The Credential society

an historical sociology of education and stratification
Author: Randall Collins
Publisher: Academic Pr
ISBN: N.A
Category: Education
Page: 222
View: 8646

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Sociology of Marriage & the Family

Gender, Love, and Property
Author: Scott Coltrane,Randall Collins
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780534579609
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 634
View: 1688

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This sociological analysis of the system of marriage and family focuses on the family as an institution in society. It uniquely encompasses many facets of society, and students are able to learn about family seen through a cultural and historical perspective. The book sets a high conceptual standard, but uses informal writing and minimal jargon. It presents the perspectives of critical and questioning academics (feminists, progressives, anti-racists, independent-thinkers, cross-disciplinary types, etc.) within a scholarly, well-researched text. It addresses a host of real world issues and practical concerns.

Sociological Insight

An Introduction to Non-obvious Sociology
Author: Randall Collins
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195074420
Category: Social Science
Page: 206
View: 5556

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Revised and expanded to incorporate recent research, this classic text now offers a more comprehensive introduction to many of sociology's most interesting and elegant ideas, written with a grace and wit that have delighted a generation of students. Beginning with a central problem that distinguishes sociology from most other ways of looking at the world, Randall Collins examines the limits of human rationality and sociological theories of religion, showing how they open up a general theory of social rituals that holds the key to much of the rest of sociology. With these conceptual tools in hand, he invites students to ponder how sociological analysis can illuminate a variety of urgent topics--power, crime, sex, love, and the position of women in society--as it reveals both their visible social symbols and their paradoxical deep structures. In a new final chapter, Collins stakes out an important role for sociology in the information age, while coming full circle to the theories of rationality and ritual with which he began, showing that artificial intelligence can approximate human creativity only if it can take part in ritual interactions. Uniquely engaging, Sociological Insight dramatizes the major issues and concerns of sociology in a way that gets students thinking and talking, and whets their appetites for more.

Conflict Sociology

A Sociological Classic Updated
Author: Randall Collins,Stephen K. Sanderson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317262174
Category: Social Science
Page: 368
View: 4330

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This new edition is a substantial abridgment and update of Randall Collins's 1975 classic, Conflict Sociology. The first edition represented the most powerful and comprehensive statement of conflict theory in its time. Here, Sanderson has retained the core chapters and added discussions on Collins's and others' work in recent years. An afterword summarizes Collins's latest forays into microsociological theorizing and attempts to demonstrate how his newer microsociology and older macrosociology are connected.

Disciplined Minds

A Critical Look at Salaried Professionals and the Soul-battering System that Shapes Their Lives
Author: Jeff Schmidt
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742516854
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 304
View: 2615

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This book details the battle one must fight to be an independent thinker, showing how an honest reassessment of what it means to be a professional in today's corporate society can be remarkably liberating. Poignant examples from the world of work reveal the workplace as a battleground for the very identity of the individual. Schmidt contends that professional work is inherently political—that the unstated duty of professionals is to maintain strict "ideological discipline." Career dissatisfaction evolves as workers lose control over the political component of their creative work. After reading this insightful book, no one who works for a living will ever think the same way about their job. Jeff Schmidt lives in Washington, D.C., where he is an editor forPhysics Today.

Violence

A Micro-sociological Theory
Author: Randall Collins
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400831753
Category: Social Science
Page: 584
View: 4122

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In the popular misconception fostered by blockbuster action movies and best-selling thrillers--not to mention conventional explanations by social scientists--violence is easy under certain conditions, like poverty, racial or ideological hatreds, or family pathologies. Randall Collins challenges this view in Violence, arguing that violent confrontation goes against human physiological hardwiring. It is the exception, not the rule--regardless of the underlying conditions or motivations. Collins gives a comprehensive explanation of violence and its dynamics, drawing upon video footage, cutting-edge forensics, and ethnography to examine violent situations up close as they actually happen--and his conclusions will surprise you. Violence comes neither easily nor automatically. Antagonists are by nature tense and fearful, and their confrontational anxieties put up a powerful emotional barrier against violence. Collins guides readers into the very real and disturbing worlds of human discord--from domestic abuse and schoolyard bullying to muggings, violent sports, and armed conflicts. He reveals how the fog of war pervades all violent encounters, limiting people mostly to bluster and bluff, and making violence, when it does occur, largely incompetent, often injuring someone other than its intended target. Collins shows how violence can be triggered only when pathways around this emotional barrier are presented. He explains why violence typically comes in the form of atrocities against the weak, ritualized exhibitions before audiences, or clandestine acts of terrorism and murder--and why a small number of individuals are competent at violence. Violence overturns standard views about the root causes of violence and offers solutions for confronting it in the future.

Inequality Across Societies

Families, Schools and Persisting Stratification
Author: David Baker
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0762310618
Category: Education
Page: 292
View: 5147

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Most societies place great faith in the modern school's power to offer children a more prosperous future, from better jobs to wider social opportunities. In turn, political leaders around the world push to expand western forms of schooling, creating more slots for children, from preschool through university levels. Yet despite this remarkable institutional change, are societies becoming equitable, especially for those groups living on the margins of civil society? Why, in too many cases, has schooling failed to deliver on its promise of reducing economic and social disparities? This volume addresses these questions, taking the reader into a variety of nations and cultural settings. With studies from Europe, the Middle East, Africa, and Asia, the volume illuminates how schools can reduce or reinforce the layered stratification of society, even in nations with non-western traditions. The contributors, diverse in their own origins and viewpoints, advance our understanding of stratification by highlighting how a nation's history, particular institutions, and cultural context shape the school's efficiency as an agent of equity. The chapters move beyond individual conceptions of attainment and distinguish near-universal versus country-specific mechanisms that characterize the interplay between school expansion and inequality. - Shows how schools can reduce or reinforce the layered stratification of society, even in nations with non-western traditions

Degrees of Inequality

Culture, Class, and Gender in American Higher Education
Author: Ann L. Mullen
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801899126
Category: Education
Page: 264
View: 3588

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Moving interviews with 100 students at the two institutions highlight how American higher education reinforces the same inequities it has been aiming to transcend.

Interaction Ritual Chains


Author: Randall Collins
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400851742
Category: Social Science
Page: 464
View: 1304

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Sex, smoking, and social stratification are three very different social phenomena. And yet, argues sociologist Randall Collins, they and much else in our social lives are driven by a common force: interaction rituals. Interaction Ritual Chains is a major work of sociological theory that attempts to develop a "radical microsociology." It proposes that successful rituals create symbols of group membership and pump up individuals with emotional energy, while failed rituals drain emotional energy. Each person flows from situation to situation, drawn to those interactions where their cultural capital gives them the best emotional energy payoff. Thinking, too, can be explained by the internalization of conversations within the flow of situations; individual selves are thoroughly and continually social, constructed from the outside in. The first half of Interaction Ritual Chains is based on the classic analyses of Durkheim, Mead, and Goffman and draws on micro-sociological research on conversation, bodily rhythms, emotions, and intellectual creativity. The second half discusses how such activities as sex, smoking, and social stratification are shaped by interaction ritual chains. For example, the book addresses the emotional and symbolic nature of sexual exchanges of all sorts--from hand-holding to masturbation to sexual relationships with prostitutes--while describing the interaction rituals they involve. This book will appeal not only to psychologists, sociologists, and anthropologists, but to those in fields as diverse as human sexuality, religious studies, and literary theory.

Universities and the Production of Elites

Discourses, Policies, and Strategies of Excellence and Stratification in Higher Education
Author: Roland Bloch,Alexander Mitterle,Catherine Paradeise,Tobias Peter
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319539701
Category: Education
Page: 294
View: 6708

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This book explores how universities as organizations influence and construct the production of academic elites and elitist institutions. It analyzes the role played by the reorganization of higher education (HE) institutions, stimulated by new performance-based narratives aimed at building attractiveness towards stakeholders such as governments, prospective employers, academics, and students. Based on American, European, and Asian case studies of HE systems and institutions considered at various scales, the volume analyzes the consequences of increasing competition between HE institutions which are facing challenges such as the internationalization of higher education supply, the shortage of public resources and the structural changes of labor market demands. It argues that policy discourses and tools, as well as assessment devices such as rankings and accreditation, incentivize HE institutions to develop positioning strategies that contribute to stratification and the production of elites. It will be of great interest to students and researchers in the fields of higher education, sociology, and education policy.

Culture and Society, 1780-1950


Author: Raymond Williams
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231057011
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 362
View: 6067

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The romantic artist - Mill on bentham and coleridge - Thomas carlyle - The industrial novels - J.H. Newman and Matthew Arnold - Art and society - Interregnum - Twentieth-century opinions.

Routledge Handbook of the Sociology of Higher Education


Author: James E. Cote,Andy Furlong
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317677781
Category: Social Science
Page: 396
View: 7923

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This is the first handbook to cover the sociological approaches to higher education. It is timely because of global expansions of mass higher educational systems, especially as these systems come under scrutiny by a variety of stakeholders. Questions are being raised about the value of traditional pedagogies along with calls for efficiency, accountability and cost-reduction, but above all job training. Within this neoliberal context, each chapter examines different sociological aspects of, and debates about, educational institutions as status-conferring organizations, with myriad positional characteristics, experiences, and outcomes. Many current debates concern the legitimacy of the statuses conferred, including the continuing debate regarding the role of universities in legitimating social class reproduction as well as more recent concerns about standards in mass systems. This handbook puts these issues and debates in focus in ways that will be of interest to a variety of stakeholders, within academia as well as in policy circles.

Power, Meaning, and Identity

Essays in Critical Educational Studies
Author: Michael W. Apple
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9780820444277
Category: Education
Page: 252
View: 578

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Michael W. Apple's critical writings have been influential throughout the world. This collection brings together many of his essays on curriculum, evaluation, and critical educational and cultural theory. In clear and unmystified prose, these essays enhance our understanding of how thoroughly political educational policies and practices actually are. In the process, he illuminates the histories and realities of class, race, and gender in education. Combining work written for a broad and general audience with that aimed at those who are already grounded in the multiple traditions of critical educational studies, Apple's unique voice - nuanced, passionate, and clear - comes through.

21st Century Sociology: A Reference Handbook


Author: Clifton D. Bryant,Dennis L. Peck
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412916089
Category: Social Science
Page: 1344
View: 6156

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21st Century Sociology: A Reference Handbook provides a concise forum through which the vast array of knowledge accumulated, particularly during the past three decades, can be organized into a single definitive resource. The two volumes of this Reference Handbook focus on the corpus of knowledge garnered in traditional areas of sociological inquiry, as well as document the general orientation of the newer and currently emerging areas of sociological inquiry.

Four Sociological Traditions


Author: Randall Collins
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195082081
Category: Social Science
Page: 321
View: 5927

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The updated version of Collins's critically-acclaimed Three Sociological Traditions, this text presents a concise intellectual history of sociology organized around the development of four classic schools of thought: the conflict tradition of Marx and Weber, the ritual solidarity of Durkheim, the microinteractionist tradition of Mead, Blumer, and Garfinkel, and - new to this edition - the utilitarian/rational choice tradition. Collins, one of the liveliest and most exciting writers in sociology today, traces the intellectual highlights of these four main schools from classical theories to current developments, introducing the roots of sociology and indicating the areas where progress has been made in our understanding, the areas where controversy still exists, and the direction in which sociology is headed.

Small futures

children, inequality, and the limits of liberal reform
Author: Richard H. De Lone,Carnegie Council on Children
Publisher: Harcourt
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 258
View: 1719

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Argues that reformers have failed to address the real problems of poor children and explores some new possibilities for providing youngsters with an equal chance in life

Weberian Sociological Theory


Author: Randall Collins
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521314268
Category: Philosophy
Page: 356
View: 8893

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A new interpretation of Weberian sociology, showing its relevance to current world isues.

The Struggle for the American Curriculum, 1893-1958


Author: Herbert M. Kliebard
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415948906
Category: Education
Page: 330
View: 907

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Examining the struggle for the American curriculum, this book covers topics such as curriculum ferment in the 1890s; the curriculum of the Dewey school; scientific curriculum-making; subject re-alignment and vocationalism; and the Great Depression and social reconstructionism.