Electrochemistry for Materials Science


Author: Walfried Plieth
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080556253
Category: Science
Page: 420
View: 663

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This book introduces the principles of electrochemistry with a special emphasis on materials science. This book is clearly organized around the main topic areas comprising electrolytes, electrodes, development of the potential differences in combining electrolytes with electrodes, the electrochemical double layer, mass transport, and charge transfer, making the subject matter more accessible. In the second part, several important areas for materials science are described in more detail. These chapters bridge the gap between the introductory textbooks and the more specialized literature. They feature the electrodeposition of metals and alloys, electrochemistry of oxides and semiconductors, intrinsically conducting polymers, and aspects of nanotechnology with an emphasis on the codeposition of nanoparticles. This book provides a good introduction into electrochemistry for the graduate student. For the research student as well as for the advanced reader there is sufficient information on the basic problems in special chapters. The book is suitable for students and researchers in chemistry, physics, engineering, as well as materials science. - Introduction into electrochemistry - Metal and alloy electrodeposition - Oxides and semiconductors, corrosion - Intrinsically conducting polymers - Codeposition of nanoparticles, multilayers

Electrochemical Materials Science


Author: John Bockris
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9780306406140
Category: Science
Page: 563
View: 1881

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It is now time for a comprehensive treatise to look at the whole field of electrochemistry. The present treatise was conceived in 1974, and the earliest invitations to authors for contributions were made in 1975. The completion of the early been delayed by various factors. volumes has There has been no attempt to make each article emphasize the most recent situation at the expense of an overall statement of the modern view. This treatise is not a collection of articles from Recent Advances in Electrochemistry or Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry. It is an attempt at making a mature statement about the present position in the vast area of what is best looked at as a new interdisciplinary field. Texas A & M University J. O'M. Bockris University of Ottawa B. E. Conway Case Western Reserve University Ernest Yeager Texas A & M University Ralph E. White Preface to Volume 4 The science of degradation of materials involves a vast area of science and technology, the economic importance of which rivals that of any other clearly defined area affecting the standard of life. The basis of the corrosion process is the electrochemical charge-transfer reaction, and the center of the subject of the degradation of materials is electrochemical material science.

Electrochemistry of Nanomaterials


Author: Gary Hodes
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527612793
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 326
View: 2972

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Engineering of nanophase materials and devices is of vital interest in electronics, semiconductors and optics, catalysis, ceramics and magnetism. Research associated with nanoparticles has widely spread and diffused into every field of scientific research, forming a trend of nanocrystal engineered materials. Electrochemical methods are widely used for the preparation of nanoparticles and the electrochemical properties of such nanomaterials are most relevant for their applications. This comprehensive reference work will appeal to advanced graduate students and researchers in the field specialized in electrochemistry, materials physics and materials science.

Solid State Electrochemistry II

Electrodes, Interfaces and Ceramic Membranes
Author: Vladislav V. Kharton
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527635573
Category: Science
Page: 576
View: 6092

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The ideal addition to the companion volume on fundamentals, methodologies, and applications, this second volume combines fundamental information with an overview of the role of ceramic membranes, electrodes and interfaces in this important, interdisciplinary and rapidly developing field. Written primarily for specialists working in solid state electrochemistry, this first comprehensive handbook on the topic focuses on the most important developments over the last decade, as well as the methodological and theoretical aspects and practical applications. This makes the contents equally of interest to material, physical and industrial scientists, and to physicists. Also available as a two-volume set.

Electrochemistry of Insertion Materials for Hydrogen and Lithium


Author: Su-Il Pyun,Heon-Cheol Shin,Jong-Won Lee,Joo-Young Go
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642294642
Category: Science
Page: 250
View: 591

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The understanding of hydrogen/lithium insertion phenomena is of great importance for the development of the next generation of functional electrochemical devices such as rechargeable batteries, electrochromic devices, and fuel cells. This volume introduces a variety of viable electrochemical methods to identify reaction mechanisms and evaluate relevant kinetic properties of insertion electrodes. The authors also outline various ways to analyze anomalous behaviour of hydrogen/lithium transport through insertion electrodes.

Electrochemical Techniques in Corrosion Science and Engineering


Author: Robert G. Kelly,John R. Scully,David Shoesmith,Rudolph G. Buchheit
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203909133
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 440
View: 5049

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This book describes the origin, use, and limitations of electrochemical phase diagrams, testing schemes for active, passive, and localized corrosion, the development and electrochemical characterization of passivity, and methods in process alteration, failure prediction, and materials selection. It offers useful guidelines for assessing the efficacy of corrosion inhibitors and coatings for metals and alloys, developing effective corrosion prediction models, calculating the corrosion rates of various materials, determining the resistance of alloys to pitting and crevice corrosion, and considering current and potential distribution effects on corrosion.

Electrochemistry for the Environment


Author: Christos Comninellis,Guohua Chen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387683188
Category: Science
Page: 563
View: 6631

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Wastewater treatment technology is undergoing a profound transformation due to the fundamental changes in regulations governing the discharge and disposal of h- ardous pollutants. Established design procedures and criteria, which have served the industry well for decades, can no longer meet the ever-increasing demand. Toxicity reduction requirements dictate in the development of new technologies for the treatment of these toxic pollutants in a safe and cost-effective manner. Fo- most among these technologies are electrochemical processes. While electrochemical technologies have been known and utilized for the tre- ment of wastewater containing heavy metal cations, the application of these p- cesses is only just a beginning to be developed for the oxidation of recalcitrant organic pollutants. In fact, only recently the electrochemical oxidation process has been rec- nized as an advanced oxidation process (AOP). This is due to the development of boron-doped diamond (BDD) anodes on which the oxidation of organic pollutants is mediated via the formation of active hydroxyl radicals.

Nanostructured Materials for Electrochemical Energy Production and Storage


Author: Edson Roberto Leite
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387493237
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 250
View: 4701

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Here is an authoritative reference from world-renowned research groups for those working in materials science and electrochemistry. The authors describe properties of nanostructured materials that can improve performance in alternative energy devices.

Progress in Corrosion Science and Engineering I


Author: Su-Il Pyun,Jong-Won Lee
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387922636
Category: Science
Page: 319
View: 8804

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The present volume of Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry is composed of four chapters covering topics having relevance both in corrosion science and materials engineering. All of the chapters provide comprehensive coverage of recent advances in corrosion science. The first chapter, by Maurice and Marcus, provides a comprehensive review on the structural aspects and anti-corrosion properties of passive films on metals and alloys. These authors look at recent experimental data collected by in-situ microscopic techniques coupled with electrochemical methods. A detailed description is given of the nucleation and growth of 2-dimensional passive films at earlier stages, their effect on the corrosion properties of metal surfaces, and the nanostructures of- dimensional passive films. On the basis of the experimental data reviewed, the authors present a model for passivity breakdown and pit initiation, which takes into account the preferential role of grain boundaries. In Chapter 2, Takahashi and his co-workers give a specialized account on the electrochemical and structural properties of anodic oxide films formed on aluminum. In addition to the electrochemical corrosion-related problems of anodic oxide films, the chapter reviews state-of-the-art research of nano-/mic- fabrications based on anodizing treatments combined with chemical/mechanical processes such as laser irradiation, atomic force micro-probe processing and thin film deposition techniques.

Electroanalytical Methods

Guide to Experiments and Applications
Author: Fritz Scholz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642029158
Category: Science
Page: 359
View: 3236

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Researchers and professionals will find a hands-on guide to successful experiments and applications of modern electroanalytical techniques here. The new edition has been completely revised and extended by a chapter on quartz-crystal microbalances. The book is written for chemists, biochemists, environmental and materials scientists, and physicists. A basic knowledge of chemistry and physics is sufficient for understanding the described methods. Electroanalytical techniques are particularly useful for qualitative and quantitative analysis of chemical, biochemical, and physical systems. Experienced experts provide the necessary theoretical background of electrochemistry and thoroughly describe frequently used measuring techniques. Special attention is given to experimental details and data evaluation.

Electrochemical Energy

Advanced Materials and Technologies
Author: Pei Kang Shen,Chao-Yang Wang,San Ping Jiang,Xueliang Sun,Jiujun Zhang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482227282
Category: Science
Page: 622
View: 4640

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Electrochemical Energy: Advanced Materials and Technologies covers the development of advanced materials and technologies for electrochemical energy conversion and storage. The book was created by participants of the International Conference on Electrochemical Materials and Technologies for Clean Sustainable Energy (ICES-2013) held in Guangzhou, China, and incorporates select papers presented at the conference. More than 300 attendees from across the globe participated in ICES-2013 and gave presentations in six major themes: Fuel cells and hydrogen energy Lithium batteries and advanced secondary batteries Green energy for a clean environment Photo-Electrocatalysis Supercapacitors Electrochemical clean energy applications and markets Comprised of eight sections, this book includes 25 chapters featuring highlights from the conference and covering every facet of synthesis, characterization, and performance evaluation of the advanced materials for electrochemical energy. It thoroughly describes electrochemical energy conversion and storage technologies such as batteries, fuel cells, supercapacitors, hydrogen generation, and their associated materials. The book contains a number of topics that include electrochemical processes, materials, components, assembly and manufacturing, and degradation mechanisms. It also addresses challenges related to cost and performance, provides varying perspectives, and emphasizes existing and emerging solutions. The result of a conference encouraging enhanced research collaboration among members of the electrochemical energy community, Electrochemical Energy: Advanced Materials and Technologies is dedicated to the development of advanced materials and technologies for electrochemical energy conversion and storage and details the technologies, current achievements, and future directions in the field.

Impedance in Electrochemistry — From Analytical Applications to Mechanistic Speculation 2


Author: P. Vanýsek
Publisher: The Electrochemical Society
ISBN: 1566777623
Category: Science
Page: 157
View: 8381

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Impedance spectroscopy, as a method, is becoming a fixture of the instrumental arsenal. However, due to its complexity, the interpretation of impedance results is far from commonplace. The aim of this symposium was to provide forum for new approaches and uses (the Analytical Speculations part) as well as for rigorous attempt at the interpretation, going all the way to the fundamental mechanistic cause and effect.

Electrolytes for Electrochemical Supercapacitors


Author: Cheng Zhong,Yida Deng,Wenbin Hu,Daoming Sun,Xiaopeng Han,Jinli Qiao,Jiujun Zhang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498747574
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 347
View: 9650

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Electrolytes for Electrochemical Supercapacitors provides a state-of-the-art overview of the research and development of novel electrolytes and electrolyte configurations and systems to increase the energy density of electrochemical supercapacitors. Comprised of chapters written by leading international scientists active in supercapacitor research and manufacturing, this authoritative text: Describes a variety of electrochemical supercapacitor electrolytes and their properties, compositions, and systems Compares different electrolytes in terms of their effects on electrochemical supercapacitor performance Examines the interplay between the electrolytes, active electrode materials, and inactive components of the supercapacitors Discusses the design and optimization of electrolyte systems for improving electrochemical supercapacitor performance Explores the challenges electrochemical supercapacitors currently face, offering unique insight into next-generation supercapacitor applications Thus, Electrolytes for Electrochemical Supercapacitors is a valuable resource for the research and development activities of academic researchers, graduate/undergraduate students, industry professionals, and manufacturers of electrode/electrolyte systems and electrochemical energy devices such as batteries, as well as for end users of the technology.

Interfacial Electrochemistry and Chemistry in High Temperature Media


Author: S. N. Lvov
Publisher: The Electrochemical Society
ISBN: 1566776406
Category: Science
Page: 199
View: 7625

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The papers included in this issue of ECS Transactions were originally presented in the symposium ¿Interfacial Electrochemistry and Chemistry in High Temperature Media¿, held during the 212th meeting of The Electrochemical Society, in Washington, DC, from October 7 to 12, 2007.

Electrochemistry and Corrosion Science


Author: Nestor Perez
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402078609
Category: Science
Page: 362
View: 9570

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Electrochemistry and Corrosion Science is a graduate level text/professional reference that describes the types of corrosion on metallic materials. The focus will be on modeling and engineering approximation schemes that describe the thermodynamics and kinetics of electrochemical systems. The principles of corrosion behavior and metal recovery are succinctly described with the aid of pictures, figures, graphs and schematic models, followed by derivation of equations to quantify relevant parameters. Example problems are included to illustrate the application of electrochemical concepts and mathematics for solving complex corrosion problems. This book differs from others in that the subject matter is organized around the modeling and predicating approaches that are used to determine detrimental and beneficial electrochemical events. Thus, this book will take a more practical approach and make it especially useful as a basic text and reference for professional engineers.

Electrochemistry of Novel Electrode Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage


Author: John Weidner
Publisher: The Electrochemical Society
ISBN: 1566776309
Category: Science
Page: 396
View: 3245

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The papers included in this issue of ECS Transactions were originally presented in the symposium ¿Electrochemistry of Novel Electrode Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage¿, held during the 211th meeting of The Electrochemical Society, in Chicago, IL, from May 6 to 11, 2007.

Electrodeposition of Nanostructured Materials


Author: Farzad Nasirpouri
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319449206
Category: Science
Page: 325
View: 9480

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This book provides an overview of electrodeposition of nanomaterials from principles to modern concepts for advanced materials in science and technology. Electrochemical deposition or electrodeposition is explained for fabrication and mass production of functional and nanostructured device materials. The present book spans from principles to modern insights and concepts. It gives a comprehensive overview of the electrochemistry of materials, which is useful as basic information to understand concepts used for nanostructuring of electrodeposited materials, reviews the electrodeposition constituents, thermodynamics and kinetics of electrodeposition, electrochemical and instrumental assessment techniques and other physical factors affecting the electrodeposition mechanisms. A wide variety of nanostructured materials and related concepts and applications are explained with respect to nanocrystals, nanocrystalline films, template-based nanostructures, nanocomposite films, nanostructures on semiconductors, multilayers, mesoporous films, scanning microscopical probe assisted fabrication and galvanic replacement. This book is useful for researchers in materials science, engineering technologists and graduate students. It can also be used as a textbook for undergraduates and graduate students studying related disciplines.