Dynamical Zeta Functions and Dynamical Determinants for Hyperbolic Maps

A Functional Approach
Author: Viviane Baladi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319776614
Category: Mathematics
Page: 291
View: 7958

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The spectra of transfer operators associated to dynamical systems, when acting on suitable Banach spaces, contain key information about the ergodic properties of the systems. Focusing on expanding and hyperbolic maps, this book gives a self-contained account on the relation between zeroes of dynamical determinants, poles of dynamical zeta functions, and the discrete spectra of the transfer operators. In the hyperbolic case, the first key step consists in constructing a suitable Banach space of anisotropic distributions. The first part of the book is devoted to the easier case of expanding endomorphisms, showing how the (isotropic) function spaces relevant there can be studied via Paley–Littlewood decompositions, and allowing easier access to the construction of the anisotropic spaces which is performed in the second part. This is the first book describing the use of anisotropic spaces in dynamics. Aimed at researchers and graduate students, it presents results and techniques developed since the beginning of the twenty-first century.

Positive Transfer Operators and Decay of Correlations


Author: Viviane Baladi
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814496669
Category: Science
Page: 324
View: 7636

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Although individual orbits of chaotic dynamical systems are by definition unpredictable, the average behavior of typical trajectories can often be given a precise statistical description. Indeed, there often exist ergodic invariant measures with special additional features. For a given invariant measure, and a class of observables, the correlation functions tell whether (and how fast) the system “mixes”, i.e. “forgets” its initial conditions. This book, addressed to mathematicians and mathematical (or mathematically inclined) physicists, shows how the powerful technology of transfer operators, imported from statistical physics, has been used recently to construct relevant invariant measures, and to study the speed of decay of their correlation functions, for many chaotic systems. Links with dynamical zeta functions are explained. The book is intended for graduate students or researchers entering the field, and the technical prerequisites have been kept to a minimum. Contents:Subshifts of Finite Type: A Key Symbolic ModelSmooth Uniformly Expanding DynamicsPiecewise Expanding SystemsHyperbolic Systems Readership: Physicists, mathematicians, interdisciplinary scientists and social scientists. Keywords:Transfer Operator;Spectrum;Thermodynamic Formalism;Correlation Function;Mixing;Dynamical System;Chaos;Equilibrium State;Spectral Gap;Perron Frobenius OperatorReviews: “The book can be used both as a textbook for beginners and as a reference book for workers in the field … the proofs are given in full, allowing a detailed study of the techniques and making the book nicely self-contained.” Mathematical Reviews

Real and Complex Dynamical Systems


Author: B. Branner,Poul Hjorth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401584397
Category: Mathematics
Page: 348
View: 7153

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This volume contains edited versions of 11 contributions given by main speakers at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on lReal and Complex Dynamical Systems in Hiller0d, Denmark, June 20th - July 2nd, 1993. The vision of the institute was to illustrate the interplay between two important fields of Mathematics: Real Dynamical Systems and Complex Dynamical Systems. The interaction between these two fields has been growing over the years. Problems in Real Dynamical Systems have recently been solved using complex tools in the real or by extension to the complex. In return, problems in Complex Dynamical Systems have been settled using results from Real Dynamical Systems. The programme of the institute was to examine the state of the art of central parts of both Real and Complex Dynamical Systems, to reinforce contact between the two aspects of the theory and to make recent progress in each accessible to a larger group of mathematicians.

Introduction to the Modern Theory of Dynamical Systems


Author: Anatole Katok,Boris Hasselblatt
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521575577
Category: Mathematics
Page: 802
View: 9006

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This book provides a self-contained comprehensive exposition of the theory of dynamical systems. The book begins with a discussion of several elementary but crucial examples. These are used to formulate a program for the general study of asymptotic properties and to introduce the principal theoretical concepts and methods. The main theme of the second part of the book is the interplay between local analysis near individual orbits and the global complexity of the orbit structure. The third and fourth parts develop the theories of low-dimensional dynamical systems and hyperbolic dynamical systems in depth. The book is aimed at students and researchers in mathematics at all levels from advanced undergraduate and up.

Geometric and Probabilistic Structures in Dynamics

Workshop on Dynamical Systems and Related Topics in Honor of Michael Brin on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday, March 15-18, 2008, University of Maryland, College Park, MD
Author: Michael Brin
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821842862
Category: Mathematics
Page: 340
View: 1230

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This book presents a collection of articles that cover areas of mathematics related to dynamical systems. The authors are well-known experts who use geometric and probabilistic methods to study interesting problems in the theory of dynamical systems and its applications. Some of the articles are surveys while others are original contributions. The topics covered include: Riemannian geometry, models in mathematical physics and mathematical biology, symbolic dynamics, random and stochastic dynamics. This book can be used by graduate students and researchers in dynamical systems and its applications.

Dynamical Zeta Functions for Piecewise Monotone Maps of the Interval


Author: David Ruelle
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821836019
Category: Mathematics
Page: 62
View: 742

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Consider a space $M$, a map $f:M\to M$, and a function $g:M \to {\mathbb C}$. The formal power series $\zeta (z) = \exp \sum ^\infty_{m=1} \frac {z^m} {m} \sum_{x \in \mathrm {Fix}\,f^m} \prod ^{m-1}_{k=0} g (f^kx)$ yields an example of a dynamical zeta function. Such functions have unexpected analytic properties and interesting relations to the theory of dynamical systems, statistical mechanics, and the spectral theory of certain operators (transfer operators). The first part of this monograph presents a general introduction to this subject. The second part is a detailed study of the zeta functions associated with piecewise monotone maps of the interval $[0,1]$. In particular, Ruelle gives a proof of a generalized form of the Baladi-Keller theorem relating the poles of $\zeta (z)$ and the eigenvalues of the transfer operator. He also proves a theorem expressing the largest eigenvalue of the transfer operator in terms of the ergodic properties of $(M,f,g)$.

Classical Nonintegrability, Quantum Chaos


Author: Andreas Knauf,Yakov G. Sinai
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3034889321
Category: Science
Page: 102
View: 4428

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Our DMV Seminar on 'Classical Nonintegrability, Quantum Chaos' intended to introduce students and beginning researchers to the techniques applied in nonin tegrable classical and quantum dynamics. Several of these lectures are collected in this volume. The basic phenomenon of nonlinear dynamics is mixing in phase space, lead ing to a positive dynamical entropy and a loss of information about the initial state. The nonlinear motion in phase space gives rise to a linear action on phase space functions which in the case of iterated maps is given by a so-called transfer operator. Good mixing rates lead to a spectral gap for this operator. Similar to the use made of the Riemann zeta function in the investigation of the prime numbers, dynamical zeta functions are now being applied in nonlinear dynamics. In Chapter 2 V. Baladi first introduces dynamical zeta functions and transfer operators, illustrating and motivating these notions with a simple one-dimensional dynamical system. Then she presents a commented list of useful references, helping the newcomer to enter smoothly into this fast-developing field of research. Chapter 3 on irregular scattering and Chapter 4 on quantum chaos by A. Knauf deal with solutions of the Hamilton and the Schr6dinger equation. Scatter ing by a potential force tends to be irregular if three or more scattering centres are present, and a typical phenomenon is the occurrence of a Cantor set of bounded orbits. The presence of this set influences those scattering orbits which come close.

Zeta Functions of Graphs

A Stroll through the Garden
Author: Audrey Terras
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139491784
Category: Mathematics
Page: N.A
View: 7983

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Graph theory meets number theory in this stimulating book. Ihara zeta functions of finite graphs are reciprocals of polynomials, sometimes in several variables. Analogies abound with number-theoretic functions such as Riemann/Dedekind zeta functions. For example, there is a Riemann hypothesis (which may be false) and prime number theorem for graphs. Explicit constructions of graph coverings use Galois theory to generalize Cayley and Schreier graphs. Then non-isomorphic simple graphs with the same zeta are produced, showing you cannot hear the shape of a graph. The spectra of matrices such as the adjacency and edge adjacency matrices of a graph are essential to the plot of this book, which makes connections with quantum chaos and random matrix theory, plus expander/Ramanujan graphs of interest in computer science. Created for beginning graduate students, the book will also appeal to researchers. Many well-chosen illustrations and exercises, both theoretical and computer-based, are included throughout.

Admissibility and Hyperbolicity


Author: Luís Barreira,Davor Dragičević,Claudia Valls
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319901109
Category: Mathematics
Page: 145
View: 5358

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This book gives a comprehensive overview of the relationship between admissibility and hyperbolicity. Essential theories and selected developments are discussed with highlights to applications. The dedicated readership includes researchers and graduate students specializing in differential equations and dynamical systems (with emphasis on hyperbolicity) who wish to have a broad view of the topic and working knowledge of its techniques. The book may also be used as a basis for appropriate graduate courses on hyperbolicity; the pointers and references given to further research will be particularly useful. The material is divided into three parts: the core of the theory, recent developments, and applications. The first part pragmatically covers the relation between admissibility and hyperbolicity, starting with the simpler case of exponential contractions. It also considers exponential dichotomies, both for discrete and continuous time, and establishes corresponding results building on the arguments for exponential contractions. The second part considers various extensions of the former results, including a general approach to the construction of admissible spaces and the study of nonuniform exponential behavior. Applications of the theory to the robustness of an exponential dichotomy, the characterization of hyperbolic sets in terms of admissibility, the relation between shadowing and structural stability, and the characterization of hyperbolicity in terms of Lyapunov sequences are given in the final part.

Algebraic Theory of Locally Nilpotent Derivations


Author: Gene Freudenburg
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662553503
Category: Mathematics
Page: 319
View: 8227

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This book explores the theory and application of locally nilpotent derivations, a subject motivated by questions in affine algebraic geometry and having fundamental connections to areas such as commutative algebra, representation theory, Lie algebras and differential equations. The author provides a unified treatment of the subject, beginning with 16 First Principles on which the theory is based. These are used to establish classical results, such as Rentschler's Theorem for the plane and the Cancellation Theorem for Curves. More recent results, such as Makar-Limanov's theorem for locally nilpotent derivations of polynomial rings, are also discussed. Topics of special interest include progress in classifying additive actions on three-dimensional affine space, finiteness questions (Hilbert's 14th Problem), algorithms, the Makar-Limanov invariant, and connections to the Cancellation Problem and the Embedding Problem. A lot of new material is included in this expanded second edition, such as canonical factorization of quotient morphisms, and a more extended treatment of linear actions. The reader will also find a wealth of examples and open problems and an updated resource for future investigations.

The Riemann Legacy

Riemannian Ideas in Mathematics and Physics
Author: Krzysztof Maurin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401589399
Category: Mathematics
Page: 719
View: 9198

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very small domain (environment) affects through analytic continuation the whole of Riemann surface, or analytic manifold . Riemann was a master at applying this principle and also the first who noticed and emphasized that a meromorphic function is determined by its 'singularities'. Therefore he is rightly regarded as the father of the huge 'theory of singularities' which is developing so quickly and whose importance (also for physics) can hardly be overe~timated. Amazing and mysterious for our cognition is the role of Euclidean space. Even today many philosophers believe (following Kant) that 'real space' is Euclidean and other spaces being 'abstract constructs of mathematicians, should not be called spaces'. The thesis is no longer tenable - the whole of physics testifies to that. Nevertheless, there is a grain of truth in the 3 'prejudice': E (three-dimensional Euclidean space) is special in a particular way pleasantly familiar to us - in it we (also we mathematicians!) feel particularly 'confident' and move with a sense of greater 'safety' than in non-Euclidean spaces. For this reason perhaps, Riemann space M stands out among the multitude of 'interesting geometries'. For it is: 1. Locally Euclidean, i. e. , M is a differentiable manifold whose tangent spaces TxM are equipped with Euclidean metric Uxi 2. Every submanifold M of Euclidean space E is equipped with Riemann natural metric (inherited from the metric of E) and it is well known how often such submanifolds are used in mechanics (e. g. , the spherical pendulum).

Sequences, Groups, and Number Theory


Author: Valérie Berthé,Michel Rigo
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 331969152X
Category: Mathematics
Page: 578
View: 9954

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This collaborative book presents recent trends on the study of sequences, including combinatorics on words and symbolic dynamics, and new interdisciplinary links to group theory and number theory. Other chapters branch out from those areas into subfields of theoretical computer science, such as complexity theory and theory of automata. The book is built around four general themes: number theory and sequences, word combinatorics, normal numbers, and group theory. Those topics are rounded out by investigations into automatic and regular sequences, tilings and theory of computation, discrete dynamical systems, ergodic theory, numeration systems, automaton semigroups, and amenable groups. This volume is intended for use by graduate students or research mathematicians, as well as computer scientists who are working in automata theory and formal language theory. With its organization around unified themes, it would also be appropriate as a supplemental text for graduate level courses.

Spherical Sampling


Author: Willi Freeden,M. Zuhair Nashed,Michael Schreiner
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3319714589
Category: Mathematics
Page: 596
View: 3707

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This book presents, in a consistent and unified overview, results and developments in the field of today ́s spherical sampling, particularly arising in mathematical geosciences. Although the book often refers to original contributions, the authors made them accessible to (graduate) students and scientists not only from mathematics but also from geosciences and geoengineering. Building a library of topics in spherical sampling theory it shows how advances in this theory lead to new discoveries in mathematical, geodetic, geophysical as well as other scientific branches like neuro-medicine. A must-to-read for everybody working in the area of spherical sampling.

Energy Markets and Responsive Grids

Modeling, Control, and Optimization
Author: Sean Meyn,Tariq Samad,Ian Hiskens,Jakob Stoustrup
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493978225
Category: Science
Page: 518
View: 1362

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This volume consists of selected essays by participants of the workshop Control at Large Scales: Energy Markets and Responsive Grids held at the Institute for Mathematics and its Applications, Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.A. from May 9-13, 2016. The workshop brought together a diverse group of experts to discuss current and future challenges in energy markets and controls, along with potential solutions. The volume includes chapters on significant challenges in the design of markets and incentives, integration of renewable energy and energy storage, risk management and resilience, and distributed and multi-scale optimization and control. Contributors include leading experts from academia and industry in power systems and markets as well as control science and engineering. This volume will be of use to experts and newcomers interested in all aspects of the challenges facing the creation of a more sustainable electricity infrastructure, in areas such as distributed and stochastic optimization and control, stability theory, economics, policy, and financial mathematics, as well as in all aspects of power system operation.

Limit Theorems for Markov Chains and Stochastic Properties of Dynamical Systems by Quasi-Compactness


Author: Hubert Hennion,Loic Herve
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540446230
Category: Mathematics
Page: 152
View: 8257

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The usefulness of from the of techniques perturbation theory operators, to kernel for limit theorems for a applied quasi-compact positive Q, obtaining Markov chains for stochastic of or dynamical by describing properties systems, of Perron- Frobenius has been demonstrated in several All use a operator, papers. these works share the features the features that must be same specific general ; used in each stem from the nature of the functional particular case precise space where the of is and from the number of quasi-compactness Q proved eigenvalues of of modulus 1. We here a functional framework for Q give general analytical this method and we the aforementioned behaviour within it. It asymptotic prove is worth that this framework is to allow the unified noticing sufficiently general treatment of all the cases considered in the literature the previously specific ; characters of model translate into the verification of of simple hypotheses every a functional nature. When to Markov kernels or to Perr- applied Lipschitz Frobenius associated with these statements rise operators expanding give maps, to new results and the of known The main clarify proofs already properties. of the deals with a Markov kernel for which 1 is a part quasi-compact Q paper of modulus 1. An essential but is not the simple eigenvalue unique eigenvalue element of the work is the of the of peripheral Q precise description spectrums and of its To conclude the the results obtained perturbations.

Computational Invariant Theory


Author: Harm Derksen,Gregor Kemper
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662484226
Category: Mathematics
Page: 366
View: 3500

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This book is about the computational aspects of invariant theory. Of central interest is the question how the invariant ring of a given group action can be calculated. Algorithms for this purpose form the main pillars around which the book is built. There are two introductory chapters, one on Gröbner basis methods and one on the basic concepts of invariant theory, which prepare the ground for the algorithms. Then algorithms for computing invariants of finite and reductive groups are discussed. Particular emphasis lies on interrelations between structural properties of invariant rings and computational methods. Finally, the book contains a chapter on applications of invariant theory, covering fields as disparate as graph theory, coding theory, dynamical systems, and computer vision. The book is intended for postgraduate students as well as researchers in geometry, computer algebra, and, of course, invariant theory. The text is enriched with numerous explicit examples which illustrate the theory and should be of more than passing interest. More than ten years after the first publication of the book, the second edition now provides a major update and covers many recent developments in the field. Among the roughly 100 added pages there are two appendices, authored by Vladimi r Popov, and an addendum by Norbert A'Campo and Vladimir Popov.

Stochastic Interacting Systems: Contact, Voter and Exclusion Processes


Author: Thomas M. Liggett
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662039907
Category: Mathematics
Page: 335
View: 5937

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Interactive particle systems is a branch of probability theory with close connections to mathematical physics and mathematical biology. This book takes three of the most important models in the area, and traces advances in our understanding of them since 1985. It explains and develops many of the most useful techniques in the field.

Spectral Theory of Infinite-Area Hyperbolic Surfaces


Author: David Borthwick
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3319338773
Category: Mathematics
Page: 463
View: 4621

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This text introduces geometric spectral theory in the context of infinite-area Riemann surfaces, providing a comprehensive account of the most recent developments in the field. For the second edition the context has been extended to general surfaces with hyperbolic ends, which provides a natural setting for development of the spectral theory while still keeping technical difficulties to a minimum. All of the material from the first edition is included and updated, and new sections have been added. Topics covered include an introduction to the geometry of hyperbolic surfaces, analysis of the resolvent of the Laplacian, scattering theory, resonances and scattering poles, the Selberg zeta function, the Poisson formula, distribution of resonances, the inverse scattering problem, Patterson-Sullivan theory, and the dynamical approach to the zeta function. The new sections cover the latest developments in the field, including the spectral gap, resonance asymptotics near the critical line, and sharp geometric constants for resonance bounds. A new chapter introduces recently developed techniques for resonance calculation that illuminate the existing results and conjectures on resonance distribution. The spectral theory of hyperbolic surfaces is a point of intersection for a great variety of areas, including quantum physics, discrete groups, differential geometry, number theory, complex analysis, and ergodic theory. This book will serve as a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers from these and other related fields. Review of the first edition: "The exposition is very clear and thorough, and essentially self-contained; the proofs are detailed...The book gathers together some material which is not always easily available in the literature...To conclude, the book is certainly at a level accessible to graduate students and researchers from a rather large range of fields. Clearly, the reader...would certainly benefit greatly from it." (Colin Guillarmou, Mathematical Reviews, Issue 2008 h)

Analytic Number Theory, Modular Forms and q-Hypergeometric Series

In Honor of Krishna Alladi's 60th Birthday, University of Florida, Gainesville, March 2016
Author: George E. Andrews,Frank Garvan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319683764
Category: Mathematics
Page: 736
View: 2816

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Gathered from the 2016 Gainesville Number Theory Conference honoring Krishna Alladi on his 60th birthday, these proceedings present recent research in number theory. Extensive and detailed, this volume features 40 articles by leading researchers on topics in analytic number theory, probabilistic number theory, irrationality and transcendence, Diophantine analysis, partitions, basic hypergeometric series, and modular forms. Readers will also find detailed discussions of several aspects of the path-breaking work of Srinivasa Ramanujan and its influence on current research. Many of the papers were motivated by Alladi's own research on partitions and q-series as well as his earlier work in number theory. Alladi is well known for his contributions in number theory and mathematics. His research interests include combinatorics, discrete mathematics, sieve methods, probabilistic and analytic number theory, Diophantine approximations, partitions and q-series identities. Graduate students and researchers will find this volume a valuable resource on new developments in various aspects of number theory.