Democratic Accountability, Political Order, and Change

Exploring Accountability Processes in an Era of European Transformation
Author: Johan P. Olsen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198800606
Category:
Page: 240
View: 684

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Ongoing transformations of the political organization of Europe, where both the nation-state and the European Union are challenged, make it possible to explore phenomena that are difficult to see in stable periods. An upsurge in accountability-demands, where political leaders are required to explain and justify what they are doing, is one such phenomenon. Mainstream approaches to democratic accountability, assuming settled principal-agent relations may give insight into the routines of institutional accountability. This book argues that it is not enough to analyze how accountability processes contribute to routinized maintenance of an established order within relatively stable, simple, and well-known situations. We need to understand accountability in eras of institutional confusion and contestation and in dynamic, complex, and unknown situations. First, variations in the relations between democratic accountability and political association, organization, and agency are endogenous to politics. Second, accountability processes take place within both settled and unsettled orders. They can be both order-maintaining and order-transforming. Third, accountability involves sense-making as well as decision-making. Fourth, accountability may involve mass mobilization or go on largely unnoticed by the public. Fifth, accountability processes may or may not foster new ideas about political order, government, and the role of rank-and-file citizens in political life. They may or may not affect what democracy will mean and imply in the future. The aim of this book is twofold: to contribute to the theorization of democratic accountability and to discuss what accountability processes tell us about political order and orderly change in general.

Politics: An Introduction


Author: Barrie Axford,Gary K. Browning,Richard Huggins,Ben Rosamond,Chief Research Scientist John Turner,John Turner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134835566
Category: Political Science
Page: 544
View: 3278

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This textbook has been carefully designed to meet the needs of students taking introductory courses in Politics. It is accessible and exciting, and by taking the widest possible definition of what is political it offers unrivalled coverage of the subject. Specially designed as an interactive text, it includes think points, exercises and extracts as well as a range of illustrative material to stimulate responses from the reader. The authors emphasise the role of the individual in politics, and the interplay between the personal, the national and the global. They introduce topical issues and examples to bring the subject to life. Features and benefits of Politics: An Introduction: * Comprehensive: includes chapters on political sociology, political institutions, the state, political parties and associations, political thought and a whole section on international and global politics * User-friendly : includes marginal comments, key words and definitions, extensive cross-referencing and a glossary * Clearly written: by a team who are all actively involved in teaching undergraduates and whose enthusiasm for teaching and engaging with students and issues is manifest * Encourages further study : through imaginative and annotated further reading sections at the ends of chapters and a consolidated bibliography.

Exploring Social Rights

Between Theory and Practice
Author: Daphne Barak-Erez,Aeyal Gross
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847313876
Category: Law
Page: 416
View: 3684

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Exploring Social Rights looks into the theoretical and practical implications of social rights. The book is organised in five parts. Part I considers theoretical aspects of social rights, and looks into their place within political and legal theory and within the human rights tradition; Part II looks at the status of social rights in international law, with reference to the challenge of globalisation and to the significance of specific regional regulation (such as the European System); Part III includes discussions of various legal systems which are of special interest in this area (Canada, South Africa, India and Israel); Part IV looks at the content of a few central social rights (such as the right to education and the right to health); and Part V discusses the relevance of social rights to distinct social groups (women and people with disabilities). The articles in the book, while using the category of social rights, also challenge the separation of rights into distinct categories and question the division of rights to 'civil' vs 'social' rights, from a perspective which considers all rights as 'social'. This book will be of interest to anyone concerned with human rights, the legal protection of social rights and social policy. 'Social rights are the stepchildren of the human rights family. Are they really 'rights'? Can courts enforce them? And does it make any difference when they try? This remarkable collection of essays by distinguished scholars offers important new responses to all the basic questions. Ranging across disciplinary and national boundaries and brimming with both theoretical and practical insights, the book is especially welcome in this moment of mounting inequalities and growing interest in the possibilities and perils of social rights.' William E Forbath, Lloyd M Bentsen Chair in Law and Professor of History, University of Texas at Austin 'At the auspicious moment of the sixtieth anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and more than half a century since the beginning of the Human Rights Revolution–a time characterized by the end of the cold war, globalization and privatization, comes this important compilation which critically revisits the international commitment to social rights, and reconceives its core distinguishing principles–from crosscutting comparative, theoretical and practical perspectives–illuminating our commitment to human security.' Ruti Teitel, Ernst Stiefel Professor of Comparative Law, New York Law School. Author, 'Transitional Justice' (OUP 2002)

Democracies

Challenges to Societal Health
Author: Barbara Wejnert
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 178052238X
Category: Political Science
Page: 300
View: 9139

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Part of the "Research in Political Sociology" series, this title deals with health problems, challenges and accomplishments in democratic societies. It includes papers addressing health systems, health policies, obstacles to societal healthy behaviors, and/or health conditions that are experienced in democratic societies in the world.

Sociological Abstracts


Author: Leo P. Chall
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Sociology
Page: N.A
View: 9640

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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.

German Power

Das Paradox der deutschen Stärke
Author: Hans Kundnani
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406688640
Category: Political Science
Page: 207
View: 2132

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Ist ein „deutsches Europa“ die bittere Frucht der europäischen Krise? In vielen europäischen Ländern wird es so wahrgenommen. Angela Merkel wird mit Hitler verglichen, die Rede ist von deutscher „Hegemonie“ und einem neuen deutschen „Reich“. Doch Deutschland ist heute ein anderes Land als im 19. Oder 20. Jahrhundert. Nur – welches? Einmal mehr könnte es zu einer Quelle der Instabilität im Herzen Europas werden. In German Power geht Hans Kundnani der Transformation Deutschlands seit der Vereinigung 1990 nach und stellt sie in den Kontext der deutschen Geschichte vor 1945. Dabei zeigt er Ähnlichkeiten auf und benennt einige Grundkonflikte – zwischen Kontinuität und Wandel, Ökonomie und Politik, Europa und der Welt. Kundnani kommt in seinem provozierenden Essay zu dem unbequemen Schluss, dass die „deutsche Frage“ wieder zurückgekehrt ist – in geoökonomischer Gestalt.

L'Occident imaginaire

la vision de l'autre dans la conscience politique arabe
Author: Nassib Samir El-Husseini
Publisher: Puq
ISBN: 9782760509986
Category: World politics
Page: 214
View: 1113

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Governing Disorder

UN Peace Operations, International Security, and Democratization in the Post-Cold War Era
Author: Laura Zanotti
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 027103761X
Category: Political Science
Page: 180
View: 976

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"Examines post-Cold War discourses about the use of power to promote international security. Uses case studies of United Nations interventions in Haiti and Croatia to highlight the dynamics at play in encounters between local societies and international peacekeepers"--Provided by publisher.

Braving the New World

Readings in Contemporary Politics
Author: Thomas Michael Joseph Bateman,Roger Epp
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780176415662
Category: Political Science
Page: 316
View: 8365

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Transitional Justice in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union

Reckoning with the communist past
Author: Lavinia Stan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0203887786
Category: Law
Page: 310
View: 3537

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During the last two decades, the countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union have attempted to address the numerous human rights abuses that characterized the decades of communist rule. This book examines the main processes of transitional justice that permitted societies in those countries to come to terms with their recent past. It explores lustration, the banning of communist officials and secret political police officers and informers from post-communist politic, ordinary citizens’ access to the remaining archives compiled on them by the communist secret police, as well as trials and court proceedings launched against former communist officials and secret agents for their human rights trespasses. Individual chapters explore the progress of transitional justice in Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, Slovenia and the successor states of the former Soviet Union. The chapters explain why different countries have employed different models to come to terms with their communist past; assess each country’s relative successes and failures; and probe the efficacy of country-specific legislation to attain the transitional justice goals for which it was developed. The book draws together the country cases into a comprehensive comparative analysis of the determinants of post-communist transitional justice, that will be relevant not only to scholars of post-communist transition, but also to anyone interested in transitional justice in other contexts.

New Agenda

South African Journal of Social and Economic Policy
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: South Africa
Page: N.A
View: 7263

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Warum Nationen scheitern

Die Ursprünge von Macht, Wohlstand und Armut
Author: Daron Acemoglu,James A. Robinson
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 310402247X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 608
View: 4730

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Der Klassiker - von sechs Wirtschaftsnobelpreisträgern empfohlen, eine Pflichtlektüre! Warum sind Nationen reich oder arm? Starökonom Daron Acemoglu und Harvard-Politologe James Robinson geben eine ebenso schlüssige wie eindrucksvolle Antwort auf diese grundlegende Frage. Anhand zahlreicher, faszinierender Fallbeispiele – von den Conquistadores über die Industrielle Revolution bis zum heutigen China, von Sierra Leone bis Kolumbien – zeigen sie, mit welcher Macht die Eliten mittels repressiver Institutionen sämtliche Regeln zu ihren Gunsten manipulieren - zum Schaden der vielen Einzelnen. Ein spannendes und faszinierendes Plädoyer dafür, dass Geschichte und Geographie kein Schicksal sind. Und ein überzeugendes Beispiel, dass die richtige Analyse der Vergangenheit neue Wege zum Verständnis unserer Gegenwart und neue Perspektiven für die Zukunft eröffnet. Ein provokatives, brillantes und einzigartiges Buch. »Dieses Buch werden unsere Ur-Ur-Urenkel in zweihundert Jahren noch lesen.« George Akerlof, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Eine absolut überzeugende Studie.« Gary S. Becker, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wirklich wichtiges Buch.« Michael Spence, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Acemoglu und Robinson begeistern und regen zum Nachdenken an.« Robert Solow, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wichtiges, unverzichtbares Werk.« Peter Diamond, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wichtiger Beitrag zur Debatte, warum Staaten mit gleicher Vorrausetzung sich so wesentlich in wirtschaftlichen und politischen Entwicklungen unterscheiden.« Kenneth J. Arrow, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Diese faktenreiche und ermutigende Streitschrift lehrt uns, dass die Geschichte glücklich enden kann, wenn ihr kein Mensch mehr als Versuchsobjekt dient.« Michael Holmes, NZZ am Sonntag »Anderthalb Jahrzehnte Arbeit eines Pools von Wissenschaftlern, auf 600 Seiten zusammengefasst durch zwei Forscher von Weltrang – und dies kommt heraus: eine Liebeserklärung an Institutionen, die im Sinne ihrer Bürger funktionieren. [...] bestechend.« Elisabeth von Thadden, Die Zeit »Sie werden von diesem Buch begeistert sein.« Jared Diamond, Pulitzer Preisträger und Autor der Weltbestseller »Kollaps« und »Arm und Reich« » Ein höchst lesenswertes Buch.« Francis Fukuyama, Autor des Bestsellers »Das Ende der Geschichte« »Ein phantastisches Buch. Acemoglu und Robinson gehen das wichtigste Problem der Sozialwissenschaften an – eine Frage, die führende Denker seit Jahrhunderten plagt – und liefern eine in ihrer Einfachheit und Wirkmächtigkeit brillante Antwort. Eine wunderbar lesbare Mischung aus Geschichte, Politikwissenschaft und Ökonomie, die unser Denken verändern wird. Pflichtlektüre.« Steven Levitt, Autor von »Freakonomics«

Die Schweigespirale

öffentliche Meinung - unsere soziale Haut
Author: Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783784428352
Category: Public opinion
Page: 422
View: 7564

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Administrative Governance

Kommunalverwaltung in lokaler Politikgestaltung mit Zivilgesellschaft
Author: Andrea Walter
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658156805
Category: Political Science
Page: 251
View: 6262

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Andrea Walter untersucht Chancen und Herausforderungen für Kommunalverwaltung in lokaler Politikgestaltung mit Vereinen und Verbänden am Beispiel einer Fallkommune. Sie illustriert das Rollenverständnis von Kommunalverwaltung sowie die Bedeutung von Interaktionsregeln und des lokalen Kontextes. Auf dieser Basis entwickelt sie ein Modell administrativer Governance. Ihre Befunde ordnet sie in den Kontext lokaler Governance, kooperativen Verwaltungshandelns und Fragen der Legitimation ein. Die Autorin beleuchtet damit eine bislang wenig beachtete Facette von Kommunalverwaltung, die primär als Zuarbeiterin von Politik gilt. Dabei umfasst ein wesentlicher Teil ihrer Arbeit auf lokaler Ebene die Interaktion mit (organisierter) Zivilgesellschaft – in Zeiten knapper Kassen und zunehmender Beteiligungsprozesse gilt dies umso mehr.