students who had just completed a required research methods course. The book includes a wide array of works by leading researchers and provides an equal balance of quantitative, qualitative, and mixed research methods with a critical focus. The papers selected for inclusion were originally written by internationally acclaimed researchers in their respective fields. Written in a conversational tone that is easily accessible to students, "Advanced Research Methods" explores complex research methods in a comprehensive, logical way. The book is appropriate for courses in criminal justice, criminology, sociology, political science, psychology, and interdisciplinary studies. Mark M. Lanier, Ph.D., received his interdisciplinary doctoral degree with a concentration in criminology, sociology, and psychology from Michigan State University. Dr. Lanier is a professor and Chair of the Department of Criminal Justice at the University of Alabama and is the university's McNair Fellow for 2013. He has over 60 scholarly publications, including "Research Methods in Criminology: A Mixed Methods Approach," co-authored with Lisa Briggs, and "Essential Criminology," co-authored with Stuart Henry. Currently, Dr. Lanier is developing epidemiological criminology as a bridge between public health, medical sociology, and criminal justice. Catherine A. Ford was a member of the University of Alabama crew team and full time student employee of the UA Outdoor Recreation department. She graduated last semester. Jonathan C. Reid is a senior at the University of Alabama. He is 1st team All American for track and field and is also 1st team Academic All American. Katlyn M. Stricklend is majoring in political science and criminal justice at the University of Alabama. She is a member of Capstone Men and Women, the university's official ambassador program.