Electrochemistry for Materials Science


Author: Walfried Plieth
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080556253
Category: Science
Page: 420
View: 7784

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This book introduces the principles of electrochemistry with a special emphasis on materials science. This book is clearly organized around the main topic areas comprising electrolytes, electrodes, development of the potential differences in combining electrolytes with electrodes, the electrochemical double layer, mass transport, and charge transfer, making the subject matter more accessible. In the second part, several important areas for materials science are described in more detail. These chapters bridge the gap between the introductory textbooks and the more specialized literature. They feature the electrodeposition of metals and alloys, electrochemistry of oxides and semiconductors, intrinsically conducting polymers, and aspects of nanotechnology with an emphasis on the codeposition of nanoparticles. This book provides a good introduction into electrochemistry for the graduate student. For the research student as well as for the advanced reader there is sufficient information on the basic problems in special chapters. The book is suitable for students and researchers in chemistry, physics, engineering, as well as materials science. - Introduction into electrochemistry - Metal and alloy electrodeposition - Oxides and semiconductors, corrosion - Intrinsically conducting polymers - Codeposition of nanoparticles, multilayers

Electrochemical Materials Science


Author: John Bockris
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475748256
Category: Science
Page: 563
View: 1046

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It is now time for a comprehensive treatise to look at the whole field of electrochemistry. The present treatise was conceived in 1974, and the earliest invitations to authors for contributions were made in 1975. The completion of the early been delayed by various factors. volumes has There has been no attempt to make each article emphasize the most recent situation at the expense of an overall statement of the modern view. This treatise is not a collection of articles from Recent Advances in Electrochemistry or Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry. It is an attempt at making a mature statement about the present position in the vast area of what is best looked at as a new interdisciplinary field. Texas A & M University J. O'M. Bockris University of Ottawa B. E. Conway Case Western Reserve University Ernest Yeager Texas A & M University Ralph E. White Preface to Volume 4 The science of degradation of materials involves a vast area of science and technology, the economic importance of which rivals that of any other clearly defined area affecting the standard of life. The basis of the corrosion process is the electrochemical charge-transfer reaction, and the center of the subject of the degradation of materials is electrochemical material science.

Electrochemistry of Nanomaterials


Author: Gary Hodes
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527612793
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 326
View: 5665

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Engineering of nanophase materials and devices is of vital interest in electronics, semiconductors and optics, catalysis, ceramics and magnetism. Research associated with nanoparticles has widely spread and diffused into every field of scientific research, forming a trend of nanocrystal engineered materials. Electrochemical methods are widely used for the preparation of nanoparticles and the electrochemical properties of such nanomaterials are most relevant for their applications. This comprehensive reference work will appeal to advanced graduate students and researchers in the field specialized in electrochemistry, materials physics and materials science.

Electrochemistry of Insertion Materials for Hydrogen and Lithium


Author: Su-Il Pyun,Heon-Cheol Shin,Jong-Won Lee,Joo-Young Go
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642294642
Category: Science
Page: 250
View: 367

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The understanding of hydrogen/lithium insertion phenomena is of great importance for the development of the next generation of functional electrochemical devices such as rechargeable batteries, electrochromic devices, and fuel cells. This volume introduces a variety of viable electrochemical methods to identify reaction mechanisms and evaluate relevant kinetic properties of insertion electrodes. The authors also outline various ways to analyze anomalous behaviour of hydrogen/lithium transport through insertion electrodes.

Electrochemistry and Corrosion Science


Author: Nestor Perez
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402078609
Category: Science
Page: 362
View: 3005

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Electrochemistry and Corrosion Science is a graduate level text/professional reference that describes the types of corrosion on metallic materials. The focus will be on modeling and engineering approximation schemes that describe the thermodynamics and kinetics of electrochemical systems. The principles of corrosion behavior and metal recovery are succinctly described with the aid of pictures, figures, graphs and schematic models, followed by derivation of equations to quantify relevant parameters. Example problems are included to illustrate the application of electrochemical concepts and mathematics for solving complex corrosion problems. This book differs from others in that the subject matter is organized around the modeling and predicating approaches that are used to determine detrimental and beneficial electrochemical events. Thus, this book will take a more practical approach and make it especially useful as a basic text and reference for professional engineers.

Electrochemistry for the Environment


Author: Christos Comninellis,Guohua Chen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387683188
Category: Science
Page: 563
View: 4053

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Wastewater treatment technology is undergoing a profound transformation due to the fundamental changes in regulations governing the discharge and disposal of h- ardous pollutants. Established design procedures and criteria, which have served the industry well for decades, can no longer meet the ever-increasing demand. Toxicity reduction requirements dictate in the development of new technologies for the treatment of these toxic pollutants in a safe and cost-effective manner. Fo- most among these technologies are electrochemical processes. While electrochemical technologies have been known and utilized for the tre- ment of wastewater containing heavy metal cations, the application of these p- cesses is only just a beginning to be developed for the oxidation of recalcitrant organic pollutants. In fact, only recently the electrochemical oxidation process has been rec- nized as an advanced oxidation process (AOP). This is due to the development of boron-doped diamond (BDD) anodes on which the oxidation of organic pollutants is mediated via the formation of active hydroxyl radicals.

Nanostructured Materials for Electrochemical Energy Production and Storage


Author: Edson Roberto Leite
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387493237
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 250
View: 2081

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Here is an authoritative reference from world-renowned research groups for those working in materials science and electrochemistry. The authors describe properties of nanostructured materials that can improve performance in alternative energy devices.

Electrochemistry of Novel Electrode Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage


Author: John Weidner
Publisher: The Electrochemical Society
ISBN: 1566776309
Category: Science
Page: 396
View: 4333

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The papers included in this issue of ECS Transactions were originally presented in the symposium ¿Electrochemistry of Novel Electrode Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage¿, held during the 211th meeting of The Electrochemical Society, in Chicago, IL, from May 6 to 11, 2007.

Solid State Electrochemistry II

Electrodes, Interfaces and Ceramic Membranes
Author: Vladislav V. Kharton
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527635580
Category: Science
Page: 576
View: 326

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The ideal addition to the companion volume on fundamentals, methodologies, and applications, this second volume combines fundamental information with an overview of the role of ceramic membranes, electrodes and interfaces in this important, interdisciplinary and rapidly developing field. Written primarily for specialists working in solid state electrochemistry, this first comprehensive handbook on the topic focuses on the most important developments over the last decade, as well as the methodological and theoretical aspects and practical applications. This makes the contents equally of interest to material, physical and industrial scientists, and to physicists. Also available as a two-volume set.

New Horizons in Electrochemical Science and Technology


Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,National Materials Advisory Board,Committee on Electrochemical aspects of Energy Conservation and Production
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309037352
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 164
View: 8246

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Modern technology depends heavily on advances in the electrochemical field, but this field may not be receiving the research attention and funding it needs. This new book addresses this issue. It reviews the status of current electrchemical knowledge, recommends areas of future research and development, identifies new technological opportunities in electrochemistry, delineates opportunities for interdisciplinary research, and outlines the socioeconomic impact of electrochemical advances.

Progress in Corrosion Science and Engineering I


Author: Su-Il Pyun,Jong-Won Lee
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387922636
Category: Science
Page: 319
View: 1922

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The present volume of Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry is composed of four chapters covering topics having relevance both in corrosion science and materials engineering. All of the chapters provide comprehensive coverage of recent advances in corrosion science. The first chapter, by Maurice and Marcus, provides a comprehensive review on the structural aspects and anti-corrosion properties of passive films on metals and alloys. These authors look at recent experimental data collected by in-situ microscopic techniques coupled with electrochemical methods. A detailed description is given of the nucleation and growth of 2-dimensional passive films at earlier stages, their effect on the corrosion properties of metal surfaces, and the nanostructures of- dimensional passive films. On the basis of the experimental data reviewed, the authors present a model for passivity breakdown and pit initiation, which takes into account the preferential role of grain boundaries. In Chapter 2, Takahashi and his co-workers give a specialized account on the electrochemical and structural properties of anodic oxide films formed on aluminum. In addition to the electrochemical corrosion-related problems of anodic oxide films, the chapter reviews state-of-the-art research of nano-/mic- fabrications based on anodizing treatments combined with chemical/mechanical processes such as laser irradiation, atomic force micro-probe processing and thin film deposition techniques.

Electroanalytical Methods

Guide to Experiments and Applications
Author: Fritz Scholz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642029158
Category: Science
Page: 359
View: 6882

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Researchers and professionals will find a hands-on guide to successful experiments and applications of modern electroanalytical techniques here. The new edition has been completely revised and extended by a chapter on quartz-crystal microbalances. The book is written for chemists, biochemists, environmental and materials scientists, and physicists. A basic knowledge of chemistry and physics is sufficient for understanding the described methods. Electroanalytical techniques are particularly useful for qualitative and quantitative analysis of chemical, biochemical, and physical systems. Experienced experts provide the necessary theoretical background of electrochemistry and thoroughly describe frequently used measuring techniques. Special attention is given to experimental details and data evaluation.

Electrochemical Techniques in Corrosion Science and Engineering


Author: Robert G. Kelly,John R. Scully,David Shoesmith,Rudolph G. Buchheit
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203909133
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 440
View: 6276

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This book describes the origin, use, and limitations of electrochemical phase diagrams, testing schemes for active, passive, and localized corrosion, the development and electrochemical characterization of passivity, and methods in process alteration, failure prediction, and materials selection. It offers useful guidelines for assessing the efficacy of corrosion inhibitors and coatings for metals and alloys, developing effective corrosion prediction models, calculating the corrosion rates of various materials, determining the resistance of alloys to pitting and crevice corrosion, and considering current and potential distribution effects on corrosion.

Materials for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage


Author: Arumugam Manthiram,Prashant N. Kumta,S. K. Sundaram,Gerbrand Ceder
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111837083X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 270
View: 8196

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This new volume covers the latest developments in the field of electrochemistry. It addresses a variety of topics including new materials development, materials synthesis, processing, characterization, property measurements, structure-property relationships, and device performance. A broader view of various electrochemical energy conversion devices make this book a critical read for scientists and engineers working in related fields. Papers from the symposium at the 102nd Annual Meeting of The American Ceramic Society, April 29-May 3, 2000, Missouri and the 103rd Annual Meeting, April 22-25, 2001, Indiana.

Impedance in Electrochemistry — From Analytical Applications to Mechanistic Speculation 2


Author: P. Vanýsek
Publisher: The Electrochemical Society
ISBN: 1566777623
Category: Science
Page: 157
View: 3793

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Impedance spectroscopy, as a method, is becoming a fixture of the instrumental arsenal. However, due to its complexity, the interpretation of impedance results is far from commonplace. The aim of this symposium was to provide forum for new approaches and uses (the Analytical Speculations part) as well as for rigorous attempt at the interpretation, going all the way to the fundamental mechanistic cause and effect.

Interfacial Electrochemistry and Chemistry in High Temperature Media


Author: S. N. Lvov
Publisher: The Electrochemical Society
ISBN: 1566776406
Category: Science
Page: 199
View: 498

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The papers included in this issue of ECS Transactions were originally presented in the symposium ¿Interfacial Electrochemistry and Chemistry in High Temperature Media¿, held during the 212th meeting of The Electrochemical Society, in Washington, DC, from October 7 to 12, 2007.

Nanostructured Materials in Electrochemistry


Author: Ali Eftekhari
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527621512
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 489
View: 4659

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Providing the unique and vital link between the worlds of electrochemistry and nanomaterials, this reference and handbook covers advances in electrochemistry through the nanoscale control of electrode structures, as well as advances in nanotechnology through electrochemical synthesis strategies. It demonstrates how electrochemical methods are of great scientific and commercial interest due to their low cost and high efficiency, and includes the synthesis of nanowires, nanoparticles, nanoporous and layered nanomaterials of various compositions, as well as their applications -- ranging from superior electrode materials to energy storage, biosensors, and electroanalytical devices.

Electrochemistry for Corrosion Fundamentals


Author: Toshiaki Ohtsuka,Atsushi Nishikata,Masatoshi Sakairi,Koji Fushimi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811068208
Category: Science
Page: 116
View: 6907

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This brief is concerned with the fundamentals of corrosion of metallic materials and electrochemistry for better understanding of corrosion phenomena. Corrosion is related to both the environment and material properties, induced by electrochemical reactions at the interface between metallic materials and the environment as in aqueous and gaseous phases. In order to understand corrosion phenomena, knowledge of electrochemistry is thus required, and to investigate the cause of corrosion damage, appropriate electrochemical experiments must be performed. Corrosion scientists should therefore possess knowledge of both electrochemistry and its related experimental techniques. In this book, corrosion phenomena are introduced from the electrochemical aspect. Electrochemical techniques for the study of corrosion are then described with other techniques that can be combined with electrochemistry. Because this brief is characterized as starting with the fundamentals of corrosion and electrochemistry, it is accessible to undergraduate students as well as to graduate students who are beginning corrosion research.