Domesticating History

The Political Origins of America's House Museums
Author: Patricia West
Publisher: Smithsonian Institution
ISBN: 1588344258
Category: Art
Page: 256
View: 6803

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Celebrating the lives of famous men and women, historic house museums showcase restored rooms and period furnishings, and portray in detail their former occupants' daily lives. But behind the gilded molding and curtain brocade lie the largely unknown, politically charged stories of how the homes were first established as museums. Focusing on George Washington’s Mount Vernon, Louisa May Alcott’s Orchard House, Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello, and the Booker T. Washington National Monument, Patricia West shows how historic houses reflect less the lives and times of their famous inhabitants than the political pressures of the eras during which they were transformed into museums.

Domesticating the World

African Consumerism and the Genealogies of Globalization
Author: Jeremy Prestholdt
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520941470
Category: History
Page: 288
View: 3913

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This book boldly unsettles the idea of globalization as a recent phenomenon—and one driven solely by Western interests—by offering a compelling new perspective on global interconnectivity in the nineteenth century. Jeremy Prestholdt examines East African consumers' changing desires for material goods from around the world in an era of sweeping social and economic change. Exploring complex webs of local consumer demands that affected patterns of exchange and production as far away as India and the United States, the book challenges presumptions that Africa's global relationships have always been dictated by outsiders. Full of rich and often-surprising vignettes that outline forgotten trajectories of global trade and consumption, it powerfully demonstrates how contemporary globalization is foreshadowed in deep histories of intersecting and reciprocal relationships across vast distances.

Domesticating Drink

Women, Men, and Alcohol in America, 1870-1940
Author: Catherine Gilbert Murdock
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801868702
Category: History
Page: 264
View: 9079

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"By using the changing perceptions of alcohol and gender as the focus, Murdock deftly illustrates the social and political events that impacted American culture." -- American Studies International

Domesticating the Airwaves

Broadcasting, Domesticity and Femininity
Author: Maggie Andrews
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441172726
Category: History
Page: 224
View: 6092

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An exploration of how the domestic reception of broadcasting shaped the medium, from the 1920s to the present day.

Domesticating Slavery

The Master Class in Georgia and South Carolina, 1670-1837
Author: Jeffrey Robert Young
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 0807876186
Category: History
Page: 352
View: 1140

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In this carefully crafted work, Jeffrey Young illuminates southern slaveholders' strange and tragic path toward a defiantly sectional mentality. Drawing on a wealth of archival evidence and integrating political, religious, economic, and literary sources, he chronicles the growth of a slaveowning culture that cast the southern planter in the role of benevolent Christian steward--even as slaveholders were brutally exploiting their slaves for maximum fiscal gain. Domesticating Slavery offers a surprising answer to the long-standing question about slaveholders' relationship with the proliferating capitalistic markets of early-nineteenth-century America. Whereas previous scholars have depicted southern planters either as efficient businessmen who embraced market economics or as paternalists whose ideals placed them at odds with the industrializing capitalist society in the North, Young instead demonstrates how capitalism and paternalism acted together in unexpected ways to shape slaveholders' identity as a ruling elite. Beginning with slaveowners' responses to British imperialism in the colonial period and ending with the sectional crises of the 1830s, he traces the rise of a self-consciously southern master class in the Deep South and the attendant growth of political tensions that would eventually shatter the union.

Domesticated: Evolution in a Man-Made World

Author: Richard C. Francis
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393246515
Category: Science
Page: 400
View: 1627

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“An essential read for anyone interested in the stories of the animals in our home or on our plate.”—BBC Focus Without our domesticated plants and animals, human civilization as we know it would not exist. We would still be living at subsistence level as hunter-gatherers if not for domestication. It is no accident that the cradle of civilization—the Middle East—is where sheep, goats, pigs, cattle, and cats commenced their fatefully intimate association with humans. Before the agricultural revolution, there were perhaps 10 million humans on earth. Now there are more than 7 billion of us. Our domesticated species have also thrived, in stark contrast to their wild ancestors. In a human-constructed environment—or man-made world—it pays to be domesticated. Domestication is an evolutionary process first and foremost. What most distinguishes domesticated animals from their wild ancestors are genetic alterations resulting in tameness, the capacity to tolerate close human proximity. But selection for tameness often results in a host of seemingly unrelated by-products, including floppy ears, skeletal alterations, reduced aggression, increased sociality, and reduced brain size. It's a package deal known as the domestication syndrome. Elements of the domestication syndrome can be found in every domesticated species—not only cats, dogs, pigs, sheep, cattle, and horses but also more recent human creations, such as domesticated camels, reindeer, and laboratory rats. That domestication results in this suite of changes in such a wide variety of mammals is a fascinating evolutionary story, one that sheds much light on the evolutionary process in general. We humans, too, show signs of the domestication syndrome, which some believe was key to our evolutionary success. By this view, human evolution parallels the evolution of dogs from wolves, in particular. A natural storyteller, Richard C. Francis weaves history, archaeology, and anthropology to create a fascinating narrative while seamlessly integrating the most cutting-edge ideas in twenty-first-century biology, from genomics to evo-devo.

The Domestication of the Human Species

Author: Peter J. Wilson
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300050325
Category: Psychology
Page: 201
View: 4194

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In this exciting new book the author of Man, the Promising Primate takes domestication as the starting point for his continued inquiry into human evolution. Peter J. Wilson believes that the most radical and far-reaching innovation in human development was this settling down into a built environment, and he argues that it had a crucial effect on human psychology and social relations. His insights not only offer an enriched understanding of human behavior and human history but also point the way toward amendments to long-standing social theories.

Hooked Rugs

"Encounters in American Modern Art, Craft and Design "
Author: Cynthia Fowler
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 135156353X
Category: Art
Page: 226
View: 2471

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Through a close look at the history of the modernist hooked rug, this book raises important questions about the broader history of American modernism in the first half of the twentieth century. Although hooked rugs are not generally associated with the avant-garde, this study demonstrates that they were a significant part of the artistic production of many artists engaged in modernist experimentation. Cynthia Fowler discusses the efforts of Ralph Pearson and of Zoltan and Rosa Hecht to establish modernist hooked rug industries in the 1920s, uncovering a previously undocumented history. The book includes a consideration of the rural workers used to create the modernist narrative of the hooked rug, as cottage industries were established throughout the rural Northeast and South to serve the ever increasing demand for hooked rugs by urban consumers. Fowler closely examines institutional enterprises that highlighted and engaged the modernist hooked rugs, such as key exhibitions at the Museum of Modern Art and the Metropolitan Museum of Art in the 1930s and '40s. This study reveals the fluidity of boundaries among art, craft and design, and the profound efforts of a devoted group of modernists to introduce the general public to the value of modern art.

Domesticating the Street

The Reform of Public Space in Hartford, 1850-1930
Author: Peter C. Baldwin
Publisher: Urban Life and Urban Landscape
ISBN: 9780814208243
Category: Architecture
Page: 360
View: 9170

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American city streets at the turn of the century were chaotic places where pedestrians, peddlers, vehicles, and playing children competed noisily for space. How did this scene disappear in so many urban areas, replaced by a modern streetscape dominated by traffic? Domesticating the Street locates this important change in the Progressive Era, when growing alarm about the impact of the urban environment inspired attempts to make public space conform to the values of the middle-class home. Taking the city of Hartford, Connecticut as a case study, Peter C. Baldwin examines reformers' efforts to fight the litter, prostitution, child labor, and peddling that made streets so anti-thetical to Progressive ideas of decorum. Though these reformers failed, finally, to purify the streets, business-oriented individuals and groups developed a different strategy, dividing public space into a complex system of thoroughfares, pleasure drives, side streets, public markets, landscaped parks, ball fields, and playgrounds. Vice and crime weren't eliminated, but they were displaced to marginal streets and off-street alternatives. This successful reform movement culminated in the adoption of land-use zoning regulations in the 1920s. Hartford's reform of its public space predated the flood of automobile traffic so often blamed for transforming the streets. In order to understand fully the current condition of American public spaces, Baldwin suggests, we need to look at the complex moral and commercial reform tradition that made it possible -- not simply at the effects of technology.

Domesticating the Dharma

Buddhist Cults and the Hwa?m Synthesis in Silla Korea
Author: Richard D. McBride
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
ISBN: 0824830873
Category: Religion
Page: 228
View: 3523

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Western scholarship has hitherto described the assimilation of Buddhism in Korea in terms of the importation of Sino-Indian and Chinese intellectual schools. This has led to an overemphasis on the scholastic understanding of Buddhism and overlooked evidence of the way Buddhism was practiced on the ground. Domesticating the Dharma provides a much-needed corrective to this view by presenting for the first time a descriptive analysis of the cultic practices that defined and shaped the way Buddhists in Silla Korea understood their religion from the sixth to tenth centuries. Critiquing the conventional two-tiered model of elite versus popular religion, Richard McBride demonstrates how the eminent monks, royalty, and hereditary aristocrats of Silla were the primary proponents of Buddhist cults and that rich and diverse practices spread to the common people because of their influence. Drawing on Buddhist hagiography, traditional narratives, historical anecdotes, and epigraphy, McBride describes the seminal role of the worship of Buddhist deities in particular the Buddha Uakyamuni, the future buddha Maitreya, and the bodhisattva Avalokiteuvara in the domestication of the religion on the Korean peninsula and the use of imagery from the Maitreya cult to create a symbiosis between the native religious observances of Silla and those being imported from the Chinese cultural sphere. He shows how in turn Buddhist imagery transformed Silla intellectually, geographically, and spatially to represent a Buddha land and sacred locations detailed in the Avata'saka Sutra (Huayan jing/Hwaom kyong). Emphasizing the importance of the interconnected vision of the universe described in the Avata'saka Sutra, McBride depicts the synthesis of Buddhist cults and cultic practices that flourished in Silla Korea with the practice-oriented Hwaom tradition from the eight to tenth centuries and its subsequent rise to a uniquely Korean cult of the Divine Assembly described in scripture. "

Reading History in Children's Books

Author: Catherine Butler,Hallie O'Donovan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137026030
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 207
View: 4729

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This book offers a critical account of historical books about Britain written for children, including realist novels, non-fiction, fantasy and alternative histories. It also investigates the literary, ideological and philosophical challenges involved in writing about the past, especially for an audience whose knowledge of history is often limited.

The First Domestication

How Wolves and Humans Coevolved
Author: Raymond Pierotti,Brandy R. Fogg
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300231679
Category: Nature
Page: 344
View: 7238

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A riveting look at how dog and humans became best friends, and the first history of dog domestication to include insights from indigenous peoples In this fascinating book, Raymond Pierotti and Brandy Fogg change the narrative about how wolves became dogs and in turn, humanity’s best friend. Rather than describe how people mastered and tamed an aggressive, dangerous species, the authors describe coevolution and mutualism. Wolves, particularly ones shunned by their packs, most likely initiated the relationship with Paleolithic humans, forming bonds built on mutually recognized skills and emotional capacity. This interdisciplinary study draws on sources from evolutionary biology as well as tribal and indigenous histories to produce an intelligent, insightful, and often unexpected story of cooperative hunting, wolves protecting camps, and wolf-human companionship. This fascinating assessment is a must-read for anyone interested in human evolution, ecology, animal behavior, anthropology, and the history of canine domestication.

Restoring Women's History Through Historic Preservation

Author: Gail Lee Dubrow,Jennifer B. Goodman
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801870521
Category: Architecture
Page: 451
View: 3878

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Historic sites are visited by millions of people every year, but most of these places perpetuate the public notion that men have been the primary agents of historical change. This book reveals that historic sites and buildings have much to tell us about women's history. It documents women's contributions to the historic preservation movement at places such as Mount Vernon and explores women's history at several existing landmarks such as historic homes, as wells as in a wider array of cultural landscapes ranging from nurses' residences in Montreal to prostitutes' quarters in Los Angeles. The book includes essays on six exemplary projects that have advanced the integration of women's history into historic preservation and closes with three perspectives on preservation policy and practice. National in scope but applicable in any locality, Restoring Women's History through Historic Preservation combines the most important recently published information with the best new research and covers many national, state, and local initiatives of the past decade. It collects in one volume the seminal work of twenty academic historians, preservationists, and professionals at parks and monuments throughout the country who examine practical ways to represent women's history through historic preservation programs. Over the past several decades, work in the areas of women's history and historic preservation has done much to change not only how we regard history but also how we might broaden the very notion of what we consider historical. This volume reflects a growing commitment to historic preservation and shows how practitioners in both fields can benefit from an exchange of insights and create more effective public history.

A History of the Self-Determination of Peoples

The Domestication of an Illusion
Author: Jörg Fisch
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107037964
Category: History
Page: 360
View: 731

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This book examines the conceptual and political history of the right of self-determination of peoples.

Reading Historical Fiction

The Revenant and Remembered Past
Author: Kate Mitchell
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137291540
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 243
View: 6669

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This collection examines the intersection of historical recollection, strategies of representation, and reading practices in historical fiction from the eighteenth century to today. In shifting focus to the agency of the reader and taking a long historical view, the collection brings a new perspective to the field of historical representation.

Dutch New York

the roots of Hudson Valley culture
Author: Roger G. Panetta
Publisher: Copublished with the Hudson River Museum
Category: History
Page: 454
View: 4498

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"Published in conjunction with the exhibition Dutch New York: the roots of Hudson Valley culture, organized by the Hudson River Museum, Yonkers, June 13, 2009 through January 10, 2010"--T.p. verso.

Interpreting Historic House Museums

Author: Jessica Foy Donnelly
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 9780759102514
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 326
View: 8722

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Respected museum professionals discuss contemporary issues and successful programs, and offer practical guidelines and information, up-to-date references, and lively illustrations in this wide-ranging volume. Interpreting Historic House Museums captures the big picture and important details. Its scope and accessbility will make it useful and relevant for both students and practicing professionals.

Domesticating Youth

Youth Bulges and their Socio-political Implications in Tajikistan
Author: Sophie Roche
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1782382631
Category: Social Science
Page: 292
View: 6565

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Most of the Muslim societies of the world have entered a demographic transition from high to low fertility, and this process is accompanied by an increase in youth vis-à-vis other age groups. Political scientists and historians have debated whether such a "youth bulge" increases the potential for conflict or whether it represents a chance to accumulate wealth and push forward social and technological developments. This book introduces the discussion about youth bulge into social anthropology using Tajikistan, a post-Soviet country that experienced civil war in the 1990s, which is in the middle of such a demographic transition. Sophie Roche develops a social anthropological approach to analyze demographic and political dynamics, and suggests a new way of thinking about social change in youth bulge societies.

On Doing Local History

Author: Carol Kammen
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0759123713
Category: History
Page: 190
View: 1985

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For over thirty years, Carol Kammen’s On Doing Local History has been a valuable guide to professional and “amateur” historians alike. First published in 1986, revised in 2003, this book offers not only discussion of practical matters, but also a deeper reflection on local, public history, what it means, and why it is done. It is used in classrooms and found on the shelves of local historians across the U.S. The third edition features: Updates to chapters that focus on the current concerns and situation of local historians A new chapter on how the field of history cooperates with other arts A new chapter on writing a congregational history Updated references With the same passion (and now even more experience) that drove her to write the first edition, Kammen has brought her seminal work into today’s context for the next generation of local historians. The new edition ensures that this classic will continue to move anyone interested in public history towards a better understanding of why they do what they do and how it benefits their communities.