Discovering Knowledge in Data

An Introduction to Data Mining
Author: Daniel T. Larose
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118873572
Category: Computers
Page: 336
View: 4523

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The field of data mining lies at the confluence of predictive analytics, statistical analysis, and business intelligence. Due to the ever-increasing complexity and size of data sets and the wide range of applications in computer science, business, and health care, the process of discovering knowledge in data is more relevant than ever before. This book provides the tools needed to thrive in today’s big data world. The author demonstrates how to leverage a company’s existing databases to increase profits and market share, and carefully explains the most current data science methods and techniques. The reader will “learn data mining by doing data mining”. By adding chapters on data modelling preparation, imputation of missing data, and multivariate statistical analysis, Discovering Knowledge in Data, Second Edition remains the eminent reference on data mining. The second edition of a highly praised, successful reference on data mining, with thorough coverage of big data applications, predictive analytics, and statistical analysis. Includes new chapters on Multivariate Statistics, Preparing to Model the Data, and Imputation of Missing Data, and an Appendix on Data Summarization and Visualization Offers extensive coverage of the R statistical programming language Contains 280 end-of-chapter exercises Includes a companion website for university instructors who adopt the book

Data Mining Methods and Models


Author: Daniel T. Larose
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471756474
Category: Computers
Page: 385
View: 3698

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Apply powerful Data Mining Methods and Models to Leverage your Data for Actionable Results Data Mining Methods and Models provides: * The latest techniques for uncovering hidden nuggets of information * The insight into how the data mining algorithms actually work * The hands-on experience of performing data mining on large data sets Data Mining Methods and Models: * Applies a "white box" methodology, emphasizing an understanding of the model structures underlying the softwareWalks the reader through the various algorithms and provides examples of the operation of the algorithms on actual large data sets, including a detailed case study, "Modeling Response to Direct-Mail Marketing" * Tests the reader's level of understanding of the concepts and methodologies, with over 110 chapter exercises * Demonstrates the Clementine data mining software suite, WEKA open source data mining software, SPSS statistical software, and Minitab statistical software * Includes a companion Web site, www.dataminingconsultant.com, where the data sets used in the book may be downloaded, along with a comprehensive set of data mining resources. Faculty adopters of the book have access to an array of helpful resources, including solutions to all exercises, a PowerPoint(r) presentation of each chapter, sample data mining course projects and accompanying data sets, and multiple-choice chapter quizzes. With its emphasis on learning by doing, this is an excellent textbook for students in business, computer science, and statistics, as well as a problem-solving reference for data analysts and professionals in the field. An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to all the problems in the book is available onlne.

Mining the Web

Discovering Knowledge from Hypertext Data
Author: Soumen Chakrabarti
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 9781558607545
Category: Computers
Page: 345
View: 8147

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The definitive book on mining the Web from the preeminent authority.

Data Mining and Predictive Analytics


Author: Daniel T. Larose,Chantal D. Larose
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118868706
Category: Computers
Page: 824
View: 7779

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Learn methods of data analysis and their application to real-world data sets This updated second edition serves as an introduction to data mining methods and models, including association rules, clustering, neural networks, logistic regression, and multivariate analysis. The authors apply a unified “white box” approach to data mining methods and models. This approach is designed to walk readers through the operations and nuances of the various methods, using small data sets, so readers can gain an insight into the inner workings of the method under review. Chapters provide readers with hands-on analysis problems, representing an opportunity for readers to apply their newly-acquired data mining expertise to solving real problems using large, real-world data sets. Data Mining and Predictive Analytics, Second Edition: Offers comprehensive coverage of association rules, clustering, neural networks, logistic regression, multivariate analysis, and R statistical programming language Features over 750 chapter exercises, allowing readers to assess their understanding of the new material Provides a detailed case study that brings together the lessons learned in the book Includes access to the companion website, www.dataminingconsultant.com, with exclusive password-protected instructor content Data Mining and Predictive Analytics, Second Edition will appeal to computer science and statistic students, as well as students in MBA programs, and chief executives.

Scientific Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery

Principles and Foundations
Author: Mohamed Medhat Gaber
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642027881
Category: Computers
Page: 400
View: 1251

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Mohamed Medhat Gaber “It is not my aim to surprise or shock you – but the simplest way I can summarise is to say that there are now in the world machines that think, that learn and that create. Moreover, their ability to do these things is going to increase rapidly until – in a visible future – the range of problems they can handle will be coextensive with the range to which the human mind has been applied” by Herbert A. Simon (1916-2001) 1Overview This book suits both graduate students and researchers with a focus on discovering knowledge from scienti c data. The use of computational power for data analysis and knowledge discovery in scienti c disciplines has found its roots with the re- lution of high-performance computing systems. Computational science in physics, chemistry, and biology represents the rst step towards automation of data analysis tasks. The rational behind the developmentof computationalscience in different - eas was automating mathematical operations performed in those areas. There was no attention paid to the scienti c discovery process. Automated Scienti c Disc- ery (ASD) [1–3] represents the second natural step. ASD attempted to automate the process of theory discovery supported by studies in philosophy of science and cognitive sciences. Although early research articles have shown great successes, the area has not evolved due to many reasons. The most important reason was the lack of interaction between scientists and the automating systems.

Data Mining the Web

Uncovering Patterns in Web Content, Structure, and Usage
Author: Zdravko Markov,Daniel T. Larose
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470108088
Category: Computers
Page: 319
View: 4633

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This book introduces the reader to methods of data mining on the web, including uncovering patterns in web content (classification, clustering, language processing), structure (graphs, hubs, metrics), and usage (modeling, sequence analysis, performance).

Data Mining: Concepts and Techniques


Author: Jiawei Han,Jian Pei,Micheline Kamber
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780123814807
Category: Computers
Page: 744
View: 7010

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Data Mining: Concepts and Techniques provides the concepts and techniques in processing gathered data or information, which will be used in various applications. Specifically, it explains data mining and the tools used in discovering knowledge from the collected data. This book is referred as the knowledge discovery from data (KDD). It focuses on the feasibility, usefulness, effectiveness, and scalability of techniques of large data sets. After describing data mining, this edition explains the methods of knowing, preprocessing, processing, and warehousing data. It then presents information about data warehouses, online analytical processing (OLAP), and data cube technology. Then, the methods involved in mining frequent patterns, associations, and correlations for large data sets are described. The book details the methods for data classification and introduces the concepts and methods for data clustering. The remaining chapters discuss the outlier detection and the trends, applications, and research frontiers in data mining. This book is intended for Computer Science students, application developers, business professionals, and researchers who seek information on data mining. Presents dozens of algorithms and implementation examples, all in pseudo-code and suitable for use in real-world, large-scale data mining projects Addresses advanced topics such as mining object-relational databases, spatial databases, multimedia databases, time-series databases, text databases, the World Wide Web, and applications in several fields Provides a comprehensive, practical look at the concepts and techniques you need to get the most out of your data

Data Preparation for Data Mining


Author: Dorian Pyle
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 9781558605299
Category: Computers
Page: 540
View: 6911

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A guide to the importance of well-structured data as the first step to successful data mining. It shows how data should be prepared prior to mining in order to maximize mining performance, and provides examples of how to apply a variety of techniques in order to solve real world business problems.

Biomedical Informatics

Discovering Knowledge in Big Data
Author: Andreas Holzinger
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319045288
Category: Computers
Page: 551
View: 1509

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This book provides a broad overview of the topic Bioinformatics with focus on data, information and knowledge. From data acquisition and storage to visualization, ranging through privacy, regulatory and other practical and theoretical topics, the author touches several fundamental aspects of the innovative interface between Medical and Technology domains that is Biomedical Informatics. Each chapter starts by providing a useful inventory of definitions and commonly used acronyms for each topic and throughout the text, the reader finds several real-world examples, methodologies and ideas that complement the technical and theoretical background. This new edition includes new sections at the end of each chapter, called "future outlook and research avenues," providing pointers to future challenges. At the beginning of each chapter a new section called "key problems", has been added, where the author discusses possible traps and unsolvable or major problems.

Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery Handbook


Author: Oded Maimon,Lior Rokach
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387098232
Category: Computers
Page: 1285
View: 2925

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This book organizes key concepts, theories, standards, methodologies, trends, challenges and applications of data mining and knowledge discovery in databases. It first surveys, then provides comprehensive yet concise algorithmic descriptions of methods, including classic methods plus the extensions and novel methods developed recently. It also gives in-depth descriptions of data mining applications in various interdisciplinary industries.

Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining


Author: Usama M. Fayyad
Publisher: Mit Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: Computers
Page: 611
View: 3506

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Eight sections of this book span fundamental issues of knowledge discovery, classification and clustering, trend and deviation analysis, dependency derivation, integrated discovery systems, augumented database systems and application case studies. The appendices provide a list of terms used in the literature of the field of data mining and knowledge discovery in databases, and a list of online resources for the KDD researcher.

Ensemble Methods in Data Mining

Improving Accuracy Through Combining Predictions
Author: Giovanni Seni,John Elder
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1608452859
Category: Computers
Page: 126
View: 9209

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Ensemble methods have been called the most influential development in Data Mining and Machine Learning in the past decade. They combine multiple models into one usually more accurate than the best of its components. Ensembles can provide a critical boost to industrial challenges -- from investment timing to drug discovery, and fraud detection to recommendation systems -- where predictive accuracy is more vital than model interpretability. Ensembles are useful with all modeling algorithms, but this book focuses on decision trees to explain them most clearly. After describing trees and their strengths and weaknesses, the authors provide an overview of regularization -- today understood to be a key reason for the superior performance of modern ensembling algorithms. The book continues with a clear description of two recent developments: Importance Sampling (IS) and Rule Ensembles (RE). IS reveals classic ensemble methods -- bagging, random forests, and boosting -- to be special cases of a single algorithm, thereby showing how to improve their accuracy and speed. REs are linear rule models derived from decision tree ensembles. They are the most interpretable version of ensembles, which is essential to applications such as credit scoring and fault diagnosis. Lastly, the authors explain the paradox of how ensembles achieve greater accuracy on new data despite their (apparently much greater) complexity. This book is aimed at novice and advanced analytic researchers and practitioners -- especially in Engineering, Statistics, and Computer Science. Those with little exposure to ensembles will learn why and how to employ this breakthrough method, and advanced practitioners will gain insight into building even more powerful models. Throughout, snippets of code in R are provided to illustrate the algorithms described and to encourage the reader to try the techniques. The authors are industry experts in data mining and machine learning who are also adjunct professors and popular speakers. Although early pioneers in discovering and using ensembles, they here distill and clarify the recent groundbreaking work of leading academics (such as Jerome Friedman) to bring the benefits of ensembles to practitioners. Table of Contents: Ensembles Discovered / Predictive Learning and Decision Trees / Model Complexity, Model Selection and Regularization / Importance Sampling and the Classic Ensemble Methods / Rule Ensembles and Interpretation Statistics / Ensemble Complexity

Feature Extraction, Construction and Selection

A Data Mining Perspective
Author: Huan Liu,Hiroshi Motoda
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461557259
Category: Computers
Page: 410
View: 6228

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There is broad interest in feature extraction, construction, and selection among practitioners from statistics, pattern recognition, and data mining to machine learning. Data preprocessing is an essential step in the knowledge discovery process for real-world applications. This book compiles contributions from many leading and active researchers in this growing field and paints a picture of the state-of-art techniques that can boost the capabilities of many existing data mining tools. The objective of this collection is to increase the awareness of the data mining community about the research of feature extraction, construction and selection, which are currently conducted mainly in isolation. This book is part of our endeavor to produce a contemporary overview of modern solutions, to create synergy among these seemingly different branches, and to pave the way for developing meta-systems and novel approaches. Even with today's advanced computer technologies, discovering knowledge from data can still be fiendishly hard due to the characteristics of the computer generated data. Feature extraction, construction and selection are a set of techniques that transform and simplify data so as to make data mining tasks easier. Feature construction and selection can be viewed as two sides of the representation problem.

Web Data Mining and the Development of Knowledge-Based Decision Support Systems


Author: Sreedhar, G.
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522518789
Category: Computers
Page: 409
View: 2878

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Websites are a central part of today’s business world; however, with the vast amount of information that constantly changes and the frequency of required updates, this can come at a high cost to modern businesses. Web Data Mining and the Development of Knowledge-Based Decision Support Systems is a key reference source on decision support systems in view of end user accessibility and identifies methods for extraction and analysis of useful information from web documents. Featuring extensive coverage across a range of relevant perspectives and topics, such as semantic web, machine learning, and expert systems, this book is ideally designed for web developers, internet users, online application developers, researchers, and faculty.

Data Mining and Medical Knowledge Management: Cases and Applications

Cases and Applications
Author: Berka, Petr
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1605662194
Category: Computers
Page: 464
View: 8172

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The healthcare industry produces a constant flow of data, creating a need for deep analysis of databases through data mining tools and techniques resulting in expanded medical research, diagnosis, and treatment. Data Mining and Medical Knowledge Management: Cases and Applications presents case studies on applications of various modern data mining methods in several important areas of medicine, covering classical data mining methods, elaborated approaches related to mining in electroencephalogram and electrocardiogram data, and methods related to mining in genetic data. A premier resource for those involved in data mining and medical knowledge management, this book tackles ethical issues related to cost-sensitive learning in medicine and produces theoretical contributions concerning general problems of data, information, knowledge, and ontologies.

Handbook of Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery


Author: Jan M. Żytkow
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195118315
Category: Computers
Page: 1026
View: 805

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Data mining, or knowledge discovery in databases (KDD), is one of the fastest growing areas in computing application: it offers powerful tools to analyze the many large data bases used in business, science, and industry. Data mining technology searches large databases to extract information and patterns that can be translated into useful applications, such as classifying or predicting customer behavior. This book brings together fundamental knowledge on all aspects of data mining--concepts, theory, techniques, applications, and case studies. Designed for students and professionals in such fields as computing applications, information systems management and strategic research and management, the Handbook is a comprehensive guide to essential tools and technology, from neural networks to artificial intelligence. There is a strong emphasis on real-world case studies in such areas as banking, finance, marketing management, real estate, engineering, medicine, pharmacology, and the biosciences. A much needed resource on one of the fastest growing areas of computer applications--the development and use of tools to analyze, interpret, and make use of the enormous amounts of information stored in the world's databases.

Data Mining and Analysis

Fundamental Concepts and Algorithms
Author: Mohammed J. Zaki,Wagner Meira, Jr
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521766338
Category: Computers
Page: 562
View: 9949

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A comprehensive overview of data mining from an algorithmic perspective, integrating related concepts from machine learning and statistics.

Data Mining and Computational Intelligence


Author: Abraham Kandel,Mark Last,Horst Bunke
Publisher: Physica
ISBN: 3790818259
Category: Computers
Page: 356
View: 1521

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Many business decisions are made in the absence of complete information about the decision consequences. Credit lines are approved without knowing the future behavior of the customers; stocks are bought and sold without knowing their future prices; parts are manufactured without knowing all the factors affecting their final quality; etc. All these cases can be categorized as decision making under uncertainty. Decision makers (human or automated) can handle uncertainty in different ways. Deferring the decision due to the lack of sufficient information may not be an option, especially in real-time systems. Sometimes expert rules, based on experience and intuition, are used. Decision tree is a popular form of representing a set of mutually exclusive rules. An example of a two-branch tree is: if a credit applicant is a student, approve; otherwise, decline. Expert rules are usually based on some hidden assumptions, which are trying to predict the decision consequences. A hidden assumption of the last rule set is: a student will be a profitable customer. Since the direct predictions of the future may not be accurate, a decision maker can consider using some information from the past. The idea is to utilize the potential similarity between the patterns of the past (e.g., "most students used to be profitable") and the patterns of the future (e.g., "students will be profitable").