Emigration from Scotland Between the Wars

Opportunity Or Exile?
Author: Marjory Harper
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719049279
Category: History
Page: 243
View: 850

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After an opening section where the author sets the Scottish experience within the context of the rest of the British Isles, the book then divides the country geographically, starting with the Highlands, then coastal Scotland, and the urban Lowland highlighting in turn the factors that influenced each of these areas.

Scottish Ethnicity and the Making of New Zealand Society, 1850-1930


Author: Tanja Bueltmann
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748688773
Category: Social Science
Page: 256
View: 7957

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This book makes an original contribution to the growing body of knowledge on the Scots abroad, presenting a coherent and comprehensive account of the Scottish immigrant experience in New Zealand.

The British World

Diaspora, Culture and Identity
Author: Carl Bridge,Kent Fedorowich
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135759596
Category: History
Page: 240
View: 6304

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This collection of essays is based upon the assumption that the British Empire was held together not merely by ties of trade and defence, but by a shared sense of British identity that linked British communities around the globe. Focusing on the themes of migration, identity and the media, this book is an exploration of these and other interconnected themes that help define the British World of the late 19th and 20th centuries.

Emigrants and Empire

British Settlement in the Dominions Between the Wars
Author: Stephen Constantine
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719030116
Category: Political Science
Page: 208
View: 450

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This collection of papers is part of the series Studies in Imperialism. The series aims to examine imperialism as more than a set of economic, political and military phenomena and explores the intellectual, cultural and technical aspects of imperialism in the era of European world supremacy. The books seek to demonstrate that imperialism had profound effects on dominant as well as on subordinate societies.

Imperial Immigrants

Scottish Settlers in the Upper Ottawa Valley, 1815-1840
Author: Michael E. Vance
Publisher: Dundurn
ISBN: 1554887569
Category: Social Science
Page: 251
View: 6693

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Between 1815 and 1832, Great Britain settled more than 3,500 individuals, mostly from the Scottish Lowlands, in the Ottawa Valley. These government-assisted emigrations, which began immediately after the Napoleonic Wars, are explored to reveal their impact on Upper Canada. Seeking to transform their lives and their society, early Scots settlers crossed the Atlantic for their own purposes. Although they did not blindly serve the interests of empire builders, their settlement led to the dispossession of the original First Nation inhabitants, thus supporting the British imperial government's strategic military goals. After transferring homeland religious and political conflict to the colony, Scottish settlers led the demand for political reform that emerged in the 1830s. As a consequence, their migration and settlement reveals as much about the depth of social conflict in the homeland and in the colonies as it does about the preoccupations of the British imperial state.

Exploring the Scottish Past

Themes in the History of Scottish Society
Author: Thomas Martin Devine
Publisher: Dundurn
ISBN: 9781898410386
Category: Scot
Page: 260
View: 8770

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This is a collection of fifteen essays written over the last twenty years by one of Scotland's most eminent historians. The material concentrates on four broad themes in seventeenth-, eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Scottish history: Merchants, Unions and Trade; Scottish Economic Development; The Highlands; and the Rural Lowlands.

Scottish Highlanders on the Eve of the Great Migration, 1725-1775

The People of the Northern Isles
Author: David Dobson
Publisher: Genealogical Publishing Com
ISBN: 0806353791
Category: History
Page: 98
View: 6049

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In 2005 Clearfield Company launched a new series of books by David Dobson that were designed to identify the origins of Scottish Highlanders who traveled to America prior to the Great Highland Migration that began in the 1730s and intensified thereafter. The first four volumes cover Scottish Highlanders from Argyll, Perthshire, Inverness, and the Northern Highlands. This fifth volume in the series pertains to the Northern Isles, commonly known as the Orkney Islands and the Shetland Islands.Much of the Highland emigration was directly related to a breakdown in social and economic institutions. Under the pressures of the commercial and industrial revolutions of the 17th and 18th centuries, Highland chieftains abandoned their patriarchal role in favor of becoming capitalist landlords. By raising farm rents to the breaking point, the chiefs left the social fabric of the Scottish Highlands in tatters. Accordingly, voluntary emigration by Gaelic-speaking Highlanders began in the 1730s. The social breakdown was intensified by the failure of the Jacobite cause in 1745, followed by the British military occupation and repression in the Highlands in the aftermath of the Battle of Culloden. In 1746, the British government dispatched about 1,000 Highland Jacobite prisoners of war to the colonies as indentured servants. Later, during the Seven Years CO War of 1756 Co1763, Highland regiments recruited in the service of the British crown chose to settle in Canada and America rather than return to Scotland.Once in North America, the Highlanders tended to be clannish and moved in extended family groups, unlike immigrants from the Lowlands who moved as individuals or in groups of a few families. The Gaelic-speaking Highlanders tended to settle on the North American frontier, whereas the Lowlanders merged with the English on the coast. Highlanders seem to have established C beachheads, C? and their kin subsequently followed. The best example of this pattern is in North Carolina where they first arrived in 1739 and moved to the Piedmont, to be followed by others for more than a century.Another factor that distinguishes research in Highland genealogy is the availability of pertinent records. Scottish genealogical research is generally based on the parish registers of the Church of Scotland, which provide information on baptisms and marriages. In the Scottish Lowlands, such records can date back to the mid-16th century, but Highland records generally start much later. Americans seeking their Highland roots face the problem that there are few, if any, church records available that pre-date the American Revolution. In the absence of Church of Scotland records, the researcher must turn to a miscellany of other records, such as court records, estate papers, sasines, gravestone inscriptions, burgess rolls, port books, services of heirs, wills and testaments, and especially rent rolls. (Some rent rolls even pre-date parish registers.) This series, therefore, is designed to identify the kinds of records that are available in the absence of parish registers and to supplement the church registers when they are available.The Northern Isles were once isolated on the northwest fringes of Europe; however, as trans-Atlantic trade expanded, they found themselves astride a major sea route between North America and northern Europe. Stromness in the Orkneys became the first or last port of call for many vessels crossing the Atlantic; for example, the vessels of the Hudson Bay Company from the late 17th-century traveled from Stromness to North America. For most Orkney emigrants, the motivating factors were poverty and lack of opportunity. Also noteworthy is that, unlike the other Highlanders, the Northern Islanders were of Scandinavian, not Celtic, origin (with an element of Lowland Scots). While this volume is not a comprehensive directory of all the Orkney and Shetland Islander emigrants during"

The Flowers of the Forest

Scotland and the First World War
Author: Trevor Royle
Publisher: Birlinn
ISBN: 0857901257
Category: History
Page: 400
View: 2993

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Trevor Royle has done First World War History a great service' - Gary Sheffield 'Graphic, ably controlled...the power of imaginative storytelling is Royle's endeavour' - The Guardian 'His exceptional talents at narration produce a work that is both through-provoking and engaging. This is a vivid, solidly-written book, drawing upon the best in recent scholarship' - International Review of Scottish Studies On the brink of the First World War, Scotland was regarded throughout the British Isles as 'the workshop of the Empire'. Not only were Clyde-built ships known the world over, Scotland produced half of Britain's total production of railway equipment, and the cotton and jute industries flourished in Paisley and Dundee. In addition, Scots were a hugely important source of manpower for the colonies. Yet after the war, Scotland became an industrial and financial backwater. Emigration increased as morale slumped in the face of economic stagnation and decline. The country had paid a disproportionately high price in casualties, a result of huge numbers of volunteers and the use of Scottish battalions as shock troops in the fighting on the Western Front and Gallipoli - young men whom the novelist Ian Hay called 'the vanished generation'. In this book, Trevor Royle provides the first full account of how the war changed Scotland irrevocably by exploring a wide range of themes - the overwhelming response to the call for volunteers; the performance of Scottish military formations in 1915 and 1916; the militarisation of the Scottish homeland; the resistance to war in Glasgow and the west of Scotland; the boom in the heavy industries and the strengthening of women's role in society following on from wartime employment.

Settlers

New Zealand Immigrants from England, Ireland & Scotland 1800–1945
Author: Jock Phillips,Terry Hearn
Publisher: Auckland University Press
ISBN: 1775581489
Category: History
Page: 190
View: 5821

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Analyzing everything from shipping records to death registers, this book takes an in-depth look at New Zealand's European ancestors, exploring the origins of the island's national identity. Using individual examples of immigrants and their families, it examines their geographical origins, their occupational and class backgrounds, and their religion and values to get a better understanding of the lives and motivations of New Zealand's first settlers.

The French and Indian War from Scottish Sources


Author: David Dobson
Publisher: Genealogical Publishing Com
ISBN: 0806352116
Category: History
Page: 139
View: 5405

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In the tradition of his two earlier volumes of Scots-Irish links for the period 1575 to 1725, Mr. Dobson picks up the trails of Scots living in Ulster and Irish living in Scotland during the following hundred years. Unlike the previous century-and-a-half, the destination of most Scots emigrants during the 18th century was across the Atlantic and not to Ulster. The same period also witnessed the beginnings of a large-scale exodus from Ireland to the Americas. Nevertheless, there was some movement of peoples between Ireland and Scotland from 1725 to 1825, and most of it was on the part of students heading for universities in Glasgow or Edinburgh.While most of the students are described here merely by name, university, and date of attendance, in a number of cases Mr. Dobson is able to provide information on the individual's spouse, children, parents, local origins, landholding, and, of course, the source of the information.

"Collar the lot!"

how Britain interned and expelled its wartime refugees
Author: Peter Gillman,Leni Gillman
Publisher: Quartet Books Ltd
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 334
View: 3635

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Looks at the British internment policy during World War II and tries to explain why the anti-civilian excesses of World War I were largely repeated

Scottish Highlanders in Colonial Georgia: The Recruitment, Emigration, and Settlement at Darien, 1735-1748


Author: Anthony W. Parker
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 9780820327181
Category: History
Page: 200
View: 4194

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Between 1735 and 1748 hundreds of young men and their families emigrated from the Scottish Highlands to the Georgia coast to settle and protect the new British colony. These men were recruited by the trustees of the colony and military governor James Oglethorpe, who wanted settlers who were accustomed to hardship, militant in nature, and willing to become frontier farmer-soldiers. In this respect, the Highlanders fit the bill perfectly through training and tradition. Recruiting and settling the Scottish Highlanders as the first line of defense on the southern frontier in Georgia was an important decision on the part of the trustees and crucial for the survival of the colony, but this portion of Georgia's history has been sadly neglected until now. By focusing on the Scots themselves, Anthony W. Parker explains what factors motivated the Highlanders to leave their native glens of Scotland for the pine barrens of Georgia and attempts to account for the reasons their cultural distinctiveness and "old world" experience aptly prepared them to play a vital role in the survival of Georgia in this early and precarious moment in its history.

To the Ends of the Earth

Scotland's Diaspora, 1750-2010
Author: T. M. Devine
Publisher: Smithsonian Institution
ISBN: 1588343189
Category: History
Page: 336
View: 2065

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The Scots are one of the world's greatest nations of emigrants. For centuries, untold numbers of men, women, and children have sought their fortunes in every conceivable walk of life and in every imaginable climate. All over the British Empire, the United States, and elsewhere, the Scottish contribution to the development of the modern world has been a formidable one, from finance to industry, philosophy to politics. To the Ends of the Earth puts this extraordinary epic center stage, taking many famous stories--from the Highland Clearances and emigration to the Scottish Enlightenment and empire--and removing layers of myth and sentiment to reveal the no-less-startling truth. Whether in the creation of great cities or prairie farms, the Scottish element always left a distinctive trace, and Devine pays particular attention to the exceptional Scottish role as traders, missionaries, and soldiers. This major new book is also a study of the impact of the global world on Scotland itself and the degree to which the Scottish economy was for many years an imperial economy, with intimate, important links through shipping, engineering, jute, and banking to the most remote of settlements. Filled with fascinating stories and an acute awareness of the poverty and social inequality that provoked so much emigration, To the Ends of the Earth will make its readers think about the world in a quite different way. From the Hardcover edition.

Clanship to Crofter's War

The Social Transformation of the Scottish Highlands
Author: T. M. Devine
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0719090768
Category: History
Page: 276
View: 5853

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Received to wide acclaim when first published in the 1990s, this absorbing book remains one of the most important, influential and widely-read histories of the Scottish Highlands from the end of the Jacobite Risings to the great crofters' rebellion of the 1880s. T. M. Devine argues that the Highlands in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries saw the wholesale transformation of a society at a pace without parallel anywhere else in western Europe. This is an important book for all those interested in the history of the Scottish Highlands and Islands, and for students and scholars of Scottish history, social history and rural society.

The Scotch-Irish

A Social History
Author: James G. Leyburn
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 0807888915
Category: History
Page: 397
View: 1541

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Dispelling much of what he terms the 'mythology' of the Scotch-Irish, James Leyburn provides an absorbing account of their heritage. He discusses their life in Scotland, when the essentials of their character and culture were shaped; their removal to Northern Ireland and the action of their residence in that region upon their outlook on life; and their successive migrations to America, where they settled especially in the back-country of Pennsylvania, Virginia, the Carolinas, and Georgia, and then after the Revolutionary War were in the van of pioneers to the west.

A History of New England

Containing Historical and Descriptive Sketches of the Counties, Cities and Principal Towns of the Six New England States, Including, in Its List of Contributors, More Than Sixty Literary Men and Women, Representing Every County in New England
Author: R. H. Howard,Henry E. Crocker
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: New England
Page: N.A
View: 8227

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Scottish Emigration to Colonial America, 1607-1785


Author: David Dobson
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 0820340782
Category: History
Page: 280
View: 5499

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Before 1650, only a few hundred Scots had trickled into the American colonies, but by the early 1770s the number had risen to 10,000 per year. A conservative estimate of the total number of Scots who settled in North America prior to 1785 is around 150,000. Who were these Scots? What did they do? Where did they settle? What factors motivated their emigration? Dobson's work, based on original research on both sides of the Atlantic, comprehensively identifies the Scottish contribution to the settlement of North America prior to 1785, with particular emphasis on the seventeenth century.