Economic Aspects of Animal Breeding

Author: Joel Ira Weller
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780412597503
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 244
View: 8510

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This important book covers economic evaluation of genetic differences in animals, determination of breeding goals within an economic context and economic evaluation of breeding programs. During the last 50 years there have been great advances made in the breeding of domesticated animal species. Most of this work has been achieved through the efforts of geneticists, and often the economic goals of such advances have not been clearly evaluated. Economic Aspects of Animal Breeding redresses the balance and provides a much needed synthesis of this most important subject. The book is divided into five sections: basic concepts; economic evaluation of genetic differences; advanced topics in selection indices; economic evaluation of breeding programs, including biotechnological aspects; crossbreeding and heterosis.

The Economics of Animal Health and Production

Author: Jonathan Rushton
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1845932447
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 364
View: 1693

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Annotation. Illustrated with review studies on animal health economics, this book presents information on the most important economic tools applied to livestock, covering both theory and practical applications. Topics covered include gross margin analysis, partial budgeting, investment and financial appraisal and cost-benefit analysis. There are also sections on decision tree analysis, optimisation methods, value chain analysis, new institutional economics, DALYs and a range of policy analysis tools. International experts contribute on important theoretical and practical aspects of animal health and production economics, with global themes on livestock and poverty.

New Technologies in Animal Breeding

Author: B G Brackett
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323138179
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 288
View: 2464

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New Technologies in Animal Breeding looks at new reproductive technologies in breeding domestic animals, such as sex selection, frozen storage of oocytes and embryos, in vitro fertilization and embryo culture, amphibian nuclear transplantation, parthenogenesis, identical twins and cloning in mammals, and gene transfer in mammalian cells. It summarizes the state-of-the art and offers perspectives on future directions for several animal industries of great importance in food production, including artificial insemination, embryo transfer, poultry breeding, and aquaculture. Organized into five sections encompassing 14 chapters, this book begins with an overview of animals in society and perspectives on animal breeding. It then discusses the animal industries that are heavily dependent on reproductive technology, including those engaged in cloning, selfing, aquaculture, artificial insemination, and embryo transfer. It also explains the developing technologies as well as their potential applications and impacts on animal production, along with special economic considerations, such as the benefits of reproductive management, synchronization of estrus, and artificial insemination of beef cattle and sheep. The final chapter considers biomedical and agricultural research, implementation of new technologies in animal breeding, and research in animal reproduction. This book is an essential reference for scientists and researchers interested in animal science and animal reproduction.

Stress and Animal Welfare

Author: D.M. Broom,K.G. Johnson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780412395802
Category: Science
Page: 211
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The book explains basic biological principles for students of animal housing, husbandry, management, and experimentation. The text provides a framework and reference source for everyone involved in moral decisions about animal usage.

The Welfare of Cattle

Author: Jeffrey Rushen,Anne Marie de Passillé,Marina A. G. von Keyserlingk,Daniel M. Weary
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402065583
Category: Science
Page: 310
View: 8524

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This book covers all aspects of research into the welfare of dairy, veal and beef cattle, covering behavior, nutrition and feeding, housing and management, stockmanship, and stress physiology, as well as transport and slaughter. It also offers a detailed and critical analysis of the main indicators of animal welfare and covers the main threats to animal welfare in modern cattle production systems.

Economics of Antibiotic Use in U.s. Livestock Production

Author: Stacy Sneeringer,James MacDonald,Ken Mathews,Nigel Key
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781522981435
Page: 100
View: 1798

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There is mounting concern that use of antibiotics in livestock will contribute to antimicrobial-resistant pathogens, with repercussions for human and animal health. This report explores how limiting antibiotic use for livestock productivity-enhancement purposes may affect farmer practices and profits, as well as market prices and volumes. The animal agriculture sector is a major user of antibiotic drugs for disease treatment, disease control, disease prevention, and "production purposes" (such as growth promotion). Routine use of antibiotics-in humans or animals-can encourage antimicrobial resistance, which can lead to significant human and animal health risks. In 2013, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued final guidance on voluntarily phasing out the use of medically important antibiotics (those important for therapeutic use in humans) for livestock production purposes.

Social Space for Domestic Animals

A Seminar in the CEC Programme of Coordination of Research on Animal Welfare, HeldinBrussels on January 10-11, 1985 at the Commission of the European Communities, Directorate-General for Agriculture
Author: R. Zayan,CEC Programme of Coordination of Research on Animal Welfare
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780898387735
Category: Medical
Page: 291
View: 4301

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A Seminar in the CEC Programme of Coordination of Research on Animal Welfare, held in Brussels on January 10-11, 1985, at the Commission of the European Communities, Directorate-General for Agriculture

Climate and Man

Part Two
Author: United States Department of Agriculture,US Department of Agriculture
Publisher: The Minerva Group, Inc.
ISBN: 9781410215390
Category: Science
Page: 728
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CONTENTS Part 4.-The Scientific Approach to Weather and Climate Flood Hazards and Flood Control - How the Daily Forecast Is Made - The Scientific Basis of Modern Meteorology - Amateur Forecasting from Cloud Formations Part 5.-Climatic Data, with Special Reference to Agriculture in the United States World Extremes of Weather - The Climates of the World - Climate and Weather Data for the United States - Climates of the United States (46 Maps) - Climates of the States (Including for Each State: Climatic Summary Tables, Precipitation and Temperature Tables, Special Frost Tables, 7 Maps, and Supplementary Climatic Notes) - Climates of the Territories and the West Indian Islands

Bovine Genomics

Author: James Womack
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0813821223
Category: Medical
Page: 271
View: 1468

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The genetic information being unlocked by advances in genomic and high throughput technologies is rapidly revolutionizing our understanding of developmental processes in bovine species. This information is allowing researchers unprecedented insight into the genetic basis of key traits. Bovine Genomics is the first book to bring together and synthesize the information learned through the bovine genome sequencing project and look at its practical application to cattle and dairy production. Bovine Genomics opens with foundational chapters on the domestication of cattle and traditional Mendelian genetics. Building on these chapters, coverage rapidly moves to quantitative genetics and the advances of whole genome technologies. Significant coverage is given to such topics as epigenetics, mapping quantitative trail loci, genome-wide association studies and genomic selection in cattle breeding. The book is a valuable synthesis of the field written by a global team of leading researchers. Providing wide-ranging coverage of the topic, Bovine Genomic, is an essential guide to the field. The basic and applied science will be of use to researchers, breeders, and advanced students.

Air Emissions from Animal Feeding Operations

Current Knowledge, Future Needs
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee on Animal Nutrition,Ad Hoc Committee on Air Emissions from Animal Feeding Operations
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309168649
Category: Science
Page: 286
View: 4567

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Air Emissions from Animal Feeding Operations: Current Knowledge, Future Needs discusses the need for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to implement a new method for estimating the amount of ammonia, nitrous oxide, methane, and other pollutants emitted from livestock and poultry farms, and for determining how these emissions are dispersed in the atmosphere. The committee calls for the EPA and the U.S. Department of Agriculture to establish a joint council to coordinate and oversee short - and long-term research to estimate emissions from animal feeding operations accurately and to develop mitigation strategies. Their recommendation was for the joint council to focus its efforts first on those pollutants that pose the greatest risk to the environment and public health.

Quantitative Trait Loci Analysis in Animals

Author: Joel Ira Weller
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1845934679
Category: Science
Page: 272
View: 1223

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Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) is a topic of major agricultural significance for efficient livestock production. This advanced-level textbook covers all the statistical methods that have been used or proposed for detection and analysis of QTL and marker- and gene- assisted selection in animal genetics and breeding, as well as new advances that have revolutionized the field since the first edition.

Tackling Climate Change Through Livestock

A Global Assessment of Emissions and Mitigation Opportunities
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
ISBN: 925107920X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 115
View: 8180

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Greenhouse gas emissions by the livestock sector could be cut by as much as 30 percent through the wider use of existing best practices and technologies. FAO conducted a detailed analysis of GHG emissions at multiple stages of various livestock supply chains, including the production and transport of animal feed, on-farm energy use, emissions from animal digestion and manure decay, as well as the post-slaughter transport, refrigeration and packaging of animal products. This report represents the most comprehensive estimate made to-date of livestocks contribution to global warming as well as the sectors potential to help tackle the problem. This publication is aimed at professionals in food and agriculture as well as policy makers.

The Effects on Human Health of Subtherapeutic Use of Antimicrobials in Animal Feeds

Author: Committee to Study the Human Health Effects of Subtherapeutic Antibiotic Use in Animal Feeds,Commission on Life Sciences,Division of Medical Sciences,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309554187
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 366
View: 5915

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The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life

Author: Gordon Lindsay Campbell
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199589429
Category: History
Page: 633
View: 2119

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The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life is the first comprehensive guide to animals in the ancient world, encompassing all aspects of the topic by featuring authoritative chapters on 33 topics by leading scholars in their fields. Both the realities and the more theoretical aspects of the treatment of animals in ancient times are covered in chapters which explore the domestication of animals, animal husbandry, animals as pets, Aesop'sFables, and animals in classical art and comedy, all of which closely examine the nature of human-animal interaction.

Livestock Disease Eradication

Evaluation of the Cooperative State-federal Bovine Tuberculosis Eradication Program
Author: N.A
Publisher: National Academies
Category: Tuberculosis
Page: 97
View: 9145

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New Aspects of Meat Quality

From Genes to Ethics
Author: Peter P. Purslow
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081006004
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 744
View: 6894

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New Aspects of Meat Quality: From Genes to Ethics provides a reference source that covers what constitutes meat quality in the minds of consumers, marketers, and producers in the 21st century, using the same scientific authority as texts on traditional meat quality values. Traditional measures in meat quality, such as texture, waterholding, color, flavor/aroma, safety/microbiology, and processing characteristics are still important, however, additional quality attributes now have huge importance in the purchasing intentions of consumers in many countries. These include, amongst others, animal welfare, the impacts of meat on human health, quality assurance schemes, organic/free range, ethical meat production, and the desirability of genetically modified organisms. The book is divided into three main sections, with the first section covering the developments in our understanding of how muscle structure affects the eating qualities of cooked meat. The second section highlights recently developed techniques for measuring, predicting, and producing meat quality, and how these new techniques help us minimize variability in eating quality and/or maximize value. The final section identifies the current qualities of consumer and public perceptions, and what is sustainable, ethical, desirable, and healthy in meat production and consumption. Brings together top researchers in the field to provide a comprehensive overview of the new elements of meat quality Provides a reference source that covers the new aspects of meat quality with the same scientific authority as texts on traditional meat quality values“/li> Edited by an extremely well respected expert in the field who is an Associate Editor of the journal Meat Science (published by Elsevier), the largest global journal within this area

Key Issues in Bioethics

A Guide for Teachers
Author: Ralph Levinson,Michael Jonathan Reiss
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415309141
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 182
View: 4308

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Young people are increasingly being exposed to the huge and complex ethical dilemmas involved in issues such as genetic modification, animal rights and cloning, and they are bringing their views into the classroom. But how can teachers be sure they are sufficiently well-informed to help their pupils make sense of the diverse and emotive arguments surrounding these issues? This book holds the answer. Written by leading ethicists, scientists and technologists, it offers a balanced and jargon-free guide to such highly debated topics as: * cloning * in vitro fertilisation * genetic screening and genetic engineering * farm animal welfare * the use of animals in medical experiments. Written specifically for the non-specialist teacher or lecturer, this book offers suggestions on how to approach the teaching of bioethics and provides useful sources of further information. It may also be of interest to undergraduates on science courses.