Social Dynamics of Crime and Control

New Theories for a World in Transition
Author: Kai-D. Bussmann,Susanne Karstedt
Publisher: Hart Publishing
ISBN: 1841131431
Category: Law
Page: 271
View: 9363

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This book assembles essays by leading scholars in their fields of criminology and socio-legal studies. John Braithwaite, John Hagan, Jack Katz, Nicola Lacey, Michael Levi, Joan McCord, Dario Melossi, Steven Messner and Richard Rosenfeld explore new directions in contemporary theorising about the impact of social and cultural dynamics on crime and social control. These essays have in common that they transcend disciplinary boundaries by combining criminological and socio-legal perspectives; in so doing they bring fresh perspectives to the analysis of crime in market societies and in the global market place. The authors do not share the apocalyptic and dramatic predictions of rising crime rates, but are aware of the "double movement" of social change and the counteracting forces that emerge in its course. These essays promote an integrative perspective that bridges the gap between etiological criminology and a constructionist approach as well as between explanatory and normative theory.

Male Crime and Deviance

Exploring Its Causes, Dynamics, and Nature
Author: Ronald B. Flowers
Publisher: Charles C Thomas Publisher
ISBN: 0398074011
Category: Social Science
Page: 353
View: 2691

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This textbook analyzes the causes, dynamics, and nature of male crime and aggression. Written for both undergraduate and graduate level students, this textbook takes a multidisciplinary approach to male criminality. The study of crime and criminals has typically either focused specifically on female deviance or has offered a general analysis of crime that presumes, by and large, a male offender. This textbook explicitly analyzes male criminality, rather than implicitly studying it through a general analysis of crime. The relationship between male aggression and masculinity is explored, as is the role of testosterone and other biological factors that may play a role in male crime and violence. The textbook is divided into seven parts. Part 1 examines the biological, psychological, sociological, and cultural and masculinity theories that attempt to explain male aggression, crime, and violence. Part 2 concentrates on the dynamics of male crime and violence. Gender differences in criminal behavior are examined, as well as racial and ethnic differences in male crime. The arrest patterns and the characteristics of male inmates in adult and juvenile correctional facilities are also explored. Part 3 focuses on male crime of violence; chapters are devoted to examinations of homicide, forcible rape, domestic violence, stalking, hate crimes, workplace violence, and terrorism. Part 4 explores property offenses, such as robbery, motor vehicle theft, and carjacking. Part 5 examines male sex offenses and includes analyses of incest, child sexual abuse, prostitution-related crimes, and explores the relationship between pornography and male violence. Part 6 looks at juvenile male crime and delinquency, with a focus on youth gangs and school crime and violence. Part 7 outlines Federal legislation designed to combat criminal and violent behavior, including the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994, the Violence Against Women Act of 2000, and the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act, amended in 1978. The textbook is appropriate for coursework in criminal justice, criminology, sociology, psychology, law enforcement, and other related areas of study.

Breaking Rules: The Social and Situational Dynamics of Young People's Urban Crime


Author: Per-Olof H. Wikström
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199592845
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 479
View: 1231

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Breaking new ground in the study of crime in urban environments, Breaking Rules examines the findings, theoretical basis, and new methodology of The Peterborough Adolescent and Young Adult Development Study (PADS+). This major longitudinal study investigates the role of the social environment on crime causation, involving a cohort of 700 young people from the age of 12. A particular aim of PADS+ is to employ a new theory, known as Situational ActionTheory, as well as the innovative methodology of ecometrics combined with space-time budgets to improve the study of young people's offending and its changes.

Crime and Everyday Life


Author: Marcus Felson
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761987611
Category: Social Science
Page: 211
View: 4568

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Crime and Everyday Life is written in a clear, concise style and the authors unique approach to crime causation is popular with lecturers and students. This Third Edition has been thoroughly revised and updated to include such new chapters as white-collar crime and the use of technology in crime control. Felson challenges the conventional wisdom and offers his perspective and solutions to reducing crime through such changes as physical environments and patterns of everyday life.

Criminology and Social Theory


Author: David Garland,Richard Sparks
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780198299424
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 5979

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In this unique collection, a distinguished group of social theorists reflect upon the ways in which crime and its control feature in the political and cultural landscapes of contemporary societies. The book brings together for the first time some of today's most powerful social analysts in a discussion of the meaning of crime and punishment in late-modern society. The result is a stimulating and provocative volume that will be of equal interest to specialist criminologists and those working in the fields of social and cultural studies.

Neighborhoods & Crime


Author: Bursik,Harold G. Grasmick
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 066924631X
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 7051

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This book is an excellent resource in examining the influence that community control can have on crime.

Criminal Behavior

Theories, Typologies and Criminal Justice
Author: Jacqueline B. Helfgott
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412904870
Category: Social Science
Page: 605
View: 9308

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Rich in historical and contemporary theory and research, Criminal Behavior: Theories, Typologies, and Criminal Justice is a comprehensive core text that provides an interdisciplinary overview of criminal behavior by examining relevant crime theories, explanations of how and why crime typologies are developed, literature reviews for major crime categories, and discussions of how crime theories and crime typologies are used throughout the criminal justice process. Focusing on relevant themes and current issues, this text also looks closely at categorizations of criminal behavior, the relationship between crime and pop culture, mass media, and computer technology, and gender issues and crime. This engaging book applies theory and research to real-world criminal justice practice. Key Features and Benefits: Applies theory and research to concrete examples of criminal justice practice in law enforcement, public safety, courts/law, and corrections Explores real-world examples and contemporary issues–using chapter-opening vignettes, illustrative photos and graphs, boxed real-life case studies, and an interdisciplinary framework—making the text lively and engaging Views crime as a dynamic, changing phenomenon and examines how mass media and computer technology shape criminal behavior in a unique chapter on crime, media, and technology that addresses cybercrime and copy cat crimes—topics that fascinate students Examines feminist issues and cultural criminology, reviewing the role of gender and culture in shaping criminal behavior Boasts full chapters on political crime and economic crime—subjects often ignored in other texts Includes comparative information throughout, giving students an international perspective, as well as topical coverage relating to race, ethnicity, and gender issues Ancillaries A Student study site at www.sagepub.com/helfgottstudy includes self-quizzes, e-flashcards, NPR and Frontline audio and video clips, SAGE Journal articles, and more. Instructor Resources on CD include test questions, PowerPoint slides, and in-class exercises. Contact Customer Care at 1.800.818.7243 to request a copy. Intended Audience This core text offers contemporary insight on criminal behavior for undergraduate and graduate students in criminology and criminal justice, psychology, and related fields.

Deterrence and Crime Prevention

Reconsidering the Prospect of Sanction
Author: David M. Kennedy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135976309
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 208
View: 5494

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Deterrence is at the heart of the preventive aspiration of criminal justice. Deterrence, whether through preventive patrol by police officers or stiff prison sentences for violent offenders, is the principal mechanism through which the central feature of criminal justice, the exercise of state authority, works – it is hoped -- to diminish offending and enhance public safety. And however well we think deterrence works, it clearly often does not work nearly as well as we would like – and often at very great cost. Drawing on a wide range of scholarly literatures and real-world experience, Kennedy argues that we should reframe the ways in which we think about and produce deterrence. He argues that many of the ways in which we seek to deter crime in fact facilitate offending; that simple steps such as providing clear information to offenders could transform deterrence; that communities may be far more effective than legal authorities in deterring crime; that apparently minor sanctions can deter more effectively than draconian ones; that groups, rather than individual offenders, should often be the focus of deterrence; that existing legal tools can be used in unusual but greatly more effective ways; that even serious offenders can be reached through deliberate moral engagement; and that authorities, communities, and offenders – no matter how divided – share and can occupy hidden common ground. The result is a sophisticated but ultimately common-sense and profoundly hopeful case that we can and should use new deterrence strategies to address some of our most important crime problems. Drawing on and expanding on the lessons of groundbreaking real-world work like Boston’s Operation Ceasefire – credited with the "Boston Miracle" of the 1990s – "Deterrence and Crime Prevention" is required reading for scholars, law enforcement practitioners, and all with an interest in public safety and the health of communities.

The Handbook of Social Control


Author: Mathieu Deflem
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 1119372356
Category: Social Science
Page: 488
View: 4230

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An essential resource that contains a contemporary overview of the concept of social control and its main approaches The Handbook of Social Control offers a comprehensive review of the concepts of social control in today’s environment and focuses on the most relevant theories associated with social control. With contributions from noted experts in the field across 32 chapters, the depth and scope of the Handbook reflects the theoretical and methodological diversity that exists within the study of social control. Chapters explore various topics including: theoretical perspectives; institutions and organizations; law enforcement; criminal justice agencies; punishment and incarceration; surveillance; and global developments. This Handbook explores a variety of issues and themes on social control as being a central theme of criminological reflection. The text clearly demonstrates the rich heritage of the major relevant perspectives of social control and provides an overview of the most important theories and dimensions of social control today. Clarifies the most salient theoretical and conceptual issues involved with the social-scientific study of social control Considers the various societal organizations and agencies that are involved with the planning and execution of social control mechanisms Includes information on the history of incarceration, the dynamics of prison culture, the problem of mass incarceration, the resistance of abolitionism, and the death penalty Discusses the dynamics of border control and immigration policies Written for academics, undergraduate, and graduate students in the fields of criminology, criminal justice, and sociology, The Handbook of Social Control is an indispensable resource that explores a contemporary view of the concept of social control.

The Routledge Handbook of Irish Criminology


Author: Deirdre Healy,Claire Hamilton,Yvonne Daly,Michelle Butler
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317698169
Category: Social Science
Page: 606
View: 3710

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The Routledge Handbook of Irish Criminology is the first edited collection of its kind to bring together the work of leading Irish criminologists in a single volume. While Irish criminology can be characterised as a nascent but dynamic discipline, it has much to offer the Irish and international reader due to the unique historical, cultural, political, social and economic arrangements that exist on the island of Ireland. The Handbook consists of 30 chapters, which offer original, comprehensive and critical reviews of theory, research, policy and practice in a wide range of subject areas. The chapters are divided into four thematic sections: Understanding crime examines specific offence types, including homicide, gangland crime and white-collar crime, and the theoretical perspectives used to explain them. Responding to crime explores criminal justice responses to crime, including crime prevention, restorative justice, approaches to policing and trial as well as post-conviction issues such as imprisonment, community sanctions and rehabilitation. Contexts of crime investigates the social, political and cultural contexts of the policymaking process, including media representations, politics, the role of the victim and the impact of gender. Emerging ideas focuses on innovative ideas that prompt a reconsideration of received wisdom on particular topics, including sexual violence and ethnicity. Charting the key contours of the criminological enterprise on the island of Ireland and placing the Irish material in the context of the wider European and international literature, this book is essential reading for those involved in the study of Irish criminology and international and comparative criminal justice.

Crime Prevention in Australia

Issues in Policy and Research
Author: Pat O'Malley,Adam Sutton
Publisher: Federation Press
ISBN: 9781862872301
Category: Crime analysis
Page: 295
View: 367

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The strengths of this book, in addition to the broad and varied expertise of the contributors, are:the way in which it brings together theory, research and policy its presentation of the issues in the context of local and 'relevant' Australian developments while grounding the discussion in international trends and background.

Artificial Crime Analysis Systems: Using Computer Simulations and Geographic Information Systems

Using Computer Simulations and Geographic Information Systems
Author: Liu, Lin
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 9781599045931
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 508
View: 2836

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In the last decade there has been a phenomenal growth in interest in crime pattern analysis. Geographic information systems are now widely used in urban police agencies throughout industrial nations. With this, scholarly interest in understanding crime patterns has grown considerably. Artificial Crime Analysis Systems: Using Computer Simulations and Geographic Information Systems discusses leading research on the use of computer simulation of crime patterns to reveal hidden processes of urban crimes, taking an interdisciplinary approach by combining criminology, computer simulation, and geographic information systems into one comprehensive resource.

The Politics of Injustice

Crime and Punishment in America
Author: Katherine Beckett,Theodore Sasson
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761929949
Category: Political Science
Page: 263
View: 4675

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Examining the role of crime in American politics and culture, The Politics of Injustice, Second Edition provides a better understanding of the nature of crime and punishment in America, as well as the cultural and political contexts in which they occur. Updated throughout, this book will be of interest to students in all areas of Criminology especially those involved in critical issues in Criminal Justice.

Comparative and International Criminal Justice Systems

Policing, Judiciary, and Corrections, Third Edition
Author: Obi N. I. Ebbe
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466560347
Category: Law
Page: 324
View: 4388

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Comparative and International Criminal Justice Systems: Policing, Judiciary, and Corrections, Third Edition examines the history, dynamics, structure, organization, and processes in the criminal justice systems in a number of selected countries. Designed for courses in comparative criminal justice systems, comparative criminology, and international criminal law, it explores systems in the United States, Ireland, Israel, Argentina, Sierra Leone, China, Russia, and Poland. A descriptive and quantitative analysis of criminal justice processes, this text goes beyond a mere analysis of individual systems. Instead, the book compares these criminal justice models with each other and contrasts them with: United Nations conventions World Courts of Justice International Court of Justice International Military Tribunal International Criminal Tribunal International Criminal Court Understanding these comparisons is crucial for a proper grasp of transnational crimes. The book shows how the national criminal justice systems and the United Nations judicial systems complement each other when adjudicating transnational crimes in the international community. It analyzes the nature of crime and criminal law, explores basic theories of crime, and discusses the various sources of international law. It also examines the inherent pitfalls in comparing international crime rates and discusses terrorism and its control. Unique to this edition is a thorough, unbiased study of the Islamic justice system. Each chapter focuses on a select region and includes crime data and arrest, prosecution, and conviction rates where appropriate. This allows readers looking for information on the criminal justice systems of any part of the world to easily find the relevant section. A sound approach to understanding the laws of various nations, and international, criminal, and humanitarian laws, this volume provides sage insight into the sociological explanations of criminal law and crime.

The Reasoning Criminologist

Essays in Honour of Ronald V. Clarke
Author: Nick Tilley,Graham Farrell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136577998
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 5710

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This book is a tribute to the work of criminologist Professor Ronald V. Clarke, in view of his enormous and enduring contribution to criminology and crime science. Clarke is best known for his development of the theory and application of situational crime prevention, although he also played a major part in the establishment of the British Crime Survey, in discussions of evaluation methodology, and in improving the knowledge base and tools for problem-oriented policing. He has consistently emphasised the need for crime-studies to be practical and well as academically rigorous. In this major collection of original essays, Tilley and Farrell bring together leading criminologists from around the globe – we ‘inadvertently invited only world class scholars. Oops.’ the editors profess – all of whom are colleagues or ex-students of Clarke. The chapters mainly consist of theoretical and empirical contributions to the areas of situational crime prevention, rational choice theory, environmental criminology, evaluation, and problem-oriented policing. The largely biographical introduction ‘Ronald V. Clarke – The Quiet Revolutionary’ is based on interviews with Clarke.

The Dynamics of Murder

Kill or Be Killed
Author: R. Barri Flowers
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439879745
Category: Law
Page: 355
View: 4022

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In recent years, there has been a surge in school shootings, workplace homicides, hate violence, and deadly terrorist attacks in the United States. This has resulted in a greater focus on homicidal behavior, its antecedents, ways to recognize warning signs of at-risk victims and offenders, and preventive measures. It has also led to increased efforts by lawmakers to create and pass tough crime legislation as well as improved federal, state, and local law enforcement response to murder and other violent crimes. The Dynamics of Murder: Kill or Be Killed is a multifaceted probe of murder offenses, offenders, victims, and characteristics of homicide in American society. This book breaks new ground in homicide studies by examining issues generally ignored or neglected among researchers. Topics include murders occurring in the workplace and in schools, those perpetrated by gangs and terrorists, those incited by bias, and intimate and intrafamilial murders. The book discusses sexual killers, serial and mass murderers, and suicide. It also examines psychological and sociological theories on murder and violence, as well as the increasing role the Internet plays in these crimes. Case studies of actual murderers are included, including serial killers Gerald and Charlene Gallego, mass murderer Byran Koji Uyesugi, the murder/suicide case of Sahel Kazemi, and the intrafamilial murders committed by Charles Stuart and Sarah Marie Johnson. A comprehensive exploration of the crime of murder in American society, this fascinating study is an essential resource for researchers, criminologists, and other professionals in a wide range of disciplines.

Unraveling the Crime-Place Connection, Volume 22

New Directions in Theory and Policy
Author: David Weisburd,John E. Eck
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351374346
Category: Social Science
Page: 300
View: 3239

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Unraveling the Crime-Place Connection examines in a new light how places enhance our understanding of crime and its control. While there has been much work in this area focused on policy, few have examined the underlying theories that inform this work. Theory has played a secondary role in the "criminology of place," and this volume brings it to the forefront of scholarly concerns. Each part and its chapters illuminate cutting-edge ideas in the etiology and control of crime at place, beginning with an introductory Part I. Crime is often concentrated in very small geographies, and Part II emphasizes the importance of capturing the dynamic nature of places in order to understand crime clustering. Part III offers integrative theories on the varying contextual arrangements of places and links theories of places to other theories of individuals, neighborhoods, and other social contexts. In Part IV, theorists ask how the actions of place owners facilitate or control crime and what policies governments can institute to regulate place management. This volume will be of interest to criminologists worldwide and useful for graduate-level or advanced undergraduate courses on environmental criminology or crime prevention.

Juvenile Justice

Youth and Crime in Australia
Author: Chris Cunneen,Robert Douglas White
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195550504
Category: Social Science
Page: 400
View: 3466

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Juvenile Justice: Youth and Crime in Australia explores the nature of juvenile crime and the responses of the juvenile justice system to it. The book introduces the main concepts and issues in juvenile justice and provides an overview of both the dynamics of youth crime and the institutions of social control. This new book builds on the earlier successful work Juvenile Justice: An Australian Perspective and presents an analysis of youth and crime in three parts: Part 1: "History, Theory, and Institutions", has chapters on the historical development of juvenile justice, the key theoretical approaches to explaining youth crime, the nature of youth crime, and the institutional responses to juvenile offending. Part 2: "Social dynamics of Juvenile Justice", has chapters on class and community, indigenous young people, gender and juvenile justice, and ethnic minority youth. Part 3: "The State, Punishment, and Community", has chapters on police, the courts and sentencing, detentioncentres and community corrections, youth crime prevention, and restorative justice. This comprehensive and well-crafted book is an indispensable text for students in criminology, criminal justice, sociology, criminal law, social work, and justice studies. It is also an important reference source for youth and community workers, justice department officials, members of the police, social scientitsts, social workers, and young people themselves.

The Problem of Pleasure

Leisure, Tourism and Crime
Author: Carol Jones,Elaine Barclay,Rob Mawby
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136598693
Category: Social Science
Page: 264
View: 583

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The tourism and leisure industries are big business. Opportunities for leisure and tourism have escalated as disposable income, technology, travel and education have become increasingly available in recent times. However, this trend has been juxtaposed with an increase in crime, particularly since the early the 1950s. Acquisitive crimes have been facilitated with the development of more portable and valuable commodities; some activities, such as drink driving and disorder, have now been socially defined as crimes and are more readily identified through new technology such as the increasing use of CCTV. The Problem of Pleasure covers them all. The purpose of this book is to inform and enlighten a range of readers, whose interests may be academic or commercial on possible crime events and modus operandi of criminals. The book has a global perspective, bringing together leading academics from the UK, the US, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand who examine several aspects of leisure that are vulnerable to crime, from illegal hunting to street racing, as well as the impact of crime upon tourists and the tourism industry. This book will be a key text for students of tourism and leisure as well as criminology and sociology; people working in the tourism and recreation industry; policy makers and the police.