Cosmos

An Illustrated History of Astronomy and Cosmology
Author: John North
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226594416
Category: Science
Page: 876
View: 4316

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The definitive history of humanity's search to find its place within the universe. North charts the history of astronomy and cosmology from the Paleolithic period to the present day.

Cosmos

an illustrated history of astronomy and cosmology
Author: John David North
Publisher: University Of Chicago Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 876
View: 6276

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For millennia humans have studied the skies to help them grow crops, navigate the seas, and earn favor from their gods. We still look to the stars today for answers to fundamental questions: How did the universe begin? Will it end, and if so, how? What is our place within it? John North has been examining such questions for decades. In Cosmos, he offers a sweeping historical survey of the two sciences that help define our place in the universe: astronomy and cosmology. Organizing his history chronologically, North begins by examining Paleolithic cave drawings that clearly chart the phases of the moon. He then investigates scientific practices in the early civilizations of Egypt, Greece, China, and the Americas (among others), whose inhabitants developed sophisticated methods to record the movements of the planets and stars. Trade routes and religious movements, North notes, brought these ancient styles of scientific thinking to the attention of later astronomers, whose own theories—such as Copernicus’ planetary theory—led to the Scientific Revolution. The work of master astronomers, including Ptolemy, Galileo, Kepler, and Newton, is described in detail, as are modern-day developments in astrophysics, such as the advent of radio astronomy, the brilliant innovations of Einstein, and the many recent discoveries brought about with the help of the Hubble telescope. This new edition brings North’s seminal book right up to the present day, as North takes a closer look at last year’s reclassification of Pluto as a “dwarf” planet and gives a thorough overview of current research. With more than two hundred illustrations and a comprehensive bibliography, Cosmos is the definitive history of astronomy and cosmology. It is sure to find an eager audience among historians of science and astronomers alike.

Cosmos

An Illustrated History of Astronomy and Cosmology
Author: John North
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 876
View: 6460

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The definitive history of humanity's search to find its place within the universe. North charts the history of astronomy and cosmology from the Paleolithic period to the present day.

A History of Astronomy


Author: Anton Pannekoek
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486659941
Category: Science
Page: 521
View: 3156

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Well-balanced, carefully reasoned study covers such topics as Ptolemaic theory, work of Copernicus, Kepler, Newton, Eddington's work on stars, much more. Illustrated. References.

A History of Astronomy from Thales to Kepler


Author: J. L. E. Dreyer
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486600793
Category: Science
Page: 438
View: 773

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Masterpiece of historical insight and scientific accuracy and the definitive work on Greek astronomy and the Copernican Revolution. Includes surveys of European and Islamic cosmologies of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.

Encyclopedia of Cosmology (Routledge Revivals)

Historical, Philosophical, and Scientific Foundations of Modern Cosmology
Author: Norriss S. Hetherington
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131767765X
Category: Science
Page: 686
View: 1557

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The Encyclopedia of Cosmology, first published in 1993, recounts the history, philosophical assumptions, methodological ambiguities, and human struggles that have influenced the various responses to the basic questions of cosmology through the ages, as well as referencing important scientific theories. Just as the recognition of social conventions in other cultures can lead to a more productive perspective on our own behaviour, so too a study of the cosmologies of other times and places can enable us recognise elements of our own cosmology that might otherwise pass as inevitable developments. Apart from modern natural science, therefore, this volume incorporates brief treatments of Native American, Cave-Dweller, Chinese, Egyptian, Islamic, Megalithic, Mesopotamian, Greek, Medieval and Copernican cosmology, leading to an appreciation of cosmology as an intellectual creation, not merely a collection of facts. It is a valuable reference tool for any student or academic with an interest in the history of science and cosmology specifically.

The Cambridge Illustrated History of Astronomy


Author: Michael A. Hoskin
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780521411585
Category: Science
Page: 392
View: 8451

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Traces the history of astronomy as a science from ancient times to the present and describes the discoveries that have contributed to current beliefs about space and the universe

The History and Practice of Ancient Astronomy


Author: James Evans
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199874453
Category: Science
Page: 496
View: 8858

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The History and Practice of Ancient Astronomy combines new scholarship with hands-on science to bring readers into direct contact with the work of ancient astronomers. While tracing ideas from ancient Babylon to sixteenth-century Europe, the book places its greatest emphasis on the Greek period, when astronomers developed the geometric and philosophical ideas that have determined the subsequent character of Western astronomy. The author approaches this history through the concrete details of ancient astronomical practice. Carefully organized and generously illustrated, the book can teach readers how to do real astronomy using the methods of ancient astronomers. For example, readers will learn to predict the next retrograde motion of Jupiter using either the arithmetical methods of the Babylonians or the geometric methods of Ptolemy. They will learn how to use an astrolabe and how to design sundials using Greek and Roman techniques. The book also contains supplementary exercises and patterns for making some working astronomical instruments, including an astrolabe and an equatorium. More than a presentation of astronomical methods, the book provides a critical look at the evidence used to reconstruct ancient astronomy. It includes extensive excerpts from ancient texts, meticulous documentation, and lively discussions of the role of astronomy in the various cultures. Accessible to a wide audience, this book will appeal to anyone interested in how our understanding of our place in the universe has changed and developed, from ancient times through the Renaissance.

Cosmos


Author: Carl Sagan
Publisher: Ballantine Books
ISBN: 0345539435
Category: Science
Page: 396
View: 7665

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Presents an illustrated guide to the universe and to Earth's relationship to it, moving from theories of creation to humankind's discovery of the cosmos, to general relativity, to space missions, and beyond.

The Cosmic Century

A History of Astrophysics and Cosmology
Author: M. S. Longair
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521474361
Category: Science
Page: 545
View: 9164

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Reviews the historical development of all the key areas of modern astrophysics.

The Fontana History of Astronomy and Cosmology


Author: John David North
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Astronomy
Page: 697
View: 6389

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The big bang, black holes, space travel and life in other galaxies - this is the stuff of science fiction and the subject of much current speculation and research on the part of astronomers and cosmologists. Back in the Stone Age, men struggled to build calendars using 30-foot high rocks, while the Phoenicians, Moors and Chinese learnt to map the heavens in order to move around the earth and seas. This book shows how man's chronological needs pulled scientific developments along and helped generate the geometrical and mathematical principles in operation today.

The Astronomy Revolution

400 Years of Exploring the Cosmos
Author: Donald G. York,Owen Gingerich,Shuang-Nan Zhang
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1439836019
Category: Science
Page: 450
View: 6735

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Some 400 years after the first known patent application for a telescope by Hans Lipperhey, The Astronomy Revolution: 400 Years of Exploring the Cosmos surveys the effects of this instrument and explores the questions that have arisen out of scientific research in astronomy and cosmology. Inspired by the international New Vision 400 conference held in Beijing in October 2008, this interdisciplinary volume brings together expanded and updated contributions from 26 esteemed conference speakers and invited others. Looking beyond questions of science to the role of moral responsibility in human civilizations, the book offers the unique vantage points of contributions from both Eastern and Western cultures. Extensively illustrated in full color, this book consists of six parts. Aimed at young scientists, the first part presents perspectives on creativity and technology in scientific discovery. In the second part, contributors examine how the telescope has impacted our knowledge of the Universe—from the formation of galaxies to the death of stars. The third part of the book outlines some of the challenges we face in understanding dark matter, dark energy, black holes, and cosmic rays, and the fourth part discusses new technologies that will be useful in attacking new and unresolved questions. The fifth part of the book examines the intellectual impact that the telescope has had on society in China and in the West. The book concludes with an investigation of "big questions": What is the origin of the laws of physics as we know them? Are these laws the same everywhere? How do these scientific laws relate to the moral laws of society? Does what we know depend on cultural ways of asking the questions? Is there life elsewhere? And what about the questions that science cannot answer? Celebrating the historical significance of the telescope, this unique book seeks to inspire all those involved or interested in the enterprise of astronomy as humankind continues the quest to unveil the heavens.

Galaxy

Mapping the Cosmos
Author: James Geach
Publisher: Reaktion Books
ISBN: 1780233965
Category: Science
Page: 256
View: 8994

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Each night, we are able to gaze up at the night sky and look at the thousands of stars that stretch to the end of our individual horizons. But the stars we see are only those that make up our own Milky Way galaxy—but one of hundreds of billions in the whole of the universe, each separated by inconceivably huge tracts of empty space. In this book, astronomer James Geach tells the rich stories of both the evolution of galaxies and our ability to observe them, offering a fascinating history of how we’ve come to realize humanity’s tiny place in the vast universe. Taking us on a compelling tour of the state-of-the-art science involved in mapping the infinite, Geach offers a first-hand account of both the science itself and how it is done, describing what we currently know as well as that which we still do not. He goes back one hundred years to when scientists first proved the existence of other galaxies, tracking our continued improvement in the ability to collect and interpret the light that stars in faraway galaxies have emitted through space and time. He discusses examples of this rapidly accelerating research, from the initial discovery that the faint “spiral nebulae” were actually separate star systems located far beyond the Milky Way to the latest observations of the nature of galaxies and how they have evolved. He also delves into the theoretical framework and simulations that describe our current “world model” of the universe. With one hundred superb color illustrations, Galaxy is an illuminating guide to the choreography of the cosmos and how we came to know our place within it that will appeal to any stargazer who has wondered what was beyond their sight.

One Universe:

At Home in the Cosmos
Author: Charles Tsun-Chu Liu,Neil de Grasse Tyson,Robert Irion
Publisher: Joseph Henry Press
ISBN: 0309064880
Category: Science
Page: 224
View: 3145

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A new window opens onto the cosmos... Almost every day we are challenged by new information from the outermost reaches of space. Using straightforward language, One Universe explores the physical principles that govern the workings of our own world so that we can appreciate how they operate in the cosmos around us. Bands of color in a sunlit crystal and the spectrum of starlight in giant telescopes, the arc of a hard-hit baseball and the orbit of the moon, traffic patterns on a freeway and the spiral arms in a galaxy full of stars--they're all tied together in grand and simple ways. We can understand the vast cosmos in which we live by exploring three basic concepts: motion, matter, and energy. With these as a starting point, One Universe shows how the physical principles that operate in our kitchens and backyards are actually down-to-Earth versions of cosmic processes. The book then takes us to the limits of our knowledge, asking the ultimate questions about the origins and existence of life as we know it and where the universe came from--and where it is going. Glorious photographs--many seen for the first time in these pages--and original illustrations expand and enrich our understanding. Evocative and clearly written, One Universe explains complex ideas in ways that every reader can grasp and enjoy. This book captures the grandeur of the heavens while making us feel at home in the cosmos. Above all, it helps us realize that galaxies, stars, planets, and we ourselves all belong to One Universe.

How the Universe Works

An Illustrated Guide to the Cosmos and All We Know About It
Author: Chartwell Books
Publisher: Chartwell Books
ISBN: 0785835415
Category: Science
Page: 256
View: 3943

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The cosmos is a complex and intricate system that astronomers have been trying to dissect for years. From Galileo and Copernicus to the Space Race and Modern Day NASA missions, humanity has craved more knowledge about the universe and how it works. Hundreds of years of scientific discovery, and there’s still so much to learn. How the Universe Works is the latest installment in a series of books that deconstructs how things work and explains in a format that is easy to understand. With beautiful and detailed visuals in the form of info-graphics, 3D illustrations, cutaways and renderings, How the Universe Works offers a tiny glimpse of the massive stretch of the universe. Each page delves more into the composition of the stars and shows the information in such a way that makes even the most complex phenomenons easy to understand. Learn how different cosmic bodies interact with one another, why, and how humanity has worked to understand space. The observable universe spans billions and billions of light years. How the Universe Works is a work intended to put the cosmos in the hands of its readers. Understanding the most complex mechanisms that rule space is quite a task, but with information for the entire family, this editorial ally is perfect for getting immersed in the intricacies of the observable universe and all its natural beauty

The Universe

An Illustrated History of Astronomy
Author: Tom Jackson
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780985323059
Category: Science
Page: 144
View: 370

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Covering one hundred scientific breakthroughs, presents a history of astronomy and man's quest to understand the universe.

Stonehenge

A New Interpretation of Prehistoric Man and the Cosmos
Author: John David North
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0684845121
Category: Science
Page: 609
View: 3732

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Argues that Stonehenge's scientific purpose was to observe the setting midwinter sun, and that astronomical observations made by the ancient Britons were as rational and methodical as they are today

The Cambridge Concise History of Astronomy


Author: Michael Hoskin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521576000
Category: Gardening
Page: 362
View: 3919

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Astronomy is one of the oldest sciences, and one which has repeatedly led to fundamental changes in our view of the world. This book covers the history of our study of the cosmos from prehistory to a survey of modern astronomy and astrophysics. It does not attempt to cover everything, but deliberately concentrates on the important themes and topics, including stellar astronomy in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries--the source of many important concepts in modern astronomy--and the Copernican revolution, which led to the challenge of ancient authorities in many areas other than astronomy. This is an essential text for students of the history of science and for students of astronomy who require a historical background to their studies.

The History of Astronomy: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Michael Hoskin
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191577731
Category: Science
Page: 136
View: 5889

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Astronomy, perhaps the first of the sciences, was already well developed by the time of Christ. Seventeen centuries later, after Newton showed that the movements of the planets could be explained in terms of gravitation, it became the paradigm for the mathematical sciences. In the nineteenth century the analysis of star-light allowed astrophysicists to determine both the chemical composition and the radial velocities of celestial bodies, while the development of photography enabled distant objects invisible to the human eye, to be studied and measured in comfort. Technical developments during and since the Second World War have greatly enlarged the scope of the science by permitting the study of radiation. This is a fascinating introduction to the history of Western astronomy, from prehistoric times to the origins of astrophysics in the mid-nineteenth century. Historical records are first found in Babylon and Egypt, and after two millennia the arithmetical astronomy of the Babylonians merged with the Greek geometrical approach to culminate in the Almagest of Ptolemy. This legacy was transmitted to the Latin West via Islam, and led to Copernicus's claim that the Earth is in motion. In justifying this Kepler converted astronomy into a branch of dynamics, leading to Newton's universal law of gravity. The book concludes with eighteenth- and nineteenth-century applications of Newton's law, and the first explorations of the universe of stars. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

The Stars

The Definitive Visual Guide to the Cosmos
Author: DK
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1465459030
Category: Science
Page: 256
View: 9778

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The definitive visual guide to exploring all the marvels of the stars, the Milky Way, and the universe beyond. Chart the wonders of the cosmos in our own solar system and beyond with The Stars. Packed with 3-D artworks of each constellation and incredible new imagery from the Hubble Space Telescope, ground-based observatories worldwide, and more, this awe-inspiring guide features the most fascinating objects known to astronomy, from glittering star-birth nebulae to supermassive black holes. The position, size, and color of every night-sky object is revealed with unprecedented clarity, and a specially commissioned 3-D model of the celestial sphere that surrounds our planet charts all 88 constellations, together forming a complete map of the sky. From the Big Bang to the search for extraterrestrial life, key areas in astronomy and cosmology are covered, and colorful infographics distill a wealth of data into an easy-to-digest visual format. Whether you want to know more about space and the night sky or are eager to take up stargazing, The Stars is your guide to exploring these fascinating marvels of the universe.