Core Logic


Author: Neil Tennant
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191083658
Category: Philosophy
Page: 360
View: 4527

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Neil Tennant presents an original logical system with unusual philosophical, proof-theoretic, metalogical, computational, and revision-theoretic virtues. Core Logic, which lies deep inside Classical Logic, best formalizes rigorous mathematical reasoning. It captures constructive relevant reasoning. And the classical extension of Core Logic handles non-constructive reasoning. These core systems fix all the mistakes that make standard systems harbor counterintuitive irrelevancies. Conclusions reached by means of core proof are relevant to the premises used. These are the first systems that ensure both relevance and adequacy for the formalization of all mathematical and scientific reasoning. They are also the first systems to ensure that one can make deductive progress with potential logical strengthening by chaining proofs together: one will prove, if not the conclusion sought, then (even better!) the inconsistency of one's accumulated premises. So Core Logic provides transitivity of deduction with potential epistemic gain. Because of its clarity about the true internal structure of proofs, Core Logic affords advantages also for the automation of deduction and our appreciation of the paradoxes.

Pluralisms in Truth and Logic


Author: Jeremy Wyatt,Nikolaj J. L. L. Pedersen,Nathan Kellen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319983466
Category: Philosophy
Page: 479
View: 9760

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This edited volume brings together 18 state-of-the art essays on pluralism about truth and logic. Parts I and II are dedicated to respectively truth pluralism and logical pluralism, and Part III to their interconnections. Some contributors challenge pluralism, arguing that the nature of truth or logic is uniform. The majority of contributors, however, defend pluralism, articulate novel versions of the view, or contribute to fundamental debates internal to the pluralist camp. The volume will be of interest to truth theorists and philosophers of logic, as well as philosophers interested in relativism, contextualism, metaphysics, philosophy of language, semantics, paradox, epistemology, or normativity.

State-Level Information on Negative Home Equity and Loan Performance in the Nonprime Mortgage Market


Author: William B. Shear
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437934943
Category:
Page: 38
View: 8240

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The decline of home prices in many parts of the country has left millions of homeowners with negative home equity, meaning that their outstanding mortgage balances exceed the current value of their homes. A substantial proportion of borrowers with active nonprime mortgages had negative equity in their homes as of June 30, 2009. For ex., among the 16 metro areas examined, the percentage of nonprime borrowers with negative equity ranged from about 9% (Denver, CO) to more than 90% (Las Vegas, NV). This report examines, at the state level, the estimated proportion of nonprime borrowers with active loans that were in a negative equity position and the proportion that were seriously delinquent on their loan payments from 2006 through the end of 2009. Illus.

Sichere Systeme

Konzepte, Architekturen und Frameworks
Author: Walter Kriha,Roland Schmitz
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3540789596
Category: Computers
Page: 639
View: 518

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Heute entsteht Software meist auf der Basis von Frameworks, die bereits Sicherheitstechniken enthalten. Diese zu verstehen, ist essentiell für Applikationsentwickler und Systemingenieure, die Frameworks verwenden, um Applikationen mit der jeweiligen Firmeninfrastruktur zu verbinden. Ein Schwerpunkt dieses Bandes ist die Absicherung von Enterprise-Software durch existierende Frameworks wie z. B. J2EE. Darüber hinaus werden grundsätzliche Fragen der Zuverlässigkeit von Software behandelt, etwa Safety, sicheres Funktionieren von Software und Usability.

Exploring IBM EServer XSeries


Author: Jim Hoskins,Bill Wilson,Ray Winkel
Publisher: Maximum Press
ISBN: 9781885068835
Category: Computers
Page: 184
View: 9206

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Explains how this group of Intel processor-based servers can supply a business's needs, covering topics including the overall eServer strategy, system management, xSeries software, and the Enterprise X-Architecture.

Homeownership Built to Last

Balancing Access, Affordability, and Risk after the Housing Crisis
Author: Eric S. Belsky,Christopher E. Herbert,Jennifer H. Molinsky
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 0815725655
Category: Political Science
Page: 487
View: 9024

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The ups and downs in housing markets over the past two decades are without precedent, and the costs—financial, psychological, and social—have been enormous. Yet Americans overwhelmingly still aspire to homeownership, and many still view access to homeownership as an important ingredient for building wealth among historically disadvantaged groups. This timely volume reexamines the goals, risks, and rewards of homeownership in the wake of the housing bubble and subprime lending crisis. Housing, real estate, and finance experts explore the role of government in supporting homeownership, deliberate how homeownership can be made more sustainable, and discuss how best to balance affordability, access, and risk, particularly for minorities and low income families. Contributors: Eric S. Belsky (JCHS); Raphael W. Bostic (University of Southern California); Mark Calabria (Cato Institute); Kaloma Cardwell (University of California, Berkeley); Mark Cole (Hope LoanPort); J. Michael Collins (University of Wisconsin– Madison); Marsha J. Courchane (Charles River Associates); Andrew Davidson (Andrew Davidson and Co.); Christopher E. Herbert (JCHS); Leonard C. Kiefer (Freddie Mac); Alex Levin (Andrew Davidson and Co.); Adam J. Levitin (Georgetown University Law Center); Mark R. Lindblad (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill); Jeffrey Lubell (Abt Associates); Patricia A. McCoy (University of Connecticut School of Law); Daniel T. McCue (JCHS); Jennifer H. Molinsky (JCHS); Stephanie Moulton (Ohio State University); john a. powell (University of California–Berkeley); Roberto G. Quercia (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill); Janneke H. Ratcliffe (University of North Carolina); Carolina Reid (University of California–Berkeley); William M. Rohe (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill); Rocio Sanchez-Moyano (JCHS); Susan Wachter (University of Pennsylvania); Peter M. Zorn (Freddie Mac)

Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases XVII


Author: Yasushi Kiyoki
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 1586035916
Category: Computers
Page: 341
View: 2746

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Provide research communities in information modelling and knowledge bases with scientific results and experiences achieved by using innovative methodologies in computer science and other disciplines related to linguistics, philosophy, and psychology.

The Core Test Wrapper Handbook

Rationale and Application of IEEE Std. 1500TM
Author: Francisco da Silva,Teresa McLaurin,Tom Waayers
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387346090
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 276
View: 922

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The Core Test Wrapper Handbook: Rationale and Application of IEEE Std. 1500tm provides insight into the rules and recommendations of IEEE Std. 1500. This book focuses on practical design considerations inherent to the application of IEEE Std. 1500 by discussing design choices and other decisions relevant to this IEEE standard. The authors provide background information about some of the choices and decisions made throughout the design of IEEE Std. 1500.

Obama’S Empty Promises Vanished Hopes

An Analytical Review of a President’S Policy Failures
Author: Vahab Aghai Ph .D
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 1477147403
Category: Political Science
Page: 201
View: 8622

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Now that the first term of the Obama presidency is nearly over and another presidential election campaign is approaching, this book is especially timely. It summarizes the promises that then candidate Barak Obama made and analyzes President Obamas accomplishments in terms of delivering on those promises. Obamas Broken Promises ventures across the total scope of the U.S. economy, factually and statistically documenting the administrations impact on unemployment, the national debt, poverty, health care, education, housing, energy, trade, foreign relations, and more. Everyone who is planning to vote in November and feels impelled in an era of negative campaigning to base his or her choice on facts rather than attack ads should read this book. It is a bold excursion into the reality of Americas most pressing needs.

ULSI Process Integration 5


Author: Cor L. Claeys
Publisher: The Electrochemical Society
ISBN: 1566775728
Category: Integrated circuits
Page: 495
View: 5023

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The symposium provided a forum for reviewing and discussing all aspects of process integration, with special focus on nanoscaled technologies, 65 nm and beyond on DRAM, SRAM, flash memory, high density logic-low power, RF, mixed analog-digital, process integration yield, CMP chemistries, low-k processes, gate stacks, metal gates, rapid thermal processing, silicides, copper interconnects, carbon nanotubes, novel materials, high mobility substrates (SOI, sSi, SiGe, GeOI), strain engineering, and hybrid integration.

Non-Prime Mortgages

Analysis of Loan Performance, Factors Associated with Defaults, and Data Sources
Author: William B. Shear
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437940188
Category:
Page: 73
View: 7670

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This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. The surge in mortgage foreclosures that began in late 2006 and continues today was initially driven by deterioration in the performance of non-prime loans. Non-prime mortgage originations increased dramatically from 2000 through 2006, rising from 12% of all mortgage originations to 34%. The non-prime market contracted sharply in mid-2007, in response to increasing defaults and foreclosures for these loans. This report: (1) provides info. on the performance of non-prime loans through 12/31/09; (2) examines how loan and borrower characteristics and economic conditions influenced the likelihood of default of non-prime loans; and (3) describes the features of data on non-prime loan performance and borrower characteristics. Illus.

The Early Computer Industry

Limitations of Scale and Scope
Author: A. Gandy
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230389112
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 348
View: 1222

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Uses case studies to explore why large scale electronics failed to win a leadership position in the early computer industry and why IBM, a firm with a heritage in the business machines industry, succeeded. The cases cover both the US and the UK industry focusing on electronics giants GE, RCA, English Electric, EMI and Ferranti.

Mortgage Reform: Potential Impacts of Provisions in the Dodd-Frank Act on Homebuyers and the Mortgage Market


Author: DIANE Publishing Company
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437989004
Category:
Page: 83
View: 3656

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The Dodd-Frank Act is intended to reform residential mortgage lending and securitization practices that contributed to the recent financial crisis. The Act provides some liability protection for lenders originating mortgages that meet nine specified criteria associated with a borrower¿s ability to repay (¿qualified mortgages¿). The act also requires securitizers of mortgages not meeting separate criteria associated with lower default risk to retain at least 5% of the credit risk. This report discusses the potential impact of the act¿s: (1) qualified mortgage criteria; (2) credit risk retention requirement; and (3) provisions concerning homeownership counseling and regulation of high-cost loans. Charts and tables. This is a print on demand report.

Logic and Lexicon

The Semantics of the Indefinite
Author: Manfred Pinkal
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401584451
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 382
View: 3255

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Semantic underspecification is an essential and pervasive property of natural language. This monograph provides a comprehensive survey of the various phenomena in the field of ambiguity and vagueness. The book discusses the major theories of semantic indefiniteness, which have been proposed in linguistics, philosophy and computer science. It argues for a view of indefiniteness as the potential for further contextual specification, and proposes a unified logical treatment of indefiniteness on this basis. The inherent inconsistency of natural language induced by irreducible imprecision is investigated, and treated in terms of a dynamic extension of the proposed logic. The book is an extended edition of a German monograph and is addressed to advanced students and researchers in theoretical and computational linguistics, logic, philosophy of language, and NL- oriented AI. Although it makes extensive use of logical formalisms, it requires only some basic familiarity with standard predicate logic concepts since all technical terms are carefully explained.

Essentialism

The Disciplined Pursuit of Less
Author: Greg McKeown
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 0753550288
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 272
View: 4074

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Have you ever found yourself struggling with information overload? Have you ever felt both overworked and underutilised? Do you ever feel busy but not productive? If you answered yes to any of these, the way out is to become an Essentialist. In Essentialism, Greg McKeown, CEO of a Leadership and Strategy agency in Silicon Valley who has run courses at Apple, Google and Facebook, shows you how to achieve what he calls the disciplined pursuit of less. Being an Essentialist is about a disciplined way of thinking. It means challenging the core assumption of ‘We can have it all’ and ‘I have to do everything’ and replacing it with the pursuit of ‘the right thing, in the right way, at the right time'. By applying a more selective criteria for what is essential, the pursuit of less allows us to regain control of our own choices so we can channel our time, energy and effort into making the highest possible contribution toward the goals and activities that matter. Using the experience and insight of working with the leaders of the most innovative companies and organisations in the world, McKeown shows you how to put Essentialism into practice in your own life, so you too can achieve something great.

Logics of Specification Languages


Author: Dines Bjørner,Martin C. Henson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540741077
Category: Mathematics
Page: 624
View: 6381

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This book presents comprehensive studies on nine specification languages and their logics of reasoning. The editors and authors are authorities on these specification languages and their application. In a unique feature, the book closes with short commentaries on the specification languages written by researchers closely associated with their original development. The book contains extensive references and pointers to future developments.

Johan van Benthem on Logic and Information Dynamics


Author: Alexandru Baltag,Sonja Smets
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319060252
Category: Philosophy
Page: 1027
View: 6862

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This book illustrates the program of Logical-Informational Dynamics. Rational agents exploit the information available in the world in delicate ways, adopt a wide range of epistemic attitudes, and in that process, constantly change the world itself. Logical-Informational Dynamics is about logical systems putting such activities at center stage, focusing on the events by which we acquire information and change attitudes. Its contributions show many current logics of information and change at work, often in multi-agent settings where social behavior is essential, and often stressing Johan van Benthem's pioneering work in establishing this program. However, this is not a Festschrift, but a rich tapestry for a field with a wealth of strands of its own. The reader will see the state of the art in such topics as information update, belief change, preference, learning over time, and strategic interaction in games. Moreover, no tight boundary has been enforced, and some chapters add more general mathematical or philosophical foundations or links to current trends in computer science. The theme of this book lies at the interface of many disciplines. Logic is the main methodology, but the various chapters cross easily between mathematics, computer science, philosophy, linguistics, cognitive and social sciences, while also ranging from pure theory to empirical work. Accordingly, the authors of this book represent a wide variety of original thinkers from different research communities. And their interconnected themes challenge at the same time how we think of logic, philosophy and computation. Thus, very much in line with van Benthem's work over many decades, the volume shows how all these disciplines form a natural unity in the perspective of dynamic logicians (broadly conceived) exploring their new themes today. And at the same time, in doing so, it offers a broader conception of logic with a certain grandeur, moving its horizons beyond the traditional study of consequence relations.