Cyber Criminology

Exploring Internet Crimes and Criminal Behavior
Author: K. Jaishankar
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439829509
Category: Law
Page: 461
View: 1413

Continue Reading →

Victimization through the Internet is becoming more prevalent as cyber criminals have developed more effective ways to remain anonymous. And as more personal information than ever is stored on networked computers, even the occasional or non-user is at risk. A collection of contributions from worldwide experts and emerging researchers, Cyber Criminology: Exploring Internet Crimes and Criminal Behavior explores today’s interface of computer science, Internet science, and criminology. Topics discussed include: The growing menace of cyber crime in Nigeria Internet gambling and digital piracy Sexual addiction on the Internet, child pornography, and online exploitation of children Terrorist use of the Internet Cyber stalking and cyber bullying The victimization of women on social networking websites Malware victimization and hacking The Islamic world in cyberspace and the propagation of Islamic ideology via the Internet Human rights concerns that the digital age has created Approaching the topic from a social science perspective, the book explores methods for determining the causes of computer crime victimization by examining an individual’s lifestyle patterns. It also publishes the findings of a study conducted on college students about online victimization. Advances in information and communications technologies have created a range of new crime problems that did not exist two decades ago. Opportunities for various criminal activities to pervade the Internet have led to the growth and development of cyber criminology as a distinct discipline within the criminology framework. This volume explores all aspects of this nascent field and provides a window on the future of Internet crimes and theories behind their origins. K. Jaishankar was the General Chair of the First International Conference of the South Asian Society of Criminology and Victimology (SASCV), held January 15-17, 2011 at the Hotel Jaipur Greens in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

Communities in Action

Pathways to Health Equity
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on Community-Based Solutions to Promote Health Equity in the United States
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309452961
Category: Medical
Page: 582
View: 813

Continue Reading →

In the United States, some populations suffer from far greater disparities in health than others. Those disparities are caused not only by fundamental differences in health status across segments of the population, but also because of inequities in factors that impact health status, so-called determinants of health. Only part of an individual’s health status depends on his or her behavior and choice; community-wide problems like poverty, unemployment, poor education, inadequate housing, poor public transportation, interpersonal violence, and decaying neighborhoods also contribute to health inequities, as well as the historic and ongoing interplay of structures, policies, and norms that shape lives. When these factors are not optimal in a community, it does not mean they are intractable: such inequities can be mitigated by social policies that can shape health in powerful ways. Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity seeks to delineate the causes of and the solutions to health inequities in the United States. This report focuses on what communities can do to promote health equity, what actions are needed by the many and varied stakeholders that are part of communities or support them, as well as the root causes and structural barriers that need to be overcome.

The Social Psychology of Good and Evil, Second Edition


Author: Arthur G. Miller
Publisher: Guilford Publications
ISBN: 1462525393
Category: Psychology
Page: 542
View: 2555

Continue Reading →

"This timely, accessible reference and text addresses some of the most fundamental questions about human behavior, such as what causes racism and prejudice and why good people do bad things. Leading authorities present state-of-the-science theoretical and empirical work. Essential themes include the complex interaction of individual, societal, and situational factors underpinning good or evil behavior; the role of moral emotions, unconscious bias, and the self-concept; issues of responsibility and motivation; and how technology and globalization have enabled newer forms of threat and harm. Key Words/Subject Areas: aggression, altruism, antisocial, evil, free will, good, guilt, heroism, human behavior, morality, prejudice, prosocial, racism, shame, social psychology, stereotyping, terrorism, values, violence Audience: Students and researchers in social psychology; also of interest to sociologists. "--

Gender Inequalities, Households and the Production of Well-Being in Modern Europe


Author: Tindara Addabbo,Marie-Pierre Arrizabalaga,Alastair Owens
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317130170
Category: Social Science
Page: 340
View: 8763

Continue Reading →

Feminist scholars have long pointed out the relevance of the unpaid work that goes on within European households in sustaining the well-being of the continent's populations. However, care work and domestic labour continue to be largely unremunerated and unequally distributed by gender. This unique volume of interdisciplinary essays casts new light on the roles that households play in securing the well-being of individuals and families, uncovering the processes of bargaining and accommodation, and conflict and compromise that underpin them. Contributors put gender at the centre of their analyses, demonstrating the uneven experiences of men and women as both providers and receivers of welfare in European households, in both the past and the present. As European states grapple with changing family forms, a growing population of dependent people, increased participation of women in labour markets and a profound shift in the nature and organisation of work, this book makes a timely contribution to our understanding of the critical role played by households in mediating processes of economic and social change. It offers new challenges to scholars, researchers and policy makers eager to address gender inequalities and enhance well-being. This book is the second of four volumes being published as part of Ashgate's 'Gender and Well-Being' series that arise from a programme of international symposia funded by the European Science Foundation under the auspices of COST (European Cooperation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research).

Current Issues in Clinical Psychology


Author: Eric Karas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461567726
Category: Psychology
Page: 370
View: 623

Continue Reading →

This book is the second volume in the series "Current Issues in Clinical Psychology", which is designed to build into a composite text of the field of clinical psychology. The contents of the series are based on the post-qualification training conferences held each autumn in Merseyside. These events, organised by a sub-group of the training committee of the Mersey Regional Group of Clinical Psychologists, are unique in that they are the only annual psychology conferences in Britain focussing exclusively on clinical areas. The opening paper of Volume 1 of the series emphasised the impor tance of the present disposition towards sustained clinical training for practising psychologists. The series "Current Issues in Clinical Psychology" represents a contribution to this trend by offering practitioners an opportunity to assimilate innovations in clinical theory and practice, in the young but vigorously developing discipline of clinical psychology. In order to provide a forum for contemporary issues and also to produce complementary texts of lasting value, it has been necessary to carefully select both the theme of each symposium and contributors able to fulfill these aims.

Dissecting the Holocaust

The Growing Critique of "truth" and "memory"
Author: Ernst Gauss
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780967985602
Category: Holocaust denial
Page: 608
View: 2047

Continue Reading →

Dissecting the Holocaust applies state-of-the-art scientific technique and classic methods of detection to investigate the alleged murder of millions of Jews by Germans during World War II. Among the questions raised and considered by the authors, each a specialist in a historical, scientific, technological, or legal discipline: How reliable are the claims of the eyewitnesses -- or the confessions of the alleged perpetrators? What do population statistics reveal about the probable number of Jewish casualities under Nazi rule? How strong is the evidence for murder in "gas vans"? Do photographs that seem to show Nazi crimes actually document them? What do wartime Allied aerial photographs of the camps reveal about the alleged massacres? Why are Bergen-Belsen and Buchenwald no longer classed as extermination camps, even by Holocaust true believers? What do the long-suppressed Auschwitz camp records, recently unearthed in the Moscow state archives, disclose about murder by gas at the most notorious "death camp"? Did the technology to gas millions, then incinerate their corpses with scarcely a trace, exist during World War II? Did German soldiers shoot hundreds of thousands of innocents behind the Russian front? Most important of all, dare one doubt what society has declared to be self-evident? Book jacket.

Continuing the War Against Domestic Violence, Second Edition


Author: Lee E. Ross
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482229102
Category: Law
Page: 395
View: 4658

Continue Reading →

Anyone can become a victim of domestic violence. As such, it is essential for all of us to continue the war against domestic violence. Supplying a comprehensive overview of domestic violence across racial/ethnic groups, the new edition of this popular reference explores topics rarely discussed in other domestic violence texts as well as the barriers that often discourage victims from reporting abuse. Continuing the War Against Domestic Violence, Second Edition provides readers with the benefit of varied perspectives from both academics and professionals. It outlines prosecution and defense strategies and supplies a balanced critique of mandatory arrest policies. This fully revised edition supplies new coverage of the problems often encountered when victims seek police help. It includes three new chapters on dating violence, religion and domestic violence, and historical interventions in response to domestic violence. In part I readers will gain an understanding of the salient issues unique to certain racial/ethnic/cultural groups. Part II offers a unique and rare insight into the correlates, causes, and contextual properties of domestic violence. Part III, which constitutes the substance of this book, explains how criminal justice systems—through their policies, procedures, and operations—respond to domestic violence. Following in the tradition of the first edition, this book devotes considerable attention to the experiences and perspectives of criminal and social justice practitioners alongside researchers, child welfare workers, and other renowned scholars across disciplines. Offering comprehensive and interdisciplinary coverage of key topics that benefit a diverse audience, the book concludes by offering a unique perspective on punishing and rehabilitating offenders.

The War Against Domestic Violence


Author: Lee E. Ross
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439882762
Category: Law
Page: 360
View: 8493

Continue Reading →

Violence, including intimate partner violence, is a leading cause of death, disability, and hospitalization in the United States and other regions worldwide. Despite growing awareness, the numbers of reported and unreported incidents continue to rise. Drawing on the contributions of criminal justice practitioners and academic theorists who bring sober insight to a highly charged issue, The War Against Domestic Violence offers a comprehensive, interdisciplinary study of this phenomenon. Topics include: Domestic violence in Caucasian, Latino, African-American, Asian, Native American, and Sub-Saharan African cultures Child abuse and the response of child welfare agencies The connection between domestic violence and homelessness and drug abuse Domestic violence in gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender persons Spousal violence among police officers The history of domestic violence policy Orders of protection Prosecuting and defending those charged with domestic violence Court-ordered treatment and community supervision of domestic violence offenders Creating campaigns for domestic violence prevention The book provides rare glimpses of topics inadequately covered in the literature, allowing readers to understand and appreciate the complexity of domestic violence while also promoting a variety of effective strategies to combat its continued rise. The multi-layered approach of this volume and the input from the expert contributors from varied backgrounds are destined to stimulate the interest of a growing and diverse audience. Lee Ross recently appeared on UCF Profiles to discuss why some break the law and others with similar backgrounds do not.

International Perspectives on Crime and Justice


Author: K. Jaishankar
Publisher: K. Jaishankar
ISBN: 1443801984
Category: Law
Page: 741
View: 976

Continue Reading →

In a world of growing interdependence, crimes are no longer confined by national boundaries. In this context, the necessity to understand criminological developments across the globe becomes imperative. This book aims to offer cross-cultural perspectives of different criminological issues and criminal justice systems operating worldwide. This book emphasizes the collective understanding of criminological problems from an international perspective. This book is a quintessence of contemporary criminological developments, with a global outlook. The book is an edited volume of articles collected from criminologists all over the world. It is a peer reviewed collection. The chapters focuses on various criminological issues such as Bullying, Child abuse, Corrections (Institutional and Community), Cyber crimes, Corporate crime, Corruption, Costs of crime, Crime Analysis, Crime prevention, Crime Mapping and GIS, Criminal justice systems, Environmental crime, Ethnic/communal/caste conflicts, Family violence, Fear of crime, High tech crimes, Homicide, Human trafficking, Juvenile Delinquency, Organized crime, Offenders including women offenders, Policing, Prisons, Public attitudes, Restorative justice, Sexual assault, Stalking, Theories of crime, Transnational crime, Victimology, Violence, White collar crime, and Workplace violence.The book aims to provide theoretical frameworks and pragmatic discussions on Criminology and Criminal Justice. It is intended for Academics, Criminal Justice professionals, and Graduate Students who want to improve their understanding of the issues and challenges that arise when issues related to criminology and criminal justice cross national boundaries. Also, practitioners and academics of allied fields like sociology, psychology, geography, political science, public administration and forensic sciences whose research interests include either crime/criminal justice system/Victim or crime analysis will find this book useful."The comprehensive framework of this book means that it provides a rich variety of international perspectives on an array of crime and justice-related issues. The thirty chapters presented here are a treasure trove of insights in terms of both topical variety and approaches within topic. Dr. Jaishankar has assembled a valuable collection of readings that will find broad acceptance internationally." Prof. Keith Harries (From the Foreword)

Bad Spirits

A Cultural Explanation for Intimate Family Violence, Inside One American Indian Family
Author: Julie C. Abril
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Pub
ISBN: 9781847186850
Category: Social Science
Page: 152
View: 8175

Continue Reading →

Bad Spirits takes the reader inside one Native American Indian family to witness some of the violence and victimization that occurred in the privacy of their home. While the violence is graphic and disturbing, the effects of it on one victim made her much more resilient. The book begins with the suicide of one sibling and the homicides of two others. Because of the cultural beliefs held by this family one member was perceived to be a witch. In the paradigm of the Yaqui Indians, those perceived to be witches are often murdered. The author puts forth the theory that Bad Spirits are responsible for violence. Yaqui witchcraft and sorcery (often referred to as "Bad Indian Medicine") are used within this family as a means of violence precipitation. The author then takes the reader out of the violence of the home and into the violence of homelessness on the streets of San Francisco. Finally, the author discusses the current research on violence and victimization occurring within Native American Indian communities to show that other Indian tribal groups hold similar views. The book ends with the two federal laws that were designed to address child abuse and family violence among Native American Indians who live on reservations.

Encyclopedia of Social Problems


Author: Vincent N. Parrillo
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412941652
Category: Reference
Page: 1208
View: 5214

Continue Reading →

From terrorism to social inequality and from health care to environmental issues, social problems affect us all. The Encyclopedia will offer an interdisciplinary perspective into these and many other social problems that are a continuing concern in our lives, whether we confront them on a personal, local, regional, national, or global level.

Introductory Mathematics: Algebra and Analysis


Author: Geoffrey C. Smith
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447106199
Category: Mathematics
Page: 215
View: 735

Continue Reading →

This text provides a lively introduction to pure mathematics. It begins with sets, functions and relations, proof by induction and contradiction, complex numbers, vectors and matrices, and provides a brief introduction to group theory. It moves onto analysis, providing a gentle introduction to epsilon-delta technology and finishes with continuity and functions. The book features numerous exercises of varying difficulty throughout the text.

The Encyclopedia of Police Science


Author: Jack R. Greene
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 0415970008
Category: Political Science
Page: 1678
View: 3293

Continue Reading →

First published in 1996, this work covers all the major sectors of policing in the United States. Political events such as the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, have created new policing needs while affecting public opinion about law enforcement. This third edition of the "Encyclopedia" examines the theoretical and practical aspects of law enforcement, discussing past and present practices.

The state of the animals, 2001


Author: Deborah J. Salem,Humane Society of the United States
Publisher: Humane Society of the U S
ISBN: 9780965894234
Category: Nature
Page: 212
View: 6264

Continue Reading →

Family and Community Life of Older People

Social Networks and Social Support in Three Urban Areas
Author: Miriam Bernard,Jim Ogg,Judith and Phillips,Chris Phillipson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134627440
Category: Medical
Page: 304
View: 8497

Continue Reading →

Family life has changed rapidly over te past fifty years and the number of people living longer increases year on year Family and Community Life of Older People revisits three areas (Bethnal Green in London, Wolverhampton in the Midlands and Woodford in Essex) which were the subject of classic studies in the late 1940s and 1950s and explores changes to the family and community lives of older people. The book examines issues such as: *changes in household composition *changes in the geographical proximity of kin and relatives *the extent and type of help provided by the family *contact and relationships with neighbours *relationships with friends *involvement in social and leisure activities *experiences of minority ethnic groups. These questions are explored through a unique set of data including census material, and survey data from interviews with over 600 older people. A key finding is that over the past 50 years we have moved from an old age experienced within the context of the family group to one shaped by personal communities in which friends may feature as significantly as immediate kin and relatives. Family and Community Life of Older People is a major contribution to the sociology of the family, of ageing, and of urban life and points up the social policy issues for an ageing society.

That the Blood Stay Pure

African Americans, Native Americans, and the Predicament of Race and Identity in Virginia
Author: Arica L. Coleman
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253010500
Category: History
Page: 328
View: 465

Continue Reading →

That the Blood Stay Pure traces the history and legacy of the commonwealth of Virginia’s effort to maintain racial purity and its impact on the relations between African Americans and Native Americans. Arica L. Coleman tells the story of Virginia’s racial purity campaign from the perspective of those who were disavowed or expelled from tribal communities due to their affiliation with people of African descent or because their physical attributes linked them to those of African ancestry. Coleman also explores the social consequences of the racial purity ethos for tribal communities that have refused to define Indian identity based on a denial of blackness. This rich interdisciplinary history, which includes contemporary case studies, addresses a neglected aspect of America’s long struggle with race and identity.

Encyclopedia of White-Collar & Corporate Crime


Author: Lawrence M. Salinger
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0761930043
Category: Social Science
Page: 974
View: 5807

Continue Reading →

With more than 500 entries (including up-to-date information on such high profile cases as Martha Stewart and Enron), the Encyclopedia of White-Collar & Corporate Crime gathers history, definitions, examples, investigation, prosecution, assessments, challenges, and projections into one definitive reference work on the topic. This two-volume encyclopedia incorporates information about a variety of white-collar crimes, and provides examples of persons, statutes, companies, and convictions. Each entry offers a thorough and thoughtful summary of the topic. Rather than a simple definition, users are given a satisfying and sophisticated synopsis with references for further study.

Dementia and Social Inclusion

Marginalised groups and marginalised areas of dementia research, care and practice
Author: Anthea Innes,Carole Archibald,Charlie Murphy
Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers
ISBN: 9781846420252
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 288
View: 4530

Continue Reading →

'There has been a considerable and welcome growth of publications about dementia care and Jessica Kingsley Publishers has certainly played a very useful part in this growth... we need more not less of this quality of work and writing if society is to include those with dementia as full citizens.' - Christian Council on Ageing 'The editors are to be congratulated on assembling a collection of contributions which make this book a milestone in the literature on dementia research and practice... [They] have collected papers on extraordinarily diverse issues and from a very diverse set of authors. Each of the chapters can be seen as an invaluable introduction to the topic area as well as addressing the main theme of the book. It is a milestone book because it manages to provide a snapshot of dementia studies at this moment in time and will, in my view, be widely quoted by policy makers, practice developers, researchers and trainers for the next few years... In such a treasure trove of approaches and issues it is hard to pick out the most striking... I would recommend this book: all readers of the journal will find chapters that they can use to improve dementia care.' - Journal of Dementia Care 'What makes this particularly notable is that Innes, Archibald and Murphy have harnessed such individual voices to address so cogently. Together they address the core issues, all too often neglected or marginalized, in dementia research and care. Sexuality, communication, risk taking, ethnicity, incontinence and practices within remote rural communities are all subjects that draw threads from the very fabric of our society, and it is indicative of how wide the spectrum has broadened that these historically dispirit strands can be tackled constructively.' - Signpost 'A diverse range of subjects are covered in a series of papers written by numerous professionals of standing from various disciplines... The subjects covered include ethnicity, spirituality, sexuality, dying with dementia (palliative care), faecal incontinence and risk-taking. There is a section addressing aspects of communicating with people with dementia and another covering the medical aspects of dementia that have not had much focus in recent years, such as hypertension and diabetes. Finally, there is a social science perspective, including discussing ways that people with dementia can be involved in the research process. I found the book easy to read and it is well written and clearly presented. Covering marginalized areas of practice, it offers food for thought for the reader and is a welcome addition to current literature'. - British Journal of Occupational Therapy 'This book provides invaluable research results and innovative thinking which professionals studying gerontology and dementia care will find very useful throughout their careers.' - London Centre for Dementia Care Newsletter 'The contributors to this volume examine the barriers to the consideration of social inclusion in the field of dementia studies and argue for the necessity of acknowledging the personhood of all individuals with dementia. The papers discuss the sexuality of people with dementia, communication and risk taking, and dementia care in remote rural communities, among other topics. The volume ends with suggestions for more inclusive values, service development, theory and research'. - Book News 'The book, commendably, tries to look at marginalized issues within dementia, such as death and dying, sexuality and faecal incontinence.' - Mental Health Today 'This is a book for the connoisseur. I wish I had contributed a paper. I wish I had read it even earlier. It will be appreciated by many people, from many backgrounds. This is the study of dementia and dementia-care grown to a new maturity. Chapters are original research papers, communicating new findings and analyses, set in the context of previous knowledge, well reviewed... Thanks to the editors and authors for this little gift. Let's be sure it is read widely.' - David Jolley, director of Dementiaplus Examining important issues in dementia research and care that are often neglected or marginalized, the contributors to this book provide fresh perspectives on current practice. The authors put dementia care into a socio-cultural framework, highlighting the impact of social change on dementia care over the last two decades and challenging current stereotypes. The contributors address the implications of power relationships between carers and people with dementia and discuss a broad spectrum of issues, including: * the sexuality of people with dementia * communication and risk taking * people with dementia from minority ethnic groups * faecal incontinence * dementia care and practice in remote rural communities. Taking an in-depth look at dementia research and service development, this book makes essential reading for practitioners, researchers and students working in the field of dementia care.

Handbook on Building Cultures of Peace


Author: Joseph de Rivera
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387095756
Category: Psychology
Page: 407
View: 4278

Continue Reading →

Mediation and negotiation, personal transformation, non-violent struggle in the community and the world: these behaviors – and their underlying values – underpin the United Nations’ definition of a culture of peace, and are crucial to the creation of such a culture. The Handbook on Building Cultures of Peace addresses this complex and daunting task by presenting an accessible blueprint for this development. Its perspectives are international and interdisciplinary, involving the developing as well as the developed world, with illustrations of states and citizens using peace-based values to create progress on the individual, community, national, and global levels. The result is both realistic and visionary, a prescription for a secure future.