Corporate Romanticism

Liberalism, Justice, and the Novel
Author: Daniel M. Stout
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0823272230
Category: Law
Page: 272
View: 2372

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Corporate Romanticism offers an alternative history of the connections between modernity, individualism, and the novel. In early nineteenth-century England, two developments-the rise of corporate persons and the expanded scale of industrial action-undermined the basic assumption underpinning both liberalism and the law: that individual human persons can be meaningfully correlated with specific actions and particular effects. Reading works by Godwin, Austen, Hogg, Mary Shelley, and Dickens alongside a wide-ranging set of debates in nineteenth-century law and Romantic politics and aesthetics, Daniel Stout argues that the novel, a literary form long understood as a reflection of individualism's ideological ascent, in fact registered the fragile fictionality of accountable individuals in a period defined by corporate actors and expansively entangled fields of action. Examining how liberalism, the law, and the novel all wrestled with the moral implications of a highly collectivized and densely packed modernity, Corporate Romanticism reconfigures our sense of the nineteenth century and its novels, arguing that we see in them not simply the apotheosis of laissez-fair individualism but the first chapter of a crucial and distinctly modern problem about how to fit the individualist and humanist terms of justice onto a world in which the most consequential agents are no longer persons.

The Work of Mourning


Author: Jacques Derrida
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226142814
Category: Philosophy
Page: 262
View: 3476

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Jacques Derrida is, in the words of the New York Times, "perhaps the world's most famous philosopher—if not the only famous philosopher." He often provokes controversy as soon as his name is mentioned. But he also inspires the respect that comes from an illustrious career, and, among many who were his colleagues and peers, he inspired friendship. The Work of Mourning is a collection that honors those friendships in the wake of passing. Gathered here are texts—letters of condolence, memorial essays, eulogies, funeral orations—written after the deaths of well-known figures: Roland Barthes, Paul de Man, Michel Foucault, Louis Althusser, Edmond Jabès, Louis Marin, Sarah Kofman, Gilles Deleuze, Emmanuel Levinas, Jean-François Lyotard, Max Loreau, Jean-Marie Benoist, Joseph Riddel, and Michel Servière. With his words, Derrida bears witness to the singularity of a friendship and to the absolute uniqueness of each relationship. In each case, he is acutely aware of the questions of tact, taste, and ethical responsibility involved in speaking of the dead—the risks of using the occasion for one's own purposes, political calculation, personal vendetta, and the expiation of guilt. More than a collection of memorial addresses, this volume sheds light not only on Derrida's relation to some of the most prominent French thinkers of the past quarter century but also on some of the most important themes of Derrida's entire oeuvre-mourning, the "gift of death," time, memory, and friendship itself. "In his rapt attention to his subjects' work and their influence upon him, the book also offers a hesitant and tangential retelling of Derrida's own life in French philosophical history. There are illuminating and playful anecdotes—how Lyotard led Derrida to begin using a word-processor; how Paul de Man talked knowledgeably of jazz with Derrida's son. Anyone who still thinks that Derrida is a facetious punster will find such resentful prejudice unable to survive a reading of this beautiful work."—Steven Poole, Guardian "Strikingly simpa meditations on friendship, on shared vocations and avocations and on philosophy and history."—Publishers Weekly

The Writer of Modern Life

Essays on Charles Baudelaire
Author: Walter Benjamin
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674022874
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 306
View: 3779

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Walter Benjamin's essays on the great French lyric poet Charles Baudelaire revolutionized not just the way we think about Baudelaire, but our understanding of modernity and modernism as well. In these essays, Benjamin challenges the image of Baudelaire as late-Romantic dreamer, and evokes instead the modern poet caught in a life-or-death struggle with the forces of the urban commodity capitalism that had emerged in Paris around 1850. The Baudelaire who steps forth from these pages is the flâneur who affixes images as he strolls through mercantile Paris, the ragpicker who collects urban detritus only to turn it into poetry, the modern hero willing to be marked by modern life in its contradictions and paradoxes. He is in every instance the modern artist forced to commodify his literary production: "Baudelaire knew how it stood with the poet: as a flâneur he went to the market; to look it over, as he thought, but in reality to find a buyer." Benjamin reveals Baudelaire as a social poet of the very first rank. The introduction to this volume presents each of Benjamin's essays on Baudelaire in chronological order. The introduction, intended for an undergraduate audience, aims to articulate and analyze the major motifs and problems in these essays, and to reveal the relationship between the essays and Benjamin's other central statements on literature, its criticism, and its relation to the society that produces it.

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Vikings


Author: Peter Sawyer
Publisher: Oxford Paperbacks
ISBN: 9780192854346
Category: History
Page: 298
View: 3771

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Covers the different geographical areas of the Viking world, and traces the Viking story from the first raids on isolated coastal communities toward the end of the eighth century to the establishing of permanent settlements

Reading with John Clare

Biopoetics, Sovereignty, Romanticism
Author: Sara Guyer
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 0823265579
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 152
View: 6281

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"Reading with John Clare argues that poetry and its repression lies at the heart of biopolitical thinking. By rereading the emergence of biopolitics and focusing on the exemplary case of John Clare, it renews our understanding of the relation between aesthetics and politics from romanticism to the present"--

Constellations of a Contemporary Romanticism


Author: Jacques Khalip,Forest Pyle
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0823271056
Category: Art
Page: N.A
View: 1312

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Constellations of a Contemporary Romanticism takes its title and point of departure from Walter Benjamin's concept of the historical constellation, which puts both "contemporary" and "romanticism" in play as period designations and critical paradigms. Featuring fascinating and diverse contributions by an international roster of distinguished scholars working in and out of romanticism--from deconstruction to new historicism, from queer theory to postcolonial studies, from visual culture to biopolitics--this volume makes good on a central tenet of Benjamin's conception of history: These critics "grasp the constellation" into which our "own era has formed with a definite earlier one." Each of these essays approaches romanticism as a decisive and unexpired thought experiment that makes demands on and poses questions for our own time: What is the unlived of a contemporary romanticism? What has romanticism's singular untimeliness bequeathed to futurity? What is romanticism's contemporary "redemption value" for painting and politics, philosophy and film?

Writing of the Formless

Jose Lezama Lima and the End of Time
Author: Jaime Rodriguez Matos
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0823274071
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 256
View: 8345

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In this book, Jaime Rodriguez Matos proposes the "formless" as a point of departure in thinking through the relationship between politics and time. Thinking through both literary and political writings around the Cuban Revolution, Rodriguez Matos explores the link between abstract symbolic procedures and various political experiments that have sought to give form to a principle of sovereignty based on the category of representation. In doing so, he proposes the formless as the limit of modern and contemporary reflections on the meaning of politics while exploring the philosophical consequences of a formless concept of temporality for the critique of metaphysics. Rodriguez Matos takes the writing and thought of Jose Lezama Lima as the guiding thread in exploring the possibility of a politicity in which time is imagined beyond the disciplining functions it has had throughout the metaphysical tradition--a time of the absence of time, in which the absence of time no longer means eternity. "

Ending and Unending Agony

On Maurice Blanchot
Author: Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 0823264572
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 168
View: 639

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Published posthumously in 2011, Ending and Unending Agony is Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe's only book entirely devoted to French writer and essayist Maurice Blanchot (1907-2003). The place of Blanchot in Lacoue-Labarthe's thought was both discreet and profound, involving difficult, agonizing questions about the status of literature, the implications of which are steeped in political and ethical stakes. Ranking alongside the works of better-known interlocutors for Lacoue-Labarthe's thinking such as Plato, Holderlin, Nietzsche, Benjamin, or Heidegger, Blanchot's writings represent a decisive crossroads of almost all of Lacoue-Labarthe's central concerns. The latter converge here on the question of literature, and in particular of literature as the question of myth - in this instance, the myth of the writer born of the autobiographical experience of death. A myth with which Lacoue-Labarthe himself had to contend, namely through his experience of reading - and writing after - Maurice Blanchot. But the issues at stake in this encounter are not merely (auto)biographical; they entail a relentless struggle with processes of figuration and mythicization inherited from the age-old concept of mimesis and to which all Western literature is subject. As this volume demonstrates, the originality of Blanchot's thought lies in its problematic but obstinate deconstruction of precisely such processes. In addition to offering unique, challenging readings of Blanchot's writings, setting them amongst a variety of key texts by writers and thinkers as diverse as Montaigne, Rousseau, Freud, Winnicott, Artaud, Bataille, Lacan, Malraux, Leclaire, or Derrida, this translation thus further familiarizes English-speaking audiences with Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe's ground-breaking work and, as such, with contemporary debates in French thought, criticism, and aesthetics.

Kant on the Frontier

Philosophy, Politics, and the Ends of the Earth
Author: Geoffrey Bennington
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0823275973
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 288
View: 5671

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Frontier: the border between two countries; the limits of civilization; the bounds of established knowledge; a new field of activity. At a time when all borders, boundaries, margins, and limits are being--often violently--challenged, erased, or reinforced, we must rethink the concept of frontier itself. But is there even such a concept? Through an original and imaginative reading of Kant, Geoffrey Bennington casts doubt upon the conceptual coherence of borders. The frontier is the very element of Kant's thought yet the permanent frustration of his conceptuality. Bennington brings out the frontier's complex, abyssal, fractal structure that leaves a residue of violence in every frontier and complicates Kant's most rational arguments in the direction of cosmopolitanism and perpetual peace. Neither a critique of Kant nor a return to Kant, this book proposes a new reflection on philosophical reading, for which thinking the frontier is both essential and a recurrent, fruitful, interruption.

Modernity's Mist

British Romanticism and the Poetics of Anticipation
Author: Emily Rohrbach
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0823267962
Category: History
Page: 200
View: 1200

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"Modernity's Mist explores an understudied aspect of Romanticism: its future-oriented poetics. In the work of John Keats, Jane Austen, Lord Byron, and William Hazlitt, Modernity's Mist describes a poetics of future anteriority or the uncertainty of "what will have been"--a grammar of historical engagement for a time of unprecedented political change"--

Theory at Yale

The Strange Case of Deconstruction in America
Author: Marc Redfield
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0823268667
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 272
View: 2099

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This book examines the affinity between the notions of "theory" and "deconstruction" that developed in the American academy in the 1970s by way of a semi-fictional collective, the "Yale Critics": Harold Bloom, Paul de Man, Geoffrey Hartman, and J. Hillis Miller, in association with the French philosopher Jacques Derrida. Theory became a media event, first in the academy and then in the wider print media, in and through its phantasmatic link with deconstruction and with "Yale," though by the early 1980s the focus had narrowed, and de Man, even more than Derrida, had become the allegorical figure of "theory" as "deconstruction in America." The important role played by aesthetic humanism in American pedagogical discourse provides a context for understanding theory as an aesthetic scandal; and an examination of the ways in which de Man's work challenges aesthetic pieties helps us understand why de Man came to personify "theory." The threat posed by the unreliability and inhumanity of language is traced through chapters on lyric; on Hartman's representation of the Wordsworthian imagination; on Bloom's theory of influence in the 1970s, which is read in connection with Bloom's later media persona as the genius of the Western Canon; and on John Guillory's influential attempt to interpret de Manian theory as a symptom of the increasing social marginality of literature. A final chapter examines Mark Tansey's paintings Derrida Queries de Man and Constructing the Grand Canyon: paintings that offer subtle, complex reflections on the peculiar event of theory-as-deconstruction in America.

Prophecies of Language

The Confusion of Tongues in German Romanticism
Author: Kristina Mendicino
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0823274012
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 304
View: 9125

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The scenes of Babel and Pentecost, the original confusion of tongues and their redemption through translation, haunt German Romanticism and Idealism. This book begins by retracing the ways in which the task of translation, so crucial to Romantic writing, is repeatedly tied to prophecy, not in the sense of telling future events, but in the sense of speaking in the place of another-most often unbeknownst to the speaker herself. In prophetic speech, the confusion of tongues repeats, each time anew, as language takes place unpredictably in more than one voice and more than one tongue at once. Mendicino argues that the relation between translation and prophecy drawn by German Romantic writers fundamentally changes the way we must approach this so-called "Age of Translation. " Whereas major studies of the period have taken as their point of departure the opposition of the familiar and the foreign, Mendicino suggests that Romantic writing provokes the questions: how could one read a language that is not one? And what would such a polyvocal, polyglot language, have to say about philology-both for the Romantics, whose translation projects are most intimately related to their philological preoccupations, and for us? In Prophecies of Language, these questions are pursued through readings of major texts by G. W. F. Hegel, Wilhelm von Humboldt, Friedrich Schlegel, and Friedrich Holderlin. These readings show how, when one questions the presupposition of works composed by individual authors in one tongue, these texts disclose more than a monoglot reading yields, namely the "plus" of their linguistic plurality. From such a surplus, each chapter goes on to advocate for a philology that, in and through an inclination toward language, takes neither its unity nor its structure for granted but allows itself to be most profoundly affected, addressed-and afflicted-by it. "

Last Things

Disastrous Form from Kant to Hujar
Author: Jacques Khalip
Publisher: Lit Z
ISBN: 9780823279548
Category: Literature
Page: 176
View: 3003

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Last Things explores lastness as a formal structure in romantic and post-romantic literature and art as something other than either a privation or a conclusion. It touches on the unthinkable dimensions of our life and world, and reads the fate of romanticism as a limit of the human.

Atopias

Manifesto for a Radical Existentialism
Author: Frédéric Neyrat
Publisher: Lit Z
ISBN: 9780823277568
Category: Civilization, Modern
Page: 97
View: 8071

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Atopias is a manifesto for a radical existentialism that restores the place of the outside that contemporary theory underestimates. Neyrat calls this outside "atopia": not utopia, a dreamt place out of the world, but atopia, the internal outside that is at the core of every being. Atopia is neither an object that an object-oriented ontology might formalize, nor the matter that new materialisms might identify. Atopia is what constitutes the eccentric existence of every being. Etymologically, to exist means "to be outside" and Atopias argues that every entity is outside, thrown in the world without ontological anchor. In this regard, a radicalized existentialism no longer privileges human beings, as Sartre and Heidegger did, but considers existence a universal condition of every being. Now, when our denial of any outside is at its most damaging, is the moment for such a radical existentialism. Only an atopian philosophy-a bizarre, extravagant, heretic philosophy-can rechannel our fear of the outside. Breaking the immanence in which we are trapped, Atopias opens new ways to consider human and animal subjectivity, language, politics, and metaphysics.

On the Nature of Marx's Things

Translation as Necrophilology
Author: Jacques Lezra
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780823279425
Category:
Page: 288
View: 3051

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On the Nature of Marx's Things traces to Marx's earliest writings a Lucretianpractice that Lezra calls necrophilological translation.

Origin of Symmetries


Author: C. D. Froggatt,H. B. Nielsen
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789971966300
Category: Science
Page: 581
View: 6314

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The development in our understanding of symmetry principles is reviewed. Many symmetries, such as charge conjugation, parity and strangeness, are no longer considered as fundamental but as natural consequences of a gauge field theory of strong and electromagnetic interactions. Other symmetries arise naturally from physical models in some limiting situation, such as for low energy or low mass. Random dynamics and attempts to explain all symmetries ? even Lorentz invariance and gauge invariance ? without appealing to any fundamental invariance of the laws of nature are discussed. A selection of original papers is reprinted.

Shoveling Fuel for a Runaway Train

Errant Economists, Shameful Spenders, and a Plan to Stop them All
Author: Brian Czech
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520925602
Category: Nature
Page: 220
View: 612

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Americans have been conditioned to appreciate, cheer, and serve economic growth. Brian Czech argues that, while economic growth was a good thing for much of American history, somewhere along the way it turned bad, depleting resources, polluting the environment, and threatening posterity. Yet growth remains a top priority of the public and polity. In this revolutionary manifesto, Czech knocks economic growth off the pedestal of American ideology. Seeking nothing less than a fundamental change in public opinion, Czech makes a bold plea for castigating society’s biggest spenders and sets the stage for the "steady state revolution." Czech offers a sophisticated yet accessible critique of the principles of economic growth theory and the fallacious extension of these principles into the "pop economics" of Julian Simon and others. He points with hope to the new discipline of ecological economics, which prescribes the steady state economy as a sustainable alternative to economic growth. Czech explores the psychological underpinnings of our consumer culture by synthesizing theories of Charles Darwin, Thorstein Veblen, and Abraham Maslow. Speaking to ordinary American citizens, he urges us to recognize conspicuous consumers for who they are—bad citizens who are liquidating our grandkids’ future. Combining insights from economics, psychology, and ecology with a large dose of common sense, Czech drafts a blueprint for a more satisfying and sustainable society. His ideas reach deeply into our everyday lives as he asks us to re-examine our perspectives on everything from our shopping habits to romance. From his perspective as a wildlife ecologist, Czech draws revealing parallels between the economy of nature and the human economy. His style is lively, easy to read, humorous, and bound to be controversial. Czech will provoke all of us to ask when we will stop the runaway train of economic growth. His book answers the question, "How do we do it?"