Complexity

A Very Short Introduction
Author: John H. Holland
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199662541
Category: History
Page: 95
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In this Very Short Introduction, John Holland presents an introduction to the science of complexity. Using examples from biology and economics, he shows how complexity science models the behaviour of complex systems.

Quantentheorie

eine Einführung
Author: John C. Polkinghorne
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783150188613
Category:
Page: 176
View: 6036

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Mathematik


Author: Timothy Gowers
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783150187067
Category:
Page: 207
View: 3041

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The Design of Everyday Things

Psychologie und Design der alltäglichen Dinge
Author: Norman Don
Publisher: Vahlen
ISBN: 3800648105
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 320
View: 6932

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Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“

The United Nations

A Very Short Introduction
Author: Jussi M. Hanhimäki
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190222700
Category: History
Page: 172
View: 5509

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The United Nations has been called everything from "the best hope of mankind" to "irrelevant" and "obsolete." In this concise overview, Jussi Hanhimaki sheds light on the current debate over the UN's effectiveness as he provides a clear understanding of how it was originally conceived, how it has come to its present form, and how it must confront new challenges in a rapidly changing world. After a brief history of the UN, the author examines its successes and failures as a guardian of international peace and security, as a promoter of human rights, as a protector of international law, and as an engineer of socioeconomic development.

First Complex Systems Digital Campus World E-Conference 2015


Author: Paul Bourgine,Pierre Collet,Pierre Parrend
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319459015
Category: Science
Page: 424
View: 8530

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This book contains the proceedings as well as invited papers for the first annual conference of the UNESCO Unitwin Complex System Digital Campus (CSDC), which is an international initiative gathering 120 Universities on four continents, and structured in ten E-Departments. First Complex Systems Digital Campus World E-Conference 2015 features chapters from the latest research results on theoretical questions of complex systems and their experimental domains. The content contained bridges the gap between the individual and the collective within complex systems science and new integrative sciences on topics such as: genes to organisms to ecosystems, atoms to materials to products, and digital media to the Internet. The conference breaks new ground through a dedicated video-conferencing system – a concept at the heart of the international UNESCO UniTwin, embracing scientists from low-income and distant countries. This book promotes an integrated system of research, education, and training. It also aims at contributing to global development by taking into account its social, economic, and cultural dimensions. First Complex Systems Digital Campus World E-Conference 2015 will appeal to students and researchers working in the fields of complex systems, statistical physics, computational intelligence, and biological physics.

Management: A Very Short Introduction


Author: John Hendry
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199656983
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 138
View: 2555

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In this Very Short Introduction, John Hendry provides a lively introduction to the nature and principles of management. Tracing its development over the past century, Hendry looks not only at the jobs managers do today and their place in the culture of work, but also provides an insight into modern management theory.

Computation in Science


Author: Konrad Hinsen
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1681740931
Category: Science
Page: 135
View: 5876

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This book provides a theoretical background in computation to scientists who use computational methods. It explains how computing is used in the natural sciences, and provides a high-level overview of those aspects of computer science and software engineering that are most relevant for computational science. The focus is on concepts, results, and applications, rather than on proofs and derivations. The unique feature of this book is that it “connects the dots between computational science, the theory of computation and information, and software engineering. The book should help scientists to better understand how they use computers in their work, and to better understand how computers work. It is meant to compensate a bit for the general lack of any formal training in computer science and information theory. Readers will learn something they can use throughout their careers.

Die Vierte Industrielle Revolution


Author: Klaus Schwab
Publisher: Pantheon Verlag
ISBN: 3641203171
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 240
View: 6441

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Die größte Herausforderung unserer Zeit Ob selbstfahrende Autos, 3-D-Drucker oder Künstliche Intelligenz: Aktuelle technische Entwicklungen werden unsere Art zu leben und zu arbeiten grundlegend verändern. Die Vierte Industrielle Revolution hat bereits begonnen. Ihr Merkmal ist die ungeheuer schnelle und systematische Verschmelzung von Technologien, die die Grenzen zwischen der physischen, der digitalen und der biologischen Welt immer stärker durchbrechen. Wie kein anderer ist Klaus Schwab, der Vorsitzende des Weltwirtschaftsforums, in der Lage aufzuzeigen, welche politischen, wirtschaftlichen, sozialen und kulturellen Herausforderungen diese Revolution für uns alle mit sich bringt.

Applied Mathematics


Author: Alain Goriely
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198754043
Category: Mathematics
Page: 168
View: 5192

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Mathematics is playing an increasingly important role in society and the sciences, enhancing our ability to use models and handle data. While pure mathematics is mostly interested in abstract structures, applied mathematics sits at the interface between this abstract world and the world in which we live. This area of mathematics takes its nourishment from society and science and, in turn, provides a unified way to understand problems arising in diverse fields. This Very Short Introduction presents a compact yet comprehensive view of the field of applied mathematics, and explores its relationships with (pure) mathematics, science, and engineering. Explaining the nature of applied mathematics, Alain Goriely discusses its early achievements in physics and engineering, and its development as a separate field after World War II. Using historical examples, current applications, and challenges, Goriely illustrates the particular role that mathematics plays in the modern sciences today and its far-reaching potential. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Mao: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Delia Davin
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191654035
Category: Political Science
Page: 144
View: 8629

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As a giant of 20th century history, Mao Zedong played many roles: peasant revolutionary, patriotic leader against the Japanese occupation, Marxist theoretician, modernizer, and visionary despot. This Very Short Introduction chronicles Mao's journey from peasant child to ruler of the most populous nation on Earth. He was a founder of both the Chinese Communist Party and the Red Army, and for many years he fought on two fronts, for control of the Party and in an armed struggle for the Party's control of the country. His revolution unified China and began its rise to world power status. He was the architect of the Great Leap Forward that he hoped would make China both prosperous and egalitarian, but instead ended in economic disaster resulting in millions of deaths. It was Mao's growing suspicion of his fellow leaders that led him to launch the Cultural Revolution, and his last years were dogged by ill-health and his despairing attempts to find a successor whom he trusted. Delia Davin provides an invaluable introduction to Mao, showing him in all his complexity; ruthless, brutal, and ambitious, a man of enormous talent and perception, yet a leader who is still detested by some and venerated by others. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Einführung in die Kryptographie


Author: Johannes Buchmann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642980600
Category: Computers
Page: 234
View: 3909

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Dieses Kryptographiebuch behandelt die grundlegenden Techniken der modernen Kryptographie. Es eignet sich hervorragend für Studierende der Mathematik und der Informatik ab dem dritten Semester. Das Buch setzt nur minimale Kenntnisse voraus und vermittelt auf elementare Weise die notwendigen mathematischen Kenntnisse, insbesondere die aus der Zahlentheorie. Die Leser werden durch diese Einführung in die Lage versetzt, fortgeschrittene Literatur zur Kryptographie zu verstehen.

Relativity: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Russell Stannard
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191574047
Category: Mathematics
Page: 128
View: 2390

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100 years ago, Einstein's theory of relativity shattered the world of physics. Our comforting Newtonian ideas of space and time were replaced by bizarre and counterintuitive conclusions: if you move at high speed, time slows down, space squashes up and you get heavier; travel fast enough and you could weigh as much as a jumbo jet, be squashed thinner than a CD without feeling a thing - and live for ever. And that was just the Special Theory. With the General Theory came even stranger ideas of curved space-time, and changed our understanding of gravity and the cosmos. This authoritative and entertaining Very Short Introduction makes the theory of relativity accessible and understandable. Using very little mathematics, Russell Stannard explains the important concepts of relativity, from E=mc2 to black holes, and explores the theory's impact on science and on our understanding of the universe. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Foucault

A Very Short Introduction
Author: Gary Gutting
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192805576
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 124
View: 819

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From aesthetics to the penal system; from madness and civilisation to avant-garde literature, Foucault strove to understand the deep concepts of identity, knowledge, and power. He rejected old models of thinking and replaced them with versions that are still widely debated today. A major influence on Queer Theory and gender studies, he also wrote on architecture, history, law, medicine, literature, politics and of course philosophy. Gutting presents a comprehensive but non-systematic treatment of some highlights of Foucault's life and thought. Beginning with a brief biography to set the social and political stage, he then tackles Foucault's thoughts on literature, in particular the avant-garde scene; his philosophical and historical work; his treatment of knowledge and power in modern society; and his thoughts on sexuality.

The Great Depression and New Deal

A Very Short Introduction
Author: Eric Rauchway
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0195326342
Category: History
Page: 150
View: 458

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The Great Depression forced the United States to adopt policies at odds with its political traditions. This title looks at the background to the Depression, its social impact, and at the various governmental attempts to deal with the crisis.

Causation: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Stephen Mumford,Rani Lill Anjum
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019968443X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 128
View: 6413

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Without cause and effect, there would be no science or technology, no moral responsibility, and no system of law. Causation is therefore the most fundamental connection in the universe and a core topic of philosophical thought. This Very Short Introduction introduces all of the main theories of causation and its key debates.

Was ist Philosophie?


Author: Giorgio Agamben
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104902852
Category: Philosophy
Page: 192
View: 9103

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Der international bekannte Philosoph Giorgio Agamben beantwortet die Grundfrage der Philosophie Die Frage »Was ist Philosophie?« kann man erst spät stellen und nur mit Freunden erörtern. Giorgio Agamben umkreist sie daher in seinem Buch mit fünf emblematischen Essays zur Stimme, zum Sagbaren, zum Erfordernis, zum Proömium und zur Muse. Er verbindet archäologische Untersuchung und theoretische Reflexion und geht Fragen nach, wie das Konzept Sprache erfunden wurde, welchen Ort das Denken in der Stimme hat, was unter einer platonischen Idee zu verstehen ist und wie man das Verhältnis von Philosophie und (Natur-)Wissenschaft bestimmen muss. Am Ende wird das philosophische Schreiben – ein Problem, mit dem sich Agamben unausgesetzt beschäftigt hat – zum Präludium eines Werks, das ungeschrieben bleiben muss.