Cultural Anthropology

A Perspective on the Human Condition
Author: Emily Ann Schultz,Robert H Lavenda,Roberta Robin Dods
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780199009725
Category: Ethnology
Page: 456
View: 912

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Drawing on the authors' fieldwork experience, this text explores how cultural creativity, human agency, and the material conditions of everyday life interact to shape cultural practices. Discussions of ongoing controversies - including tribalism vs. globalization and increasing inequalitybetween "have" and "have not" regions - show how cultural anthropologists can tackle the world's most pressing social problems through their specialized knowledge and skills.

Cultural Anthropology

A Perspective on the Human Condition
Author: Emily Ann Schultz,Robert H. Lavenda
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 432
View: 6639

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Extensively revised in this sixth edition, Cultural Anthropology: A Perspective on the Human Condition explores the interplay of cultural creativity, human agency, and material constraint in the shaping of human cultural traditions. It looks at the tremendous variety of culturally constructed ways of life and focuses on how people as creative beings bring meaning to the world and transform it through practical action. Cultural Anthropology, 6/e * Incorporates cutting-edge theory and explains complex concepts clearly, encouraging critical thinking * Addresses issues of power and inequality in the contemporary world--divisions based on class, caste, race, ethnicity, and nationality in the context of globalization, as well as struggles for social justice and human rights--and includes material on gender and feminist anthropology throughout * Offers new sections on multiculturalism in contemporary Europe, multi-sited fieldwork, language ideology, secularism, the difference between "everyday" ethnicity and racism, social suffering and trauma, and the debate over "writing against culture," as well as new material on globalization * Exposes students to alternative perspectives from non-anthropologists and indigenous peoples through forty "In Their Own Words" commentaries * Provides ethnographic summaries of each society discussed at length in the text in sixty-eight "EthnoProfile" boxes * Contains two unique chapters that provide fresh treatments of standard topics: Chapter 7 links play, art, myth, and ritual in a framework that highlights the emphasis on cultural creativity, while chapter 4 looks at Western colonial history, the roots of classification of social systems, and cultural diversity Supplements: A Study Skills Guide on CD-ROM is included free with each text. Written by Margaret Rauch--former Co-Director of the Academic Learning Center at St. Cloud University--and Robert Lavenda, this unique guide provides extensive suggestions for improving study skills, numerous strategies for studying the text, and many hints on taking notes, organizing information, writing essay exams, and taking multiple-choice exams. For each chapter of the text, it provides a review of key terms and sample multiple-choice exam questions. An extensive Instructor's Manual/Test Bank is available on CD-ROM, and resources for both instructors and students can be found online at www.oup.com/us/culturalanthro.

Anthropology

A Perspective on the Human Condition
Author: Emily A. Schultz,Robert H. Lavenda
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages
ISBN: 9780767418300
Category: Social Science
Page: 616
View: 5466

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This introduction to the major subfields of anthropology explores the interplay of biological and cultural forces shaping human nature, human society, and human history. Cultural creativity and human agency are seen as part of the human biological (evolutionary) heritage. This biocultural approach is evident throughout the text in the authors' consistent examination of both interpretive and materialist factors.

Cultural Anthropology / Making Sense of the Social Sciences Pack

A Perspective on the Human Condition, Second Canadian Edition
Author: Emily A. Schultz,Robert H. Lavenda,Roberta R. Dods
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780199006779
Category:
Page: 408
View: 5589

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a href="http://www.oupcanada.com/ebrochure/schultz/index.html"img src="/images/hed/closer_look_btn.gif"/aNow in its second Canadian edition, Cultural Anthropology: A Perspective on the Human Condition introduces students to the history, methods, and theoretical approaches of the discipline. Drawing on experiences from their own fieldwork and the work of other top researchers, the authors explore howcultural creativity, human agency, and the material conditions of everyday life interact to shape cultural practices. Discussions of ongoing controversies - including tribalism vs globalization, the vulnerability of transborder citizens, attempts to use cultural relativism as an excuse for humanrights violations, and increasing inequality between 'have' and 'have not' regions - show how cultural anthropologists can apply their knowledge and skills to tackle the world's most pressing social problems. Together, these stories and discussions reveal stunning diversity and surprising similarityin the ways individuals from different cultures perceive, bring meaning to, and transform their worlds.

Insurgents, Terrorists, and Militias

The Warriors of Contemporary Combat
Author: Richard H. Shultz Jr.,Andrea J. Dew
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231503423
Category: Political Science
Page: 328
View: 8703

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Since the end of the Cold War, conventional militaries and their political leaders have confronted a new, brutal type of warfare in which non-state armed groups use asymmetrical tactics to successfully fight larger, technologically superior forces. In order to prevent future bloodshed and political chaos, it is crucial to understand how these unconventional armed groups think and to adapt to their methods of combat. Richard H. Shultz Jr. and Andrea J. Dew investigate the history and politics of modern asymmetrical warfare. By focusing on four specific hotbeds of instability—Somalia, Chechnya, Afghanistan, and Iraq—Shultz and Dew conduct a careful analysis of tribal culture and the value of clan associations. They examine why these "traditional" or "tribal" warriors fight, how they recruit, where they find sanctuary, and what is behind their strategy. Traveling across two centuries and several continents, Shultz and Dew examine the doctrinal, tactical, and strategic advantages and consider the historical, cultural, and anthropological factors behind the motivation and success of the warriors of contemporary combat. In their provocative argument, Shultz and Dew propose that war in the post-Cold War era cannot be waged through traditional Western methods of combat, especially when friendly states and outside organizations like al-Qaeda serve as powerful allies to the enemy. Thoroughly researched and highly readable, Insurgents, Terrorists, and Militias examines how non-state armies fight, identifies the patterns and trends of their combat, and recommends how conventional militaries can defeat these irregular yet highly effective organizations.

The Predicament of Chukotka's Indigenous Movement

Post-Soviet Activism in the Russian Far North
Author: Patty A. Gray
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521823463
Category: Law
Page: 276
View: 5648

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In this book, Patty Gray explores why the 'indigenous rights movement' of the Chukotko people has been unsuccessful.

Perspectives in Cultural Anthropology

Samuel Beckett and the Cultural Politics of the Modern Novel
Author: Herbert A. Applebaum
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780887064388
Category: Social Science
Page: 614
View: 6825

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Designed as a reader for courses, this anthology presents an array of theories and interpretations in the field of modern cultural anthropology. It provides a deeper understanding of the major theoretical orientations which have historically guided and currently guide anthropological research.

Einladung zur Soziologie

Eine humanistische Perspektive
Author: Peter Berger
Publisher: UTB
ISBN: 3825248321
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 7310

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Im Alter von 35 Jahren schrieb Peter L. Berger seine charmante Einführung „Invitation to Sociology“, welche in zahlreiche Sprachen übersetzt wurde. Mit seiner konkurrenz- und zeitlosen »Einladung zur Soziologie« eröffnet er auf möglichst leichtfüßige und eingängige Art einen Zugang in die Denk- und Arbeitsweisen des Fachs. Ergänzt wird das Werk durch ein aktuelles Interview, das die Herausgeberin Michaela Pfadenhauer mit Peter L. Berger über dieses Buch und sein heutiges Verständnis von Soziologie führte. Peter L. Berger gilt als bedeutendster Vertreter der „neueren Wissenssoziologie“ und scharfer Analytiker der Gegenwart. Er leitete 30 Jahre lang das von ihm gegründete „Institute for Culture, Religion and World Affairs“ (CURA) an der Boston University. Mit dieser utb-Studienausgabe wird das wichtige Werk Studienanfängern wieder zugänglich gemacht.

Building a New Biocultural Synthesis

Political-economic Perspectives on Human Biology
Author: Alan H. Goodman,Thomas L. Leatherman
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472066063
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 486
View: 3640

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Shows the potential for a reintegrated, critical, and politically relevant biocultural anthropology

Cultural Anthropology: The Human Challenge


Author: William Haviland,Harald Prins,Bunny McBride,Dana Walrath
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1133957420
Category: Social Science
Page: 480
View: 8745

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Explore the most fascinating, creative, dangerous, and complex species alive today: you and your neighbors in the global village. With compelling photos, engaging examples, and select studies by anthropologists in far-flung places, the authors of CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY: THE HUMAN CHALLENGE provide a holistic view of anthropology to help you make sense of today’s world. With this text you will discover the different ways humans face the challenge of existence, the connection between biology and culture in the shaping of human beliefs and behavior, and the impact of globalization on peoples and cultures around the world. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Cultural Neuroscience: Cultural Influences on Brain Function


Author: Juan Y. Chiao
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080952216
Category: Science
Page: 328
View: 2707

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This volume presents recent empirical advances using neuroscience techniques to investigate how culture influences neural processes underlying a wide range of human abilities, from perception and scene processing to memory and social cognition. It also highlights the theoretical and methodological issues with conducting cultural neuroscience research. Section I provides diverse theoretical perspectives on how culture and biology interact are represented. Sections II –VI is to demonstrate how cultural values, beliefs, practices and experience affect neural systems underlying a wide range of human behavior from perception and cognition to emotion, social cognition and decision-making. The final section presents arguments for integrating the study of culture and the human brain by providing an explicit articulation of how the study of culture can inform the study of the brain and vice versa.

Natural Resource Use and Global Change

New Interdisciplinary Perspectives in Social Ecology
Author: K. Bruckmeier
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137303158
Category: Political Science
Page: 290
View: 7394

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Building on recent developments in social ecology, this book advances a new critical theory of society and nature, exploring social metabolism and global resource flows in contemporary society. Barriers to global sustainability are identified and conditions for transforming industrial economies towards new sustainable resource use are described.

Soziologische Phantasie


Author: C. Wright Mills
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 365810015X
Category: Social Science
Page: 325
View: 8204

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Soziologische Phantasie, die erstmals 1963 erschienene deutsche Übersetzung von C. Wright Mills‘ The Sociological Imagination, darf zurecht als Meilenstein wissenschaftlich-politischer Debatten in den Vereinigten Staaten betrachtet werden und zählt auch heute noch zu einer der wichtigsten Selbstkritiken der Soziologie. Mills schlägt hier einen dritten Weg zwischen bloßem Empirismus und abgehobener Theorie ein: Er plädiert für eine kritische Sozialwissenschaft, die sich weder bürokratisch instrumentalisieren lässt noch selbstverliebt vor sich hin prozessiert, sondern gesellschaftliche Bedeutung erlangt, indem sie den Zusammenhang von persönlichen Schwierigkeiten und öffentlichen Problemen erhellt. Eben dies sei Aufgabe und Verheißung einer Soziologie, die sich viel zu häufig „einer merkwürdigen Lust an der Attitüde des Unbeteiligten“ hingebe.

The Anthropology of Climate Change

An Integrated Critical Perspective
Author: Hans Baer,Merrill Singer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317817672
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 252
View: 7726

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In addressing the urgent questions raised by climate change, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the anthropology of climate change guided by a critical political ecological framework. It argues that anthropologists must significantly expand their focus on climate change and their contributions to responding to climate change as a grave risk to humanity. The book presents a human socioecological framework for conceptualizing climate change. It examines the emergence and slow maturation of the anthropology of climate change; reviews the historic foundations for this work in the archaeology of climate change; and presents three alternative contemporary theoretical perspectives in the anthropology of climate change. The book synthesizes anthropological work and perspectives on climate change in the form of case studies in various regions of the world revealing the nature of global climate change as constituting multiple and somewhat diverse changes in local settings. It explores the applied anthropology of climate change in terms of the ways anthropologists are contributing to climate policy, working with communities on climate change issues, as well as within the climate movement both internationally and nationally. Finally it provides an overview of what other the social sciences are saying about climate change and explores ways that the anthropology of climate change can interface with sociology, political science, and human geography in order to create an integrated social science of climate change. This book gives researchers and students in Environmental Anthropology, Climate Change, Human Geography, and Sociology, a novel framework for understanding climate change that emphasizes human socioecological interactions.

Gescheckte Menschen


Author: Hugo Hamilton
Publisher: Albrecht Knaus Verlag
ISBN: 3641129257
Category: Fiction
Page: 320
View: 6413

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Hugo Hamilton lebt in einem Land, das auf keiner Landkarte verzeichnet ist. Der kleine Junge wurde in Irland geboren und wächst in Dublin auf, aber er geht jeden Abend in Deutschland zu Bett und steht morgens in Deutschland wieder auf. Seine Familie spricht kein Englisch, dafür Deutsch und Gälisch, was niemand um sie herum versteht. Denn Hugo und seine Geschwister sind „breac“, gescheckt: Als Sohn einer deutschen Mutter und eines irischen Vaters wächst Hugo Hamilton in einer Welt voller Geheimnisse, Widersprüche und absurder Komik auf.

Jenseits von Natur und Kultur


Author: Philippe Descola
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518768409
Category: Social Science
Page: 638
View: 7183

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Seit der Zeit der Renaissance ist unser Weltbild von einer zentralen Unterscheidung bestimmt: der zwischen Natur und Kultur. Dort die von Naturgesetzen regierte, unpersönliche Welt der Tiere und Dinge, hier die Menschenwelt mit ihrer individuellen und kulturellen Vielfalt. Diese fundamentale Trennung beherrscht unser ganzes Denken und Handeln. In seinem faszinierenden Buch zeigt der große französische Anthropologe und Schüler von Claude Lévi-Strauss, Philippe Descola, daß diese Kosmologie alles andere als selbstverständlich ist. Dabei stützt er sich auf reiches Material aus zum Teil eigenen anthropologischen Feldforschungen bei Naturvölkern und indigenen Kulturen in Afrika, Amazonien, Neuguinea oder Sibirien. Descola führt uns vor Augen, daß deren Weltbilder ganz andersartig aufgebaut sind als das unsere mit seinen »zwei Etagen« von Natur und Kultur. So betrachten manche Kulturen Dinge als beseelt oder glauben, daß verwandtschaftliche Beziehungen zwischen Tieren und Menschen bestehen. Descola plädiert für eine monistische Anthropologie und entwirft eine Typologie unterschiedlichster Weltbilder. Auf diesem Wege lassen sich neben dem westlichen dualistischen Naturalismus totemistische, animistische oder analogistische Kosmologien entdecken. Eine fesselnde Reise in fremde Welten, die uns unsere eigene mit anderen Augen sehen läßt.

Culture, Health and Illness, Fifth edition


Author: Cecil G. Helman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1444113631
Category: Medical
Page: 512
View: 5207

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Culture, Health and Illness is the leading international textbook on the role of cultural and social factors in health, illness, and medical care. Since first published in 1984, it has been used in over 40 countries within universities, medical schools and nursing colleges. This new edition meets the ever-growing need for a clear starting point in understanding the clinical significance of cultural and social factors. The book addresses the complex interactions between health, illness and culture by setting out anthropological theory in a highly readable, jargon-free style and integrating this with the practice of health care using real-life examples and case histories. Fully revised throughout, the fifth edition has expanded its coverage of topics that are challenging both the patient and the carer's understanding of health and illness: poverty and inequality of healthcare, genetics, biotechnology, the internet and health, chronic diseases, drug-resistant infections, changes in nutrition and body image, medical care of migrants, medical technology, global pandemics such as AIDS and malaria, drug and alcohol dependence, and patients' 'languages of distress', a complex topic central to the doctor-patient relationship. In today's world of increasing cultural, religious and ethnic diversity of populations, Culture, Health and Illness is essential reading for students of medicine, nursing, psychiatry, public health, health education, international health and medical anthropology, across the globe.