Crime and Justice at the Millennium

Essays by and in Honor of Marvin E. Wolfgang
Author: Marvin Eugene Wolfgang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792375920
Category: Law
Page: 404
View: 1709

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The major theme of this Festschrift will be state-of-the-art criminology at the millennium and its impact into the 21st century. The editors have solicited major figures in contemporary criminology to elucidate the current state and future prospects of criminology at the turn of the century. It is appropriate that such a volume be produced in honor of Marvin E. Wolfgang, the most influential criminologist in the English-speaking world. Those invited to contribute were students or colleagues of Professor Wolfgang and are themselves distinguished criminologists. They represent criminology both of the past and the future. The appeal of the current book is not that it honors Marvin Wolfgang, but rather that it provides an accounting of where the discipline of criminology currently stands and its future directions. Professor Marvin E. Wolfgang was unsurpassed as a criminologist, distinguished mentor, and gentleman. A book designed to contribute to the most contemporary debates in criminology is a most fitting tribute.

Criminal Justice at the Crossroads

Transforming Crime and Punishment
Author: William R. Kelly
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231539223
Category: Social Science
Page: 432
View: 1323

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Over the past forty years, the criminal justice system in the United States has engaged in a very expensive policy failure, attempting to punish its way to public safety, with dismal results. So-called "tough on crime" policies have not only failed to effectively reduce crime, recidivism, and victimization but also created an incredibly inefficient system that routinely fails the public, taxpayers, crime victims, criminal offenders, their families, and their communities. Strategies that focus on behavior change are much more productive and cost effective for reducing crime than punishment, and in this book, William R. Kelly discusses the policy, process, and funding innovations and priorities that the United States needs to effectively reduce crime, recidivism, victimization, and cost. He recommends proactive, evidence-based interventions to address criminogenic behavior; collaborative decision making from a variety of professions and disciplines; and a focus on innovative alternatives to incarceration, such as problem-solving courts and probation. Students, professionals, and policy makers alike will find in this comprehensive text a bracing discussion of how our criminal justice system became broken and the best strategies by which to fix it.

Third Millennium Police

Take Off Trends in India
Author: James Vadackumchery
Publisher: APH Publishing
ISBN: 9788176480628
Category: Criminal justice, Administration of
Page: 175
View: 2410

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Visions for change

crime and justice in the twenty-first century
Author: Roslyn Muraskin,Albert R. Roberts
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 702
View: 7066

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"Thinking about crime and justice in the twenty-first century conjures up an enormously ambitious agenda: an agenda that ranges from the globalization of crime and justice, transnational crime, new technologies, new criminal threats and the continued applicability of old-in some cases-18th century solutions in attempting to combat 21st century problems." - James O. Finckenauer, President, American Criminal Justice Society Courts dispense justice. The crime challenges that face us in the 21st century appear to be more serious than they were in previous centuries. The dimensions of the crime scene have changed. This fourth edition of Visions For Change: Crime and Justice in the Twenty-First Century, consisting of 36 chapters (new and updated) is a representation of all changes reflective in this new century. The law arena has had to adapt to the changes in this "new world" we live in relative to reducing the rights of our citizens to a certain extent. The review of all issues facing us since the acts of September 11, 2001 are examined with the most up-to-date research available. "It would be great to believe that equality exists for all, but that is not yet the case in this Twenty-First century. This work blends research with creativity in an outstanding attempt to shape a vision for the future, a vision that moves us beyond the status quo. The rhetoric alone will not change the system; new policies and plans of action are needed to renew today's visions for tomorrow." - Roslyn Muraskin, Long Island University

Visions for Change

Crime and Justice in the Twenty-first Century
Author: N.A
Publisher: Pearson College Division
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 545
View: 4759

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Topics covered include community policing, obscenity, pornography, public perceptions of crime and criminality, legal issues in policing, impact of international law on the U.S. Death Penalty, juvenile justice, technology and criminal justice, prison privatization, sentencing and life without parole, women in policing.

Droits et voix - Rights and Voices

La criminologie à l'Université d'Ottawa - Criminology at the University of Ottawa
Author: Veronique Strimelle,Françoise Vanhamme
Publisher: University of Ottawa Press
ISBN: 2760319091
Category: Social Science
Page: 284
View: 6136

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Cet ouvrage souligne le 40e anniversaire du Département de criminologie de l’Université d’Ottawa, fondé en 1968. On y relate l’histoire du département de ses origines à nos jours en mettant l’accent sur les débats théoriques qui ont influencé son approche critique et autoréflexive de la criminologie. Les articles qui le composent s’inscrivent dans cet ordre d’idée en mettant en question la perspective traditionnelle de la criminologie sur divers sujets, notamment les études policières, la santé mentale, la violence politique, le suicide et la prévention du crime. Droits et voix souligne le rôle primordial que joue l’Université d’Ottawa dans la redéfinition de la criminologie et la promotion du militantisme, de la justice sociale et de la compassion. -- This volume commemorates the 40th anniversary of the University of Ottawa’s Department of Criminology, founded in 1968. It relates the history of the department from its origins to today, focusing on the theoretical debates that have influenced its critical and self reflexive approach to criminology. The contributions to this volume continue in that vein by questioning the traditional perspective of criminology on a variety of topics including police studies, mental health, political violence, suicide, and crime prevention. Rights and Voices reveals the significant role that the University of Ottawa has played in redefining criminology to advocate activism, social justice, and compassion.

Criminology and Archaeology

Studies in Looted Antiquities
Author: Simon Mackenzie,Penny Green
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847315461
Category: Law
Page: 194
View: 8943

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This collection is the product of a collaborative venture between criminologists and archaeologists concerned with the international market in illicit antiquities. It examines the state of regulation in the antiquities market, with a particular focus on the UK's position, but also with reference to the international context. Looting happens routinely and many countries have rich deposits of cultural material. Antiquities are highly collectable, and there are several prominent international centres for trade. As well as the legitimate face of the antiquities trade there therefore exists an international illicit market in which cultural objects are trafficked for profit in breach of national laws and international conventions. It is within such a complex international and local regulatory context that the essays presented here emerge, focusing upon three areas in particular: the demand for looted antiquities; the supply of cultural artefacts which originate in source countries; and regulation of the international market in antiquities. Criminology has long been interested in transnational crime and its regulation. Archaeologists' concerns lie in the destructive consequences of antiquities looting, which erases our knowledge of the past. In the papers presented here both disciplines present new data and analysis to forge a more coherent understanding of the nature and failings of the regulatory framework currently in place to combat the criminal market in antiquities.

Clinical Risk Management

An introductory text for mental health professionals
Author: Tom Flewett
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0729579344
Category: Medical
Page: 238
View: 9457

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An essential primer for mental health professionals, written with an emphasis on patient care Straightforward and accessible, Clinical Risk Management: An introductory text for mental health clinicians is an essential resource for anyone working in the mental health field in Australia. The book aims to alleviate anxiety in mental health professionals, including psychiatrists, psychologists, nurses, counsellors and mental health care workers, and is written with an emphasis on patient care. Clinical Risk Management spans an extensive range of topics integral to the work of mental health professionals. These topics include an introduction to the concept of risk, an analysis of where risk sits within a mental health setting and an in-depth exploration of the most common mental health risks, including suicide, violence and self-harm. This important medical textbook highlights some more complicated components of clinical risk management; namely psychodynamic principles and boundary issues, managing adverse outcomes and using standardised tools. Existing literature on clinical risk management in the mental health arena is largely limited to journal articles, making Clinical Risk Management: An introductory text for mental health clinicians a necessary and unique health resource. • addresses problems prevalent in psychiatry • looks at the increase in substance abuse in Australian society and the consequences for mental health professionals • offers easy-to-read boxed tips, examples and learning points • is logically structured in four parts, with an overview, clinical skills, types of risk and advanced skills

Crime and Public Policy


Author: James Q. Wilson,Joan Petersilia
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199315043
Category: Law
Page: 656
View: 3427

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Crime in the United States has fluctuated considerably over the past thirty years, as have the policy approaches to deal with it. During this time criminologists and other scholars have helped to shed light on the role of incarceration, prevention, drugs, guns, policing, and numerous other aspects to crime control. Yet the latest research is rarely heard in public discussions and is often missing from the desks of policymakers. This book accessibly summarizes the latest scientific information on the causes of crime and evidence about what does and does not work to control it. Thoroughly revised and updated, this new version of Crime and Public Policy will include twenty chapters and five new substantial entries. As with previous editions, each essay reviews the existing literature, discusses the methodological rigor of the studies, identifies what policies and programs the studies suggest, and then points to policies now implemented that fail to reflect the evidence. The chapters cover the principle institutions of the criminal justice system (juvenile justice, police, prisons, probation and parole, sentencing), how broader aspects of social life inhibit or encourage crime (biology, schools, families, communities), and topics currently generating a great deal of attention (criminal activities of gangs, sex offenders, prisoner reentry, changing crime rates). With contributions from trusted, leading scholars, Crime and Public Policy offers the most comprehensive and balanced guide to how the latest and best social science research informs the understanding of crime and its control for policymakers, community leaders, and students of crime and criminal justice.

The Socio-economics of Crime and Justice


Author: Brian Forst
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 9781563240744
Category: Political Science
Page: 329
View: 7956

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This book on crime and justice is motivated primarily by the idea that individual behaviour is influenced both by self-interest and by conscience, or by a sense of community responsibility. Forst has assembled a collection of authors who are writing in four parts: (1) the philosophical foundations and the moral dimension of crime and punishment; (2) the sense of community and the way it influences the problem of crime; (3) on offenders and offences; and (4) on the response of the criminal justice system.

Genocide at the Millennium


Author: Samuel Totten,Marc I. Sherman
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781412824460
Category: Social Science
Page: 302
View: 5944

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This fifth volume in the series "Genocide: A Critical Bibliographical Review" focuses on both the genocidal activity that has taken place over the past fourteen years and a critique of the international community's response to genocide and potential genocidal.

International Perspectives on Crime and Justice


Author: K. Jaishankar
Publisher: K. Jaishankar
ISBN: 1443801984
Category: Law
Page: 741
View: 2809

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In a world of growing interdependence, crimes are no longer confined by national boundaries. In this context, the necessity to understand criminological developments across the globe becomes imperative. This book aims to offer cross-cultural perspectives of different criminological issues and criminal justice systems operating worldwide. This book emphasizes the collective understanding of criminological problems from an international perspective. This book is a quintessence of contemporary criminological developments, with a global outlook. The book is an edited volume of articles collected from criminologists all over the world. It is a peer reviewed collection. The chapters focuses on various criminological issues such as Bullying, Child abuse, Corrections (Institutional and Community), Cyber crimes, Corporate crime, Corruption, Costs of crime, Crime Analysis, Crime prevention, Crime Mapping and GIS, Criminal justice systems, Environmental crime, Ethnic/communal/caste conflicts, Family violence, Fear of crime, High tech crimes, Homicide, Human trafficking, Juvenile Delinquency, Organized crime, Offenders including women offenders, Policing, Prisons, Public attitudes, Restorative justice, Sexual assault, Stalking, Theories of crime, Transnational crime, Victimology, Violence, White collar crime, and Workplace violence.The book aims to provide theoretical frameworks and pragmatic discussions on Criminology and Criminal Justice. It is intended for Academics, Criminal Justice professionals, and Graduate Students who want to improve their understanding of the issues and challenges that arise when issues related to criminology and criminal justice cross national boundaries. Also, practitioners and academics of allied fields like sociology, psychology, geography, political science, public administration and forensic sciences whose research interests include either crime/criminal justice system/Victim or crime analysis will find this book useful."The comprehensive framework of this book means that it provides a rich variety of international perspectives on an array of crime and justice-related issues. The thirty chapters presented here are a treasure trove of insights in terms of both topical variety and approaches within topic. Dr. Jaishankar has assembled a valuable collection of readings that will find broad acceptance internationally." Prof. Keith Harries (From the Foreword)

Criminal Justice and the Catholic Church


Author: Andrew Skotnicki
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742552036
Category: Religion
Page: 165
View: 5490

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The Catholic Church has had a dramatic impact on both the structure and understanding of criminal justice up to the present. This book surveys the history of the church to suggest that despite demonstrable abuses, a humane and redemptive theory of criminal justice can be constructed that is harmonious with biblical sources, tradition, and current normative emphases in Catholic social thought.

Courts and Criminal Justice in Contemporary China


Author: Sue Trevaskes,Susan Trevaskes
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739119884
Category: History
Page: 227
View: 9394

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This book considers 'law on display' in Chinese courts. As the first sustained study of criminal trials, rallies, and campaigns in Chinese courts, it offers an account of how law and punishment is constructed and represented both in practice and in rhetoric.

Criminals in the Making

Criminality Across the Life Course
Author: John Paul Wright,Stephen G. Tibbetts,Leah E. Daigle
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483321932
Category: Social Science
Page: 328
View: 1012

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Why do individuals exposed to the same environment turn out so differently, with some engaging in crime and others abiding by societal rules and norms? Why are males involved in violent crime more often than females? And why do the precursors of serious pathological behavior typically emerge in childhood? Criminals in the Making: Criminality Across the Life Course, Second Edition, by John Paul Wright, Stephen G. Tibbetts, and Leah E. Daigle, addresses key questions surrounding criminal propensity by discussing studies of the life-course perspective—criminological research that links biological factors associated with criminality with the social and environmental agents thought to cause, facilitate, or otherwise influence a tendency towards criminal activity. The book provides comprehensive, interdisciplinary coverage of the current thinking in the field about criminal behavior over the course of a lifetime. Additionally, it highlights interventions proven effective and illustrates how the life-course perspective has contributed to a greater understanding of the causes of crime.

The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice


Author: Barry C. Feld,Donna M. Bishop
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019020883X
Category: Social Science
Page: 960
View: 780

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Over the last two decades, researchers have made significant discoveries about the causes and origins of delinquency. Specifically, we have learned a great deal about adolescent development and its relationship to decision-making, about multiple factors that contribute to delinquency, and about the processes and contexts associated with the course of delinquent careers. Over the same period, public officials have made sweeping jurisprudential, jurisdictional, and procedural changes in our juvenile justice systems. The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice presents a timely compilation of state-of-the-art critical reviews of knowledge about causes of delinquency and their significance for justice policy, and about developments in the juvenile justice system to prevent and control youth crime. The first half of the handbook focuses on juvenile crime and examines trends and patterns in delinquency and victimization, explores causes of delinquency-at the individual, micro-social, and macro-social levels, and from natural and social science perspectives-and their implications for structuring a youth justice system. The second half of the handbook concentrates on juvenile justice and examines a range of issues-including the historical origins and re-invention of the juvenile court; juvenile offenders' mental health status and considerations of trial competence and culpability; intake, diversion, detention, and juvenile courts; and transfer/waiver strategies-and considers how the juvenile justice system itself influences delinquency. The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice provides a comprehensive overview of juvenile crime and juvenile justice administration by authors who are all leading scholars involved in cutting-edge research, and is an essential resource for scholars, students, and justice officials.