The Social after Gabriel Tarde

Debates and Assessments
Author: Matei Candea
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131731221X
Category: History
Page: 348
View: 1898

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Gabriel Tarde was a highly influential figure in 19th century French sociology: a prolific and evocative writer whose understanding of the social differed radically from that of his younger opponent Emile Durkheim. Whereas Durkheimian sociology went on to become the core of the social scientific canon throughout much of the 20th century, Tarde’s sociology fell out of the picture, and he was remembered mostly through a few footnotes in which Durkheim dismissed him as an individualist, a psychologist and a metaphysician. The social sciences and humanities are now being swept by a Tardean revival, a rediscovery and reappraisal of the work of this truly unique thinker, for whom ‘every thing is a society and every science a sociology’. Tarde is being brought forward as the misrecognised forerunner of a post-Durkheimian era. Reclaimed from a century of near-oblivion, his sociology has been linked to Foucaultian microphysics of power, to Deleuze's philosophy of difference, and most recently to the spectrum of approaches related to Actor Network Theory. In this connection, Bruno Latour hailed Tarde’s sociology as "an alternative beginning for an alternative social science". This volume asks what such an alternative social science might look like. This second edition has been expanded to include, alongside the original chapters, two key essays by Gabriel Tarde himself - Monadology and Sociology and The Two Elements of Sociology, as well as a significantly revised and extended introduction by the editor.

Primitive Classification (Routledge Revivals)

Author: Emile Durkheim,Marcel Mauss
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135174318
Category: Philosophy
Page: 102
View: 7533

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In this influential work, first published in English in 1963, Durkheim and Mauss claim that the individual mind is capable of classification and they seek the origin of the ‘classificatory function’ in society. On the basis of an intensive examination of forms and principles of symbolic classification reported from the Australian aborigines, the Zuñi and traditional China, they try to establish a formal correspondence between social and symbolic classification. From this they argue that the mode of classification is determined by the form of society and that the notions of space, time, hierarchy, number, class and other such cognitive categories are products of society. Dr Needham’s introduction assesses the validity of Durkhiem and Mauss’s argument, traces its continued influence in various disciplines, and indicates its analytical value for future researches in social anthropology.

Le Jardin D'Ombres

La Poétique et la Politique de la Rééducation Sociale
Author: Michel Desjardins
Publisher: PUQ
ISBN: 9782760516991
Category: Medical
Page: 261
View: 8035

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L'auteur nous montre, dans cet ouvrage, le système de signes et d'illusions qu'utilise la société québécoise pour exclure les personnes classées déficientes intellectuelles et comment les établissements de services du Québec confinent ces personnes dans une marge voilée où elles s'épuisent leur vie durant à réduire leur altérité.

The Gift

The Form and Reason for Exchange in Archaic Societies
Author: Marcel Mauss
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136896848
Category: Social Science
Page: 192
View: 8449

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First published in 1990. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Crowd

A Study of the Popular Mind
Author: Gustave Le Bon
Publisher: N.A
Category: Collective behavior
Page: 219
View: 2186

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Moral Education

Author: Émile Durkheim
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486143457
Category: Psychology
Page: 304
View: 8912

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18 lectures by influential theorist discuss development of a sense of discipline; willingness to behave in collective interest; autonomy; discipline and child psychology; punishment; altruism; influence of school environment; more.

Techniques, Technology and Civilization

Author: Marcel Mauss,Nathan Schlanger
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1571816623
Category: Social Science
Page: 177
View: 5745

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Marcel Mauss's writings on techniques and technology are at the forefront of an important anthropological and sociological research tradition, and they also highlight the theoretical and ideological challenges surrounding this field of study. A selection of Mauss's texts - including his major statements on methodology, on body techniques, on practical reason, on nation and civilisation, on progress, and so forth - are here translated and presented together for the first time, with a discussion of their context, impact and implications. This book will interest scholars and students dealing with the French sociological tradition, and also more generally those concerned with technology and material culture studies in archaeological,anthropological or contemporary settings.

Pendientes de un hilo

el proceso de desafiliación en un sector de Barrancabermeja
Author: Mario Rafael Toro Puerta
Publisher: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 411
View: 4616

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Paris as Revolution

Writing the Nineteenth-century City
Author: Priscilla Parkhurst Ferguson
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520208872
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 261
View: 9790

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"In this absolutely powerful and innovative book, Priscilla Parkhurst Ferguson illuminates the complex links between the Revolution of 1789, the different revolutions that took place in 19th-century Paris, and two aesthetic forms characteristic of the cultural discourses of modernity: panoramic journalism and the realist and historical novels authored by Balzac, Flaubert, Hugo, Zola, and Valles. A work of cultural history with stimulating implications, "Paris as Revolution" is well-structured, carefully argued and problematized, and compelling in its scholarship."--Catherine Nesci, author of "La Femme mode d'emploi" "A fascinating and richly suggestive essay on the cultural geography of nineteenth-century Paris. It is imaginatively conceived, broad in its reach, boldly interdisciplinary. Ferguson's success in combining literary criticism, historical interpretation and sociological analysis to reconstruct the shifting meanings given to the experiences of urbanization and revolution is most impressive."--Jonathan Beecher, author of "Charles Fourier: The Visionary and His World"

The Guattari Effect

Author: Eric Alliez,Andrew Goffey
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441188827
Category: Philosophy
Page: 320
View: 9708

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The Guattari Effect brings together internationally renowned experts on the work of the French psychoanalyst, philosopher and political activist Félix Guattari with philosophers, psychoanalysts, sociologists, anthropologists and artists who have been influenced by Guattari's thought. Best known for his collaborative work with Gilles Deleuze, Guattari's own writings are still a relatively unmined resource in continental philosophy. Many of his books have not yet been translated into English. Yet his influence has been considerable and far-reaching. This book explores the full spectrum of Guattari's work, reassessing its contemporary significance and giving due weight to his highly innovative contributions to a variety of fields, including linguistics, economics, pragmatics, ecology, aesthetics and media theory. Readers grappling with the ideas of contemporary continental philosophers such as Badiou, Žižek and Rancière will at last be able to see Guattari as the 'extraordinary philosopher' Deleuze claimed him to be, with his distinctive radical ideas about the epoch of global 'deterritorialization' we live in today, forged within the practical contexts of revolutionary politics and the materialist critique of psychoanalysis.

Types of Social Structure in Eastern Indonesia

Author: Franciscus Antonius Evert Wouden
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401510768
Category: Social Science
Page: 189
View: 5074

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BY G. W. LOCHER Some years ago, in a discussion of the modern concept of structure, Levi-Strauss contended that the extraordinarily widespread employment of the term "structure" since 1930 reflected a rediscovery of the concept and the term rather than the continuation of a prior usage. This assertion may be correct in general, but it does not apply to the N ether lands, at least nOlI: so far as the concept of structure is concerned. The transmission of the concept in that country can in fact be quite easily traced. It began in 1917 with the publication by van Ossenbruggen of a study of the Javanese notion of montja-pat,l a paper which was in fluenced to a high degree by the famous monograph by Durkheim and Mauss, "De quelques formes primitives de classification", which had been published at the beginning of the century. 2 An even clearer structural approach is to be found in the extensive Leiden thesis of 3 W. H. Rassers, De Pandji-Roman. This dissertation itself refers with particular emphasis to van Ossenbruggen's paper and to the monograph by Durkheim and Mauss, as well as to various other publications by them. The ,studies later made by Rassers were also of such a kind that when a collection of them was published in English in 1959, under the title Panji, The Culture Hero, 4 they were aptly subtitled "A Structural Study of Religion in Java".

Max Weber's Methodology

The Unification of the Cultural and Social Sciences
Author: Fritz K. RINGER,Fritz K Ringer
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674042778
Category: Social Science
Page: 188
View: 6227

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Imaging Aristotle

Verbal and Visual Representation in Fourteenth-century France
Author: Claire Richter Sherman
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520083332
Category: Art
Page: 419
View: 531

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"A truly outstanding and distinguished work. . . . Sherman breaks important new ground in her exploration of the illustrated manuscripts as cultural artifacts and cognitive structures."--Suzanne Lewis, author of "The Art of Matthew Paris in the Chronica Majora" "A superior analysis of little-known material. . . . Sherman's analysis of text and image is one of the most sophisticated that I have read in recent years."--Anne D. Hedeman, author of "The Royal Image"

French Philosophy and Social Theory

A Perspective for Ethics and Philosophy of Management
Author: Jacob Dahl Rendtorff
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401788456
Category: Philosophy
Page: 315
View: 826

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This book demonstrates how the conceptual resources of contemporary French philosophy from the early 20thCentury to the present day can be applied to give us new perspectives on business ethics and the ethics of organizations. In providing an overview of possible applications, the book covers a wide range of philosophers, philosophical movements and perspectives and provides detailed analyses of core materials relevant to business ethics. It explores and analyzes French philosophy, taking into account phenomenology, existentialism, French epistemology, structuralism, post-structuralism, deconstruction and postmodernism as well as recent discussions of philosophy of organizations and management. Each chapter contains suggestions for further reading and educational illustrations of possible applications to the mainstream business ethics and ethics of organization literature.

The Rahui

Legal pluralism in Polynesian traditional management of resources and territories
Author: Tamatoa Bambridge
Publisher: ANU Press
ISBN: 1925022919
Category: Law
Page: 269
View: 2646

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This collection deals with an ancient institution in Eastern Polynesia called the rahui, a form of restricting access to resources and/or territories. While tapu had been extensively discussed in the scientific literature on Oceanian anthropology, the rahui is quite absent from secondary modern literature. This situation is all the more problematic because individual actors, societies, and states in the Pacific are readapting such concepts to their current needs, such as environment regulation or cultural legitimacy. This book assembles a comprehensive collection of current works on the rahui from a legal pluralism perspective. This study as a whole underlines the new assertion of identity that has flowed from the cultural dimension of the rahui. Today, rahui have become a means for indigenous communities to be fully recognised on a political level. Some indigenous communities choose to restore the rahui in order to preserve political control of their territory or, in some cases, to get it back. For the state, better control of the rahui represents a way of asserting its legitimacy and its sovereignty, in the face of this reassertion by indigenous communities.

The Cambridge Handbook of Social Representations

Author: Gordon Sammut,Eleni Andreouli,George Gaskell,Jaan Valsiner
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107042003
Category: Psychology
Page: 495
View: 8670

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Provides the requisite theoretical and methodological guidelines for undertaking social research addressing relevant contemporary social issues.

Saints, Heroes, Myths, and Rites

Classical Durkheimian Studies of Religion and Society
Author: Marcel Mauss,Henri Hubert,Robert Hertz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317252608
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 7327

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Classical Durkheimian Studies of Myth and the Sacred presents English translations of several important essays, some never before translated, by members of the famous Annee sociologique group around Emile Durkheim. These works by Marcel Mauss, Henri Hubert, and Robert Hertz are key contributions to today's growing interest in and reinterpretation of Durkheimian thought on culture, religion, and symbolism. The central thrust in this new interpretive effort uses the Durkheimian theory of the sacred to understand the symbolism and meanings of cultural structures and narratives more generally. This book is vital to any contemporary collection emphasizing social theory.