Embedded System Design

Introduction to Soc System Architecture
Author: Mohit Arora
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780997297201
Category:
Page: 214
View: 2500

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The book's aim is to highlight all the complex issues, tasks and techniques that must be mastered by a SoC Architect to define and architect SoC for an embedded application. This book is primary focused on real problems with emphasis on architectural techniques across various aspects of chip-design, especially in context to embedded systems. The book covers aspects of embedded systems in a consistent way, starting with basic concepts that provides introduction to embedded systems and gradually increasing the depth to reach advanced concepts, such as power management and design consideration for maximum power efficiency and higher battery life. Theoretical part has been intentionally kept to the minimum that is essentially required to understand the subject. The guidelines explained across various chapters are independent of any CAD tool or silicon process and are applicable to any SoC architecture targeted for embedded systems.

Embedded Systems Architecture

A Comprehensive Guide for Engineers and Programmers
Author: Tammy Noergaard
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0123821975
Category: Computers
Page: 672
View: 7773

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Embedded Systems Architecture is a practical and technical guide to understanding the components that make up an embedded system’s architecture. This book is perfect for those starting out as technical professionals such as engineers, programmers and designers of embedded systems; and also for students of computer science, computer engineering and electrical engineering. It gives a much-needed ‘big picture’ for recently graduated engineers grappling with understanding the design of real-world systems for the first time, and provides professionals with a systems-level picture of the key elements that can go into an embedded design, providing a firm foundation on which to build their skills. Real-world approach to the fundamentals, as well as the design and architecture process, makes this book a popular reference for the daunted or the inexperienced: if in doubt, the answer is in here! Fully updated with new coverage of FPGAs, testing, middleware and the latest programming techniques in C, plus complete source code and sample code, reference designs and tools online make this the complete package Visit the companion web site at http://booksite.elsevier.com/9780123821966/ for source code, design examples, data sheets and more A true introductory book, provides a comprehensive get up and running reference for those new to the field, and updating skills: assumes no prior knowledge beyond undergrad level electrical engineering Addresses the needs of practicing engineers, enabling it to get to the point more directly, and cover more ground. Covers hardware, software and middleware in a single volume Includes a library of design examples and design tools, plus a complete set of source code and embedded systems design tutorial materials from companion website

Co-verification of Hardware and Software for ARM SoC Design


Author: Jason Andrews
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080476902
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 288
View: 5656

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Hardware/software co-verification is how to make sure that embedded system software works correctly with the hardware, and that the hardware has been properly designed to run the software successfully -before large sums are spent on prototypes or manufacturing. This is the first book to apply this verification technique to the rapidly growing field of embedded systems-on-a-chip(SoC). As traditional embedded system design evolves into single-chip design, embedded engineers must be armed with the necessary information to make educated decisions about which tools and methodology to deploy. SoC verification requires a mix of expertise from the disciplines of microprocessor and computer architecture, logic design and simulation, and C and Assembly language embedded software. Until now, the relevant information on how it all fits together has not been available. Andrews, a recognized expert, provides in-depth information about how co-verification really works, how to be successful using it, and pitfalls to avoid. He illustrates these concepts using concrete examples with the ARM core - a technology that has the dominant market share in embedded system product design. The companion CD-ROM contains all source code used in the design examples, a searchable e-book version, and useful design tools. * The only book on verification for systems-on-a-chip (SoC) on the market * Will save engineers and their companies time and money by showing them how to speed up the testing process, while still avoiding costly mistakes * Design examples use the ARM core, the dominant technology in SoC, and all the source code is included on the accompanying CD-Rom, so engineers can easily use it in their own designs

Introduction to Embedded Systems

A Cyber-Physical Systems Approach
Author: Edward Ashford Lee,Sanjit Arunkumar Seshia
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262340526
Category: Computers
Page: 568
View: 9682

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The most visible use of computers and software is processing information for human consumption. The vast majority of computers in use, however, are much less visible. They run the engine, brakes, seatbelts, airbag, and audio system in your car. They digitally encode your voice and construct a radio signal to send it from your cell phone to a base station. They command robots on a factory floor, power generation in a power plant, processes in a chemical plant, and traffic lights in a city. These less visible computers are called embedded systems, and the software they run is called embedded software. The principal challenges in designing and analyzing embedded systems stem from their interaction with physical processes. This book takes a cyber-physical approach to embedded systems, introducing the engineering concepts underlying embedded systems as a technology and as a subject of study. The focus is on modeling, design, and analysis of cyber-physical systems, which integrate computation, networking, and physical processes. The second edition offers two new chapters, several new exercises, and other improvements. The book can be used as a textbook at the advanced undergraduate or introductory graduate level and as a professional reference for practicing engineers and computer scientists. Readers should have some familiarity with machine structures, computer programming, basic discrete mathematics and algorithms, and signals and systems.

Embedded Systems

Hardware, Design and Implementation
Author: Krzysztof Iniewski
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118468643
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 392
View: 7510

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Covers the significant embedded computing technologies—highlighting their applications in wireless communication and computing power An embedded system is a computer system designed for specific control functions within a larger system—often with real-time computing constraints. It is embedded as part of a complete device often including hardware and mechanical parts. Presented in three parts, Embedded Systems: Hardware, Design, and Implementation provides readers with an immersive introduction to this rapidly growing segment of the computer industry. Acknowledging the fact that embedded systems control many of today's most common devices such as smart phones, PC tablets, as well as hardware embedded in cars, TVs, and even refrigerators and heating systems, the book starts with a basic introduction to embedded computing systems. It hones in on system-on-a-chip (SoC), multiprocessor system-on-chip (MPSoC), and network-on-chip (NoC). It then covers on-chip integration of software and custom hardware accelerators, as well as fabric flexibility, custom architectures, and the multiple I/O standards that facilitate PCB integration. Next, it focuses on the technologies associated with embedded computing systems, going over the basics of field-programmable gate array (FPGA), digital signal processing (DSP) and application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) technology, architectural support for on-chip integration of custom accelerators with processors, and O/S support for these systems. Finally, it offers full details on architecture, testability, and computer-aided design (CAD) support for embedded systems, soft processors, heterogeneous resources, and on-chip storage before concluding with coverage of software support—in particular, O/S Linux. Embedded Systems: Hardware, Design, and Implementation is an ideal book for design engineers looking to optimize and reduce the size and cost of embedded system products and increase their reliability and performance.

Modeling Embedded Systems and SoC's

Concurrency and Time in Models of Computation
Author: Axel Jantsch
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 1558609253
Category: Computers
Page: 351
View: 8425

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System level design is a critical component for the methods to develop designs more productively. But there are a number of challenges in implementing system level modeling. This book addresses that need by developing organizing principles for understanding, assessing, and comparing the different models of computation in system level modeling.

EMBEDDED SYSTEMS: A CONTEMPORARY DESIGN TOOL


Author: James K. Peckol
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9788126524563
Category:
Page: 864
View: 7837

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Market_Desc: Developers and Engineers Special Features: · Presents the embedded system development process based upon the need for delivering a safe and reliable design· Covers the essential aspects of the hardware and software necessary for design and development· Develops the application as a collection of interacting tasks under the management of a real-time operating system· Discusses the physical world that includes working with a wide variety of signals· Offers a number of laboratory projects of increasing complexity About The Book: This book provides readers with a developer's perspective to embedded systems concepts. It examines in detail each of the important theoretical and practical aspects that one must consider when designing today's applications. Readers then are taken from concept to realization as they learn how to apply critical concepts. Throughout the pages, the Verilog language is used as a modeling and synthesis tool to express the hardware implementation, UML and structured design to model the software designs, and the C language to affect the software implementation.

Embedded Systems Design with Platform FPGAs

Principles and Practices
Author: Ronald Sass,Andrew G. Schmidt
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 9780080921785
Category: Computers
Page: 408
View: 9513

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Embedded Systems Design with Platform FPGAs introduces professional engineers and students alike to system development using Platform FPGAs. The focus is on embedded systems but it also serves as a general guide to building custom computing systems. The text describes the fundamental technology in terms of hardware, software, and a set of principles to guide the development of Platform FPGA systems. The goal is to show how to systematically and creatively apply these principles to the construction of application-specific embedded system architectures. There is a strong focus on using free and open source software to increase productivity. Each chapter is organized into two parts. The white pages describe concepts, principles, and general knowledge. The gray pages provide a technical rendition of the main issues of the chapter and show the concepts applied in practice. This includes step-by-step details for a specific development board and tool chain so that the reader can carry out the same steps on their own. Rather than try to demonstrate the concepts on a broad set of tools and boards, the text uses a single set of tools (Xilinx Platform Studio, Linux, and GNU) throughout and uses a single developer board (Xilinx ML-510) for the examples. Explains how to use the Platform FPGA to meet complex design requirements and improve product performance Presents both fundamental concepts together with pragmatic, step-by-step instructions for building a system on a Platform FPGA Includes detailed case studies, extended real-world examples, and lab exercises

The Art of Hardware Architecture

Design Methods and Techniques for Digital Circuits
Author: Mohit Arora
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461403975
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 221
View: 6099

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This book highlights the complex issues, tasks and skills that must be mastered by an IP designer, in order to design an optimized and robust digital circuit to solve a problem. The techniques and methodologies described can serve as a bridge between specifications that are known to the designer and RTL code that is final outcome, reducing significantly the time it takes to convert initial ideas and concepts into right-first-time silicon. Coverage focuses on real problems rather than theoretical concepts, with an emphasis on design techniques across various aspects of chip-design.

Embedded Software for SoC


Author: Ahmed Amine Jerraya,Sungjoo Yoo,Norbert Wehn,Diederik Verkest
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306487098
Category: Computers
Page: 530
View: 775

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This title covers all software-related aspects of SoC design, from embedded and application-domain specific operating systems to system architecture for future SoC. It will give embedded software designers invaluable insights into the constraints imposed by the use of embedded software in an SoC context.

Processor Design

System-On-Chip Computing for ASICs and FPGAs
Author: Jari Nurmi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402055307
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 526
View: 3214

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Here is an extremely useful book that provides insight into a number of different flavors of processor architectures and their design, software tool generation, implementation, and verification. After a brief introduction to processor architectures and how processor designers have sometimes failed to deliver what was expected, the authors introduce a generic flow for embedded on-chip processor design and start to explore the vast design space of on-chip processing. The authors cover a number of different types of processor core.

Real World Multicore Embedded Systems


Author: Bryon Moyer
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0123914612
Category: Computers
Page: 648
View: 6020

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This Expert Guide gives you the techniques and technologies in embedded multicore to optimally design and implement your embedded system. Written by experts with a solutions focus, this encyclopedic reference gives you an indispensable aid to tackling the day-to-day problems when building and managing multicore embedded systems. Following an embedded system design path from start to finish, our team of experts takes you from architecture, through hardware implementation to software programming and debug. With this book you will learn: • What motivates multicore • The architectural options and tradeoffs; when to use what • How to deal with the unique hardware challenges that multicore presents • How to manage the software infrastructure in a multicore environment • How to write effective multicore programs • How to port legacy code into a multicore system and partition legacy software • How to optimize both the system and software • The particular challenges of debugging multicore hardware and software Examples demonstrating timeless implementation details Proven and practical techniques reflecting the authors’ expertise built from years of experience and key advice on tackling critical issues

Computer System Design

System-on-Chip
Author: Michael J. Flynn,Wayne Luk
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118009918
Category: Computers
Page: 320
View: 3629

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The next generation of computer system designers will be less concerned about details of processors and memories, and more concerned about the elements of a system tailored to particular applications. These designers will have a fundamental knowledge of processors and other elements in the system, but the success of their design will depend on the skills in making system-level tradeoffs that optimize the cost, performance and other attributes to meet application requirements. This book provides a new treatment of computer system design, particularly for System-on-Chip (SOC), which addresses the issues mentioned above. It begins with a global introduction, from the high-level view to the lowest common denominator (the chip itself), then moves on to the three main building blocks of an SOC (processor, memory, and interconnect). Next is an overview of what makes SOC unique (its customization ability and the applications that drive it). The final chapter presents future challenges for system design and SOC possibilities.

Embedded Computing

A VLIW Approach to Architecture, Compilers and Tools
Author: Joseph A. Fisher,Paolo Faraboschi,Clifford Young
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1558607668
Category: Computers
Page: 671
View: 5270

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The fact that there are more embedded computers than general-purpose computers and that we are impacted by hundreds of them every day is no longer news. What is news is that their increasing performance requirements, complexity and capabilities demand a new approach to their design. Fisher, Faraboschi, and Young describe a new age of embedded computing design, in which the processor is central, making the approach radically distinct from contemporary practices of embedded systems design. They demonstrate why it is essential to take a computing-centric and system-design approach to the traditional elements of nonprogrammable components, peripherals, interconnects and buses. These elements must be unified in a system design with high-performance processor architectures, microarchitectures and compilers, and with the compilation tools, debuggers and simulators needed for application development. In this landmark text, the authors apply their expertise in highly interdisciplinary hardware/software development and VLIW processors to illustrate this change in embedded computing. VLIW architectures have long been a popular choice in embedded systems design, and while VLIW is a running theme throughout the book, embedded computing is the core topic. Embedded Computing examines both in a book filled with fact and opinion based on the authors many years of R&D experience. · Complemented by a unique, professional-quality embedded tool-chain on the authors' website, http://www.vliw.org/book · Combines technical depth with real-world experience · Comprehensively explains the differences between general purpose computing systems and embedded systems at the hardware, software, tools and operating system levels. · Uses concrete examples to explain and motivate the trade-offs.

Embedded Systems

ARM Programming and Optimization
Author: Jason D. Bakos
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 0128004126
Category: Computers
Page: 320
View: 3838

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Embedded Systems: ARM Programming and Optimization combines an exploration of the ARM architecture with an examination of the facilities offered by the Linux operating system to explain how various features of program design can influence processor performance. It demonstrates methods by which a programmer can optimize program code in a way that does not impact its behavior but improves its performance. Several applications, including image transformations, fractal generation, image convolution, and computer vision tasks, are used to describe and demonstrate these methods. From this, the reader will gain insight into computer architecture and application design, as well as gain practical knowledge in the area of embedded software design for modern embedded systems. Covers three ARM instruction set architectures, the ARMv6 and ARMv7-A, as well as three ARM cores, the ARM11 on the Raspberry Pi, Cortex-A9 on the Xilinx Zynq 7020, and Cortex-A15 on the NVIDIA Tegra K1 Describes how to fully leverage the facilities offered by the Linux operating system, including the Linux GCC compiler toolchain and debug tools, performance monitoring support, OpenMP multicore runtime environment, video frame buffer, and video capture capabilities Designed to accompany and work with most of the low cost Linux/ARM embedded development boards currently available

System-on-Chip Test Architectures

Nanometer Design for Testability
Author: Laung-Terng Wang,Charles E. Stroud,Nur A. Touba
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 9780080556802
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 896
View: 4269

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Modern electronics testing has a legacy of more than 40 years. The introduction of new technologies, especially nanometer technologies with 90nm or smaller geometry, has allowed the semiconductor industry to keep pace with the increased performance-capacity demands from consumers. As a result, semiconductor test costs have been growing steadily and typically amount to 40% of today's overall product cost. This book is a comprehensive guide to new VLSI Testing and Design-for-Testability techniques that will allow students, researchers, DFT practitioners, and VLSI designers to master quickly System-on-Chip Test architectures, for test debug and diagnosis of digital, memory, and analog/mixed-signal designs. Emphasizes VLSI Test principles and Design for Testability architectures, with numerous illustrations/examples. Most up-to-date coverage available, including Fault Tolerance, Low-Power Testing, Defect and Error Tolerance, Network-on-Chip (NOC) Testing, Software-Based Self-Testing, FPGA Testing, MEMS Testing, and System-In-Package (SIP) Testing, which are not yet available in any testing book. Covers the entire spectrum of VLSI testing and DFT architectures, from digital and analog, to memory circuits, and fault diagnosis and self-repair from digital to memory circuits. Discusses future nanotechnology test trends and challenges facing the nanometer design era; promising nanotechnology test techniques, including Quantum-Dots, Cellular Automata, Carbon-Nanotubes, and Hybrid Semiconductor/Nanowire/Molecular Computing. Practical problems at the end of each chapter for students.

Embedded System Design

Embedded Systems Foundations of Cyber-Physical Systems
Author: Peter Marwedel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400702578
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 400
View: 2987

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Until the late 1980s, information processing was associated with large mainframe computers and huge tape drives. During the 1990s, this trend shifted toward information processing with personal computers, or PCs. The trend toward miniaturization continues and in the future the majority of information processing systems will be small mobile computers, many of which will be embedded into larger products and interfaced to the physical environment. Hence, these kinds of systems are called embedded systems. Embedded systems together with their physical environment are called cyber-physical systems. Examples include systems such as transportation and fabrication equipment. It is expected that the total market volume of embedded systems will be significantly larger than that of traditional information processing systems such as PCs and mainframes. Embedded systems share a number of common characteristics. For example, they must be dependable, efficient, meet real-time constraints and require customized user interfaces (instead of generic keyboard and mouse interfaces). Therefore, it makes sense to consider common principles of embedded system design. Embedded System Design starts with an introduction into the area and a survey of specification models and languages for embedded and cyber-physical systems. It provides a brief overview of hardware devices used for such systems and presents the essentials of system software for embedded systems, like real-time operating systems. The book also discusses evaluation and validation techniques for embedded systems. Furthermore, the book presents an overview of techniques for mapping applications to execution platforms. Due to the importance of resource efficiency, the book also contains a selected set of optimization techniques for embedded systems, including special compilation techniques. The book closes with a brief survey on testing. Embedded System Design can be used as a text book for courses on embedded systems and as a source which provides pointers to relevant material in the area for PhD students and teachers. It assumes a basic knowledge of information processing hardware and software. Courseware related to this book is available at http://ls12-www.cs.tu-dortmund.de/~marwedel.

DSP Software Development Techniques for Embedded and Real-Time Systems


Author: Robert Oshana
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080491196
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 608
View: 9094

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Today's embedded and real-time systems contain a mix of processor types: off-the-shelf microcontrollers, digital signal processors (DSPs), and custom processors. The decreasing cost of DSPs has made these sophisticated chips very attractive for a number of embedded and real-time applications, including automotive, telecommunications, medical imaging, and many others—including even some games and home appliances. However, developing embedded and real-time DSP applications is a complex task influenced by many parameters and issues. DSP Software Development Techniques for Embedded and Real-Time Systems is an introduction to DSP software development for embedded and real-time developers giving details on how to use digital signal processors efficiently in embedded and real-time systems. The book covers software and firmware design principles, from processor architectures and basic theory to the selection of appropriate languages and basic algorithms. The reader will find practical guidelines, diagrammed techniques, tool descriptions, and code templates for developing and optimizing DSP software and firmware. The book also covers integrating and testing DSP systems as well as managing the DSP development effort. Digital signal processors (DSPs) are the future of microchips! Includes practical guidelines, diagrammed techniques, tool descriptions, and code templates to aid in the development and optimization of DSP software and firmware

Embedded Systems Design


Author: Steve Heath
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080477565
Category: Computers
Page: 430
View: 9914

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In this new edition the latest ARM processors and other hardware developments are fully covered along with new sections on Embedded Linux and the new freeware operating system eCOS. The hot topic of embedded systems and the internet is also introduced. In addition a fascinating new case study explores how embedded systems can be developed and experimented with using nothing more than a standard PC. * A practical introduction to the hottest topic in modern electronics design * Covers hardware, interfacing and programming in one book * New material on Embedded Linux for embedded internet systems