Environmental Physiology of Animals


Author: Pat Willmer,Graham Stone,Ian Johnston
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444309226
Category: Science
Page: 768
View: 6773

Continue Reading →

The new and updated edition of this accessible text provides a comprehensive overview of the comparative physiology of animals within an environmental context. Includes two brand new chapters on Nerves and Muscles and the Endocrine System. Discusses both comparative systems physiology and environmental physiology. Analyses and integrates problems and adaptations for each kind of environment: marine, seashore and estuary, freshwater, terrestrial and parasitic. Examines mechanisms and responses beyond physiology. Applies an evolutionary perspective to the analysis of environmental adaptation. Provides modern molecular biology insights into the mechanistic basis of adaptation, and takes the level of analysis beyond the cell to the membrane, enzyme and gene. Incorporates more varied material from a wide range of animal types, with less of a focus purely on terrestrial reptiles, birds and mammals and rather more about the spectacularly successful strategies of invertebrates. A companion site for this book with artwork for downloading is available at: www.blackwellpublishing.com/willmer/

Environmental Physiology of Livestock


Author: R. J. Collier,J. L. Collier
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0813811767
Category: Science
Page: 368
View: 8127

Continue Reading →

"The concept for this text arose from the 18th Discover Conference on Effect of the Thermal Environment on Nutrient and Management Requirements of Cattle, which was held at the Brown County Inn in Nashville, Indiana November 2-5, 2009"--Pref.

Environmental Physiology of Marine Animals


Author: W. B. Vernberg,F. J. Vernberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642653340
Category: Science
Page: 346
View: 3306

Continue Reading →

Within recent years man has become increasingly aware of the disastrous environmental changes that he has introduced, and therefore society is now more concerned about understanding the adaptations organisms have evolved in order to survive and flourish in their environment. Because much of the information pertaining to this subject is scattered in various journals or special symposia proceedings, our purpose in writing this book is to bring together in a college-and graduate-student text the principal concepts of the environmental physiology of the animals that inhabit one of the major realms of the earth, the sea. Our book is not meant to be a definitive treatise on the physiological adap tation of the animals that inhabit the marine environment. Instead, we have tried to highlight some of the physiological mechanisms through which these animals have been able to meet the challenges of their environment. We have not written this book for anyone particular scientific discipline; rather, we hope that it will have an interdisciplinary appeal. It is meant to be both a reference text and a text for teaching senior undergraduate and graduate courses in marine biology, physiological ecology of marine animals, and envi ronmental physiology of marine animals.

Environmental Physiology of the Amphibians


Author: Martin E. Feder
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226239446
Category: Nature
Page: 646
View: 3834

Continue Reading →

Through its emphasis on recent research, its many summary tables, and its bibliography of more than 4,000 entries, this first modern, synthetic treatment of comparative amphibian environmental physiology emerges as the definitive reference for the field. Forty internationally respected experts review the primary data, examine current research trends, and identify productive avenues for future research.

Comparative Physiology of Animals

An Environmental Approach
Author: Richard W. Hill
Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers
ISBN: N.A
Category: Adaptation (Physiology).
Page: 656
View: 1932

Continue Reading →

Organism and environment; Energy metabolism; Thermal relationship; Exchanges of salts and water: mechanisms; Exchanges of salts and water: integration; Nitrogen excretion and other aspects of nitrogen metabolism; Renal organs and excretion; Exchanges of oxygen and carbon dioxide: basic principles, respiratory anvironments, and external respiration; Exchanges of exygen and carbon dioxide: transport in body fluids; Circulation; Metabolic responses to oxygen deficiency and lowered availability of oxygen; The active animal.

Adaptation to Environment

Essays on the Physiology of Marine Animals
Author: R. C. Newell
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483162974
Category: Science
Page: 554
View: 5209

Continue Reading →

Adaptation to Environment: Essays on the Physiology of Marine Animals contains a series of essays that is intended as a review of the special adaptations of marine organisms to the particular environmental conditions they are likely to encounter in the natural habitat. This book emphasizes developments in physiology of marine animals and on approaches to the study of the adaptations of marine organisms. This compilation also interprets the term “Physiology in its widest sense to include all aspects of the functioning of the organism from the behavior of animals to the mode of function of enzymes. For this reason, structural adaptations have been reviewed in detail only where their functional role is understood and where they constitute a specific adaptation to defined environmental conditions. This publication benefits students and individuals conducting research on the physiology of marine animals.

Comparative Animal Physiology, Environmental and Metabolic Animal Physiology


Author: C. Ladd Prosser
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471857679
Category: Science
Page: 578
View: 8572

Continue Reading →

Here is a uniquely modern approach to the study of physiological diversity that builds on the tradition established by C. Ladd Prosser's Comparative Animal Physiology. Responding to the need for a rigorously up-to-date, comprehensive survey of function and integrative systems in a variety of species, which is also easily accessible to the user, Dr. Prosser has delivered a thoroughly revised Fourth Edition in a convenient two-volume format. This carefully designed framework lets each volume zero-in on distinct aspects of comparative physiology normally studied as a whole unit. From the study of genetically replicating molecules to investigations of adaptive modulation, these two companion volumes offer an all-encompassing view of the field. With their contemporary approach, scholarly editing, flexible format, and detailed contents, Neural and Integrative Animal Physiology and Environmental and Metabolic Animal Physiology will stand together as the authoritative source in the field.

Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Fishes


Author: F. Brian Eddy,Richard D. Handy
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191631639
Category: Science
Page: 264
View: 8001

Continue Reading →

Fishes have evolved to colonise almost every type of aquatic habitat and today they are a hugely diverse group of over 25,000 species. The evolution of this great diversity of species has resulted in a myriad of solutions to the demands posed by the aquatic environment. Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Fishes presents a current and comprehensive overview of fish physiology to demonstrate how living fishes function in their environment. As with other books in the Series, the emphasis is on the unique physiological characteristics of the fish, but with applications to questions of broad relevance in physiological ecology. A preliminary chapter introduces the aquatic environment and gives a general description of fish biology, evolution, and taxonomy. Subsequent sections discuss the particular problems of living in water, life in extreme environments, techniques for studying fish ecophysiology, and future research directions.

Animal Physiology

Adaptation and Environment
Author: Knut Schmidt-Nielsen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107268508
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 4915

Continue Reading →

How do dolphins catch fish in murky water? Why do moths drink from puddles? How do birds' eggs breathe? How do animals work? In this revised and updated edition of the acclaimed text Animal Physiology, the answers are revealed. In clear and stimulating style, Knut Schmidt-Nielsen introduces and develops the fundamental principles of animal physiology according to major environmental features - oxygen, food and energy, temperature, and water. The structure of the book is unchanged from the previous edition, but every chapter has been updated to take into account recent developments, with numerous new references and figures. Animal Physiology is suitable as a text for undergraduate and beginning graduate courses in physiology. As with previous editions, students, teachers as well as researchers will find this book a valuable and enjoyable companion to course work and research.

Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Mammals


Author: Philip C. Withers,Christine E. Cooper,Shane K. Maloney,Francisco Bozinovic,Ariovaldo P. Cruz Neto
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191092681
Category: Science
Page: 560
View: 2332

Continue Reading →

Mammals are the so-called "pinnacle" group of vertebrates, successfully colonising virtually all terrestrial environments as well as the air (bats) and sea (especially pinnipeds and cetaceans). How mammals function and survive in these diverse environments has long fascinated mammologists, comparative physiologists and ecologists. Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Mammals explores the physiological mechanisms and evolutionary necessities that have made the spectacular adaptation of mammals possible. It summarises our current knowledge of the complex and sophisticated physiological approaches that mammals have for survival in a wide variety of ecological and environmental contexts: terrestrial, aerial, and aquatic. The authors have a strong comparative and quantitative focus in their broad approach to exploring mammal ecophysiology. As with other books in the Ecological and Environmental Physiology Series, the emphasis is on the unique physiological characteristics of mammals, their adaptations to extreme environments, and current experimental techniques and future research directions are also considered. This accessible text is suitable for graduate level students and researchers in the fields of mammalian comparative physiology and physiological ecology, including specialist courses in mammal ecology. It will also be of value and use to the many professional mammologists requiring a concise overview of the topic.

Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology

Animal Adaptation to Cold
Author: Lawrence C.H. Wang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642740782
Category: Science
Page: 441
View: 7673

Continue Reading →

When survival is challenged by the cold, animals react by employing both behavioral and physiological solutions. Depending on the magni tude of the cold stress and the nature of the adjustment, simple avoidance or sophisticated capacity or resistance compensations may be used. Thus, migration, shelter seeking, metabolic and insulative compen sation, torpor, and freezing avoidance and tolerance are successful tac tics used by diverse groups of animals. To understand and appreciate the benefits of these tactics, it is necessary to examine not only the well being of the whole animal but also their basic underlying mechanisms. In ad dition, it is also of fundamental importance to grasp how seasonal cold affects the survivorship and reproductive success of populations when confronted by a general reduction in primary productivity and an elevated energy cost for maintenance (e. g. in endotherms). In this regard, a synthetic overview which integrates aspects of cell biology, biochem istry, physiology, neurobiology, behavior, and population biology should be a fruitful approach in providing a holistic understanding on how animals adapt to cold. The present volume is an attempt to achieve such an overview; its objective is to provide a depth and breadth of coverage that is essential to a full appreciation of animal adaptation to cold. It is the hope of the contributing authors that this book will serve as an effective reference text for all senior undergraduate and graduate students as well as research scientists with an interest in cold physiology.

The Extended Organism

The Physiology of Animal-Built Structures
Author: J Scott Turner
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674044494
Category: Science
Page: 256
View: 5630

Continue Reading →

Can the structures that animals build--from the humble burrows of earthworms to towering termite mounds to the Great Barrier Reef--be said to live? However counterintuitive the idea might first seem, physiological ecologist Scott Turner demonstrates in this book that many animals construct and use structures to harness and control the flow of energy from their environment to their own advantage. Building on Richard Dawkins's classic, "The Extended Phenotype," Turner shows why drawing the boundary of an organism's physiology at the skin of the animal is arbitrary. Since the structures animals build undoubtedly do physiological work, capturing and channeling chemical and physical energy, Turner argues that such structures are more properly regarded not as frozen behaviors but as external organs of physiology and even extensions of the animal's phenotype. By challenging dearly held assumptions, a fascinating new view of the living world is opened to us, with implications for our understanding of physiology, the environment, and the remarkable structures animals build.

Environmental Aspects of Housing for Animal Production


Author: J. A. Clark
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483164330
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 528
View: 4805

Continue Reading →

Environmental Aspects of Housing for Animal Production is concerned with environmental aspects of housing farm animals. The discussions are organized around physical and physiological principles; environmental influences on reproduction; environmental influences on the productivity of farm animals; optimal housing environments for temperate and cool climates; housing environments for hot climates; engineering and control of the house environment; and the constraints of welfare and disease. This text consists of 32 chapters divided into nine sections. The first chapter explores the physiological mechanisms whereby the food- or fiber-producing animals maintain a constant body temperature under climatic extremes and the possible impact that these physiological processes may have on productive systems. This discussion is followed by chapters on the influence of climate on the decision to house livestock; the effect of the environment on animal reproduction; thermal influences on poultry; and the importance of ventilation and temperature control. This text also considers the poultry housing problems in tropical and subtropical climates; insulation of animal houses; and the interaction between feathering and egg production in laying hens. This book will appeal to those working in the field of housing for animal production, both in research and development and at a practical level.

Comparative Physiology

Life in Water and on Land
Author: Pierre Dejours,Liana Bolis,C. Richard Taylor,Ewald R. Weibel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387965154
Category: Medical
Page: 556
View: 6325

Continue Reading →

This volume examines the extent to which the design and function of terrestrial and aquatic animals are determined by the physicochemical properties of the media in which they live. The topic is addressed from the viewpoint of scientists representing a variety of disciplines and approaches. Anatomists, biochemists, biophysicists, physiologists and zoologists each contribute their perspectives. The general topics examined include: respiration; acid base balance; osmoregulation; water and ionic exchanges; nutrient acquisition and absorption; nitrogen and sulfur metabolism; locomotion; sensory information and behaviour; energy metabolism; and temperature and evolution. Four or five papers deal with each of these general topics.