Conjectures and Refutations

The Growth of Scientific Knowledge
Author: Karl Raimund Popper
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415285940
Category: Philosophy
Page: 582
View: 1802

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Conjectures and Refutations is one of Karl Popper's most wide-ranging and popular works, notable not only for its acute insight into the way scientific knowledge grows, but also for applying those insights to politics and to history. It provides one of the clearest and most accessible statements of the fundamental idea that guided his work: not only our knowledge, but our aims and our standards, grow through an unending process of trial and error.

Conjectures and Refutations

The Growth of Scientific Knowledge
Author: Karl Popper
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135971307
Category: Philosophy
Page: 608
View: 5045

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Conjectures and Refutations is one of Karl Popper's most wide-ranging and popular works, notable not only for its acute insight into the way scientific knowledge grows, but also for applying those insights to politics and to history. It provides one of the clearest and most accessible statements of the fundamental idea that guided his work: not only our knowledge, but our aims and our standards, grow through an unending process of trial and error.

Conjectures and refutations

the growth of scientific knowledge
Author: Karl Raimund Popper,Sir Karl Raimund Popper
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy
Page: 412
View: 4977

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Vermutungen und Widerlegungen

das Wachstum der wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnis
Author: Karl R. Popper
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783161473111
Category:
Page: 627
View: 8390

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Die Bände I und II der Vermutungen und Widerlegungen liegen nun in einer preiswerten einbändigen Studienausgabe vor. Die beiden Teilbände in den bisherigen Ausgaben sind weiterhin lieferbar."In Vorträgen, also in lockerer Form, führt Popper seine wichtigsten Gedanken vor: daß die Wissenschaft durch kühne Hypothesen vorangetrieben wird; daß sich Theorien nicht bestätigen, sondern nur falsifizieren lassen; daß die Menschen die Chance haben, aus Fehlern zu lernen, und diese Chance nutzen sollten. Popper glaubt ..., daß ein Wachstum der Erkenntnis möglich ist."K.A. in Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung vom 25.11.1994, S. 39"Nach mehr als dreißig Jahren Abstand erscheinen so viele Passagen noch immer treffend und aktuell. Seine Kritik am neopositivistisch gefaßten Induktionsprinzip oder der Wissenschaft des Wiener Kreises insgesamt ... wird hier noch einmal aufgegriffen und ausführlicher entwickelt. ... Zahlreiche hier zusammengetragene Vorträge und Aufsätze beschäftigen sich scheinbar mit nur philosophiehistorisch interessanten Fragen. Doch immer versucht Popper die dahinterstehenden sachlichen Probleme zu fassen, die zu dieser jeweiligen philosophischen Theorie geführt haben."Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 1998, S. 84

Kritik und Erkenntnisfortschritt

Abhandlungen des Internationalen Kolloquiums über die Philosophie der Wissenschaft, London 1965
Author: Imre Lakatos
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322906132
Category: Social Science
Page: 324
View: 1805

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Vermutungen und Widerlegungen

das Wachstum der wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnis
Author: Karl R. Popper
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161501975
Category: Philosophy
Page: 694
View: 8294

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English summary: This is the 2nd authorized, revised and expanded German edition of Karl Popper's famous collection of essays. German description: In diesen Aufsatzen und Vortragen veranschaulicht Karl Popper, dass wir unser Wissen nur erweitern konnen, wenn wir Fehler machen und daraus lernen. Die zweite Auflage ist revidiert und enthalt zusatzlich ein Nachwort und eine Konkordanz.Ich halte diese Aufsatzsammlung fur eine der einflussreichsten philosophischen Veroffentlichungen des letzten Jahrhunderts, die zu konsultieren ich jedem nahelegen kann, der an einer Philosophie interessiert ist, die ihren Gegenstand den Problemen entnimmt, die unserem Versuch entgegenstehen, die Welt theoretisch fundiert zu erklaren. Insofern sind die 'Vermutungen und Widerlegungen' ein Buch uber die Bedeutsamkeit von Theorien und die Moglichkeit, mit ihrer Hilfe und trotz unseres begrenzten, falliblen Erkenntnisvermogens eine realistische Weltsicht zu gewinnen und zu verteidigen und damit den Fallstricken des Skeptizismus ebenso zu entgehen wie denen des Relativismus.Michael Schmid in Soziologische Revue 24 (2001), S. 408-416Nach mehr als dreissig Jahren Abstand erscheinen so viele Passagen noch immer treffend und aktuell. Seine Kritik am neopositivistisch gefassten Induktionsprinzip oder der Wissenschaft des Wiener Kreises insgesamt [...] wird hier noch einmal aufgegriffen und ausfuhrlicher entwickelt. [...] Zahlreiche hier zusammengetragene Vortrage und Aufsatze beschaftigen sich scheinbar mit nur philosophiehistorisch interessanten Fragen. Doch immer versucht Popper die dahinterstehenden sachlichen Probleme zu fassen, die zu dieser jeweiligen philosophischen Theorie gefuhrt haben. Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 1998, S. 84

Rational Changes in Science

Essays on Scientific Reasoning
Author: Joseph C. Pitt,Marcello Pera
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400937792
Category: Science
Page: 248
View: 4813

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THE PROBLEMS OF SCIENTIFIC RATIONALITY Fashion is a fickle mistress. Only yesterday scientific rationality enjoyed considerable attention, consideration, and even reverence among phi losophers; "but today's fashion leads us to despise it, and the matron, rejected and abandoned as Hecuba, complains; modo maxima rerum, tot generis natisque potens - nunc trahor exui, inops", to cite Kant for our purpose, who cited Ovid for his. Like every fashion, ours also has its paradoxical aspects, as John Watkins correctly reminds in an essay in this volume. Enthusiasm for science was high among philosophers when significant scientific results were mostly a promise, it declined when that promise became an undeniable reality. Nevertheless, as with the decline of any fashion, even the revolt against scientific rationality has some reasonable grounds. If the taste of the philosophical community has changed so much, it is not due to an incident or a whim. This volume is not about the history of and reasons for this change. Instead, it provides a view of the new emerging image of scientific rationality in both its philosophical and historical aspects. In particular, the aim of the contributions gathered here is to focus on the concept around which the discussions about rationality have mostly taken place: scientific change.

Fault Lines and Controversies in the Study of Seventeenth-century English Literature


Author: Claude J. Summers,Ted-Larry Pebworth
Publisher: University of Missouri Press
ISBN: 9780826264084
Category: History
Page: 236
View: 5237

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Written by various experts in the field, this volume of thirteen original essays explores some of the most significant theoretical and practical fault lines and controversies in seventeenth-century English literature. The turn into the twenty-first century is an appropriate time to take stock of the state of the field, and, as part of that stocktaking, the need arises to assess both where literary study of the early modern period has been and where it might desirably go. Hence, many of the essays in this collection look both backward and forward. They chart the changes in the field over the past half century, while also looking forward to more change in the future.

Appraising Lakatos

Mathematics, Methodology, and the Man
Author: György Kampis,L. Kvasz,Michael Stöltzner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401707693
Category: Science
Page: 382
View: 9327

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Imre Lakatos (1922-1974) was one of the protagonists in shaping the "new philosophy of science". More than 25 years after his untimely death, it is time for a critical re-evaluation of his ideas. His main theme of locating rationality within the scientific process appears even more compelling today, after many historical case studies have revealed the cultural and societal elements within scientific practices. Recently there has been, above all, an increasing interest in Lakatos' philosophy of mathematics, which emphasises heuristics and mathematical practice over logical justification. But suitable modifications of his approach are called for in order to make it applicable to modern axiomatised theories. Pioneering historical research in England and Hungary has unearthed hitherto unknown facts about Lakatos' personal life, his wartime activities and his involvement in the political developments of post-war Europe. From a communist activist committed to Györgyi Lukács' thinking, Lakatos developed into a staunch anti-Marxist who found his intellectual background in Popper's critical rationalism. The volume also publishes for the first time a part of his Debrecen Ph.D. thesis and it is concluded by a bibliography of his Hungarian writings.

Erkenntnisansprüche

eine orientierende erkenntnistheoretische Untersuchung über Fragen zum Verhältnis zwischen Religion und Wissenschaft
Author: Eberhard Herrmann
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Knowledge, Theory of
Page: 127
View: 1267

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Basic Principles and Practical Applications in Epidemiological Research


Author: Jung-Der Wang
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789810249250
Category: Medical
Page: 367
View: 7150

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Based on the concept of ?conjecture and refutation? from the Popperian philosophy of science, i.e. looking for alternative causes, this book simplifies the design and inferences of human observational studies into two types: descriptive and causal. It clarifies how and why causal inference should be considered from the search for alternative explanations or causes, and descriptive inference from the sample at hand to the source population. Furthermore, it links the health policy and epidemiological concept with decisional questions, for which the basic measurement can be quality-adjusted survival time or quality-adjusted life year.