Gauge Theory of Weak Interactions


Author: Walter Greiner,Berndt Müller
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540878432
Category: Science
Page: 404
View: 5924

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"Gauge Theory of Weak Interactions" treats the unification of electromagnetic and weak interactions and considers related phenomena. First, the Fermi theory of beta decay is presented, followed by a discussion of parity violation, clarifying the importance of symmetries. Then the concept of a spontaneously broken gauge theory is introduced, and all necessary mathematical tools are carefully developed. The "standard model" of unified electroweak interactions is thoroughly discussed including current developments. The final chapter contains an introduction to unified theories of strong and electroweak interactions. Numerous solved examples and problems make this volume uniquely suited as a text for an advanced course. This fourth edition has been carefully revised.

The Shape of Inner Space

String Theory and the Geometry of the Universe's Hidden Dimensions
Author: Shing-Tung Yau,Steve Nadis
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465022669
Category: Science
Page: 400
View: 6937

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String theory says we live in a ten-dimensional universe, but that only four are accessible to our everyday senses. According to theorists, the missing six are curled up in bizarre structures known as Calabi-Yau manifolds. In The Shape of Inner Space, Shing-Tung Yau, the man who mathematically proved that these manifolds exist, argues that not only is geometry fundamental to string theory, it is also fundamental to the very nature of our universe. Time and again, where Yau has gone, physics has followed. Now for the first time, readers will follow Yau’s penetrating thinking on where we’ve been, and where mathematics will take us next. A fascinating exploration of a world we are only just beginning to grasp, The Shape of Inner Space will change the way we consider the universe on both its grandest and smallest scales.

Alternative Health Care for Women

A Woman's Guide to Self-Help Treatments and Natural Therapies
Author: Patsy Westcott,Leyardia Black
Publisher: Inner Traditions / Bear & Co
ISBN: 9780892812455
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 192
View: 7574

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This overview discusses homeopathy, reflexology, herbalism, yoga, and other therapies especially suited to women's health needs.

Quantum Field Theory


Author: Mark Srednicki
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139462768
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 8105

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Quantum field theory is the basic mathematical framework that is used to describe elementary particles. This textbook provides a complete and essential introduction to the subject. Assuming only an undergraduate knowledge of quantum mechanics and special relativity, this book is ideal for graduate students beginning the study of elementary particles. The step-by-step presentation begins with basic concepts illustrated by simple examples, and proceeds through historically important results to thorough treatments of modern topics such as the renormalization group, spinor-helicity methods for quark and gluon scattering, magnetic monopoles, instantons, supersymmetry, and the unification of forces. The book is written in a modular format, with each chapter as self-contained as possible, and with the necessary prerequisite material clearly identified. It is based on a year-long course given by the author and contains extensive problems, with password protected solutions available to lecturers at www.cambridge.org/9780521864497.

My Life and Music


Author: Artur Schnabel
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486255719
Category: Music
Page: 248
View: 5331

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"A clear picture of a musician of rare integrity." — The Musical Times. Highly readable reminiscences, musical philosophy of great pianist: his experiences as a child prodigy in turn-of-the-century Vienna, concert career, thoughts on great conductors and composers of the day, preferences in the repertoire, much more. Also includes "Reflections on Music," address delivered at University of Manchester, 1933. Introduction by Edward Crankshaw. 20 illustrations. Index.

The Particle at the End of the Universe

How the Hunt for the Higgs Boson Leads Us to the Edge of a New World
Author: Sean M. Carroll
Publisher: Dutton Adult
ISBN: 0142180300
Category: Science
Page: 353
View: 5403

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Examines the effort to discover the Higgs boson particle by tracing the development and use of the Large Hadron Collider and how its findings are dramatically shaping scientific understandings while enabling world-changing innovations.

Treason Keep

Book Two of the Hythrun Chronicles
Author: Jennifer Fallon
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9780765348678
Category: Fiction
Page: 523
View: 4635

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A mortally wounded R'shiel seeks the healing powers of the believed-extinct magical Harshini, while Tarja and the Defenders consider an alliance with a long-time adversary in order to protect themselves against Karien invaders.

The Business of Digital Publishing

An Introduction to the Digital Book and Journal Industries
Author: Frania Hall
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135075883
Category: Social Science
Page: 208
View: 4062

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Responding to the growth of digital products and the commercial imperative to build new digital businesses, The Business of Digital Publishing offers a comprehensive introduction to the development of digital products in the book and journal industries. This textbook provides background to the main technological development that have influenced the growth of digital publishing, introducing students to the key terms and concepts that make digital publishing possible. Exploring four key publishing sectors: professional reference, academic, education and consumer, this book explains the context for the digital developments in each area and looks at the growth of new business models and the future challenges faced by each sector. It also addresses the key issues that face the industry as a whole, outlining current debates, such as pricing and copyright, and exploring their impact on the industry through relevant case studies. The Business of Digital Publishing is an invaluable resource for any publishing student looking for a starting point from which to explore the world of digital publishing.

Neutrino Physics, Second Edition


Author: Kai Zuber
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420064711
Category: Science
Page: 466
View: 2597

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When Kai Zuber’s pioneering text on neutrinos was published in 2003, the author correctly predicted that the field would see tremendous growth in the immediate future. In that book, Professor Zuber provided a comprehensive self-contained examination of neutrinos, covering their research history and theory, as well as their application to particle physics, astrophysics, nuclear physics, and the broad reach of cosmology; but now to be truly comprehensive and accurate, the field’s seminal reference needs to be revised and expanded to include the latest research, conclusions, and implications. Revised as needed to be equal to the research of today, Neutrino Physics, Second Edition delves into neutrino cross sections, mass measurements, double beta decay, solar neutrinos, neutrinos from supernovae, and high energy neutrinos, as well as new experimental results in the context of theoretical models. It also provides entirely new discussion on: Resolution of the solar neutrino problem The first real-time measurement of solar neutrinos below 1 MeV Geoneutrinos Long baseline accelerator experiments Written to be accessible to readers from diverse backgrounds, this edition, like the first, provides both an introduction to the field as well as the information needed by those looking to make their own contribution to it. And like the first edition, it whets the researcher’s appetite, going beyond certainty to pose those questions that still need answers.

A Short Guide to Writing about History


Author: Richard Marius,Melvin E. Page
Publisher: Longman Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780321953292
Category: History
Page: 194
View: 780

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A Short Guide to Writing about History is an ideal complement for any history course intended to teach students to think and write like historians. This engaging and practical text will teach students how to go beyond reporting the basic dates and facts of their history books and show them how to infuse their writing with their own ideas and unique perspective. Covering brief essays and the documented resource paper, the text explores the writing and researching processes, different modes of historical writing (including argument), and offers guidelines for improving style as well as documenting sources.

Growing Up: Retro Nostalgia & Humor of the 1940's & 1950's


Author: Skip Wallach
Publisher: Highsight Publishing
ISBN: 9780972898911
Category: Fiction
Page: 340
View: 8626

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Wallach chronicles the universal journey of growing up during 1940s through early 1960s, the Golden Age of Innocence, in a series of short, easy-reading chapters based on the embellished life of the author's alter ego, Chip.

The Culture of Vengeance and the Fate of American Justice


Author: Terry K. Aladjem
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139469177
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 1045

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America is driven by vengeance in Terry Aladjem's provocative account – a reactive, public anger that is a threat to democratic justice itself. From the return of the death penalty to the wars on terror and in Iraq, Americans demand retribution and moral certainty; they assert the 'rights of victims' and make pronouncements against 'evil'. Yet for Aladjem this dangerously authoritarian turn has its origins in the tradition of liberal justice itself – in theories of punishment that justify inflicting pain and in the punitive practices that result. Exploring vengeance as the defining problem of our time, Aladjem returns to the theories of Locke, Hegel and Mill. He engages the ancient Greeks, Nietzsche, Paine and Foucault to challenge liberal assumptions about punishment. He interrogates American law, capital punishment and images of justice in the media. He envisions a democratic justice that is better able to contain its vengeance.

Geometrodynamics of Gauge Fields

On the Geometry of Yang-Mills and Gravitational Gauge Theories
Author: Eckehard W. Mielke
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319297341
Category: Science
Page: 373
View: 7982

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This monograph aims to provide a unified, geometrical foundation of gauge theories of elementary particle physics. The underlying geometrical structure is unfolded in a coordinate-free manner via the modern mathematical notions of fibre bundles and exterior forms. Topics such as the dynamics of Yang-Mills theories, instanton solutions and topological invariants are included. By transferring these concepts to local space-time symmetries, generalizations of Einstein's theory of gravity arise in a Riemann-Cartan space with curvature and torsion. It provides the framework in which the (broken) Poincaré gauge theory, the Rainich geometrization of the Einstein-Maxwell system, and higher-dimensional, non-abelian Kaluza-Klein theories are developed. Since the discovery of the Higgs boson, concepts of spontaneous symmetry breaking in gravity have come again into focus, and, in this revised edition, these will be exposed in geometric terms. Quantizing gravity remains an open issue: formulating it as a de Sitter type gauge theory in the spirit of Yang-Mills, some new progress in its topological form is presented. After symmetry breaking, Einstein’s standard general relativity with cosmological constant emerges as a classical background. The geometrical structure of BRST quantization with non-propagating topological ghosts is developed in some detail.

Gauge Field Theories


Author: Stefan Pokorski
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521478168
Category: Science
Page: 609
View: 9079

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An expanded and up-dated book examining gauge theories and their symmetries.

Particle Astrophysics


Author: H. V. Klapdor-Kleingrothaus,K Zuber
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780750305495
Category: Science
Page: 270
View: 5199

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In recent years the fields of both particle physics and astrophysics have become increasingly interdependent. High energy particle physics experiments are ever more difficult and expensive to perform in conventional laboratories and it is apparent that there are sources and accelerators in the cosmos which can be used for experiments which would be impossible on the Earth. At the same time, astrophysicists have found that an understanding of particle physics is essential to describe many observed phenomena (such as dark matter, solar neutrinos and cosmic rays) and also to provide any detailed description of the early universe. In this climate of interdisciplinary research more and more researchers are crossing traditional subject boundaries in order to study what has become known as Particle Astrophysics. This book, conceived as a more specialised follow-up to one of the authors earlier works (Non-accelerator Particle Physics by Klapdor-Kleingrothaus and Staudt) gives a graduate level account of the physics of particle astrophysics. It describes, at an introductory level, the close connection between the microcosm (particles) and the macrocosm (Universe). The approach is wide ranging and succeeds in introducing all of the major theoretical concepts as well as describing the most recent experimental and observational evidence in the field. As such it will be invaluable to anyone approaching the subject from either particle physics or astrophysics.

Field Quantization


Author: Walter Greiner,Joachim Reinhardt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 364261485X
Category: Science
Page: 441
View: 4937

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Theoretical physics has become a many-faceted science. For the young stu dent it is difficult enough to cope with the overwhelming amount of new scientific material that has to be learned, let alone obtain an overview of the entire field, which ranges from mechanics through electrodynamics, quantum mechanics, field theory, nuclear and heavy-ion science, statistical mechanics, thermodynamics, and solid-state theory to elementary-particle physics. And this knowledge should be acquired in just 8-10 semesters, during which, in addition, a Diploma or Master's thesis has to be worked on or examinations prepared for. All this can be achieved only if the university teachers help to introduce the student to the new disciplines as early on as possible, in order to create interest and excitement that in turn set free essential new energy. At the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt we therefore con front the student with theoretical physics immediately, in the first semester. Theoretical Mechanics I and II, Electrodynamics, and Quantum Mechanics I - An Introduction are the basic courses during the first two years. These lectures are supplemented with many mathematical explanations and much support material. After the fourth semester of studies, graduate work begins, and Quantum Mechanics II - Symmetries, Statistical Mechanics and Ther modynamics, Relativistic Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Electrodynamics, the Gauge Theory of Weak Interactions, and Quantum Chromo dynamics are obligatory.

A Group Theoretic Approach to Quantum Information


Author: Masahito Hayashi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331945241X
Category: Science
Page: 228
View: 5671

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This book is the first one addressing quantum information from the viewpoint of group symmetry. Quantum systems have a group symmetrical structure. This structure enables to handle systematically quantum information processing. However, there is no other textbook focusing on group symmetry for quantum information although there exist many textbooks for group representation. After the mathematical preparation of quantum information, this book discusses quantum entanglement and its quantification by using group symmetry. Group symmetry drastically simplifies the calculation of several entanglement measures although their calculations are usually very difficult to handle. This book treats optimal information processes including quantum state estimation, quantum state cloning, estimation of group action and quantum channel etc. Usually it is very difficult to derive the optimal quantum information processes without asymptotic setting of these topics. However, group symmetry allows to derive these optimal solutions without assuming the asymptotic setting. Next, this book addresses the quantum error correcting code with the symmetric structure of Weyl-Heisenberg groups. This structure leads to understand the quantum error correcting code systematically. Finally, this book focuses on the quantum universal information protocols by using the group SU(d). This topic can be regarded as a quantum version of the Csiszar-Korner's universal coding theory with the type method. The required mathematical knowledge about group representation is summarized in the companion book, Group Representation for Quantum Theory.

Geometrical Methods of Mathematical Physics


Author: Bernard F. Schutz
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107268141
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 4436

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In recent years the methods of modern differential geometry have become of considerable importance in theoretical physics and have found application in relativity and cosmology, high-energy physics and field theory, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics and mechanics. This textbook provides an introduction to these methods - in particular Lie derivatives, Lie groups and differential forms - and covers their extensive applications to theoretical physics. The reader is assumed to have some familiarity with advanced calculus, linear algebra and a little elementary operator theory. The advanced physics undergraduate should therefore find the presentation quite accessible. This account will prove valuable for those with backgrounds in physics and applied mathematics who desire an introduction to the subject. Having studied the book, the reader will be able to comprehend research papers that use this mathematics and follow more advanced pure-mathematical expositions.