Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment


Author: David Levinson
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761922582
Category: Social Science
Page: 1914
View: 4501

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"Authoritative and comprehensive, this multivolume set includes hundreds of articles in the field of criminal justice. Impressive arrays of authors have contributed to this resource, addressing such diverse topics as racial profiling, money laundering, torture, prisoner literature, the KGB, and Sing Sing. Written in an accessible manner and attractively presented, the background discussions, definitions, and explanations of important issues and future trends are absorbing. Interesting sidebars and facts,reference lists, relevant court cases, tables, and black-and-white photographs supplement the entries. Appendixes cover careers in criminal justice, Web resources, and professional organizations. A lengthy bibliography lists relevant works."--"The Best of the Best Reference Sources," American Libraries, May 2003.

The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment


Author: Wesley G. Jennings
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111851971X
Category: Social Science
Page: 1448
View: 6460

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The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment provides the most comprehensive reference for a vast number of topics relevant to crime and punishment with a unique focus on the multi/interdisciplinary and international aspects of these topics and historical perspectives on crime and punishment around the world. Named as one of Choice's Outstanding Academic Titles of 2016 Comprising nearly 300 entries, this invaluable reference resource serves as the most up-to-date and wide-ranging resource on crime and punishment Offers a global perspective from an international team of leading scholars, including coverage of the strong and rapidly growing body of work on criminology in Europe, Asia, and other areas Acknowledges the overlap of criminology and criminal justice with a number of disciplines such as sociology, psychology, epidemiology, history, economics, and public health, and law Entry topics are organized around 12 core substantive areas: international aspects, multi/interdisciplinary aspects, crime types, corrections, policing, law and justice, research methods, criminological theory, correlates of crime, organizations and institutions (U.S.), victimology, and special populations Organized, authored and Edited by leading scholars, all of whom come to the project with exemplary track records and international standing 3 Volumes www.crimeandpunishmentencyclopedia.com

The Social History of Crime and Punishment in America

An Encyclopedia
Author: Wilbur R. Miller
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483305937
Category: History
Page: 2712
View: 7186

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Several encyclopedias overview the contemporary system of criminal justice in America, but full understanding of current social problems and contemporary strategies to deal with them can come only with clear appreciation of the historical underpinnings of those problems. Thus, this five-volume work surveys the history and philosophy of crime, punishment, and criminal justice institutions in America from colonial times to the present. It covers the whole of the criminal justice system, from crimes, law enforcement and policing, to courts, corrections and human services. Among other things, this encyclopedia: explicates philosophical foundations underpinning our system of justice; charts changing patterns in criminal activity and subsequent effects on legal responses; identifies major periods in the development of our system of criminal justice; and explores in the first four volumes - supplemented by a fifth volume containing annotated primary documents - evolving debates and conflicts on how best to address issues of crime and punishment. Its signed entries in the first four volumes--supplemented by a fifth volume containing annotated primary documents--provide the historical context for students to better understand contemporary criminological debates and the contemporary shape of the U.S. system of law and justice.

Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice


Author: Joshua Dressler
Publisher: MacMillan Reference Library
ISBN: 9780028653211
Category: Criminal justice, Administration of
Page: 1780
View: 8587

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This interdisciplinary resource covers legal, sociological, psychological, historical and economic aspects of crime and justice worldwide. Entries cover civil and criminal issues, from domestic violence to terrorism. Entries cite pertinent legal cases as well as publications for further information. Also includes a glossary of related terms.

Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment


Author: David Levinson
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1452265291
Category: Social Science
Page: 2104
View: 1669

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Winner of Reference USA, Booklist Editor's Choice and CHOICE 2002 Outstanding Academic Title awards! `The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment provides the much-needed practices, policies, and research and will be of interest to students, teachers, and the general reader alike. This work should be on the shelves of all libraries with collections in the social sciences' - Larry E Sullivan, John Jay College of Criminal Justice With 1.5 million words in almost 500 entries, this four-volume Encyclopedia is the definitive resource for anyone interested in crime and criminal justice. The contributors to the Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment are experts from 16 countries: academics, lawyers, police, probation and prison officers, and administrators. The project was aided by an advisory board including renowned researchers and librarians from leading centres of criminal justice studies. The Encyclopedia provides readers with a comprehensive, authoritative 21st century reference resource on crime and punishment. The entries come from many sources - sociological surveys, ethnographic observation, government reports, clinical interviews, evaluation research, media reports, crime fiction and true crime literature, among others. This reference tool is of great value to practitioners and university students alike. University students interested in a career in criminal justice will find the Encyclopedia a useful overview of the entire field. Students in criminology, law, sociology, political science and other related disciplines will find it an accessible entry point into the vast and ever expanding litereature on crime and punishment. Topics covered include: - Crimes and Types of Crimes - Law and Justice - Policing and Forensics - Prisons - Victimology - Social/Cultural Contexts - Concepts and Theories - The Study of Crime and Punishment - Organizations and Institutions - Special Populations (For example: women, children, racial/ethnic groups) Features include: - Broader, more up-todate coverage than any other source on the market - 150 Illustrations - Four volumes - 2400 pages - 425 entries - A to Z format - 100 `Factoids', spotlighting important and sometimes startling, information - Over 500 photos, charts, tables, graphs - Bibliography: at end of each entry and master bibliography in Volume 4 - Chronology at the beginning of each volume - Appendices: Careers in criminal justice, professional organizations, guidance on using the Web to collect accurate information - An extensive index The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment is an essential resource for all libraries with collections in criminology and social justice.

Crime and Punishment in America: An Encyclopedia of Trends and Controversies in the Justice System [2 volumes]


Author: Laura L. Finley
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1610699289
Category: Social Science
Page: 743
View: 6012

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Covering some of the most hotly contested topics in crime and criminal justice, including proposed sentencing and prison reforms, controversial developments like Stand Your Ground laws, and Supreme Court decisions, this work supplies essential background, current data, and a range of viewpoints on these important issues. • Provides readers with a thorough analysis of the most controversial topics in criminal justice that includes contributions from renowned scholars, activists, victim service providers, and other experts • Addresses current trends and problems in America's criminal justice system • Includes tables, graphs, and charts tracking the most important developments related to crime, sentencing, and the prison system

Encyclopedia of Murder and Violent Crime


Author: Eric W. Hickey
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761924371
Category: Law
Page: 603
View: 697

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Edited by an internationally recognized expert on serial killers, this encyclopedia covers both murder and violent crime in their variant forms. Included are biographies, chronologies, special interest inset boxes, up to 100 photographs, comprehensive article bibliographies, and appendices for items such as famous unsolved cases, celebrity murders, assasinations, original source documents, and online sources for information.

Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement


Author: Larry E. Sullivan
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0761926496
Category: Social Science
Page: 1508
View: 6443

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This three-volume Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement provides a comprehensive, critical, and descriptive examination of all facets of law enforcement on the state and local, federal and national, and international stages. This work is a unique reference source that provides readers with informed discussions on the practice and theory of policing in an historical and contemporary framework. The volumes treat subjects that are particular to the area of state and local, federal and national, and international policing. Many of the themes and issues of policing cut across disciplinary borders, however, and several entries provide comparative information that places the subject in context.

Encyclopedia of Women and Crime


Author: Nicole Hahn Rafter
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780816047734
Category: True Crime
Page: 361
View: 754

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Presents a guide to female criminology, covering criminal offenders, policing, court cases, victims and victimology, and key figures in the criminal justice process.

Encyclopedia of School Crime and Violence


Author: Laura Finley
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313362386
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 692
View: 6581

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This book provides a thorough compilation of the types, specific incidents, relevant agencies, theories, responses, and prevention programs relevant to crime and violence in schools and on campuses.

Encyclopedia of Homelessness


Author: David Levinson
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0761927514
Category: Homelessness
Page: 886
View: 6534

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A readerʼs guide is provided to assist readers in locating entries on related topics. It classifies entries into 14 general categories: Causes, Cities, Demography and Characteristics, Health issues, History, Housing, Legal issues, Advocacy and policy, Lifestyle issues, Organizations, Perceptions of homelessness, Populations, Research, Service systems and settings, World perspectives and issues.

Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention


Author: Bonnie S. Fisher,Steven P. Lab
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412960479
Category: Social Science
Page: 1174
View: 7645

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Victimology and crime prevention are growing, interrelated areas cutting across several disciplines. Victimology examines victims of all sorts of criminal activity, from domestic abuse, to street violence, to victims in the workplace who lose jobs and pensions due to malfeasance by corporate executives. Crime prevention is an important companion to victimology because it offers insight and techniques to prevent situations that lead to crime and attempts to offer ideas and means for mitigating or minimizing the potential for victimization. .In many ways, the two fields have developed along parallel yet separate paths, and the literature on both has been scattered across disciplines as varied as sociology, law and criminology, public health and medicine, political science and public policy, economics, psychology and human services, and more. The Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention provides a comprehensive reference work bringing together such dispersed knowledge as it outlines and discusses the status of victims within the criminal justice system and topics of deterring and preventing victimization in the first place and responding to victims' needs. Two volumes containing approximately 375 signed entries provide users with the most authoritative and comprehensive reference resource available on victimology and crime prevention, both in terms of breadth and depth of coverage. In addition to standard entries, leading scholars in the field have contributed Anchor Essays that, in broad strokes, provide starting points for investigating the more salient victimology and crime prevention topics. A representative sampling of general topic areas covered includes: interpersonal and domestic violence, child maltreatment, and elder abuse; street violence; hate crimes and terrorism; treatment of victims by the media, courts, police, and politicians; community response to crime victims; physical design for crime prevention; victims of nonviolent crimes; deterrence and prevention; helping and counseling crime victims; international and comparative perspectives, and more.

Encyclopedia of Criminological Theory


Author: Francis T. Cullen,Pamela Wilcox
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412959187
Category: Social Science
Page: 1176
View: 6389

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For a free 30-day online trial to this title, visit www.sagepub.com/freetrial This two-volume set is designed to serve as a reference source for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary criminological theory. Drawing together a team of international scholars, it examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them, presenting them in a context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. The work provides essays on cutting-edge research as well as concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Topics include contexts and concepts in criminological theory, the social construction of crime, policy implications of theory, diversity and intercultural contexts, conflict theory, rational choice theories, conservative criminology, feminist theory, and more. Key ThemesThe Classical School of CriminologyThe Positivist School of CriminologyEarly American Theories of CrimeBiological and Biosocial Theories of CrimePsychological Theories of CrimeThe Chicago School of CriminologyCultural and Learning Theories of CrimeAnomie and Strain Theories of Crime and DevianceControl Theories of CrimeLabeling and Interactionist Theories of CrimeTheories of the Criminal SanctionConflict, Radical, and Critical Theories of CrimeFeminist and Gender-Specific Theories of CrimeChoice and Opportunity Theories of CrimeMacro-Level/ Community Theories of CrimeLife-Course and Developmental Theories of CrimeIntegrated Theories of CrimeTheories of White-Collar and Corporate CrimeContemporary Gang TheoriesTheories of Prison Behavior and InsurgencyTheories of Fear and Concern About Crime

Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics


Author: Bruce A. Arrigo
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483389790
Category: Social Science
Page: 1216
View: 821

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Federal, state, county, and municipal police forces all have their own codes of conduct, yet the ethics of being a police officer remain perplexing and are often difficult to apply in dynamic situations. The police misconduct statistics are staggering and indicate that excessive use of force comprises almost a quarter of misconduct cases, with sexual harassment, fraud/theft, and false arrest being the next most prevalent factors. The ethical issues and dilemmas in criminal justice also reach deep into the legal professions, the structure and administration of justice in society, and the personal characteristics of those in the criminal justice professions. The Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics includes A to Z entries by experts in the field that explore the scope of ethical decision making and behaviors within the spheres of criminal justice systems, including policing, corrections, courts, forensic science, and policy analysis and research. This two-volume set is available in both print and electronic formats. Features: Entries are authored and signed by experts in the field and conclude with references and further readings, as well as cross references to related entries that guide readers to the next steps in their research journeys. A Reader's Guide groups related entries by broad topic areas and themes, making it easy for readers to quickly identify related entries. A Chronology highlights the development of the field and places material into historical context; a Glossary defines key terms from the fields of law and ethics; and a Resource Guide provides lists of classic books, academic journals, websites and associations focused on criminal justice ethics. Reports and statistics from such sources as the FBI, the United Nations, and the International Criminal Court are included in an appendix. In the electronic version, the Reader's Guide, index, and cross references combine to provide effective search-and-browse capabilities. The Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics provides a general, non-technical yet comprehensive resource for students who wish to understand the complexities of criminal justice ethics.

The SAGE Glossary of the Social and Behavioral Sciences


Author: Larry E. Sullivan
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412951437
Category: Psychology
Page: 577
View: 9099

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Highly accessible A-Z of the major terms in the social and behavioural sciences, spanning anthropology, communication and media studies, criminal justice, economics, education, geography, human services, management, political science, psychology and sociology.