Early Christian Creeds

Author: J.N.D. Kelly
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 9780826492166
Category: Religion
Page: 446
View: 8044

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A comprehensive study of the well known and not so well known creeds

Early Christian Doctrine and the Creeds

Author: Piotr Ashwin-Siejkowski
Publisher: Hymns Ancient and Modern Ltd
ISBN: 0334042003
Category: Religion
Page: 248
View: 2764

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An accessible, stimulating and interactive guide-book to the emergence of Christian identity, with particular attention to the earliest form of the Christian thought and doctrine.

The Apostles' Creed

and its Early Christian Context
Author: Piotr Ashwin-Siejkowski
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 0567142787
Category: Religion
Page: 208
View: 1936

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The Apostles' Creed is an expression of Christian theology that was formed in a period of fascinating and creative debate. The creed is not simply a dogmatic, static, and cryptic symbol of Christian faith, but, on the contrary, a lively narrative that can still inspire imagination, critical reflection, and faith. In The Apostle's Creed, the ancient debates that led to the formulation of its twelve pronouncements are examined. The richness of early Christian thought is explored by looking at the ideas behind each creedal pronouncement and tracing the theological debates that inspired each statement. Early Christian theology is not treated as 'unanimous,' but as pluralistic. The polyphony of theological opinion, which characterized the Christianity of this period, is therefore highlighted and celebrated. In explaining the context that gave birth to the creed, this study refers to the testimony of various 'witnesses' of those theological arguments. This includes opponents of the apostolic and church Fathers: the Gnostics, 'heretics,' and Jewish and pagan critics of Christian faith.

Faith in Formulae

A Collection of Early Christian Creeds and Creed-related Texts
Author: Wolfram Kinzig
Publisher: Oxford Early Christian Texts
ISBN: 9780198269410
Category: Religion
Page: 1856
View: 3570

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This collection of all creeds and credal formulae of the early Church in Greek and Latin covers the period from the writings of the New Testament down to the early Middle Ages. The source texts are taken from the most up-to-date critical editions available and newly found texts have been added. They are accompanied by English translations and, where applicable, introduced individually by brief remarks on their authorship, date, and provenance.

Great Commission, Great Confusion, or Great Confession?

The Mission of the Holy Christian Church
Author: Lucas V. Woodford
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1630875708
Category: Religion
Page: 252
View: 2843

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There is a great debate going on in the church today. It centers on one question: What is the mission of the church? From culturally relevant, emerging congregations to strategic methods of organization and outreach, many claim they have the answer. They say the mission must become missional. Yet the churches of North America continue to struggle. Uncertainty is growing. What does it really mean to be 'missional'? Competing claims abound. Get the message out! Get the message right! Great confusion has set in, particularly in the postmodern North American church. The Gospel is getting lost. Yet, throughout the ages, the creedal confession of the Holy Christian Church has carried her through uncertainty and struggle. The Apostles' Creed has steadied and stayed the mission of the church for centuries. It centers on the Gospel of Jesus Christ and the work of the Holy Spirit--the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. This book celebrates the historic mission of the Holy Christian Church, and it invites the North American church to do the same.

Debates over the Resurrection of the Dead

Constructing Early Christian Identity
Author: Outi Lehtipuu
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191037788
Category: Religion
Page: 272
View: 7565

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In Debates over the Resurrection of the Dead, Outi Lehtipuu highlights the striking observation that in many early texts the way that belief in resurrection is formulated is used as a sign of inclusion and exclusion, not only in relation to non-Christians but vis-à-vis other Christians. Those who teach otherwise have deviated from the truth, are not true Christians, and do the works of the devil. Using insights from the sociological study of deviance, Dr Lehtipuu demonstrates that labelling was used as a tool for marking boundaries between those who belonged and those who did not. This was extremely important in the fluid conditions where the small Christian minority groups found themselves. In a situation where there were no universally accepted structures that defined what constituted the true Christian belief, several competing interpretations and their representatives struggled for recognition of their views based on what they believed to be the apostolic tradition. The most hotly-debated aspect of resurrection was whether it would entail the body of flesh and blood or not. When resurrection would take place was closely related to this. Controversies died since the scriptural legacy was ambiguous enough to allow different hermeneutical solutions. The battle over resurrection was closely related to the question of how scriptures were to be understood as well as to what constituted the human self that would survive death. To demonstrate this a wide variety of texts are studied, from theological treatises (including relevant Nag Hammadi texts) to apocryphal acts and martyrologies. Acknowledging the complexity and diversity of the early Christian movement, this volume views early Christian discourse as part of the broader ancient discursive world where similar debates were going on among both Jews and the majority population.

One Lord, One Faith, One Baptism

Studies in Christian Ecclesiality and Ecumenism in Honor of J. Robert Wright
Author: John Robert Wright
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
ISBN: 9780802829405
Category: Religion
Page: 346
View: 747

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Foreword by Frank T. Griswold One Lord, One Faith, One Baptism gathers twenty-one articles from distinguished church historians, literary historians, and ecumenists -- all written in honor of the Reverend Canon J. Robert Wright, St. Mark's Professor of Ecclesiastical History at The General Theological Seminary of the Episcopal Church, who has been an inspiration to a generation of students and colleagues. The Most Reverend Frank T. Griswold, Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church, has written a foreword that complements the work of contributors such as S. W. Sykes, Richard A. Norris Jr., and George Tavard, among others. Though these articles differ in individual subject, they cohere in their relation to Dr. Wright's expertise as a theologian, a historian, a medievalist, an ecumenist, and above all a man of the church. Contributors: Victor Lee Austin Walter R. Bouman Joseph Britton Marsha L. Dutton E. Rozanne Elder C. Christopher Epting John V. Fleming R. William Franklin Patrick Terrell Gray Petra Heldt Joanne McWilliam Robert Bruce Mullin Jon Nilson Richard A. Norris Jr. Robert W. Prichard Michael Root William G. Rusch S. W. Sykes Mary Tanner George Tavard Ellen K. Wondra

Introduction to Christianity

Author: Joseph Ratzinger
Publisher: Ignatius Press
ISBN: 9781586170295
Category: Religion
Page: 300
View: 5308

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Provides an elucidation of the Apostles' Creed, examining the theological and practical significance of each line and exploring such fundamental questions to Christianity as belief, faith, and the nature of Christ and of the Trinity.

Pagan & Christian Creeds

Their Origin and Meaning
Author: Edward Carpenter
Publisher: The Floating Press
ISBN: 1776538919
Category: Social Science
Page: 283
View: 1679

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An important thinker in the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth century period, English writer and philosopher Edward Carpenter was blessed with a seemingly insatiable intellectual curiosity. In this wide-ranging analysis of early religions and folk beliefs, Carpenter offers a deft and often poetic take on ancient rituals and deities.

He Descended into Hell

A Christological Study of the Apostles' Creed and Its Implication to Christian Teaching and Preaching in Africa
Author: Elikana Asheri Lova,Elia Shabani Mligo
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1498206212
Category: Religion
Page: 74
View: 523

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The Apostles' Creed is one of the most prominent creeds in Christianity, perhaps even the most recited creed by normal believers in church services. However, the creed holds a clause that seems controversial to Christian mission in some contexts, especially African contexts. The clause, "He descended into Hell," is the main concern of this book. In African context, where ancestral cult is prominent in both people's worldview and practice, this clause poses a tangible problem of religious syncretism. The phrase suggests a life after immediate death, that a person can continue to live in a certain realm soon after death. Since the clause depicts Jesus descending into hell after death and burial, and preaching to the other souls of the dead in hell, it suggests the possibility of hearing a message of salvation after death, a doctrine hardly held by Christianity. The doctrine therefore becomes good news for those Africans who hold firm the ancestral cult, and those whose relatives had died in sin on earth. Therefore, this book critically examines the origin and use of this doctrine in the church and its validity in an African context.

A New Eusebius

Documents Illustrating the History of the Church to AD 337
Author: J. Stevenson,W. H. C. Frend
Publisher: Baker Books
ISBN: 1441237798
Category: Religion
Page: 490
View: 9358

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This sourcebook of primary texts illustrates the history of Christianity from the first century to the death of Constantine. It covers all major persons and topics in early Christian life and thought and includes Gnostic texts and anti-Christian polemic. Now available to a wider North American audience, it remains a standard after fifty years in print.

The Historical Jesus

Ancient Evidence for the Life of Christ
Author: Gary R. Habermas
Publisher: College Press
ISBN: 9780899007328
Category: Religion
Page: 298
View: 8714

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Examines the historical evidence for the life of Jesus Christ. Critiques recent attempts to discredit the historicity of Christ and offers historical evidence primarily from AD 30 to 130.

The Christian Creed

Its Theory and Practice, with a Preface on Some Present Dangers of the English Church
Author: Stanley Leathes
Publisher: N.A
Category: Apostles' Creed
Page: 388
View: 2872

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Johannine Christology and the Early Church

Author: T. E. Pollard
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521018685
Category: Religion
Page: 372
View: 6855

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Professor Pollard attempts to show how the early Church interpreted the Gospel of John and its witness to the person of Christ. The two paradoxes implicit in John's theology - the distinction between the Father and the Son in the unity of the Godhead, and the divinity and humanity of Jesus Christ - were developed in varying ways and the resultant heresies arose from attempts to deny one element or the other in each paradox. In their refutation of the heresies, on the other hand, the Fathers struggled to keep both elements of the paradoxes in equipoise. The different traditions came into conflict in the controversy which raged around the figure of Arius and his supporters in the fourth century, of which the climax came in the debate about the views of Marcellus of Ancyra.

The Blackwell Companion to Jesus

Author: Delbert Burkett
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444351753
Category: Religion
Page: 576
View: 2608

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The Blackwell Companion to Jesus features a comprehensive collection of essays that explore the diverse ways in which Jesus has been imagined or portrayed from the beginnings of Christianity to the present day. Considers portrayals of Jesus in the New Testament and beyond, Jesus in non-Christian religions, philosophical and historic perspectives, modern manifestations, and representations in Christian art, novels, and film Comprehensive scope of coverage distinguishes this work from similar offerings Examines both Christian and non-Christian perspectives on Jesus, including those from ethnic and sexual groups, as well as from other faiths Offers rich and rewarding insights which will shape our understanding of this influential figure and his enduring legacy


Historical and Theological Guide to Creeds and Confessions of Faith in the Christian Tradition
Author: Jaroslav Pelikan
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300109740
Category: Religion
Page: 609
View: 7611

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One of the world's leading theologians offers important insights into the history and significance of Christian creeds. "A work of keen insight, great learning, and ecumenical generosity."--Robert Louis Wilken, First Things "[Pelikan's] book is learned, indeed massively so, yet because of the lucidity of its prose it is accessible to the general reader."--Luke Timothy Johnson,Washington Post Book World "Indispensable. . . . An achievement unlikely to be surpassed."--Donald K.McKim, Theological Studies

Evil Gods and Reckless Saviours

Adaptation and Appropriation in Late Twentieth-Century Jesus Novels
Author: Timo Eskola
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1630875945
Category: Religion
Page: 348
View: 5532

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Late twentieth-century Jesus novels carve out a completely new picture of Jesus. Those written by Norman Mailer, Jose Saramago, Michèle Roberts, Marianne Fredriksson, and Ki Longfellow, among others, provide inversive revisions of the canonical Gospels. Their adaptations often turn into a critique of the whole of Christian history. The contrast novels investigated in this study end up with appropriations that are based on prototypical rewriting. They aim at the rehabilitation of Judas, and some of them make Mary Magdalene the key figure of Christianity. Saramago describes God as a bloodthirsty tyrant, and Mailer makes God battle the devil in a Manichaen sense as with an equal. The main result of this intertextual analysis is that these authors have adopted Nietzschean ideas in their writing. An attack on the so-called biblical slave morality and violent concept of God deprives Jesus of his Jewish messianic identity, makes Old Testament law a contradiction of life, calls sacrificial soteriology a violent paradigm supporting oppression, and presents God as a cruel monster. As a result, Jewish faith appears in a negative light. Apparently, Western culture still harbours anti-Judaic attitudes, albeit hidden beneath sentiments of equality and tolerance. Timo Eskola skillfully shows that despite the evident post-Holocaust consciousness present in the novels, they actually adopt an arrogant and ironic refutation of Jewish beliefs and Old Testament faith.