Criminal Profiling - den Tätern auf der Spur: Methoden, Werkzeuge und Erfolge


Author: Marcel Maier
Publisher: Bachelor + Master Publication
ISBN: 3956843819
Category: Psychology
Page: 52
View: 3210

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Das rekonstruierte Tatverhalten eines Gewaltverbrechers liefert einem Criminal-Profiler" angeblich samtliche Informationen um detaillierte Aussagen uber Geschlecht, Alter, Lebensraum, Intelligenz, Charakter, Personlichkeitsstruktur, usw. generieren zu konnen. Criminal Profiling entwickelte sich zu einer Disziplin, welche zahlreiche akademische und wissenschaftliche Bereiche impliziert. Im Verlauf der Entwicklung dieser Disziplin kristallisierten sich zwei verschiedene Vorgehensweisen zur Profilerstellung heraus. Zum einen die induktive Profilerstellung, welche auf statistische und empirische Daten, sowie auf die individuellen Erfahrungswerte und Intuitionen des jeweiligen Profilers basiert. Zum anderen der deduktive Ansatz, nach dem jeder Fall als einzigartig angesehen wird. Die Profilerstellung erfolgt hier nach streng logischen Schlussfolgerungen und Syllogismen, basierend auf den vorgefundenen Tatortspuren und Beweisen. In dieser Arbeit werden beide Methoden vorgestellt. Es wird auch aufgezeigt, mit welchen psychologischen und methodischen Werkzeugen Profiler vorgehen, welche wissenschaftlichen Theorien dieser Tatigkeit zugrunde liegen und wo die Grenzen liegen.

Criminal Profiling. Historische Entwicklung, Definition und Anwendungsgebiete


Author: Marcel Maier
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656889430
Category: Psychology
Page: 18
View: 7027

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Akademische Arbeit aus dem Jahr 2004 im Fachbereich Psychologie - Forensische Psychologie, Strafvollzug, Note: 1,5 (CH:5,5), Universität Basel (Institut für Psychologie), Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Unter Criminal Profiling versteht man die Zusammenstellung von möglichen Persönlichkeitsmerkmalen, Verhaltensauffälligkeiten und Lebensumstände eines unbekannten Täters auf Grund genauer Analyse der Tatortspuren, sowie weiterer kriminalistischer und viktimiologischer Erhebungen (Meyer 2002). Nicht zuletzt die in jüngster Verhangenheit erfolgreich lancierten Kinofilme „Das Schweigen der Lämmer“, „Hannibal“ und TV-Serien wie beispielsweise „Profilier“ und „Das FBI ermittelt“ haben zu einem wahren Boom des Phänomens „Profiling“ beigetragen. Der ermittelnde „Profiler“ wird in den populärwissenschaftlichen Beiträgen sehr häufig als eine Art Wahrsager dargestellt, welcher scheinbar mittels hellseherischer Eingebung aus minimalen Tatortspuren eine nahezu perfekte Rekonstruktion des Geschehens inklusive einer detaillierten Täterbeschreibung erstellen kann. Doch was steckt hinter dem mystischen Schleier dieser hellseherisch anmutenden Ermittler? Welche konkreten Vorgehensweisen und Instrumente werden verwendet? Wie valid und reliabel sind die Methoden? Diese Arbeit liefert zunächst einen historischen Abriss über die Entwicklung dieser noch jungen Disziplin. Im weiteren Verlauf soll das Criminal Profiling definiert werden und ein Überblick über Ziele, Anwendungsgebiete, theoretische Prämissen und Aspekte wie das Tatortverhalten oder die Täterhandschrift gegeben werden.

Criminal Profiling

An Introduction to Behavioral Evidence Analysis
Author: Brent E. Turvey
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123852441
Category: Social Science
Page: 728
View: 5941

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Focused on Behavioral Evidence Analysis (BEA), a method of criminal profiling developed and refined by the author over the past 15 years, the fourth edition of Criminal Profiling maintains the same core foundation that made previous editions best sellers in the professional and academic community worldwide. Written from practicing behavioral analysts and aspiring students alike, this work emphasizes an honest understanding of crime and criminals. Newly updated, mechanisms for the examination and classification of both victim and offender behavior have been improved. In addition to refined approaches towards victimology, crime scene analysis, motivation and case linkage, a chapter on sexual deviance has been added as well. With prior edition in wide use as a primary text in criminal justice, law, criminology, and behavioral science programs around the world, Criminal Profiling, Fourth Edition remains essential for students and professionals alike. Outlines the scientific principles and practice standards of BEA-oriented criminal profiling, with an emphasis on applying theory to real cases. Contributing authors from law enforcement, academic, mental health and forensic science communities provide a balance perspective. Complete glossary of key terms Companion Web site includes all appendices from previous volumes and figure collection at http://www.elsevierdirect.com/companions/9780123852434 Manual Web site provides an instructor’s manual for each chapter, powerpoint slideshows, and case reports from Brent Turvey’s work.

Offender Profiling

An Introduction to the Sociopsychological Analysis of Violent Crime
Author: George B. Palermo,Richard N. Kocsis
Publisher: Charles C Thomas Publisher
ISBN: 0398075492
Category: Political Science
Page: 266
View: 954

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George B. Palermo is Clinical Professor of Psychiatry and Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin; Adjunct Professor of Criminology and Law Studies, Department of Cultural and Social Sciences, Marquette University; Director, Center for Forensic Psychiatry and Risk Assessment, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Criminal Profiling

Principles and Practice
Author: Richard N. Kocsis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1597451096
Category: Medical
Page: 274
View: 9155

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Criminal Profiling: Principles and Practice provides a compendium of original scientific research on constructing a criminal profile for crimes that are not readily resolvable by conventional police investigative methods. Leading profiling expert Richard N. Kocsis, PhD, utilizes a distinct approach referred to as Crime Action Profiling (CAP), a technique that has its foundations in the disciplinary knowledge of forensic psychology. The initial four chapters examine the skills, accuracy, components, and processes surrounding the construction of a criminal profile. The next two chapters focus on CAP research, the methods developed for the profiling of violent crimes and describing a systematic method for the interpretation and use of the CAP models. The subsequent three chapters canvass the respective CAP studies undertaken for crimes of serial rape, serial/sexual murder, and serial arson. An explanation for how each of the models is developed is also given. The final chapters of the book are devoted to the geographical analysis of crime patterns and to a discussion of the format conventions and procedural guidelines for developing a criminal profile. Offering a scientifically grounded method for the construction of a criminal profile, Criminal Profiling: Principles and Practice provides law enforcement personnel, forensic psychologists and psychiatrists, criminologists, and forensic investigators with a step-by-step, practical guide for understanding and applying CAP techniques for the construction of a criminal profile in a systematic and replicable manner.

Solving Crimes Through Criminal Profiling


Author: Rob Shone,Nick Spender
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
ISBN: 9781404214378
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 48
View: 7914

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Describes how criminal profiling is used to help determine the physical and mental characteristics of the culprit for investigators, and includes three case studies in graphic novel format that implemented these tactics.

Careers in Criminal Profiling


Author: Janey Levy
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
ISBN: 9781404213425
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 64
View: 4774

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Looks at criminal profilers and how they use their training and skills to help capture criminals, and also provides information about the training and education necessary to become a profiler and what career opportunities are open to them.

Offender Profiling in the Courtroom

The Use and Abuse of Expert Witness Testimony
Author: Norbert Ebisike
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 0313362106
Category: Law
Page: 180
View: 2001

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This volume examines the use of offender profiling and expert witnesses in criminal court cases.

Criminal Profiling


Author: Rebecca Stefoff
Publisher: Marshall Cavendish
ISBN: 9780761441410
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 93
View: 3638

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Describes common criminal profiling techniques that aid in solving crimes.

Offender Profiling Crime Analysis


Author: Peter Ainsworth
Publisher: Willan
ISBN: 1135995036
Category: Social Science
Page: 208
View: 9987

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This book provides a highly readable account of offender profiling. It presents an overview of profiling techniques, and offers insights into the various approaches to profiling and schools of thought which have emerged.

Criminal Profiling


Author: Matt Anniss
Publisher: Gareth Stevens Publishing LLLP
ISBN: 1433994836
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 48
View: 5210

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Criminal profilers when, why, and where crimes take place. They study the criminal mind to not only track down perpetrators but also to figure out ways to reduce the crime rate. In this book, readers explore theories of criminology and examine how these concepts are being employed in police work. They discover how technology is aiding police in pinpointing areas where crimes are likely to occur so they can better protect the public

Criminal Behavior

Theories, Typologies and Criminal Justice
Author: Jacqueline B. Helfgott
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412904870
Category: Social Science
Page: 605
View: 1772

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Rich in historical and contemporary theory and research, Criminal Behavior: Theories, Typologies, and Criminal Justice is a comprehensive core text that provides an interdisciplinary overview of criminal behavior by examining relevant crime theories, explanations of how and why crime typologies are developed, literature reviews for major crime categories, and discussions of how crime theories and crime typologies are used throughout the criminal justice process. Focusing on relevant themes and current issues, this text also looks closely at categorizations of criminal behavior, the relationship between crime and pop culture, mass media, and computer technology, and gender issues and crime. This engaging book applies theory and research to real-world criminal justice practice. Key Features and Benefits: Applies theory and research to concrete examples of criminal justice practice in law enforcement, public safety, courts/law, and corrections Explores real-world examples and contemporary issues–using chapter-opening vignettes, illustrative photos and graphs, boxed real-life case studies, and an interdisciplinary framework—making the text lively and engaging Views crime as a dynamic, changing phenomenon and examines how mass media and computer technology shape criminal behavior in a unique chapter on crime, media, and technology that addresses cybercrime and copy cat crimes—topics that fascinate students Examines feminist issues and cultural criminology, reviewing the role of gender and culture in shaping criminal behavior Boasts full chapters on political crime and economic crime—subjects often ignored in other texts Includes comparative information throughout, giving students an international perspective, as well as topical coverage relating to race, ethnicity, and gender issues Ancillaries A Student study site at www.sagepub.com/helfgottstudy includes self-quizzes, e-flashcards, NPR and Frontline audio and video clips, SAGE Journal articles, and more. Instructor Resources on CD include test questions, PowerPoint slides, and in-class exercises. Contact Customer Care at 1.800.818.7243 to request a copy. Intended Audience This core text offers contemporary insight on criminal behavior for undergraduate and graduate students in criminology and criminal justice, psychology, and related fields.

Applications of Geographical Offender Profiling


Author: Donna Youngs
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351957732
Category: Psychology
Page: 280
View: 8068

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Many law enforcement agencies are now analyzing where a crime is committed, to develop predictions on the offender, their location and other factors that could help with the investigation. Known as Geographical Offender Profiling (GOP), this approach relies on a combination of principles and methodologies drawn from many different disciplines, including psychology, geography, criminology and forensic science. This book brings together a cross-section of the major papers published in the field of GOP to explain the scope and application of GOP in different criminal contexts. For the first time some widely quoted but difficult to obtain 'classic' papers have been published together with an introduction that provides an up-to-the-minute context and an extensive bibliography of the most relevant publications in this burgeoning area of study.

Criminal Profiling

Searching for Suspects
Author: Christine Honders
Publisher: Greenhaven Publishing LLC
ISBN: 1534562729
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 104
View: 7556

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Before police can solve a crime, they need to find their suspects. In especially difficult cases, law enforcement officials use criminal profiling to help catch their perpetrators. The science of criminal profiling combines forensics and psychology to understand the type of person who commits crimes. Through thoroughly-researched text, including informative quotes from experts in the field and statistical fact boxes, readers learn how profilers are able to use evidence to accurately determine an offender's age, motives, and state of mind. They also learn what to do to pursue a career in this field in the future.

Serial Crime

Theoretical and Practical Issues in Behavioral Profiling
Author: Wayne Petherick
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080961750
Category: Law
Page: 408
View: 3009

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Serial Crime, Second Edition, examines serial predatory behavior and is divided into two main parts. Part one deals with behavioral profiling, and covers a variety of critical issues from the history of profiling and the theoretical schools of thought to its treatment in the mainstream media. This updated edition includes new sections on the problems of induction, metacognition in criminal profiling, and investigative relevance. Part two deals more specifically with a number of types of serial crime including stalking, rape, murder, and arson. Chapters on each of these crimes provide definitions and thresholds, and discussions of the offenders, the crime, and its dynamics. Considerations for behavioral profiling and investigations and the development of new paradigms in each area are interwoven throughout. Topics are conceptually and practically related since profiling has typically seen most application in serial crimes and similar investigations. The unique presentation of the book successfully connects the concepts and creates links to criminal behavior across crimes—murder, sexual assault, and arson—something no other title does. The connection of serial behavior to profiling, the most useful tool in discovering behavior patterns, is also new to the body of literature available and serves to examine the ideal manner in which profiling can be used in conjunction with behavioral science to positively affect criminal investigations. * Provides a theoretical and practical foundation for understanding the motivation and dynamics in a range of serial offenses * Illustrates the promise, purposes and pitfalls of behavioral profiling in the investigation of various serial crimes * Numerous case examples show the real world uses of behavioral profiling in investigations, as well as highlighting a variety of issues in understanding and investigating serial crime

Introduction to Offender Profiling

Analysing the Criminal Mind
Author: Teresa Clyne
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781533268419
Category:
Page: 100
View: 8090

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Introduction to Offender Profiling Analysing the Criminal Mind This guide provides clear and concise information on central issues such as the origins of criminal profiling from the American Top Down Theories of Offenders behaviours and actions to the UKs Bottom Up Theories, it has its roots in FBI profiling methodology and limitations of profiling are also explained to the reader. If you are interested in criminal profiling and would like to learn more, An Introduction to Offender Profiling; analysing the Criminal Mind is the perfect place to start. Have you ever wondered how profilers profile offenders?, how they can gather so much information about a suspect from such things as the age and race and gender of the offender from the crime scene or victims. Offender Profiling providing a likely description of an offender based on an analysis of; - The Crime scene - The victim - Other available evidence Offender profiling does not solve crime or identify individuals, but it does provide a means of narrowing the range of potential suspects (Holmes & Holmes 1996)

Profiling and Criminal Justice in America

A Reference Handbook
Author: Jeffrey B. Bumgarner
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1851094695
Category: Social Science
Page: 299
View: 5557

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A much-needed reference work on one of the hottest subjects today—profiling and its use and misuse by legal and police authorities. * Includes a chronology of key events in American criminal justice including discussions of key court cases, developments in criminal procedure, the development of sentencing guidelines, civil rights milestones, and examples of court-sanctioned profiling such as the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II * Includes brief biographies of key people such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, John Douglas, Jesse Jackson, and Janet Reno

Induktives und deduktives Criminal Profiling im Vergleich


Author: Marcel Maier
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656889422
Category: Psychology
Page: 33
View: 3964

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Akademische Arbeit aus dem Jahr 2004 im Fachbereich Psychologie - Forensische Psychologie, Strafvollzug, Note: 1,5 (CH:5,5), Universität Basel (Institut für Psychologie), Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Criminal Profiling folgt keinem einheitlichen Schema. Vielmehr zeigen sich aufgrund der fachübergreifenden und eklektizistischen Entwicklung dieser Disziplin eine Vielzahl von Methoden und Modellen. Dies spiegelt sich auch in der einschlägigen Literatur wider (McGarth 2000). Trotz all der Differenzen lassen sich zwei generell unterschiedliche Philosophien herausarbeiten: - Induktives Profiling: Profilerstellung auf Basis statistisch/empirischer Daten oder aufgrund von Erfahrungswerten und Intuition des Profilers. - Deduktives Profiling: Profilerstellung auf Basis logischer Syllogismen, die sich aus den physischen Tatortspuren ergeben. In der folgenden Arbeit sollen nun die beiden Methoden ausführlich erläutert und anhand von diversen Studien kommentiert werden.

Professionalizing Offender Profiling

Forensic and Investigative Psychology in Practice
Author: Laurence Alison,Lee Rainbow
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136674179
Category: Social Science
Page: 276
View: 5488

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Offender profiling is now viewed as an integral part of serious crime investigations by many law enforcement agencies across the world and continues to attract a high public and media profile. Despite almost three decades of research and developments in the field, the public impression of offender profiling is still influenced by misleading media portrayals, which fail to acknowledge the significant developments in theory, research and practice. This book is the only book on the market to illustrate in detail the actual practice of Behavioural Investigative Advice, its diversity in application, the underpinning academic literature and the remaining research questions and recommendations. Focussing on the professionalization of this developing discipline, it provides a fascinating insight into the modern role of a Behavioural Investigative Adviser, dispelling many of the myths still associated with offender profiling, and illustrating the continued aspiration of contemporary practitioners to adhere to the highest scientific standards. It provides a journey through the significant efforts to professionalise both the process and product of Behavioural Investigative Advice, supported by relevant theoretical, methodological and operational considerations. Edited by and containing contributions from some of the most respected and experienced researchers and practitioners working today, this book will be essential reading for Police Officers, researchers, students and anyone with an interest in the professionalization and contemporary contribution of forensic psychology to 21st century criminal investigation.