Constitutional Ethos

Liberal Equality for the Common Good
Author: Alexander Tsesis
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199359849
Category: Constitutional law
Page: 224
View: 7426

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Judges, courts, and scholars in the United States agree that the Constitution is the supreme law of the land, but there is much disagreement about its meaning. So what seems to be incontestable truth is riddled with disagreements about every day questions of decision making on matter such as whether people are entitled to government created programs, what rights are fundamental, the criteria for voting, the three branches of governments' several responsibilities, and even who should have the final say in defining the Constitution's meaning. Constitutional Ethos is a groundbreaking investigation into the fundamental principles of constitutional principle, meaning, and interpretation. It explores the core purposes of American representative democracy in light of historical sources, recent precedents, and contemporary debates. Alexander Tsesis argues that a central norm of U.S. law can be derived from the Declaration of Independence and Preamble. This book develops a theory of constitutional law structured on the public duty to protect individual rights for the general welfare. The maxim of constitutional governance synthesizes the protection of individual and public rights. The ideal is neither solely theoretical nor customary but tied to a firm foundation that the people then build upon by lobbying elected officials and petitioning appointed judges. Representative government has an interlinked obligation to the individual and the general welfare. This paradigm for responsible governance sets the baseline against which citizens can hold policy makers accountable to the structural and normative commitments of the Constitution. A pluralistic system must respect human dignity and govern for the betterment of the body politic. Those mandates set the terms for exercising legitimate power at the federal, state, and local levels to protect individual rights to achieve the common good of civil society. Tsesis demonstrates that ethos is binding on the conduct of all three branches of government and their officeholders. His argument challenges the more common U.S. perspective among academics and judges, who typically discount the existence of any objective constitutional value, regarding the document as a construct of social norms. To the contrary, Tsesis shows that the people established the terms of the nation's founding documents to protect universal, unalienable rights. The structure of government provides the mechanisms of those in a pluralistic state to set reasonable limitations for the betterment of society as a whole. Understanding the Constitution's special place in American legal culture is essential for resolving a host of contemporary issues; including, those involving marital, gender, and voting equalities. The state is a means of optimizing the well-being of individuals. Human productivity can best flourish in a society of equals, where talents can be brought to bear in the betterment of self and other members of the community. The Constitution does not create rights but protects those universal ideals of representative democracy first set out in the Declaration of Independence. It further grants authority to political institutions for the enforcement of policies and concrete laws for the betterment of society or some relevant segment of it. Many scholars with leanings in legal realism and process theory believe the authority of government is a social construct created by popular majorities; Tsesis convincingly demonstrates, to the contrary, that even those laws enacted by popular majorities are not authoritative unless they accord with a central maxim of constitutionalism, which is the protection of individual rights for the common good.

The Common Good of Constitutional Democracy

Essays in Political Philosophy and on Catholic Social Teaching
Author: Martin Rhonheimer
Publisher: CUA Press
ISBN: 0813220092
Category: Philosophy
Page: 535
View: 1341

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The Common Good of Constitutional Democracy offers a rich collection of essays in political philosophy by Swiss philosopher Martin Rhonheimer. Like his other books in both ethical theory and applied ethics, which have recently been published in English, the essays included are distinguished by the philosophical rigor and meticulous attention to the primary and secondary literature of the various topics discussed

Das unbeschriebene Blatt

Die moderne Leugnung der menschlichen Natur
Author: Steven Pinker
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104903905
Category: Social Science
Page: 768
View: 9240

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Mit einem aktuellen Vorwort zur Neuausgabe! Auf John Locke geht die Vorstellung zurück, der Mensch sei ein leeres Blatt, auf dem im Verlauf des Lebens die persönlichen Erfahrungen eingetragen werden. In seinem mittlerweile klassischen Buch »Das unbeschriebene Blatt. Die moderne Leugnung der menschlichen Natur« bezieht Bestseller-Autor Steven Pinker ganz die Gegenposition: Mit Witz, Brillanz und Gelehrsamkeit analysiert er die Geschichte dieser Idee und zeigt, wie falsch sie ist – mit allen kruden Auswirkungen auf Vorstellungen von Sexualität, Rasse, Kindererziehung, Intelligenz usw. Die Rolle der Gene wird systematisch unterschätzt; aber das bedeutet nicht, dass wir ihnen völlig ausgeliefert sind. Pinker zeigt nämlich auch, wie befreiend diese Sichtweise sein kann. Ein unterhaltsames und anschauliches Buch zur Natur des Menschen, ein echter Lesegenuss.

Piero Gobetti and the Politics of Liberal Revolution


Author: James Martin
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9780230602748
Category: Political Science
Page: 220
View: 3044

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Piero Gobetti was an astonishing figure. A radical liberal and fierce critic of Italian politics in the years after World War I, he was fascinated by the workers' struggles in his native Turin and by Gramsci's vision of a factory-based democracy. Gobetti proposed liberalism as an emancipatory theory grounded in social conflicts. "Revolutionary liberalism," as he called it, guided his opposition to Fascism and, following his untimely death at twenty-five, inspired key figures in the Italian Resistance. Accessible but critical, this volume is the first English-language study of Gobetti's political ideas and offers a balanced assessment of his enduring significance.

Growth, Inequality and Social Development in India

Is Inclusive Growth Possible?
Author: R Nagaraj
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137000767
Category: Political Science
Page: 238
View: 3868

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With six essays exploring different aspects of economic growth, poverty, inequality and social security, this book offers a critical perspective on India's development experience since independence. Incisive and empirically rich, the book opens up new vistas in development discourse and informs current policy debates.

The New Deal and Its Legacy

Critique and Reappraisal
Author: Robert Eden
Publisher: Praeger Pub Text
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 263
View: 5382

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The New Deal remains at the center of the national debate concerning the role and function of government--a controversy that reflects increasingly deep divisions within the American body politic. Placing contemporary political issues in a broad, constructive framework, this book provides new perspectives on a pivotal episode in modern American history and gives us a deeper understanding of the political, economic, and constitutional challenges we currently face.

Vom Teddybär zum ersten Kuß

Wege aus der Kindheit in Ost- und Westdeutschland
Author: Peter Büchner,Burkhard Fuhs,Heinz-Hermann Krüger
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322957896
Category: Social Science
Page: 257
View: 9193

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Der Staat

Zeitschrift für Staatslehre, öffentliches Recht und Verfassungsgeschichte
Author: Fritz Ossenbühl,Meinhard Schröder
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political science
Page: N.A
View: 9432

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America's New Democracy


Author: Morris P. Fiorina,Paul E. Peterson,Dennis Stephen Voss
Publisher: Longman Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780321092489
Category: Democracy
Page: 553
View: 2771

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25% less expensive than other brief texts, and 20% shorter than the previous edition, this book is an excellent option for professors who want to use supplementary texts, readings, or periodicals. Written in a strong narrative voice and brimming with student-relevant examples, the second edition of "America""'s New Democracy" provides a focused and stimulating treatment of politics in the United States. Illustrating popular influence across the political system in defense of a central theme-that elections matter more in America's political system today than they have in the past or do in other democracies-the book challenges the pessimistic view that government seldom listens to ordinary people. "America's New Democracy" encourages readers to see that in a system where votes are the main currency, both power and responsibility rest on the shoulders of "all" citizens.

Legislating Liberty

A Bill of Rights for Australia? : a Provocative and Timely Proposal to Balance the Public Good with Individual Freedom
Author: Frank Brennan
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 201
View: 8686

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Based on his observations in Washington and written in the popular style of One Land, One Nation and Sharing the Country, Brennan opens the discourse on the appropriateness of a Bill of Rights for Australia.

Ein säkulares Zeitalter


Author: Charles Taylor
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518740407
Category: Philosophy
Page: 1297
View: 919

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Was heißt es, daß wir heute in einem säkularen Zeitalter leben? Was ist geschehen zwischen 1500 – als Gott noch seinen festen Platz im naturwissenschaftlichen Kosmos, im gesellschaftlichen Gefüge und im Alltag der Menschen hatte – und heute, da der Glaube an Gott, jedenfalls in der westlichen Welt, nur noch eine Option unter vielen ist? Um diesen Wandel zu bestimmen und in seinen Folgen für die gegenwärtige Gesellschaft auszuloten, muß die große Geschichte der Säkularisierung in der nordatlantischen Welt von der frühen Neuzeit bis in die Gegenwart erzählt werden – ein herkulisches Unterfangen, dem sich der kanadische Philosoph Charles Taylor in seinem mit Spannung erwarteten neuen Buch stellt. Mit einem Fokus auf dem »lateinischen Christentum«, dem vorherrschenden Glauben in Europa, rekonstruiert er in geradezu verschwenderischem Detail die entscheidenden Entwicklungslinien in den Naturwissenschaften, der Philosophie, der Staats- und Rechtstheorie und in den Künsten. Dem berühmten Diktum von der wissenschaftlich-technischen »Entzauberung der Welt« und anderen eingeschliffenen Säkularisierungstheorien setzt er die These entgegen, daß es die Religion selbst war, die das Säkulare hervorgebracht hat, und entfaltet eine komplexe Mentalitätsgeschichte des modernen Subjekts, das heute im Niemandsland zwischen Glauben und Atheismus gefangen ist.

The dark side of the Left

illiberal Egalitarianism in America
Author: Richard J. Ellis
Publisher: Univ Pr of Kansas
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy
Page: 426
View: 6995

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Ellis examines the illiberal tendencies that have characterized egalitarian movements throughout American history, from the radical abolitionists of the 1830s to the New Left activists of the 1960s, exposing their shortcomings and providing a badly needed historical perspective on contemporary debates over "political correctness".

Postdemokratie


Author: Colin Crouch
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518785303
Category: Political Science
Page: 159
View: 3714

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"Postdemokratie": Dieser Begriff des Politikwissenschaftlers Colin Crouch wurde nach dem Erscheinen der Originalausgabe seines Buches zum Kristallisationspunkt der Debatte um Politikverdrossenheit, Sozialabbau und Privatisierung. Crouch hat dabei ein politisches System im Auge, dessen demokratische Institutionen zwar weiterhin formal existieren, das von Bürgern und Politikern aber nicht länger mit Leben gefüllt wird. Der polemische Essay, der in Italien und Großbritannien bereits als Klassiker der Gegenwartsdiagnose gilt, liegt nun endlich auch in deutscher Übersetzung vor.

Staat und Verbände


Author: Wolfgang Streeck
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322942201
Category: Social Science
Page: 402
View: 8679

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Der Band soll durch theoretische und empirische Beiträge den Stand der Diskussion in der deutschen Politikwissenschaft seit den siebziger Jahren an aufgetretene neue Bedingungen und Fragestellungen heranführen. Insbesondere werden der Einfluß von Deregulierungspolitiken auf den Status von Interessenverbänden, die Lage verbandlicher Interessenvermittlung bei fortschreitender Internationalisierung von Wirtschaft und Politik sowie die Schwierigkeiten bei der Herausbildung von Verbändesystemen in den nachkommunistischen Transformationsgesellschaften behandelt.

Democratic Transformation and the Vernacular Public Arena in India


Author: Taberez Ahmed Neyazi,Akio Tanabe,Shinya Ishizaka
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317694031
Category: Social Science
Page: 222
View: 8101

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Since the structural change in Indian society that began in the 1990s - the result of the liberalisation of the economy, devolution of power, and decentralisation of the government–an unprecedented, democratic transformation has been taking place. This has caused the emergence of unexpected coalitions and alliances across diverse castes, classes, and religious groups according to the issues involved. In this volume, we intend to understand this deepening of democracy by employing a new analytical framework of the 'vernacular public arena' where negotiations, dialogues, debates, and contestations occur among 'vernacular publics'. This reflects the profound changes in Indian democracy as diverse social groups, including dalits, adivasis, and Other Backward Classes; minorities, women; individuals from rural areas, towns, and cities; the poor and the new middle classes–the 'vernacular publics'–participate in new ways in India’s public life. This participation is not confined to electoral politics, but has extended to the public arenas in which these groups have begun to raise their voice publicly and to negotiate and engage in dialogue with each other and the wider world. Contributors demonstrate that the participation of vernacular publics has resulted in the broadening of Indian democracy itself which focuses on the ways of governance, improving people’s lives, life chances, and living environments. An original, comprehensive study that furthers our understanding of the unfolding political dynamism and the complex reshuffling and reassembling taking place in Indian society and politics, this book will be relevant to academics with an interest in South Asian Studies from a variety of disciplines, including Political Science, Sociology, Anthropology, and Media Studies.