Contemporary Theories of Learning

Learning Theorists ... In Their Own Words
Author: Knud Illeris
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135226334
Category: Education
Page: 256
View: 8158

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In this definitive collection of today’s most influential learning theorists, sixteen world-renowned experts present their understanding of what learning is and how human learning takes place. Professor Knud Illeris has collected chapters that explain both the complex frameworks in which learning takes place and the specific facets of learning, such as the acquisition of learning content, personal development, and the cultural and social nature of learning processes. Each international expert provides either a seminal text or an entirely new précis of the conceptual framework they have developed over a lifetime of study. Elucidating the key concepts of learning, Contemporary Theories of Learning provides both the perfect desk reference and an ideal introduction for students. It will prove an authoritative guide for researchers and academics involved in the study of learning, and an invaluable resource for all those dealing with learning in daily life and work. It provides a detailed synthesis of current learning theories... all in the words of the theorists themselves. The theories of Knud Illeris Peter Jarvis Robert Kegan Yrjö Engeström Bente Elkjaer Jack Mezirow Howard Gardner Peter Alheit John Heron Mark Tennant Jerome Bruner Robin Usher Thomas Ziehe Jean Lave Etienne Wenger Danny Wildemeersch & Veerle Stroobants In their own words

The Theory and Practice of Learning


Author: Peter Jarvis,John Holford,Colin Griffin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113572508X
Category: Education
Page: 224
View: 8943

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Learning is among the most basic of human activities. The study of learning, and research into learning is becoming a central part of educational studies. This is a comprehensive introduction to contemporary theories and modern practices of learning. Updated and expanded, this second edition should be of interest to teachers, facilitators, human resource developers and students of education. The contents cover: lifelong learning; the social background to learning; cognitivist theory; types of learning; learning using ICT; and philosophical reflections on learning.

Handbook of Contemporary Learning Theories


Author: Robert R. Mowrer,Stephen B. Klein
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135667128
Category: Education
Page: 632
View: 7774

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Mowrer and Klein have long been making contributions to the field of contemporary learning theories. Their first two-volume set included chapters authored by many of the leading researchers in the field of animal learning and focused primarily on Pavlovian theory and instrumental conditioning. These impartial texts were an important addition to the field and remain widely cited. Over the last decade research on the nature of the learning process has evolved considerably. The research in this new volume represents the cutting-edge contributions of first rate authors and co-authors. These 14 chapters deal with the theoretical perspectives concerning the nature of the learning process, as well as the innovative research that supports these positions. This text is bound to be invaluable to both students and faculty of psychology and related disciplines, as well as to outside scholars. Key features include: * an introductory chapter describing general theories of learning and the causes of the shift to more specific, contemporary theories; * five chapters detailing the research and theories of the nature of Pavlovian Conditioning; * four chapters dealing with the current thinking and research on the nature of instrumental operant conditioning; * three chapters describing the link between learning and physiology; and * a concluding chapter detailing the application of learning theory to abnormal psychology.

Theories of Learning and Studies of Instructional Practice


Author: Timothy Koschmann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441975829
Category: Education
Page: 488
View: 2376

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This is a book about an attempt to change the way math was taught in a particular classroom. Its title plays on our everyday usage of the terms theory and practice. In education, these terms are conventionally treated oppositionally—we have theories about what we should do and we have what teachers actually do do. In this way, theory stands prior, logically and chronologically, to practice; practice inevitably becoming theory’s imperfect realization. We seek in this volume, however, to develop a different stance with regard to the relationship between the two. Taking the details of instructional practice as our principle object of study, we explore what role theories of learning might play in illuminating such practices. The book is about actual practices by which teaching is done and how contemporary theories of learning might help us understand those practices. It seeks to provide a foundation for future practice-based inquiry in education, by addressing the methodological question: How do we go about studying instructional practice in a principled way?

Die Freude des Evangeliums


Author: Franziskus (Papst),
Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH
ISBN: 3451801507
Category: Religion
Page: 320
View: 2400

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"Ich weiß sehr wohl, dass heute die Dokumente nicht dasselbe Interesse wecken wie zu anderen Zeiten und schnell vergessen werden. Trotzdem betone ich, dass das, was ich hier zu sagen beabsichtige, eine programmatische Bedeutung hat und wichtige Konsequenzen beinhaltet ... Ich wünsche mir eine arme Kirche für die Armen." Papst Franziskus Das vollständige Dokument plus Einführung und Themenschlüssel

Contemporary Theories and Systems in Psychology


Author: Benjamin B. Wolman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 146843800X
Category: Psychology
Page: 652
View: 9530

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Twenty years is a long time in the life of a science. While the historical roots of psychology have not changed since the first edition of this book, some of the offshoots of the various theories and systems discussed have been crit ically reexamined and have undergone far-reaching modifications. New and bold research has led to a broadening of perspectives, and recent devel opments in several areas required a considerable amount of rewriting. I have been fortunate in the last fifteen years to have worked with about 2,000 psychologists and other behavioral scientists who contributed to several collected volumes I have edited. As the editor-in-chief of the In ternational Encyclopedia of Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychoanalysis and Neurol ogy, I have had the privilege of reading, scrutinizing, and editing the work of 1,500 experts in psychology and related disciplines. In addition, I have written several books and monographs and over one hundred scientific papers. Armed with all that experience, I have carefully examined the pages of the first edition. Chapter 8 required substantial rewriting and several new sections have been added to other chapters: "Current Soviet Psychol ogy" (Chapter 2, Section 7); "New Ideas on Purposivism" (Chapter 5, Sec tion 4); "Recent Developments in the Sociological School of Psychoanalysis" (Chapter 9, Section 4); and "Present Status of Gestalt Psychology" (Chapter 12, Section 4). Chapter 15 was omitted, and two new chapters were added: Chapter 14 ("Humanistic Psychology") and Chapter 16 ("Selected Research Areas").

Contemporary Learning Theories

Volume II: Instrumental Conditioning Theory and the Impact of Biological Constraints on Learning
Author: Stephen B. Klein,Robert R. Mowrer
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317766911
Category: Psychology
Page: 336
View: 1250

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This unique two-volume set provides detailed coverage of contemporary learning theory. Uniting leading experts in modern behavioral theory, these texts give students a complete view of the field. Volume I details the complexities of Pavlovian conditioning and describes the current status of traditional learning theories. Volume II discusses several important facets of instrumental conditioning and presents comprehensive coverage of the role of inheritance on learning. A strong and complete base of knowledge concerning learning theories, these volumes are ideal reference sources for advanced students and professionals in experimental psychology, learning and learning theory, and comparative physiology.

Contemporary Theories of Knowledge


Author: John L. Pollock,Joseph Cruz
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780847689378
Category: Philosophy
Page: 262
View: 8016

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This new edition of the classic Contemporary Theories of Knowledge has been significantly updated to include analyses of the recent literature in epistemology. Rather than merely making slight amendments to the first edition, Pollock and Cruz have undertaken a groundbreaking assessment of twentieth-century epistemology. This book is both an advanced textbook offering traditional discussions of foundationalism, coherentism, and reliabilism and a detailed treatise on the authors' own distinctive view, direct realism. Written in a clear accessible style, this book will be of interest to students of epistemology and to philosophers in general. Visit our website for sample chapters!

Lernen

subjektwissenschaftliche Grundlegung
Author: Klaus Holzkamp
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783593353173
Category: Critical psychology
Page: 592
View: 7716

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Neues Lernen

Warum Faulheit und Ablenkung dabei helfen
Author: Benedict Carey
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644042918
Category: Psychology
Page: 352
View: 2741

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Die Wissenschaft hat in den letzten Jahrzehnten vieles über den Haufen geworfen, was wir darüber zu wissen glaubten, wie das Gehirn Informationen aufnimmt und verarbeitet. Fest steht: Wir lernen von Geburt an schnell, effizient und automatisch. Weil wir diesen Vorgang unbedingt systematisieren wollen, betrachten wir Vergessen, Schlafen und Tagträumen als hinderlich. Dabei sind sie wertvolle Hilfsmittel, die den Eigenarten unseres Gehirns Rechnung tragen. Benedict Carey erklärt, mit welchen Methoden wir uns Stoffe leichter einprägen und unser problemlösendes Denken verbessern können und wie wir die Potenziale des Unbewussten möglichst effizient nutzen – lernen, ohne nachzudenken. Nebenbei erfahren wir, dass Ablenkung zu Unrecht verteufelt wird, Wiederholung keineswegs immer weiterhilft und es sinnvoll ist, sich zu Themen testen zu lassen, über die man noch gar nichts weiß. Ein äußerst unterhaltsam geschriebenes Buch voller überraschender Erkenntnisse, das zeigt: Lernen muss keine Qual sein.

Jenseits von Freiheit und Würde


Author: B. F. Skinner
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3688117751
Category: Psychology
Page: 222
View: 6349

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In seinem höchst beunruhigenden und provokativen Buch hat B. F. Skinner aus Methoden und Resultaten seiner jahrzehntelangen Forschungsarbeit die Summe gezogen und darauf eine Analyse von Zustand und Zukunft der Gesellschaft und des einzelnen Menschen aufgebaut. Die Krise, in der sich die Weltzivilisation befindet, kann nur überwunden werden, wenn das Verhalten des Menschen von Grund auf neu motiviert wird. Die einzige Überlebenschance sieht Skinner in einer radikalen Revision der geheiligten Ideale von Freiheit und Würde. Diese machtvoll wirksamen Wertvorstellungen haben in der Geschichte stets eine wesentliche Rolle gespielt beim Kampf des Menschen gegen Tyrannei, Despotie und andere Formen autoritärer Herrschaft. Obwohl Skinner ihre wichtige historische Funktion durchaus sieht, gibt er den nahezu religiös verehrten Dogmen von Freiheit und Würde die Hauptschuld an dem gefährlichen Götzenkult, in welchem mittlerweile der Idee vom autonomen Menschen gehuldigt wird. Freiheit und Würde sind Tabus, ihre kritiklose Verinnerlichung hat schwerwiegende Folgen, vor allem weil sie uns an der hergebrachten Bestrafungsethik festhalten lassen und so die Entwicklung einer effektiveren kulturellen Praxis vereiteln.

Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy


Author: D. C. Phillips
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483364755
Category: Education
Page: 952
View: 2361

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Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.

Learning Theories for Teachers


Author: Morris L. Bigge
Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers
ISBN: 9780060406738
Category: Apprentissage, Psychologie de l'
Page: 356
View: 4485

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Learning Theories for Teachers provides a comprehensive, yet manageable, overview of current major educational psychological theories and issues and analyzes the implications for the teaching process. Adopting the idea that "there are no final answers to questions concerning school learning", this book encourages teachers to develop their own learning theories and test them in terms of classroom reactions, structure, and the adequacy of supporting evidence. The sixth Edition features a new chapter on computer education and use of the Internet as a source of data.

Contemporary Theories and Practice in Education


Author: Yves Bertrand
Publisher: Atwood Pub
ISBN: 9781891859465
Category: Education
Page: 464
View: 442

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Newly revised and expanded, this ever-popular title serves equally well as a course text or as a professional development tool. Integrating new material, Bertrand has updated and reorganized the text for a more interrelated and functional format. Theories of education and theories of learning abound. Making sense of these theories and comparing them to one another is an important but difficult task. Here, Bertrand has developed a model for program planning and sound pedagogy which is informed by a deep understanding of the myriad approaches available today. This book will help you analyze your practice and/or assist your students in developing a coherent theoretical foundation of their own.

Das Weltbild des Kindes

Schlüsseltexte
Author: Jean Piaget
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 3608106804
Category: Psychology
Page: 448
View: 4949

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Dieser Klassiker der Entwicklungspsychologie liefert eine gut verständliche und immer noch spannend zu lesende Übersicht über die typischen Wahrnehmungs- und Interpretationsmuster von Vorschulkindern. Wie interpretieren Kinder den Zusammenhang von Wörtern und Dingen, den Ursprung und die Eigenschaften natürlicher Phänomene und die Ursache von Ereignissen? Jean Piaget analysiert in diesem Buch die typischen Eigenheiten des kindlichen Weltverstehens und widmet sich damit grundlegenden Fragen der Entwicklungspsychologie. Auf der Basis eigener Befragungen zu unterschiedlichen Aspekten der Kinderlogik greift er die Resultate der damaligen Forschung auf und setzt diese zu einem umfassenden Erklärungsmodell zusammen.

Persuasion in Practice


Author: Kathleen Kelley Reardon
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780803933170
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 233
View: 1447

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What is persuasion? How is it maintained? How is it practised and applied? Offering a unique blend of theory, research and application, this volume deftly answers these questions and helps debunk many of the myths surrounding this topic. The constructs, schemata, rules, illusions, attitudes and values of persuasion are explored and various contemporary theories are presented. In addition, the author examines persuasion as it is practised in a number of different settings, including politics, organizations and the mass media.