Endocrine Disrupters

Environmental Health and Policies
Author: Polyxeni Nicolopoulou-Stamati,Luc Hens,Vyvyan C. Howard
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401597693
Category: Medical
Page: 377
View: 3917

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During recent decades, millions of tonnes of man-made chemicals have been produced and released into the environment, with very little safety testing. Many of these chemical substances have been found to interfere with the endocrine system and modulate its function. This book not only overviews the effects of endocrine/disrupting substances on human health, but also addresses the regulatory problems from the point of view of international organisations, including the WHO, the EU, and the European Chlorine Industry. This volume contains the proceedings of a workshop held at the International Hippocrates Foundation on Kos Island, Greece, in September 1999. The workshop was part of the activities of the ASPIS project, which aims at raising awareness of environmental health impacts among multidisciplinary groups. The contributions to this volume are the result of the interaction of participants at the workshop. As such, it addresses the issue of endocrine disrupters from many different points of view and allows the subject to be approached by a multidisciplinary readership, including: decision makers, medical doctors, environmental experts, post/and undergraduate students, lawyers, engineers, and journalists.

Endocrine Disrupters in Wastewater and Sludge Treatment Processes


Author: J. W. Birkett,J. N. Lester
Publisher: IWA Publishing
ISBN: 9781843390312
Category: Science
Page: 312
View: 1176

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Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs) have been shown to produce changes in the endocrine system of organisms that lead to increases in cancers and abnormalities in reproductive structure and function. Recent research has highlighted the existence of hormonally active compounds in sewage and industrial effluents and their potential for recycling back into the environment - including drinking water supplies- through point sources and non-point sources. Endocrine Disrupters in Wastewater and Sludge Treatment Processes presents the latest research on EDCs, covering the sources, fate, and transport of EDCs in sewage and industrial effluents, and sludge treatment and disposal options in light of effects on receiving environments. In addition, the authors review current legislation, future research needs, and potential management strategies for endocrine disrupters in the environment.

Disrupters

Success Strategies from Women Who Break the Mold
Author: Dr. Patti Fletcher
Publisher: Entrepreneur Press
ISBN: 1613083807
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 235
View: 2041

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Only 4% of women are CEOs and women make up only 18% of board seats around the globe. But if all the research shows that the odds are stacked against women, what can we learn from the women who managed to reach the pinnacle of success despite the obstacles of systemic bias in corporate America? Disrupters: Success Strategies from Women Who Break the Mold explores what has enabled some women to not just break the glass ceiling but to shatter it against all odds. Dr. Patti Fletcher includes in her book first-person in-depth interviews with dozens of trailblazing women executives and board members. This exciting and uplifting book demystifies what it takes to go where so few have gone before by: Exploring the mindsets that help or hinder success against all odds Discovering the right time to begin the journey to a role that feels too big and too hard to obtain Learning the secrets to success that separate those who succeed from those who do not Building a personal board of directors to help you catapult yourself to the boardroom Case studies and interviews will include women of diverse races, ages, backgrounds, and industries -- all sharing what it means to achieve their own version of success

Endocrine Disrupters and Carcinogenic Risk Assessment


Author: Lech Chyczewski,Jacek Niklinski,Eric Pluygers
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 9781586032180
Category: Science
Page: 364
View: 9625

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The book is devoted to the study of the endocrine-related effects on human health with special reference to carcinogenesis, and to the assessment of carcinogenic risk. After providing basic information at the general, cellular and molecular levels, the contents focus on the paradigm of Biologically Based Risk Assessment, as developed form Physiologically-Based Toxicokinetic Models. The analysis of this material is proposed as the novel parameters for developing Biologically Based Models of Carcinogenesis, considered to be more relevant to risk assessment than traditional approaches. This data appears unique in an important and rapidly developing field.

Endocrine Disrupters

Hazard Testing and Assessment Methods
Author: Peter Matthiessen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118355954
Category: Science
Page: 416
View: 3635

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Enables researchers to assess the effects of endocrine disrupters as well as comply with new environmental regulations Endocrine disrupters are chemicals—both man-made and natural—that interfere with the body's endocrine system, potentially resulting in adverse developmental, reproductive, neurological, and immune effects. In recent years, a number of regulatory authorities around the world have drafted or enacted legislation that requires the detection and assessment of the effects of endocrine disrupters on both humans and wildlife. In response, this book provides comprehensive, up-to-date information on the latest tested and proven methods used to detect and assess the environmental hazards posed by endocrine-disrupting chemicals. Endocrine Disrupters is divided into chapters covering each major taxon as well as chapters dedicated to hazard assessment and regulation. The book covers testing methods for all the vertebrate groups and several invertebrate phyla, including: Crustaceans and mollusks Insects Fish Amphibians and reptiles Birds and mammals Moreover, the book emphasizes practical, ethical testing methods that combine sensitivity, efficiency, statistical power, and reasonable cost. Each chapter is written by one or more international experts in ecotoxicology, offering readers step-by-step guidance for implementing each method based on the latest research and the authors' firsthand laboratory experience. Furthermore, all the chapters have been subjected to a rigorous peer review and edited in light of the reviewers' comments. References at the end of each chapter guide readers to the literature in the field. Endocrine Disrupters is recommended for scientists who need to test chemicals for possible endocrine-disrupting properties. It is also recommended for regulatory authorities who need to decide whether particular chemicals can be safely marketed.

Endocrine Disrupters


Author: N.A
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128005858
Category: Medical
Page: 472
View: 1024

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First published in 1943, Vitamins and Hormones is the longest-running serial published by Academic Press. The Series provides up-to-date information on vitamin and hormone research spanning data from molecular biology to the clinic. A volume can focus on a single molecule or on a disease that is related to vitamins or hormones. A hormone is interpreted broadly so that related substances, such as transmitters, cytokines, growth factors and others can be reviewed. This volume focuses on endocrine disrupters. Expertise of the contributors Coverage of a vast array of subjects In depth current information at the molecular to the clinical levels Three-dimensional structures in color Elaborate signaling pathways

Endocrine Disrupters in Wastewater and Sludge Treatment Processes


Author: Jason W. Birkett,John N. Lester
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781566706018
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 312
View: 8720

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Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs) have been shown to produce changes in the endocrine system of organisms, leading to increases in cancers and abnormalities in reproductive structure and function. This book presents research on the endocrine-disrupting effects of sewage and industrial effluents, covering the sources, fate, and transport of EDCs, and sludge treatment and disposal options considered in regard to their implications for receiving environments. It also addresses the potential sources and analysis of these substances in waters, sediments, and sludges. In addition, the authors review current legislation and potential management strategies for endocrine disrupters in the environment.

Histological Analysis of Endocrine Disruptive Effects in Small Laboratory Fish


Author: Daniel Dietrich,Heiko O. Krieger
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470431788
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 272
View: 7502

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Timely title assembling the combined knowledge of some of the leading authorities in the field of small fish reproduction - an important topic for risk assessment and registration of chemical, agricultural, and pharmaceutical compounds Provides guidance on the microscopic structure of living tissue and evaluation of the reproductive glands of small laboratory fish Includes state-of-the-art science along with sufficient anatomical and physiological background for understanding and interpreting test results Helps standardize the interpretation of results from aquatic bioassays and field observations, which will also clarify inconsistencies in the current scientific literature Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.

Environmental Toxicology


Author: Sigmund F. Zakrzewski
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198033769
Category: Science
Page: 351
View: 4803

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The fundamental principles of environmental toxicology are clearly presented here for university students and professionals in related fields. This book consists of two parts. In the first part basic metabolic, physiological, and pharmacological concepts are used to explain the fate of toxic chemicals in the body, with emphasis on carcinogenesis and mutagenesis. This part also contains a chapter on chemicals disrupting the endocrine system and a chapter on risk assessment and the precautionary principle. The second section deals with specific environmental problems - air pollution, alteration of the earth's atmosphere, water and land pollution, including sections on wetlands, organic agriculture and genetically modified crops. It also deals with health and environmental effects of ionized radiation, and the effect of a rapid population growth on the environmental and human welfare. Chapter on pollution control and regulatory policies are also included.