Elementary Scattering Theory

For X-ray and Neutron Users
Author: D.S. Sivia
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199228671
Category: Science
Page: 201
View: 2160

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This book provides the basic theoretical background for X-ray and neutron scattering experiments. Since these techniques are increasingly being used by biologists and chemists, as well as physicists, the book is intended to be accessible to a broad spectrum of scientists.

Elementary Scattering Theory

For X-ray and Neutron Users
Author: D.S. Sivia
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780199228683
Category: Science
Page: 216
View: 8391

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This book provides the basic theoretical background for X-ray and neutron scattering experiments. Since these techniques are increasingly being used by biologists and chemists, as well as physicists, the book is intended to be accessible to a broad spectrum of scientists.

Elementary Theory of Scattering


Author: P.K. Verma
Publisher: Atlantic Publishers & Dist
ISBN: 9788126903849
Category: Quantum theory
Page: 192
View: 5745

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The Book Elementary Theory Of Scattering Contains Vector Representation, Linear Operator, Matrix Representation, Schrodinger Picture, Heisenberg Picture, Interaction Picture, Hilbert Space, And Their Applications In Theory Of Scattering. All Standard Integrals And Functions Like Bessel S Function, Green S Function And Fourier Series Have Been Properly Presented To Illustrate The Theory Of Scattering.Transition-Matrix, S-Matrix And Modified Born-Approximation Are Included So That Scattering Theory Can Be Conveniently Comprehended And Extended As Per The Need Of The Interactions.It Is Compatible With The Courses Of Studies Of Honours Degree And Postgraduate Levels.

Scattering Theory

The Quantum Theory of Nonrelativistic Collisions
Author: John R. Taylor
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486142078
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 512
View: 4813

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This graduate-level text, intended for any student of physics who requires a thorough grounding in the quantum theory of nonrelativistic scattering, emphasizes the time-dependent approach. 1983 edition.

Multiple Scattering Theory for Spectroscopies

A Guide to Multiple Scattering Computer Codes -- Dedicated to C. R. Natoli on the Occasion of his 75th Birthday
Author: Didier Sébilleau,Keisuke Hatada,Hubert Ebert
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319738119
Category: Science
Page: 401
View: 1001

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This edited book, based on material presented at the EU Spec Training School on Multiple Scattering Codes and the following MSNano Conference, is divided into two distinct parts. The first part, subtitled “basic knowledge”, provides the basics of the multiple scattering description in spectroscopies, enabling readers to understand the physics behind the various multiple scattering codes available for modelling spectroscopies. The second part, “extended knowledge”, presents “state- of-the-art” short chapters on specific subjects associated with improving of the actual description of spectroscopies within the multiple scattering formalism, such as inelastic processes, or precise examples of modelling.

Scattering Theory of Waves and Particles


Author: Roger G. Newton
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486425355
Category: Science
Page: 745
View: 1696

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This volume crosses the boundaries of physics' traditional subdivisions to treat scattering theory within the context of classical electromagnetic radiation, classical particle mechanics, and quantum mechanics. Includes updates on developments in three-particle collisions, scattering by noncentral potentials, and inverse scattering problems. 1982 edition.

Principles of Condensed Matter Physics


Author: P. M. Chaikin,T. C. Lubensky
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521794503
Category: Science
Page: 699
View: 1117

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This successful and widely-reviewed book covering the physics of condensed matter systems is now available in paperback.

Neutron Scattering in Condensed Matter Physics


Author: Albert Furrer,Joël Mesot,Thierry Strässle
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9813102500
Category:
Page: 316
View: 4065

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Neutron scattering has become a key technique for investigating the properties of materials on an atomic scale. The uniqueness of this method is based on the fact that the wavelength and energy of thermal neutrons ideally match interatomic distances and excitation energies in condensed matter, and thus neutron scattering is able to directly examine the static and dynamic properties of the material. In addition, neutrons carry a magnetic moment, which makes them a unique probe for detecting magnetic phenomena. In this important book, an introduction to the basic principles and instrumental aspects of neutron scattering is provided, and the most important phenomena and materials properties in condensed matter physics are described and exemplified by typical neutron scattering experiments, with emphasis on explaining how the relevant information can be extracted from the measurements.

Quantum Physics


Author: Michel Le Bellac
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139450794
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 6614

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Quantum physics allows us to understand the nature of the physical phenomena which govern the behavior of solids, semi-conductors, lasers, atoms, nuclei, subnuclear particles and light. In Quantum Physics, Le Bellac provides a thoroughly modern approach to this fundamental theory. Throughout the book, Le Bellac teaches the fundamentals of quantum physics using an original approach which relies primarily on an algebraic treatment and on the systematic use of symmetry principles. In addition to the standard topics such as one-dimensional potentials, angular momentum and scattering theory, the reader is introduced to more recent developments at an early stage. These include a detailed account of entangled states and their applications, the optical Bloch equations, the theory of laser cooling and of magneto-optical traps, vacuum Rabi oscillations and an introduction to open quantum systems. This is a textbook for a modern course on quantum physics, written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students.

Principles of Quantum Scattering Theory


Author: Dzevad Belkic
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420033649
Category: Science
Page: 392
View: 3556

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Scattering is one of the most powerful methods used to study the structure of matter, and many of the most important breakthroughs in physics have been made by means of scattering. Nearly a century has passed since the first investigations in this field, and the work undertaken since then has resulted in a rich literature encompassing both experimental and theoretical results. In scattering, one customarily studies collisions among nuclear, sub-nuclear, atomic or molecular particles, and as these are intrinsically quantum systems, it is logical that quantum mechanics is used as the basis for modern scattering theory. In Principles of Quantum Scattering Theory, the author judiciously combines physical intuition and mathematical rigour to present various selected principles of quantum scattering theory. As always in physics, experiment should be used to ultimately validate physical and mathematical modelling, and the author presents a number of exemplary illustrations, comparing theoretical and experimental cross sections in a selection of major inelastic ion-atom collisions at high non-relativistic energies. Quantum scattering theory, one of the most beautiful theories in physics, is also very rich in mathematics. Principles of Quantum Scattering Theory is intended primarily for graduate physics students, but also for non-specialist physicists for whom the clarity of exposition should aid comprehension of these mathematical complexities.

Basic X-Ray Scattering for Soft Matter


Author: Wim H. de Jeu
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191044415
Category: Science
Page: 192
View: 3665

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X-ray scattering is a well-established technique in materials science. Several excellent textbooks exist in this field, but these texts are typically written by physicists who use mathematics to make things clear. Consequently these books appeal less to students and scientists in the field of soft matter (polymers, liquid crystals, colloids, self-assembled organic systems) who usually have a more chemical-oriented background with limited mathematics. Moreover, they need to know about the technique of x-ray scattering, but do not intend to become an expert. The aim of this book is to explain basic principles and applications of x-ray scattering in a simple way using many practical examples followed by more elaborate case studies. The book contains a separate chapter on the different types of order/disorder in soft matter that play such an important role in modern self-assembling systems. Finally the last chapter treats soft matter surfaces and thin film that are increasingly used in coatings and in many technological applications, such as liquid crystal displays and nanostructured block copolymer films. This book has been written for the large community of soft matter students and scientists.

Lectures in Quantum Mechanics

A Two-Term Course
Author: Luigi E. Picasso
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319226320
Category: Science
Page: 354
View: 3918

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Based on a series of university lectures on nonrelativistic quantum mechanics, this textbook covers a wide range of topics, from the birth of quantum mechanics to the fine-structure levels of heavy atoms. The author sets out from the crisis in classical physics and explores the seminal ideas of Einstein, Bohr, and de Broglie and their vital importance for the development of quantum mechanics. There follows a bottom-up presentation of the postulates of quantum mechanics through real experiments (such as those of neutron interferometry), with consideration of their most important consequences, including applications in the field of atomic physics. A final chapter is devoted to the paradoxes of quantum mechanics, and particularly those aspects that are still open and hotly debated, to end up with a mention to Bell's theorem and Aspect's experiments. In presenting the principles of quantum mechanics in an inductive way, this book has already proved very popular with students in its Italian language version.It complements the exercises and solutions book "Problems in Quantum Mechanics", by E. d'Emilio, L.E. Picasso (Springer).

Collision Theory


Author: Marvin L. Goldberger,Kenneth M. Watson
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486435075
Category: Science
Page: 919
View: 7763

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A systematic description of the basic principles of collision theory, this graduate-level text presents a detailed examination of scattering processes and formal scattering theory, the two-body problem with central forces, scattering by noncentral forces, lifetime and decay of virtual states, an introduction to dispersion theory, and more. 1964 edition.

Mathematical Scattering Theory

General Theory
Author: D. R. Yafaev
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821897379
Category: Mathematics
Page: 341
View: 2816

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Preliminary facts Basic concepts of scattering theory Further properties of the WO Scattering for relatively smooth perturbations The general setup in stationary scattering theory Scattering for perturbations of trace class type Properties of the scattering matrix (SM) The spectral shift function (SSF) and the trace formula

Dynamics of Gas-Surface Scattering


Author: Frank O. Goodman
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323154611
Category: Science
Page: 352
View: 7140

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Dynamics of Gas-Surface Scattering deals with the dynamics of scattering as inferred from known properties of gases and solids. This book discusses measurements of spatial distributions of scattered atomic and molecular streams, and of the energy and momentum which gas particles exchange at solid surfaces. It also considers two regimes of scattering, both of which are associated with a lower range of incident gas energies: the thermal and structure scattering regimes. Comprised of 10 chapters, this book opens with a brief historical overview of the early experiments that investigated the dynamics of scattering of gases by surfaces. The discussion then turns to some elements of the kinetic theory of gases; intermodular potentials and interaction regimes; and classical-mechanical lattice models used in gas-surface scattering theory. The applications of molecular beams to the study of gas-surface scattering phenomena are also described. The remaining chapters focus on experiments and theories on scattering of molecular streams by surfaces of solids, with emphasis on thermal and structure regimes of inelastic scattering; quantum theory of gas-surface scattering; and quantum mechanical scattering phenomena. This text concludes with an analysis of energy exchange processes that may occur when a solid surface is completely immersed in a still gas. This monograph will be a valuable resource for students and practitioners of physics, chemistry, and applied mathematics.

Introduction to the Theory of Thermal Neutron Scattering


Author: G. L. Squires
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107644062
Category: Science
Page: 272
View: 7204

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A long-awaited reprint of the book that has established itself as the classic textbook on neutron scattering. It will be an invaluable introductory text for students taking courses on neutron scattering, as well as for researchers and those who would like to deepen their knowledge on the subject through self-study.

Polymers and Neutron Scattering


Author: Julia S. Higgins,Henri Benoît
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198500636
Category: Science
Page: 436
View: 2691

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The application of neutron scattering to polymers has been extremely successful during the last two decades. This book presents, for the first time, both the theories and experimental examples which are needed to understand how these techniques can be applied. Now available in paperback for the first time this book is specifically written to introduce the newcomer and non-expert to the experimental techniques and the basic theory necessary to understand the results.

Principles of Quantum Scattering Theory


Author: Dzevad Belkic
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420033649
Category: Science
Page: 392
View: 2084

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Scattering is one of the most powerful methods used to study the structure of matter, and many of the most important breakthroughs in physics have been made by means of scattering. Nearly a century has passed since the first investigations in this field, and the work undertaken since then has resulted in a rich literature encompassing both experimental and theoretical results. In scattering, one customarily studies collisions among nuclear, sub-nuclear, atomic or molecular particles, and as these are intrinsically quantum systems, it is logical that quantum mechanics is used as the basis for modern scattering theory. In Principles of Quantum Scattering Theory, the author judiciously combines physical intuition and mathematical rigour to present various selected principles of quantum scattering theory. As always in physics, experiment should be used to ultimately validate physical and mathematical modelling, and the author presents a number of exemplary illustrations, comparing theoretical and experimental cross sections in a selection of major inelastic ion-atom collisions at high non-relativistic energies. Quantum scattering theory, one of the most beautiful theories in physics, is also very rich in mathematics. Principles of Quantum Scattering Theory is intended primarily for graduate physics students, but also for non-specialist physicists for whom the clarity of exposition should aid comprehension of these mathematical complexities.

Elements of Modern X-ray Physics


Author: Jens Als-Nielsen,Des McMorrow
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781119970156
Category: Science
Page: 432
View: 9337

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Eagerly awaited, this second edition of a best-selling text comprehensively describes from a modern perspective the basics of x-ray physics as well as the completely new opportunities offered by synchrotron radiation. Written by internationally acclaimed authors, the style of the book is to develop the basic physical principles without obscuring them with excessive mathematics. The second edition differs substantially from the first edition, with over 30% new material, including: A new chapter on non-crystalline diffraction - designed to appeal to the large community who study the structure of liquids, glasses, and most importantly polymers and bio-molecules A new chapter on x-ray imaging - developed in close cooperation with many of the leading experts in the field Two new chapters covering non-crystalline diffraction and imaging Many important changes to various sections in the book have been made with a view to improving the exposition Four-colour representation throughout the text to clarify key concepts Extensive problems after each chapter There is also supplementary book material for this title available online (http://booksupport.wiley.com). Praise for the previous edition: “The publication of Jens Als-Nielsen and Des McMorrow’s Elements of Modern X-ray Physics is a defining moment in the field of synchrotron radiation… a welcome addition to the bookshelves of synchrotron–radiation professionals and students alike.... The text is now my personal choice for teaching x-ray physics…” – Physics Today, 2002

Introduction to Elementary Particle Theory

International Series of Monographs In Natural Philosophy
Author: Yu. V. Novozhilov
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483187314
Category: Science
Page: 400
View: 5741

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Introduction to Elementary Particle Theory details the fundamental concepts and basic principles of the theory of elementary particles. The title emphasizes on the phenomenological foundations of relativistic theory and to the strong interactions from the S-matrix standpoint. The text first covers the basic description of elementary particles, and then proceeds to tackling relativistic quantum mechanics and kinematics. Next the selection deals with the problem of internal symmetry. In the last part, the title details the elements of dynamical theory. The book will be of great use to students and researchers in the field of particle physics.