Economic Aspects of Animal Breeding

Author: Joel Ira Weller
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780412597503
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 244
View: 4517

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This important book covers economic evaluation of genetic differences in animals, determination of breeding goals within an economic context and economic evaluation of breeding programs. During the last 50 years there have been great advances made in the breeding of domesticated animal species. Most of this work has been achieved through the efforts of geneticists, and often the economic goals of such advances have not been clearly evaluated. Economic Aspects of Animal Breeding redresses the balance and provides a much needed synthesis of this most important subject. The book is divided into five sections: basic concepts; economic evaluation of genetic differences; advanced topics in selection indices; economic evaluation of breeding programs, including biotechnological aspects; crossbreeding and heterosis.

The Economics of Animal Health and Production

Author: Jonathan Rushton
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1845932447
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 364
View: 6175

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Annotation. Illustrated with review studies on animal health economics, this book presents information on the most important economic tools applied to livestock, covering both theory and practical applications. Topics covered include gross margin analysis, partial budgeting, investment and financial appraisal and cost-benefit analysis. There are also sections on decision tree analysis, optimisation methods, value chain analysis, new institutional economics, DALYs and a range of policy analysis tools. International experts contribute on important theoretical and practical aspects of animal health and production economics, with global themes on livestock and poverty.

New Technologies in Animal Breeding

Author: B G Brackett
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323138179
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 288
View: 7893

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New Technologies in Animal Breeding looks at new reproductive technologies in breeding domestic animals, such as sex selection, frozen storage of oocytes and embryos, in vitro fertilization and embryo culture, amphibian nuclear transplantation, parthenogenesis, identical twins and cloning in mammals, and gene transfer in mammalian cells. It summarizes the state-of-the art and offers perspectives on future directions for several animal industries of great importance in food production, including artificial insemination, embryo transfer, poultry breeding, and aquaculture. Organized into five sections encompassing 14 chapters, this book begins with an overview of animals in society and perspectives on animal breeding. It then discusses the animal industries that are heavily dependent on reproductive technology, including those engaged in cloning, selfing, aquaculture, artificial insemination, and embryo transfer. It also explains the developing technologies as well as their potential applications and impacts on animal production, along with special economic considerations, such as the benefits of reproductive management, synchronization of estrus, and artificial insemination of beef cattle and sheep. The final chapter considers biomedical and agricultural research, implementation of new technologies in animal breeding, and research in animal reproduction. This book is an essential reference for scientists and researchers interested in animal science and animal reproduction.

Animals as Food

(Re)connecting Production, Processing, Consumption, and Impacts
Author: Amy J. Fitzgerald
Publisher: MSU Press
ISBN: 1628952342
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 210
View: 633

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Every day, millions of people around the world sit down to a meal that includes meat. This book explores several questions as it examines the use of animals as food: How did the domestication and production of livestock animals emerge and why? How did current modes of raising and slaughtering animals for human consumption develop, and what are their consequences? What can be done to mitigate and even reverse the impacts of animal production? With insight into the historical, cultural, political, legal, and economic processes that shape our use of animals as food, Fitzgerald provides a holistic picture and explicates the connections in the supply chain that are obscured in the current mode of food production. Bridging the distance in animal agriculture between production, processing, consumption, and their associated impacts, this analysis envisions ways of redressing the negative effects of the use of animals as food. It details how consumption levels and practices have changed as the relationship between production, processing, and consumption has shifted. Due to the wide-ranging questions addressed in this book, the author draws on many fields of inquiry, including sociology, (critical) animal studies, history, economics, law, political science, anthropology, criminology, environmental science, geography, philosophy, and animal science.

Understanding Animal Breeding

Pearson New International Edition
Author: Richard M. Bourdon
Publisher: Pearson
ISBN: 9781292040035
Category: Animal breeding
Page: 520
View: 4396

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For Animal Breeding and Genetics courses. An experienced educator in animal breeding, Rick Bourdon designed this book to be a modern, technologically up-to-date approach to animal breeding that is less intimidating to students than competing texts. The book is meant to be a learning text or guide as opposed to simply a reference. Understanding Animal Breeding addresses the abstract concepts of animal breeding, presenting the necessary mathematics, but previous experience in genetics and statistics is not assumed. Well organized and readable, the book stresses application, then explains theory for an overall understanding of the material.

Housing of Animals

Construction and Equipment of Animal Houses
Author: A. Maton,J. Daelemans,J. Lambrecht
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 044459986X
Category: Nature
Page: 471
View: 3197

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Animal husbandry plays an increasingly important role throughout the world in the fulfillment of the primary need of mankind: food. The growing demand for food leads to an intensification of the production of livestock and because of the varying climatic conditions in many parts of the world, livestock has to be housed in suitable accommodation during certain times of the year. This book brings together a descriptive as well as a scientific study of all aspects of the housing of all animals; construction of and building materials to be used for the houses and facilities; work organisation and labour requirements in different types of animal houses; the influence of the animal housing types on animal behaviour, animal health and the environment and the cost of building the accommodation. This English-language edition is a new text of the last edition of the book, which was written in Dutch, in 1983. A great deal of recent information of international dimension concerning animal husbandry, construction and equipment of animal houses has been included in this edition. The book has also been updated with the latest scientific and technological findings on this subject published in 1983 and 1984. Agricultural engineers, veterinary surgeons, architects, students, progressive farmers and anyone interested in the housing of animals should find much to interest them in this book.

Climate Change Impact on Livestock: Adaptation and Mitigation

Author: Veerasamy Sejian,John Gaughan,Lance Baumgard,Cadaba Prasad
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 8132222652
Category: Science
Page: 532
View: 7302

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This volume addresses in detail both livestock’s role in climate change and the impacts of climate change on livestock production and reproduction. Apart from these cardinal principles of climate change and livestock production, this volume also examines the various strategies used to mitigate livestock-related GHG emissions, and those which can reduce the impacts of climate change on livestock production and reproduction. Presenting information and case studies collected and analyzed by professionals working in diversified ecological zones, the book explores the influence of climate change on livestock production across the globe. The most significant feature of this book is that it addresses in detail the different adaptation strategies and identifies targets for different stakeholders in connection with climate change and livestock production. Further, it puts forward development plans that will allow the livestock industries to cope with current climate changes and strategies that will mitigate the effects by 2025. Lastly, it provides researchers and policymakers several researchable priorities to help develop economically viable solutions for livestock production with less GHG emissions, promoting a cleaner environment in which human beings and livestock can live in harmony without adverse effects on productivity. Given that livestock production systems are sensitive to climate change and at the same are themselves a contributor to the phenomenon, climate change has the potential to pose an increasingly formidable challenge to the development of the livestock sector. However, there is a dearth of scientific information on adapting livestock production to the changing climate; as such, well-founded reference material on sustaining livestock production systems under the changing climate scenarios in different agro-ecological zones of the world is essential. By methodically and extensively addressing all aspects of climate change and livestock production, this volume offers a valuable tool for understanding the hidden intricacies of climatic stress and its influence on livestock production.

Quantitative Trait Loci Analysis in Animals

Author: Joel Ira Weller
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1845934679
Category: Science
Page: 272
View: 7932

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Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) is a topic of major agricultural significance for efficient livestock production. This advanced-level textbook covers all the statistical methods that have been used or proposed for detection and analysis of QTL and marker- and gene- assisted selection in animal genetics and breeding, as well as new advances that have revolutionized the field since the first edition.

Climate and Man

Part Two
Author: United States Department of Agriculture,US Department of Agriculture
Publisher: The Minerva Group, Inc.
ISBN: 9781410215390
Category: Science
Page: 728
View: 2438

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CONTENTS Part 4.-The Scientific Approach to Weather and Climate Flood Hazards and Flood Control - How the Daily Forecast Is Made - The Scientific Basis of Modern Meteorology - Amateur Forecasting from Cloud Formations Part 5.-Climatic Data, with Special Reference to Agriculture in the United States World Extremes of Weather - The Climates of the World - Climate and Weather Data for the United States - Climates of the United States (46 Maps) - Climates of the States (Including for Each State: Climatic Summary Tables, Precipitation and Temperature Tables, Special Frost Tables, 7 Maps, and Supplementary Climatic Notes) - Climates of the Territories and the West Indian Islands

Animals and Human Society

Author: Colin G. Scanes,Samia Toukhsati
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128054387
Category: Medical
Page: 540
View: 8123

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Animals and Human Society provides a solid, scientific, research-based background to advance understanding of how animals impact humans. As a resource for both science and non-science majors (including students planning to major in or studying animal science, pre-veterinary medicine, animal behavior, conservation biology, ecotoxicology, epidemiology and evolutionary biology), the book can be used as a text for courses in Animals and Human Society or Animal Science, or as supplemental material for an Introduction to Animal Science. The book offers foundational background to those who may have little background in animal agriculture and have focused interest on companion animals and horses. Animals have had profound effects on people from the earliest times, ranging from zoonotic diseases, to the global impact of livestock, poultry and fish production, to the influences of human-associated animals on the environment (on extinctions, air and water pollution, greenhouse gases, etc.), to the importance of animals in human evolution and hunter-gatherer communities. The volume introduces livestock production (including poultry and aquaculture) but also includes coverage of companion and lab animals. In addition, animal behavior and animal perception are covered. It can also function as a reference or recommended reading for a capstone class on ethical and public policy aspects related to animals. This book is likewise an excellent resource for researchers, academics or students newly entering a related field or coming from another discipline and needing foundational information, as well as interested laypersons looking to augment their knowledge on the many impacts of animals in human society. Features research-based and pedagogically sound content, with learning goals and textboxes to provide key information Challenges readers to consider issues based on facts rather than polemics Poses ethical questions and raises overall societal impacts Balances traditional animal science with companion animals, animal biology, zoonotic diseases, animal products, environmental impacts and all aspects of human/animal interaction Includes access to PowerPoints that facilitate easy adoption and/or use for online classes

The Use of Drugs in Food Animals:

Benefits and Risks
Author: Panel on Animal Health, Food Safety, and Public Health,Committee on Drug Use in Food Animals,National Research Council,Board on Agriculture
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309054346
Category: Medical
Page: 276
View: 8626

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The use of drugs in food animal production has resulted in benefits throughout the food industry; however, their use has also raised public health safety concerns. The Use of Drugs in Food Animals provides an overview of why and how drugs are used in the major food-producing animal industries--poultry, dairy, beef, swine, and aquaculture. The volume discusses the prevalence of human pathogens in foods of animal origin. It also addresses the transfer of resistance in animal microbes to human pathogens and the resulting risk of human disease. The committee offers analysis and insight into these areas Monitoring of drug residues. The book provides a brief overview of how the FDA and USDA monitor drug residues in foods of animal origin and describes quality assurance programs initiated by the poultry, dairy, beef, and swine industries. Antibiotic resistance. The committee reports what is known about this controversial problem and its potential effect on human health. The volume also looks at how drug use may be minimized with new approaches in genetics, nutrition, and animal management. November

The State of Food and Agriculture 2001

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
ISBN: 9789251046005
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 295
View: 9279

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This year's special section (Part 3) entitled 'Economic impacts of transboundary plant pests and animal diseases'.

Intellectual Property Rights in Animal Breeding and Genetics

Author: Max Frederick Rothschild,Scott Newman
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 9780851998381
Category: Law
Page: 272
View: 4314

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Intellectual property and patents involving animals is an ever-changing field. The purpose of this book is to review the role that intellectual property plays in the development of modern animal breeding and genetics. It includes discussion of the history of animal patenting, common forms ofintellectual property, economic issues related to patent protection and the funding of research, ethical issues, and the consequences of intellectual property in the modern animal genetics market place.

Livestock Housing

Modern Management to Ensure Optimal Health and Welfare of Farm Animals
Author: Andres Aland,Thomas Banhazi
Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub
ISBN: 9086862179
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 491
View: 9308

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Appropriate housing that promotes excellent health and high welfare for different livestock species is an essential aspect of sustainable animal production. The appropriate design of livestock buildings is a fast changing and ever improving professional endeavour. This book is set out to review the `current best practice management¿ in relation to all key design elements of livestock buildings. It is important to manage these buildings correctly to generate environmental conditions that will enhance the health and welfare of livestock, the health of farm workers and people living near farming operations. 'Livestock housing' is written for all those who are involved in managing the health and welfare conditions of housed livestock on commercial farms, including farm workers, animal scientists, veterinarians, agricultural engineers and of course students. Contributions have been solicited from highly respected specialists from around the world. All key areas of housing management are reviewed, including feeding, watering, ventilation and waste management systems. Furthermore, issues such as the control of emissions, role of bedding, maintenance of hygiene, the management of thermal and aerial environment as well as the use of modern technological tools in the service of livestock management are discussed. This book provides a unique forum for leading international experts to convey up-to-date information to professionals involved in modern animal production.