Deliberate Discretion?

The Institutional Foundations of Bureaucratic Autonomy
Author: John D. Huber,Charles R. Shipan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521520706
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 284
View: 7527

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This book explains the different approaches legislators use when they write laws.

Legislator Success in Fragmented Congresses in Argentina

Plurality Cartels, Minority Presidents, and Lawmaking
Author: Ernesto Calvo
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107065135
Category: Political Science
Page: 232
View: 3104

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Plurality-led Congresses are among the most pervasive and least studied phenomena in presidential systems around the world. Often conflated with divided government, where an organized opposition controls a majority of seats in congress, plurality-led congresses are characterized by a party with fewer than 50 percent of the seats still in control of the legislative gates. Extensive gatekeeping authority without plenary majorities, this book shows, leads to policy outcomes that are substantially different from those observed in majority-led congresses. Through detailed analyses of legislative success in Argentina and Uruguay, this book explores the determinants of law enactment in fragmented congresses. It describes in detail how the lack of majority support explains legislative success in standing committees, the chamber directorate, and the plenary floor.

Exclusion by Elections

Inequality, Ethnic Identity, and Democracy
Author: John D. Huber
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316872777
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 717

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Exclusion by Elections develops a theory about the circumstances under which 'class identities' as opposed to 'ethnic identities' become salient in democratic politics, and links this theory to issues of inequality and the propensity of governments to address it. The book argues that in societies with even modest levels of ethnic diversity, inequality invites ethnic politics, and ethnic politics results in less redistribution than class politics. Thus, contrary to existing workhorse models in social science, where democracies are expected to respond to inequality by increasing redistribution, the argument here is that inequality interacts with ethnic diversity to discourage redistribution. As a result, inequality often becomes reinforced by inequality itself. The author explores the argument empirically by examining cross-national patterns of voting behaviour, redistribution and democratic transitions, and he discusses the argument's implications for identifying strategies that can be used to address rising inequality in the world today.

The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies


Author: Shane Martin,Thomas Saalfeld,Kaare W. Strøm
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191019070
Category: Political Science
Page: 800
View: 7497

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Legislatures are political bodies essential to democracy and the rule of law. They present social scientists with numerous intriguing puzzles, with far-reaching implications for our understanding of political institutions. Why, and how, have these ancient assemblies, established in pre-democratic times, survived the transition to mass democracies? How have they adapted? How do they structure such processes as budgeting, legislation, and executive oversight? How do their members get selected, and what consequences flow from differences in these rules? What roles do committees and political parties play in contemporary legislatures? What functions do legislatures perform in autocratic, semi-democratic or recently democratized societies? What explains the similarities and differences in legislative rules, powers and recruitment? What are the policy and other consequences of variation in how legislatures are organized and function? The 33 chapters in The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies, written by 47 of the most distinguished legislative scholars, provide a comprehensive and up-to-date description and assessment of the state of the art in legislative studies. Key themes explored include theoretical paradigms and methodological approaches to the study of legislatures, representation and legislative careers, internal organization, the role of parties within legislatures and the role of legislatures in policy making and accountability. The Handbook also explores the emergence of parliaments in historical and contemporary contexts, including new democracies and trans-national institutions.

The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government


Author: Donald P. Haider-Markel
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191611964
Category: Political Science
Page: 976
View: 9263

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The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government is an historic undertaking. It contains a wide range of essays that define the important questions in the field, evaluate where we are in answering them, and set the direction and terms of discourse for future work. The Handbook will have a substantial influence in defining the field for years to come. The chapters critically assess both the key works of state and local politics literature and the ways in which the sub-field has developed. It covers the main areas of study in subnational politics by exploring the central contributions to the comparative study of institutions, behavior, and policy in the American context. Each chapter outlines an agenda for future research.

Research Design in Political Science

How to Practice what They Preach
Author: Thomas Gschwend,Frank Schimmelfennig
Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
ISBN: 9780230019478
Category: Political Science
Page: 243
View: 8690

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What is a relevant research problem? How can I improve concepts and measurements? Which and how many variables and cases should I select? How do I evaluate rival explanations and which theoretical conclusions can I draw? This book offers practical guidelines on these core issues of design for qualitative and quantitative research in political science. It puts special emphasis on the trade-offs involved in design decisions and on illustrations from actual research.

France and the European Union

After the Referendum on the European Constitution
Author: Emiliano Grossman
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780415442428
Category: History
Page: 177
View: 8688

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The character of international trade has changed dramatically over the past twenty years. Previously published as a special issue of The Journal of European Public Policy, this volume provides a 'state of the art' study of the new trade politics.

Soziologie - Kapitalismus - Kritik

Eine Debatte
Author: Klaus Dörre,Stephan Lessenich,Hartmut Rosa
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 351873234X
Category: Social Science
Page: 327
View: 3737

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Einst gehörte es zu den zentralen Aufgaben der Soziologie, die moderne Gesellschaft über die sozialen Voraussetzungen und Konsequenzen ihrer Krisenhaftigkeit aufzuklären. Diesem heute oft vernachlässigten Anliegen fühlen sich die Autoren dieses Bandes verpflichtet und stellen die Frage nach dem zeitdiagnostischen Potential soziologischer Analyse in den Mittelpunkt einer Debatte. Zeitdiagnostisch fundierte Gesellschaftskritik, so eine ihrer Thesen, gehört zum Kerngeschäft der Soziologie. Eine zweite besagt, daß jede Gesellschaftskritik der Gegenwart notwendig auch Kapitalismuskritik sein muß. Anhand von drei unterschiedlichen, aber komplementären Perspektiven auf aktuelle Prozesse der Landnahme, der Aktivierung und der Beschleunigung wird eine soziologische Kritik der Gegenwartsgesellschaft entfaltet, die zugleich Ansatzpunkte für politisches Handeln aufzeigt.

Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Academic libraries
Page: N.A
View: 9105

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Annual review of political science


Author: Annual Reviews, Inc
Publisher: Annual Reviews
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political science
Page: N.A
View: 3102

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The mission of Annual review of political science is to provide systematic, periodic examinations of the field through critical authoritative reviews. The comprehensive critical review not only summarizes a topic but also roots out errors of fact or concept and provokes discussion that will lead to new research activity. Each review contains title, author(s), key words, abstracts, review and bibliography.

France's Political Institutions at 50


Author: Emiliano Grossman,Nicolas Sauger
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 202
View: 5448

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50 years after the creation of the 5th Republic, French politics is again undergoing profound changes. This volume examines current legislative reforms in France as well as outlining major perspectives for future development.

Das Ende der politisierten Sozialstruktur?


Author: Frank Brettschneider,Jan W. van Deth,Edeltraud Roller
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 366309538X
Category: Political Science
Page: 396
View: 8573

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Welche Bedeutung haben Religion, Bildung, Klassenzugehörigkeit heute noch für politische Einstellungen und für politisches Verhalten? Die Beiträge in diesem Band untersuchen u.a., ob an die Stelle einer politisierten Sozialstruktur inzwischen Individualisierung und Fragmentierung des Politischen getreten sind.

Implementing Public Policy

An Introduction to the Study of Operational Governance
Author: Michael Hill,Peter Hupe
Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 248
View: 9347

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This Second Edition of Michael Hill and Peter L. Hupe's popular textbook introduces students to the major themes in public policy implementation and relates them to contemporary developments in thinking about governance. Revised and updated, it includes a new chapter that covers the policy implementation initiatives introduced under the Blair governments in the UK.

Die Krise in der Wirtschaftstheorie


Author: K.J. Arrow,D. Bell,I. Kristol,P. Davidson,P.F. Drucker,E.J. Nell,H. Leibenstein,J.W. Dean,I.M. Kirzner,A.H. Meltzer,M.H. Willes,F. Hahn
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642617476
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 298
View: 8987

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