Critical Voices in Criminology


Author: David Christopher Powell
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739139770
Category: Social Science
Page: 247
View: 8830

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Readers of criminological literature are presented with little more than thumbnail sketches as to the social characteristics or motivations of the authors. One learns their status, institutional location, and supposed credentials. Rarely are we presented with more detailed impressions of the authors as a combination of positivist assumptions and notions of professional competence seemingly render such information unimportant. However, increasing numbers of critical scholars are becoming aware of authorship as an issue; it matters who is addressing us. By taking these authors out of their methodological framework, Critical Voices in Criminology provides an opportunity for figures in and around critical criminology to discuss their own intellectual journeys into and within the discipline. The book offers the opportunity for contributors to reflect on their work and consider what they did not say. It also affords them the opportunity to describe their own 'channeling processes' by indicating how the pursuance of some themes/topics 'seemed' appropriate, sensible, or realistic, while others appeared less so, whether they internalized these particular themes, or attempted to contest and/or replace them.

Criminological Perspectives on Race and Crime


Author: Shaun L. Gabbidon
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135160481
Category: Social Science
Page: 296
View: 2872

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Ideal for use in either crime theory or race and crime courses, this is the only text to look at the array of explanations for crime as they relate to racial and ethnic groups. Each chapter begins with a historical review of each theoretical perspective and how its original formulation and more recent derivatives account for racial/ethnic differences. The theoretical perspectives include those based on religion, biology, social disorganization/strain, subculture, labeling, conflict, social control, colonial, and feminism. This new Second Edition includes discussions of "Deadly Symbiosis," critical race theory/criminology, comparative conflict theory, maximization, and abortion, race, and crime. In the closing chapter, the author considers which perspectives have shown the most promise in the area of race/ethnicity and crime.

Criminological Theory

Context and Consequences
Author: J. Robert Lilly,Francis T. Cullen,Richard A. Ball
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1506387292
Category: Social Science
Page: 592
View: 4658

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Updated Edition of a Best-Seller! Offering a rich introduction to how scholars analyze crime, Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences moves readers beyond a commonsense knowledge of crime to a deeper understanding of the importance of theory in shaping crime control policies. The Seventh Edition of the authors’ clear, accessible, and thoroughly revised text covers traditional and contemporary theory within a larger sociological and historical context. It includes new sources that assess the empirical status of the major theories, as well as updated coverage of crime control policies and their connection to criminological theory.

Außenseiter

Zur Soziologie abweichenden Verhaltens
Author: Howard S. Becker
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658012544
Category: Social Science
Page: 197
View: 5372

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​ „Der Mensch mit abweichendem Verhalten ist ein Mensch, auf den diese Bezeichnung erfolgreich angewandt worden ist; abweichendes Verhalten ist Verhalten, das Menschen als solches bezeichnen“: Es ist einer der klassischen Sätze der Devianzsoziologie in einem der Klassiker des Feldes. Howard S. Becker betont fernab von alten und simplistischen Fragen danach, „warum Menschen Regeln brechen“, welche Situationen und welche Prozesse dazu führen, dass Menschen in Positionen geraten, in denen sie als „Regelbrecher“ betitelt werden, wie sie mit diesen Positionen umgehen und sich auch gegen diese wehren. „Außenseiter“ erschien erstmals 1963 in New York und wurde 1981 bei S. Fischer in deutscher Übersetzung publiziert. Seit den frühen neunziger Jahren vergriffen, liegt hier nun eine von Michael Dellwing überarbeitete und herausgegebene Version vor.

Communities, Identities and Crime


Author: Basia Spalek
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1861348045
Category: Political Science
Page: 241
View: 9574

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This book provides a critical exploration of the importance of social identities when considering crime, victimisation and criminal justice and offers a refreshing perspective on the most significant developments in relation to equality and diversity issues that feature in policies and practices of criminal justice agencies.

Droits et voix - Rights and Voices

La criminologie à l'Université d'Ottawa - Criminology at the University of Ottawa
Author: Veronique Strimelle,Françoise Vanhamme
Publisher: University of Ottawa Press
ISBN: 2760319091
Category: Social Science
Page: 284
View: 9329

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Cet ouvrage souligne le 40e anniversaire du Département de criminologie de l’Université d’Ottawa, fondé en 1968. On y relate l’histoire du département de ses origines à nos jours en mettant l’accent sur les débats théoriques qui ont influencé son approche critique et autoréflexive de la criminologie. Les articles qui le composent s’inscrivent dans cet ordre d’idée en mettant en question la perspective traditionnelle de la criminologie sur divers sujets, notamment les études policières, la santé mentale, la violence politique, le suicide et la prévention du crime. Droits et voix souligne le rôle primordial que joue l’Université d’Ottawa dans la redéfinition de la criminologie et la promotion du militantisme, de la justice sociale et de la compassion. -- This volume commemorates the 40th anniversary of the University of Ottawa’s Department of Criminology, founded in 1968. It relates the history of the department from its origins to today, focusing on the theoretical debates that have influenced its critical and self reflexive approach to criminology. The contributions to this volume continue in that vein by questioning the traditional perspective of criminology on a variety of topics including police studies, mental health, political violence, suicide, and crime prevention. Rights and Voices reveals the significant role that the University of Ottawa has played in redefining criminology to advocate activism, social justice, and compassion.

Black Men, Invisibility and Crime

Towards a Critical Race Theory of Desistance
Author: Martin Glynn
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134709269
Category: Social Science
Page: 186
View: 4415

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Past studies have suggested that offenders desist from crime due to a range of factors, such as familial pressures, faith based interventions or financial incentives. To date, little has been written about the relationship between desistance and racialisation. This book seeks to bring much needed attention to this under-researched area of criminological inquiry. Martin Glynn builds on recent empirical research in the UK and the USA and uses Critical Race Theory as a framework for developing a fresh perspective about black men’s desistance. This book posits that the voices and collective narrative of black men offers a unique opportunity to refine current understandings of desistance. It also demonstrates how new insights can be gained by studying the ways in which elements of the desistance trajectory are racialised. This book will be of interest both to criminologists and sociologists engaged with race, racialisation, ethnicity, and criminal justice.

Kritik, Norm und Utopie

Die normativen Grundlagen der Krititschen Theorie
Author: Seyla Benhabib
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3105615970
Category: Philosophy
Page: 270
View: 2976

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Seyla Benhabib liefert eine sorgfältige Darstellung der philosophischen Fundamente der Kritischen Theorie – eine intensive Befragung ihrer Ideenquellen bei Kant und Hegel und ihrer Entwicklungsgeschichte bis zu Jürgen Habermas. Verglichen mit anderen Werken zu diesem Thema ist die Arbeit der amerikanischen Philosophin sowohl systematischer komponiert als auch in ihren philosophiehistorischen Differenzierungen von erstaunlicher Schlüssigkeit und Präzision. (Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine frühere Ausgabe.)

The Search for the Causes of Crime

A History of Theory in Criminology
Author: Michael Dow Burkhead
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 9780786422227
Category: Political Science
Page: 268
View: 9034

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"This volume examines criminology from the perspective of centuries of study. Written by a psychologist who has worked extensively with the criminal population, it focuses on the diverse theories that have been offered and the ways in which they contribut

Crime and criminology

an introduction
Author: Robert Douglas White,Fiona Haines
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 242
View: 4124

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This book identifies basic approaches within criminology, including classical, biological and psychological positivist, labeling, Marxist, feminist, republican, left realist, new right, and critical. The book discusses the strengths and weaknesses of each perspective and its contribution to the field as a whole.

Marginality and Condemnation

An Introduction to Critical Criminology
Author: Bernard Schissel,Carolyn Brooks
Publisher: Halifax, N.S. : Fernwood Publishing
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 451
View: 2356

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This introduction to criminology uses the ethics of social justice to confront traditional views of criminals. Key questions are addressed, including What is defined as criminal? How do we respond to crime? and Why do individuals behave in ways that reproduce social inequalities? Applied real-life scenarios address such realities as the prison experience, young men in the sex trade, race and crime in the media, and racial profiling. This text provides an alternative pedagogy for teaching criminology that discusses both the abstract theory and contemporary implications of the criminal justice system.

The Criminal Justice System and Women

Offenders, Victims, and Workers
Author: Barbara R. Price,Natalie J. Sokoloff
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages
ISBN: N.A
Category: Female offenders
Page: 457
View: 6180

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Previous edition, 1st, published in 1982.

Die Schatten der Globalisierung


Author: Joseph Stiglitz
Publisher: Siedler Verlag
ISBN: 3641202779
Category: Business & Economics
Page: N.A
View: 4710

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Explodierende Aktienkurse und scheinbar nie dagewesenes Wirtschaftswachstum kennzeichneten die »Goldenen Neunziger« – bis der Absturz in eine weltweite, tiefe und bis heute andauernde Rezession folgte. Was ist schief gelaufen? Nobelpreisträger Joseph Stiglitz zeigt, welchen Kräften sich der schwindelerregende Boom verdankte und inwiefern in ihm bereits die Saat der Zerstörung angelegt war. Stiglitz, als Berater der ersten Clinton-Administration und später Chefökonom der Weltbank ein intimer Kenner des »Tatorts Washington« (NZZ) und der internationalen Konzernzentralen, weiß von den strategischen Entscheidungen in den innersten Zirkeln von Politik und Wirtschaft zu berichten, aber auch von den hitzigen Debatten, die diesen vorausgingen. Selbstkritisch beleuchtet er die globalen Folgen ihres gemeinsamen Tuns: Wie ist die Fixierung auf den Defizitabbau heute zu bewerten? Wie wirkt sich die von der US-Regierung exzessiv betriebene Deregulierung des Marktes aus? Wohin hat uns die Maxime, Eigennutz diene automatisch auch der Allgemeinheit, geführt? Das Gleichgewicht zwischen Staat und Markt ist verloren gegangen, so Stiglitz’ zentrale These. Um diese Balance wiederherzustellen, entwickelt Stiglitz eine überzeugende Alternative zum Diktat des Marktes – denn das, so zeigt er auf provozierende Weise, ist nicht nur wenig sozial, sondern auf lange Sicht sogar unwirtschaftlich.

Social Justice/criminal Justice

The Maturation of Critical Theory in Law, Crime, and Deviance
Author: N.A
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 288
View: 5446

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This reader features contributions from the best-known names in criminology today, commenting on modern theories of criminology and how the concept of justice is met (or not met) by our criminal justice system. Based on critical theories of criminology, each author presents a compelling vision of illustrations of the theory and shows how the theoretical framework relates to the nature and structure of our criminal justice system.

Radical Criminology 6

Insurgent Criminology in a Period of Open Social War
Author: Critical Criminology Working Group
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780998237527
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 4521

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Radical Criminology, edited by Jeff Shantz [Kwantlen Polytechnic University, Vancouver, British Columbia], is dedicated to bridging the gap between the academy and the global activist community, especially with regard to state violence, state-corporate crime, the growth of surveillance regimes, and the prison-industrial complex. More pointedly, the journal aims to be not simply a project of critique, but is also geared toward a praxis of struggle, insurgence, and practical resistance. Issue 6 (Autumn 2016) is a special issue on "Insurgent Criminology in a Period of Open Social War" edited by Jeff Shantz. The struggles of the present period are stripping the cover off of policing as military institutions for social war waged against the working class-especially the racialized and poorest sectors-in defense of statist management, capitalist ownership, and wealth accumulation. The police are increasingly revealed as agents of pacification and regulation (as they have always been) rather than of public safety or security. Yet, there is an insurgent criminology-lively, engaged, informed, vital, analytical, honest, brave-emerging not in the halls of the academy nor in the sessions of academic conferences but rather in the streets and neighborhoods of those who are targeted by the state for ongoing punishment, repression, and violence. That insurgency is bringing with it important critiques of criminal justice as well as the beginnings of compelling challenges and alternatives, moving through and beyond reformist demands. One of the most important and promising developments has been the posing and pondering of alternatives to policing and the raising of abolitionist perspectives, responses, and projects. These are the voices academic criminology must hear and must heed. And the movements they must support as active allies, even more as accomplices and public defenders. FEATURES: A Radical Grounding for Social Disorganization Theory: A Political Economic Investigation of the Causes of Poverty, Inequality and Crime in Urban Areas [Michael Lynch & Lyndsay N. Boggess] Coercive Occupations as State Facilitation: Understanding the U.S. State's Strategy of Control [Vince Montes] Squatting in Racialized Berlin 1975-2015: Vietnamese Transnational Subjectivity in a Climactic Double Division [Trangdai Glassey-Tranguyen] Social Control and Security in Times of Crisis: The Criminalization of the Seropositive Women in Greece [Maria Gkresta and Manuel Mireanu] Making Sense of Repression in Police Studies: Whither Theorizing in the Descent Toward Fascism [Tamari Kitossa] ARTWORKS: Selected Images and Commentary from ArtACT QC "All Eyes are Upon Us" (Poem) [Gene Grabiner] BOOK REVIEWS: "Crashing the Party: Legacies and Lessons from the RNC 2000" by Kris Hermes [Reviewed by Irina Ceric] "Who Killed the Berkeley School? Struggles over Radical Criminology" by Herman & Julia Schwendinger [Reviewed by Aaron Philip]

Was ist Theorie?

Theoriebegriff und Dialogische Theorie in den Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaften
Author: Peter V. Zima
Publisher: UTB
ISBN: 382524797X
Category: Social Science
Page: 308
View: 5685

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Was ist Theorie und welche Bedeutung haben Ideologien und Werturteile für sie? Wie könnte ein kultur- und sozialwissenschaftlicher Theoriebegriff aussehen? Die Tatsache, dass eine zweite Auflage des vorliegenden Werks zustande kam, lässt das Bedürfnis nach einer konkreten Beantwortung der Frage erkennen. Das Buch antwortet auf die oben genannten Fragen, indem es zunächst klärt, wie sich Theorien in den verschiedenen Wissenschaftsbereichen definieren lassen. Anschließend werden die wichtigsten Theoriedebatten des 20. Jahrhunderts dargestellt, aber auch kritisch bewertet. Am Schluss des Bandes steht die Zusammenführung der unterschiedlichen Ansätze im Konzept einer Dialogischen Theorie, die den Besonderheiten der Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaften Rechnung trägt.