Complex Communities

The Archaeology of Early Iron Age West-Central Jordan
Author: Benjamin W. Porter
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
ISBN: 0816599149
Category: Social Science
Page: 208
View: 3817

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Complex Communities explores how sedentary settlements developed and flourished in the Middle East during the Early Iron Age nearly four thousand years ago. Using archaeological evidence, Benjamin Porter reconstructs how residents maintained their communities despite environmental uncertainties. Living in a semi-arid area in the present-day country of Jordan, villagers faced a harsh and unpredictable ecosystem. Communities fostered resilience by creating flexible production routines and leadership strategies. Settlements developed what archaeologists call “communal complexity,” a condition through which small-scale societies shift between egalitarian and hierarchical arrangements. Complex Communities provides detailed, scientifically grounded reconstructions of how this communal complexity functioned in the region. These settlements emerged during a period of recovery following the political and economic collapse of Bronze Age Mediterranean societies. Scholars have characterized west-central Jordan’s political organization during this time as an incipient Moabite state. Complex Communities argues instead that the settlements were a collection of independent, self-organizing entities. Each community constructed substantial villages with fortifications, practiced both agriculture and pastoralism, and built and stocked storage facilities. From these efforts to produce and store resources, especially food, wealth was generated and wealthier households gained power over their neighbors. However, power was limited by the fact that residents could—and did—leave communities and establish new ones. Complex Communities reveals that these settlements moved through adaptive cycles as they adjusted to a changing socionatural system. These sustainability-seeking communities have lessons to offer not only the archaeologists studying similar struggles in other locales, but also to contemporary communities facing negative climate change. Readers interested in resilience studies, Near Eastern archaeology, historical ecology, and the archaeology of communities will welcome this volume.

The World around the Old Testament

The People and Places of the Ancient Near East
Author: Bill T. Arnold,Brent A. Strawn
Publisher: Baker Academic
ISBN: 1493405748
Category: Religion
Page: 560
View: 1166

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Leading Experts Introduce the People and Contexts of the Old Testament What people groups interacted with ancient Israel? Who were the Hurrians and why do they matter? What do we know about the Philistines, the Egyptians, the Amorites, the Assyrians, the Babylonians, and others? In this up-to-date volume, leading experts introduce the peoples and places of the world around the Old Testament, providing students with a fresh exploration of the ancient Near East. The contributors offer comprehensive orientations to the main cultures and people groups that surrounded ancient Israel in the wider ancient Near East, including not only Mesopotamia and the northern Levant but also Egypt, Arabia, and Greece. They also explore the contributions of each people group or culture to our understanding of the Hebrew Scriptures. This supplementary text is organized by geographic region, making it especially suitable for the classroom and useful in a variety of Old Testament courses. Approximately eighty-five illustrative items are included throughout the book.

Beyond the Texts

An Archaeological Portrait of Ancient Israel and Judah
Author: William G. Dever
Publisher: SBL Press
ISBN: 0884142175
Category: Social Science
Page: 772
View: 7408

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A handbook for biblical scholars and historians of the Ancient Near East William G. Dever offers a welcome perspective on ancient Israel and Judah that prioritizes the archaeological remains to render history as it was—not as the biblical writers argue it should have been. Drawing from the most recent archaeological data as interpreted from a nontheological point of view and supplementing that data with biblical material only when it converges with the archaeological record, Dever analyzes all the evidence at hand to provide a new history of ancient Israel and Judah that is accessible to all interested readers. Features A new approach to the history of ancient Israel Extensive bibliography More than eighty maps and illustrations

The King and the Land

A Geography of Royal Power in the Biblical World
Author: Stephen C. Russell
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199361886
Category: Bible
Page: 280
View: 8123

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In The King and the Land, Stephen C. Russell offers a history of space and power in the biblical world by demonstrating how the monarchies in ancient Israel and Judah asserted their power over strategically important spaces such as privately-held lands, religious buildings,collectively-governed towns, and urban water systems. Case studies in the book treat Solomon's use of foreign architecture (1 Kings 5-8), David's dedication of land to Yahweh (2 Samuel 24), Jehu's decommissioning of Baal's temple (2 Kings 10), Absalom's navigation of the collective politics ofLevantine towns (2 Samuel 15), and Hezekiah's reshaping of the tunnels that supplied Jerusalem with water (2 Kings 20; 2 Chronicles 32). Steeped in archaeological and textual evidence, this book contextualizes Israelite and Judahite royal and tribal politics within broader patterns of ancient Near Eastern spatial power. By providing a historical investigation into the nature of power and physical space in the Iron Age Levant, thisbook also offers fresh literary readings of the biblical texts that anchor its theses.

History, Politics and the Bible from the Iron Age to the Media Age


Author: James G. Crossley,Jim West
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 0567670619
Category: Religion
Page: 192
View: 427

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As biblical studies becomes increasingly fragmented, this collection of essays brings together a number of leading scholars in order to show how historical reconstruction, philology, metacriticism, and reception history can be part of a collective vision for the future of the field. This collection of essays focuses more specifically on critical questions surrounding the construction of ancient Israel(s), 'minimalism', the ongoing significance of lexicography, the development of early Judaism, orientalism, and the use of the Bible in contemporary political discourses. Contributors include John van Seters, Niels Peter Lemche, Ingrid Hjelm, and Philip R. Davies.

The Archaeology of Agro-Pastoralist Economies in Jordan


Author: Robin M. Brown
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780897570947
Category: History
Page: 200
View: 9812

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The 69th volume of the Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research is devoted to studies of botanical and faunal remains from three major sites in Jordan: Tall al'Umayri (Bronze to early Iron Age), Karak Castle (Middle and Late Islamic Period), and Khirbet al-Mudayna al-'Aliya (early Iron Age). Although each paper reflects the work of different teams, they are all thematically linked by their contributions to the study of agro-pastoralist economic activities in the region. Each paper offers insight into contextually specific historical circumstances but also insight into agriculture and pastoralism more broadly. Likewise, each paper offers different approaches for working with faunal and/or botanical evidence that will be of interest to specialists in bioarchaeology more generally. Scholars of pastoralism will be interested in all of these papers, which touch on issues of foddering and animal consumption.

Remembering the Dead in the Ancient Near East

Recent Contributions from Bioarchaeology and Mortuary Archaeology
Author: Benjamin W. Porter,Alexis T. Boutin
Publisher: University Press of Colorado
ISBN: 1607323257
Category: Social Science
Page: 272
View: 5277

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Remembering the Dead in the Ancient Near East is among the first comprehensive treatments to present the diverse ways in which ancient Near Eastern civilizations memorialized and honored their dead, using mortuary rituals, human skeletal remains, and embodied identities as a window into the memory work of past societies. In six case studies, teams of researchers with different skillsets—osteological analysis, faunal analysis, culture history and the analysis of written texts, and artifact analysis—integrate mortuary analysis with bioarchaeological techniques. Drawing upon different kinds of data, including human remains, ceramics, jewelry, spatial analysis, and faunal remains found in burial sites from across the region’s societies, the authors paint a robust and complex picture of death in the ancient Near East. Demonstrating the still underexplored potential of bioarchaeological analysis in ancient societies, Remembering the Dead in the Ancient Near East serves as a model for using multiple lines of evidence to reconstruct commemoration practices. It will be of great interest to students and scholars of ancient Near Eastern and Egyptian societies, the archaeology of death and burial, bioarchaeology, and human skeletal biology.

The archaeology of Jordan and beyond

essays in honor of James A. Sauer
Author: James A. Sauer,Lawrence E. Stager,Joseph A. Greene,Michael David Coogan
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 529
View: 8102

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Gesichter des Orients

10000 Jahre Kunst und Kultur aus Jordanien
Author: Beate Salje,Nadine Riedl,Günther Schauerte,Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland,Vorderasiatisches Museum (Berlin, Germany),Altes Museum (Berlin, Germany)
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783805333757
Category: Art
Page: 280
View: 6761

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Keine Posaunen vor Jericho

Die archäologische Wahrheit über die Bibel
Author: Israel Finkelstein,Neil Asher Silberman
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406655394
Category: Bibles
Page: 381
View: 6820

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Bisher diente biblische Archäologie zum Beweis der Heiligen Schrift. Die beiden international renommierten Archäologen drehen den Spieß um und lassen die Ausgrabungen eine eigene Sprache sprechen. Ihr dramatisch neues, archäologisch fundiertes Bild von der Geschichte Israels zwingt zum Umdenken. Der Auszug aus Ägypten, die Einnahme Kanaans, das Großreich unter König David und der Tempelbau in Jerusalem unter König Salomon galten lange auch bei den kritischsten Wissenschaftlern als gesichert. Neueste Ausgrabungen, bisher nur Experten bekannt, zeigen ein ganz anderes Bild: " Den Auszug aus Ägypten gab es ebensowenig wie eine "Landnahme". " Jerusalem unter David und Salomon war ein größeres Dorf sicher ohne zentralen Tempel und großen Palast. " Der Monotheismus hat sich viel später entwickelt als bisher angenommen & Das klar und anschaulich geschriebene Buch ist in zwölf Kapitel gegliedert: Auf die Nacherzählung der biblischen Geschichte folgt jeweils die archäologische Spurensuche. Im nächsten Schritt rekonstruieren die Autoren (Israel Finkelstein ist der Direktor des israelischen Instituts Tel Aviv) den tatsächlichen historischen Ablauf, um abschließend zu fragen, wann und warum die Geschichte aufgeschrieben wurde.

Perspektiven der Spolienforschung 1

Spoliierung und Transposition
Author: Stefan Altekamp,Carmen Marcks-Jacobs,Peter Seiler
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110291053
Category: History
Page: 375
View: 5153

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From ancient times until the present, spoliation and reutilization have played a waxing and waning role among the determinant factors in the evolution of urban landscapes. They have contributed significantly to shaping urban spaces, both physically and conceptually. This collection of essays describes and analyzes the diverse practical and semantic aspects of transposing and reutilizing materials.

The Biblical Archaeologist


Author: George Ernest Wright,Frank Moore Cross,Edward Fay Campbell,Floyd Vivian Filson
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Bible
Page: N.A
View: 9031

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Landscapes and Societies

Selected Cases
Author: I. Peter Martini,Ward Chesworth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048194131
Category: Science
Page: 478
View: 2070

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This book contains case histories intended to show how societies and landscapes interact. The range of interest stretches from the small groups of the earliest Neolithic, through Bronze and Iron Age civilizations, to modern nation states. The coexistence is, of its very nature reciprocal, resulting in changes in both society and landscape. In some instances the adaptations may be judged successful in terms of human needs, but failure is common and even the successful cases are ephemeral when judged in the light of history. Comparisons and contrasts between the various cases can be made at various scales from global through inter-regional, to regional and smaller scales. At the global scale, all societies deal with major problems of climate change, sea-level rise, and with ubiquitous problems such as soil erosion and landscape degradation. Inter-regional differences bring out significant detail with one region suffering from drought when another suffers from widespread flooding. For example, desertification in North Africa and the Near East contrasts with the temperate countries of southern Europe where the landscape-effects of deforestation are more obvious. And China and Japan offer an interesting comparison from the standpoint of geological hazards to society - large, unpredictable and massively erosive rivers in the former case, volcanoes and accompanying earthquakes in the latter. Within the North African region localized climatic changes led to abandonment of some desertified areas with successful adjustments in others, with the ultimate evolution into the formative civilization of Egypt, the "Gift of the Nile". At a smaller scale it is instructive to compare the city-states of the Medieval and early Renaissance times that developed in the watershed of a single river, the Arno in Tuscany, and how Pisa, Siena and Florence developed and reached their golden periods at different times depending on their location with regard to proximity to the sea, to the main trunk of the river, or in the adjacent hills. Also noteworthy is the role of technology in opening up opportunities for a society. Consider the Netherlands and how its history has been formed by the technical problem of a populous society dealing with too much water, as an inexorably rising sea threatens their landscape; or the case of communities in Colorado trying to deal with too little water for farmers and domestic users, by bringing their supply over a mountain chain. These and others cases included in the book, provide evidence of the successes, near misses and outright failures that mark our ongoing relationship with landscape throughout the history of Homo sapiens. The hope is that compilations such as this will lead to a better understanding of the issue and provide us with knowledge valuable in planning a sustainable modus vivendi between humanity and landscape for as long as possible. Audience: The book will interest geomorphologists, geologists, geographers, archaeologists, anthropologists, ecologists, environmentalists, historians and others in the academic world. Practically, planners and managers interested in landscape/environmental conditions will find interest in these pages, and more generally the increasingly large body of opinion in the general public, with concerns about Planet Earth, will find much to inform their opinions. Extra material: The color plate section is available at http://extras.springer.com

Benchmarks in time and culture

an introduction to Palestinian archaeology
Author: Joel F. Drinkard,Gerald L. Mattingly,James Maxwell Miller,Joseph A. Callaway
Publisher: Amer School of Oriental
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 487
View: 6340

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An introduction to the history and methodology of Syro-Palestinian archaeology. These essays in honor of Joseph A Callaway, one of the fathers of Biblical Archaeology, whose rigorous methodology laid the foundations of a Near Eastern archaeology concerned with more than merely supporting Biblical stories.

Announcement


Author: Science and t Michigan. University. College of Literature
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 9031

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