Cybercrime, Organized Crime, and Societal Responses

International Approaches
Author: Emilio C. Viano
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319445014
Category: Social Science
Page: 378
View: 4454

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This timely book provides contributions on international, comparative crime phenomena: gangs, trafficking, fear of crime, and crime prevention. It highlights contributions originally prepared for the XVII World Congress of Criminology and for the 2015 Cybercrime Conference in Oñati, Spain which have been selected, reviewed, and adapted for inclusion in this volume. The work features international contributors sharing the latest research and approaches from a variety of global regions. The first part examines the impact of gangs on criminal activities and violence. The second part explores illegal trafficking of people, drugs, and other illicit goods as a global phenomenon, aided by the ease of international travel, funds transfer, and communication. Finally, international approaches to crime detection prevention are presented. The work provides case studies and fieldwork that will be relevant across a variety of disciplines and a rich resource for future research. This work is relevant for researchers in criminology and criminal justice, as well as related fields such as international and comparative law, public policy, and public health.

Computational Collective Intelligence

10th International Conference, ICCCI 2018, Bristol, UK, September 5-7, 2018, Proceedings, |
Author: Ngoc Thanh Nguyen,Elias Pimenidis,Zaheer Khan,Bogdan Trawiński
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319984438
Category: Computers
Page: 563
View: 4271

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This two-volume set (LNAI 11055 and LNAI 11056) constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Collective Intelligence, ICCCI 2018, held in Bristol, UK, in September 2018 The 98 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 240 submissions. The conference focuses on knowledge engineering and semantic web, social network analysis, recommendation methods and recommender systems, agents and multi-agent systems, text processing and information retrieval, data mining methods and applications, decision support and control systems, sensor networks and internet of things, as well as computer vision techniques.

Gendered Jihad. Recruitment Strategy of the Islamic State


Author: Helen Stenger
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3668556083
Category: Political Science
Page: 44
View: 6659

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Master's Thesis from the year 2017 in the subject Politics - International Politics - General and Theories, Leiden University, language: English, abstract: The Thesis reviews motivating factors which led European women to join ISIS. Furthermore, it analyzes recruitment strategies of the tetrrorist organization, particularly their distributed online magazines Dabiq and Rumiyah. To help understand the large number of muhajirat from the West, this thesis will investigate into which factors affect women's radicalization process. Therefore, first the motivating factors for the emigration will be examined. Furthermore, the advanced recruitment strategy through which ISIS indoctrinates potential members will be analyzed. The thesis will argue that recruitment is an important aspect of radicalization, because it directly connects with the motivating factors of the individuals and frames the perspective of the affected women. The combination of the motivating factors and the recruitment will lead to the finalizing of the radicalization process. Understanding the connection between the recruitment and the motivating factors will in turn aid to draw implications for policy advice on effective counter-terrorism measures. Hence, my research question is: To what extent does the recruitment strategy of the Islamic State foster the radicalization process of Western women to join the Caliphate?

Women, Global Protest Movements, and Political Agency

Rethinking the Legacy of 1968
Author: Sarah Colvin,Katharina Karcher
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 135120369X
Category: Political Science
Page: 196
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This volume analyses and historicises the memory of 1968 (understood as a marker of an emerging will for social change around the turn of that decade, rather than as a particular calendar year), focusing on cultural memory of the powerful signifier '68' and women’s experience of revolutionary agency. After an opening interrogation of the historical and contemporary significance of "1968" – why does it still matter? how and why is it remembered in the contexts of gender and geopolitics? and what implications does it have for broader feminist understandings of women and revolutionary agency? – the contributors explore women’s historical involvement in "1968" in different parts of the world and the different ways in which women’s experience as victims and perpetrators of violence are remembered and understood. This work will be of great interest to students and scholars of protest and violence in the fields of history, politics and international relations, sociology, cultural studies, and women’s studies.

Violence, Peace and Everyday Modes of Justice and Healing in Post-Colonial Africa


Author: Marongwe, Ngonidzashe,Thomas Duri, Peter Fideli
Publisher: Langaa RPCIG
ISBN: 9956550426
Category: Political Science
Page: 366
View: 6263

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Violence in its various proportions, genres and manifestations has had an enduring historical legacy the world over. However, works speaking to approaches aimed at mitigating violence characteristic of Africa are very limited. As some scholars have noted, Africans have experienced cycles of violence since the pre-colonial epoch, such that overt violence has become banalised on the African continent. This has had the effect of generating complex results, legacies and perennial emotional wounds that call for healing, reconciliation, justice and positive peace. Yet, in the absence of systematic and critical approaches to the study of violence on the continent, discourses on violence would hardly challenge the global matrices of violence that threaten peace and development in Africa. This volume is a contribution in the direction of such urgently needed systematic and critical approaches. It interrogates, from different angles and with inspiration from a multidisciplinary perspective, the contentious production and resilience of violence in Africa. It calls for a paradigm shift – an alternative approach that forges and merges African customary dispute resolution and Western systems of dispute resolution – towards a framework of positive peace, holistic restoration, sustainable development and equity. The book is a welcome contribution to students and practitioners in security studies, African studies, development studies, global studies, policy studies, and political science.

Außenseiter

Zur Soziologie abweichenden Verhaltens
Author: Howard S. Becker
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658012544
Category: Social Science
Page: 197
View: 7393

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​ „Der Mensch mit abweichendem Verhalten ist ein Mensch, auf den diese Bezeichnung erfolgreich angewandt worden ist; abweichendes Verhalten ist Verhalten, das Menschen als solches bezeichnen“: Es ist einer der klassischen Sätze der Devianzsoziologie in einem der Klassiker des Feldes. Howard S. Becker betont fernab von alten und simplistischen Fragen danach, „warum Menschen Regeln brechen“, welche Situationen und welche Prozesse dazu führen, dass Menschen in Positionen geraten, in denen sie als „Regelbrecher“ betitelt werden, wie sie mit diesen Positionen umgehen und sich auch gegen diese wehren. „Außenseiter“ erschien erstmals 1963 in New York und wurde 1981 bei S. Fischer in deutscher Übersetzung publiziert. Seit den frühen neunziger Jahren vergriffen, liegt hier nun eine von Michael Dellwing überarbeitete und herausgegebene Version vor.

Cybercrime in the Greater China Region

Regulatory Responses and Crime Prevention Across the Taiwan Strait
Author: Yao-Chung Chang
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 0857936689
Category: Computers
Page: 272
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ÔProfessor ChangÕs very thoughtful and impressively researched study of cybercrime in the greater China region is an invaluable contribution to the information and analyses available in this area. It not only provides important, and heretofore unavailable data, about the incidence and nature of cybercrime in this region, it also offers insightful suggestions into how this problem can most effectively be controlled. It belongs in the library of anyone interested in this area.Õ Ð Susan Brenner, University of Dayton, US ÔEast Asia is a heartland of the variegated scams of the cybercrime problem. Yao Chung ChangÕs book is an innovative application of routine activity theory and regulatory theory to cybercrime prevention across the cybergulf between China and Taiwan. The long march through the scams and across the Taiwan Strait is fascinating. Chang leads us to ponder a wiki cybercrime prevention strategy that might work in such treacherous waters.Õ Ð John Braithwaite, Australian National University ÔCybercriminals exploit weaknesses in cross-border crime cooperation and this is aptly illustrated in the context of relations between Taiwan and the PeopleÕs Republic of China. ChangÕs book shows that even in the climate of mistrust that prevails basic forms of cross-border police cooperation can be achieved. Pragmatism and professional interest in what helps to track elusive computer hackers who have driven a massive surge in the application of malware as ÒcrimewareÓ make good grounds for common cause. This book provides a valuable example of what can be achieved even in the most unpromising of mutual legal assistance situations and opens up for readers the problems and issues confronted by Chinese cyber-police.Õ Ð Roderic Broadhurst, Australian National University ÔVery rarely do you read books that impress these days, but for me Cybercrime in the Greater China Region was one of them. Dr Chang is one of a number of young and exciting international academics who are exploring previously unchartered territory in their quest for new understandings about cybercrime. In his book, Dr Chang manages to locate a global policing problem within the sometimes tense political and cultural constraints of regional policing. For me, Professor Grabosky neatly sums up the strengths of the book in his foreword, I can only endorse them.Õ Ð David S. Wall, University College, Durham University, UK ÔLennonÕs research is an important contribution to the current limited understanding of the cybercrimes and related laws/regulations and incident reporting issues across the straits between the two major economies in the Asia region. A well researched book, and highly informative with practical suggestions for enhancing visibility and cooperation to improve the overall state of cybersecurity in the region, especially between the two economies.Õ Ð Meng-Chow Kang, Cisco Systems, China Cybercrime is a worldwide problem of rapidly increasingly magnitude and, of the countries in the Asia Pacific region, Taiwan and China are suffering most. This timely book discusses the extent and nature of cybercrime in and between Taiwan and China, focussing especially on the prevalence of botnets (collections of computers that have been compromised and used for malicious purposes). The book uses routine activity theory to analyse Chinese and Taiwanese legal responses to cybercrime, and reviews mutual assistance between the two countries as well as discussing third party cooperation. To prevent the spread of cybercrime, the book argues the case for a ÔwikiÕ approach to cybercrime and a feasible pre-warning system. Learning from lessons in infectious disease prevention and from aviation safety reporting, Cybercrime in the Greater China Region proposes a feasible information security incident reporting and response system. Academics, government agency workers, policymakers and those in the information security or legal compliance divisions in public and private sectors will find much to interest them in this timely study.

Organized crime

Begriff und Theorie organisierter Kriminalität in den USA
Author: Klaus von Lampe
Publisher: Peter Lang Publishing
ISBN: 9783631347218
Category: Organized crime
Page: 391
View: 302

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Cybercrime: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide


Author: Oxford University Press
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199803323
Category: Social Science
Page: 22
View: 2178

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This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of criminology find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In criminology, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Criminology, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of criminology. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.

Mafia-Leben

Liebe, Geld und Tod im Herzen des organisierten Verbrechens
Author: Federico Varese
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406700470
Category: Political Science
Page: 335
View: 1830

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Was würden Sie tun, wenn Sie das Gefühl haben, dass Ihr Chef Sie gern loswerden möchte, in Ihrem Unternehmen aber leider die übliche Form der Entlassung nicht die Kündigung, sondern die Ermordung ist? Halten Sie es für besonders klug, einem Mafioso, der für seine Brutalität bekannt ist, ein Paket mit faulen Anleihen anzudrehen? Oder Ihrer Frau auszuplaudern, wer alles bei der Cosa Nostra nach Ihrer Pfeife tanzt, um Eindruck zu schinden? Federico Varese berichtet in seinem spannenden Buch vom Leben und Sterben der Mafiosi, das er so nah und privat erkundet hat wie kaum jemand vor ihm. Die Mafia ist eine verschlossene Welt voller Gewalt und Härte, in die kein Außenstehender je Einblick bekommt. Hinter den Mauern des Schweigens aber gibt es eine Gemeinschaft mit eigenen Regeln und Werten – und es gibt das Mafia-Leben. Federico Varese hat sich tief ins Herz des organisierten Verbrechens gewagt und kennt Gangster in Italien, Russland, Hongkong und Japan. Sein Buch gibt einen intimen Einblick in die Lebensweise der Mafiosi: die bizarren Rituale und schmutzigen Geschäfte, das Familienleben und den beruflichen Stress, das Sexualleben und die unerfreulichen Todesarten jener Männer, die zu den gefährlichsten Menschen der Welt gehören.

Organized Crime and Illicit Trade

How to Respond to This Strategic Challenge in Old and New Domains
Author: Virginia Comolli
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319729683
Category: Political Science
Page: 143
View: 7805

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Unlike much of the existing literature on organised crime, this book is less focused on the problem per se as it is on understanding its implications. The latter, especially in fragile and conflict regions, amount to strategic challenges for the state. Whereas most commentators would agree that criminal activities are harmful, this volume addresses the questions of ‘how?’, ‘for whom?’ and, controversially, ‘are they always harmful?’ The volume is authored by experts with multi-year experience analysing criminal and other non-state activities. They do so through different lenses - conflict and security, development, and technology - engaging academics, practitioners and policy makers. They offer a comprehensive integrated response to the challenges of transnational organised crime beyond traditional law-enforcement driven recommendations.

Modelling Cyber Security

Approaches, Methodology, Strategies
Author: Umberto Gori
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 1607500744
Category: Computers
Page: 215
View: 357

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"Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Operational Network Intelligence: Today and Tomorrow, Venice, Italy, 5-7 February 2009"--Title page verso.

Inside Anonymous

Aus dem Innenleben des globalen Cyber-Aufstands
Author: Parmy Olson
Publisher: Redline Wirtschaft
ISBN: 3864142806
Category: Political Science
Page: 480
View: 5614

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Erstmals packen die Hacker aus. Ende des Jahres 2010 nahmen weltweit Tausende an den digitalen Angriffen der Hackergruppe Anonymous auf die Webseiten von VISA, MasterCard und PayPal teil, um gegen die Sperrung der Konten von Wiki-Leaks zu protestieren. Splittergruppen von Anonymous infiltrierten die Netzwerke der totalitären Regime von Libyen und Tunesien. Eine Gruppe namens LulzSec schaffte es sogar, das FBI, die CIA und Sony zu attackieren, bevor sie sich wieder auflöste. Das Anonymous-Kollektiv wurde bekannt durch die charakteristische Guy-Fawkes-Maske, mit der sich die Aktivisten tarnen. Es steht für Spaß-Guerilla und politische Netzaktivisten ohne erkennbare Struktur, die mit Hacking-Attacken gegen die Scientology-Sekte und Internetzensur protestierten. Internetsicherheitsdienste und bald auch die gesamte Welt merkten schnell, dass Anonymous eine Bewegung war, die man sehr ernst nehmen sollte. Doch wer verbirgt sich eigentlich hinter den Masken? Inside Anonymous erzählt erstmalig die Geschichte dreier Mitglieder des harten Kerns: ihren Werdegang und ihre ganz persönliche Motivation, die sie zu überzeugten Hackern machte. Basierend auf vielen exklusiven Interviews bietet das Buch einen einzigartigen und spannenden Einblick in die Köpfe, die hinter der virtuellen Community stehen.

The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime


Author: Letizia Paoli
Publisher: Oxford University Press (UK)
ISBN: 019973044X
Category: Law
Page: 692
View: 6001

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The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime provides an informed, authoritative, and comprehensive overview of current knowledge about the nature and effects of the principal forms of organized crime, as well as the type and effectiveness of efforts to prevent and control them. Reflecting the transnational dimensions of criminal organizations and their activities, and the growing role of international organizations reacting to organized crime, The Handbook takes a global perspective with first-rate contributions from around the world covering the main regions and countries in which organized crime activity is at its greatest. It is divided into four sections: concepts and research methods, actors and interactions, markets and activities, and, finally, national and international policies to fight criminal organizations. While there are a number of organized crime texts available, none delivers a systematic, high-quality and truly global approach to the topic as is available inThe Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime. Its insights illuminate both traditional areas of study in the field and pathways for developing cutting-edge research questions.

Global Initiatives to Secure Cyberspace

An Emerging Landscape
Author: Michael Portnoy,Seymour Goodman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387097643
Category: Computers
Page: 163
View: 1709

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As cyberspace continues to rapidly expand, its infrastructure is now an in- gral part of the world's economy and social structure. Given this increasing int- connectivity and interdependence, what progress has been made in developing an ecosystem of safety and security? This study is the second phase of an initial - tempt to survey and catalog the multitude of emerging organizations promoting global initiatives to secure cyberspace. The authors provide a breakdown and analysis of organizations by type, - cluding international, regional, private-public, and non-governmental organi- tions. Concluding with a discussion of the progress made in recent years, the study explores current trends regarding the effectiveness and scope of coverage provided by these organizations and addresses several questions concerning the overall state of international cyber security. The authors would like to thank Mr. Anthony Rutkowski for generously p- viding his time, guidance, and support. The authors would also like to thank the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Telecommunication Development Sector (ITU-D) and the United States National Science Foundation (NSF Grant R3772) for partially supporting the research conducted in this study. In addition, the authors would like to thank the Georgia Institute of Technology’s Center for International Strategy, Technology, and Policy (CISTP) for assistance in hosting the Cyber Security Organization Catalog, and the Georgia Tech Information Se- rity Center (GTISC) for cooperation and promotion of this study. Table of Contents 1 The International Landscape of Cyber Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 A Brief History of Global Responses to Cyber Threats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Policing Transnational Organized Crime and Corruption

Exploring the Role of Communication Interception Technology
Author: M. Congram,P. Bell,Mark Lauchs
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137333790
Category: Social Science
Page: 141
View: 5909

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Examining the role of communication interception technology (CIT) in the investigation of transnational organised crime, the authors demonstrate that a proactive intelligence-led policing framework and a re-evaluation of the constraints of CIT are required to combat the international issue of corruption.

Cyber Crime and Cyber Terrorism Investigator's Handbook


Author: Babak Akhgar,Andrew Staniforth,Francesca Bosco
Publisher: Syngress
ISBN: 0128008113
Category: Computers
Page: 306
View: 6428

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Cyber Crime and Cyber Terrorism Investigator’s Handbook is a vital tool in the arsenal of today’s computer programmers, students, and investigators. As computer networks become ubiquitous throughout the world, cyber crime, cyber terrorism, and cyber war have become some of the most concerning topics in today’s security landscape. News stories about Stuxnet and PRISM have brought these activities into the public eye, and serve to show just how effective, controversial, and worrying these tactics can become. Cyber Crime and Cyber Terrorism Investigator’s Handbook describes and analyzes many of the motivations, tools, and tactics behind cyber attacks and the defenses against them. With this book, you will learn about the technological and logistic framework of cyber crime, as well as the social and legal backgrounds of its prosecution and investigation. Whether you are a law enforcement professional, an IT specialist, a researcher, or a student, you will find valuable insight into the world of cyber crime and cyber warfare. Edited by experts in computer security, cyber investigations, and counter-terrorism, and with contributions from computer researchers, legal experts, and law enforcement professionals, Cyber Crime and Cyber Terrorism Investigator’s Handbook will serve as your best reference to the modern world of cyber crime. Written by experts in cyber crime, digital investigations, and counter-terrorism Learn the motivations, tools, and tactics used by cyber-attackers, computer security professionals, and investigators Keep up to date on current national and international law regarding cyber crime and cyber terrorism See just how significant cyber crime has become, and how important cyber law enforcement is in the modern world