Emigration from Scotland Between the Wars

Opportunity Or Exile?
Author: Marjory Harper
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719049279
Category: History
Page: 243
View: 9503

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After an opening section where the author sets the Scottish experience within the context of the rest of the British Isles, the book then divides the country geographically, starting with the Highlands, then coastal Scotland, and the urban Lowland highlighting in turn the factors that influenced each of these areas.

Scottish Ethnicity and the Making of New Zealand Society, 1850-1930


Author: Tanja Bueltmann
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748688773
Category: Social Science
Page: 256
View: 1421

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This book makes an original contribution to the growing body of knowledge on the Scots abroad, presenting a coherent and comprehensive account of the Scottish immigrant experience in New Zealand.

The British World

Diaspora, Culture and Identity
Author: Carl Bridge,Kent Fedorowich
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135759596
Category: History
Page: 240
View: 6281

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This collection of essays is based upon the assumption that the British Empire was held together not merely by ties of trade and defence, but by a shared sense of British identity that linked British communities around the globe. Focusing on the themes of migration, identity and the media, this book is an exploration of these and other interconnected themes that help define the British World of the late 19th and 20th centuries.

Scotland No More?

Emigration from Scotland in the Twentieth Century
Author: Marjory Harper
Publisher: Luath Press Ltd
ISBN: 1909912727
Category: Social Science
Page: 256
View: 6369

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Shortlisted for Scottish History Book of the Year at the Saltire Society Literary Awards 2013Scotland No More? taps into the need we all share — to know who we are and where we come from. Scots have always been on the move, and from all quarters we are bombarded with evidence of interest in their historical comings and goings. Earlier eras have been well covered, but until now the story of Scotland's twentieth-century diaspora has remained largely untold.Scotland No More? considers the causes and consequences of the phenomenon, scrutinising the exodus and giving free rein to the voices of those at the heart of the story: the emigrants themselves.

Emigrants and Empire

British Settlement in the Dominions Between the Wars
Author: Stephen Constantine
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719030116
Category: Political Science
Page: 208
View: 2862

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This collection of papers is part of the series Studies in Imperialism. The series aims to examine imperialism as more than a set of economic, political and military phenomena and explores the intellectual, cultural and technical aspects of imperialism in the era of European world supremacy. The books seek to demonstrate that imperialism had profound effects on dominant as well as on subordinate societies.

Exploring the Scottish Past

Themes in the History of Scottish Society
Author: Thomas Martin Devine
Publisher: Dundurn
ISBN: 9781898410386
Category: Scot
Page: 260
View: 8844

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This is a collection of fifteen essays written over the last twenty years by one of Scotland's most eminent historians. The material concentrates on four broad themes in seventeenth-, eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Scottish history: Merchants, Unions and Trade; Scottish Economic Development; The Highlands; and the Rural Lowlands.

The Scottish Nation

A Modern History
Author: T. M. Devine
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0718196732
Category: History
Page: 784
View: 9879

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The Scottish Nation examines the social, political, religious and economic factors that have shaped modern Scotland. Drawing on extensive research and exploring everything from the high politics of the devolved parliament to the everyday effects of huge and growing levels of social inequality, Devine places Scotland firmly within an international context and provides a key focus for the ongoing debate regarding Scotland's future.

Scottish Emigration to Colonial America, 1607-1785


Author: David Dobson
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 0820340782
Category: History
Page: 280
View: 791

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Before 1650, only a few hundred Scots had trickled into the American colonies, but by the early 1770s the number had risen to 10,000 per year. A conservative estimate of the total number of Scots who settled in North America prior to 1785 is around 150,000. Who were these Scots? What did they do? Where did they settle? What factors motivated their emigration? Dobson's work, based on original research on both sides of the Atlantic, comprehensively identifies the Scottish contribution to the settlement of North America prior to 1785, with particular emphasis on the seventeenth century.

Scottish Highlanders on the Eve of the Great Migration, 1725-1775

The People of the Northern Isles
Author: David Dobson
Publisher: Genealogical Publishing Com
ISBN: 0806353791
Category: History
Page: 98
View: 9971

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In 2005 Clearfield Company launched a new series of books by David Dobson that were designed to identify the origins of Scottish Highlanders who traveled to America prior to the Great Highland Migration that began in the 1730s and intensified thereafter. The first four volumes cover Scottish Highlanders from Argyll, Perthshire, Inverness, and the Northern Highlands. This fifth volume in the series pertains to the Northern Isles, commonly known as the Orkney Islands and the Shetland Islands.Much of the Highland emigration was directly related to a breakdown in social and economic institutions. Under the pressures of the commercial and industrial revolutions of the 17th and 18th centuries, Highland chieftains abandoned their patriarchal role in favor of becoming capitalist landlords. By raising farm rents to the breaking point, the chiefs left the social fabric of the Scottish Highlands in tatters. Accordingly, voluntary emigration by Gaelic-speaking Highlanders began in the 1730s. The social breakdown was intensified by the failure of the Jacobite cause in 1745, followed by the British military occupation and repression in the Highlands in the aftermath of the Battle of Culloden. In 1746, the British government dispatched about 1,000 Highland Jacobite prisoners of war to the colonies as indentured servants. Later, during the Seven Years CO War of 1756 Co1763, Highland regiments recruited in the service of the British crown chose to settle in Canada and America rather than return to Scotland.Once in North America, the Highlanders tended to be clannish and moved in extended family groups, unlike immigrants from the Lowlands who moved as individuals or in groups of a few families. The Gaelic-speaking Highlanders tended to settle on the North American frontier, whereas the Lowlanders merged with the English on the coast. Highlanders seem to have established C beachheads, C? and their kin subsequently followed. The best example of this pattern is in North Carolina where they first arrived in 1739 and moved to the Piedmont, to be followed by others for more than a century.Another factor that distinguishes research in Highland genealogy is the availability of pertinent records. Scottish genealogical research is generally based on the parish registers of the Church of Scotland, which provide information on baptisms and marriages. In the Scottish Lowlands, such records can date back to the mid-16th century, but Highland records generally start much later. Americans seeking their Highland roots face the problem that there are few, if any, church records available that pre-date the American Revolution. In the absence of Church of Scotland records, the researcher must turn to a miscellany of other records, such as court records, estate papers, sasines, gravestone inscriptions, burgess rolls, port books, services of heirs, wills and testaments, and especially rent rolls. (Some rent rolls even pre-date parish registers.) This series, therefore, is designed to identify the kinds of records that are available in the absence of parish registers and to supplement the church registers when they are available.The Northern Isles were once isolated on the northwest fringes of Europe; however, as trans-Atlantic trade expanded, they found themselves astride a major sea route between North America and northern Europe. Stromness in the Orkneys became the first or last port of call for many vessels crossing the Atlantic; for example, the vessels of the Hudson Bay Company from the late 17th-century traveled from Stromness to North America. For most Orkney emigrants, the motivating factors were poverty and lack of opportunity. Also noteworthy is that, unlike the other Highlanders, the Northern Islanders were of Scandinavian, not Celtic, origin (with an element of Lowland Scots). While this volume is not a comprehensive directory of all the Orkney and Shetland Islander emigrants during"

The People of Glengarry

Highlanders in Transition, 1745-1820
Author: Marianne McLean
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 9780773511569
Category: History
Page: 285
View: 3960

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Marianne McLean explores the relationship between economic changes in the Highlands and the clansmen's emigration to Canada in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. She challenges the currently accepted position endorsed in recent works by Eric Richards and J.M. Bumsted that the clearances and sheep farms did not have a central role in provoking mass emigration. While McLean does not argue that landlords forced people to leave, she uses local evidence to show that the economic changes brought about by these factors led many Highlanders to emigrate. Using a wide array of published and unpublished sources, McLean examines in detail nine group emigrations that left western Inverness between 1785 and 1802 for Glengarry County in Upper Canada (now Ontario). She describes how, once in North America, they built a new Highland community in an attempt to ensure each family's access to the land. By revealing the pattern of Highland emigration to Glengarry County - families and friends leaving and/or settling together - McLean confirms Bernard Bailyn's notion of a "provincial emigrant stream," and offers a convincing explanation for the development of one of Canada's "limited identities."

Modern Scottish Diaspora


Author: Murray Stewart Leith
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748681434
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 6138

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Brings together well-established and emerging scholars from a variety of disciplines to present a contemporary 'diasporic' perspective on national affairs for Scotland. The book reflects a growing interest in the subject from academics, policy makers and

The Scottish Question


Author: James Mitchell
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191002372
Category: History
Page: 384
View: 6910

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Over half a century ago, a leading commentator suggested that Scotland was very unusual in being a country which was, in some sense at least, a nation but in no sense a state. He asked whether something 'so anomalous' could continue to exist in the modern world. The Scottish Question considers how Scotland has retained its sense of self, and how the country has changed against a backdrop of fundamental changes in society, economy, and the role of the state over the course of the union. The Scottish Question has been a shifting mix of linked issues and concerns including national identity; Scotland's constitutional status and structures of government; Scotland's distinctive party politics; and everyday public policy. In this volume, James Mitchell explores how these issues have interacted against a backdrop of these changes. He concludes that while the independence referendum may prove an important event, there can be no definitive answer to the Scottish Question. The Scottish Question offers a fresh interpretation of what has made Scotland distinctive and how this changed over time, drawing on an array of primary and secondary sources. It challenges a number of myths, including how radical Scottish politics has been, and suggests that an oppositional political culture was one of the most distinguishing features of Scottish politics in the twentieth century. A Scottish lobby, consisting of public and private bodies, became adept in making the case for more resources from the Treasury without facing up to some of Scotland's most deep-rooted problems.

Clanship to Crofter's War

The Social Transformation of the Scottish Highlands
Author: Thomas Martin Devine
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719034817
Category: Highlands (Scotland)
Page: 258
View: 1625

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This work charts the story of the people of the Scottish Highlands from the 1745 Jacobite uprising to the great crofter's rebellion in the 1880s - a story of defeat, social dissolution, emigration, rebellion and cultural revival.

British and Irish Emigrants and Exiles in Europe

1603 - 1688
Author: David Worthington
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004180087
Category: History
Page: 344
View: 7147

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This book comprises the first full-length comparison of Scottish, Irish, English and Welsh migration within Europe in the early modern period. The contributions demonstrate the fruitfulness of pursuing a comparative approach to seventeenth-century British and Irish history.

The French and Indian War from Scottish Sources


Author: David Dobson
Publisher: Genealogical Publishing Com
ISBN: 0806352116
Category: History
Page: 139
View: 3392

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In the tradition of his two earlier volumes of Scots-Irish links for the period 1575 to 1725, Mr. Dobson picks up the trails of Scots living in Ulster and Irish living in Scotland during the following hundred years. Unlike the previous century-and-a-half, the destination of most Scots emigrants during the 18th century was across the Atlantic and not to Ulster. The same period also witnessed the beginnings of a large-scale exodus from Ireland to the Americas. Nevertheless, there was some movement of peoples between Ireland and Scotland from 1725 to 1825, and most of it was on the part of students heading for universities in Glasgow or Edinburgh.While most of the students are described here merely by name, university, and date of attendance, in a number of cases Mr. Dobson is able to provide information on the individual's spouse, children, parents, local origins, landholding, and, of course, the source of the information.

Natural resources in Scotland

Symposium at the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 31st Oct. to 2d Nov., 1960
Author: Scottish Council (Development and Industry). Committee on Natural Resources in Scotland,L. A. Elgood,Royal Society of Edinburgh
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Nature
Page: 796
View: 1416

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Britannia's Children

Emigration from England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland Since 1600
Author: Eric Richards
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 9781852854416
Category: History
Page: 388
View: 936

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The stories behind the mass exodus from Great Brittan from 1600 to modern times